Georges Bizet

Georges Bizet, registered at birth as Alexandre César Léopold Bizet, was a French composer of the Romantic era. Best known for his operas in a career cut short by his early death, Bizet achieved few successes before his final work, which has become one of the most popular and performed works in the entire opera repertoire. During a brilliant student career at the Conservatoire de Paris, Bizet won many prizes, including the prestigious Prix de Rome in 1857, he was recognised as an outstanding pianist, though he chose not to capitalise on this skill and performed in public. Returning to Paris after three years in Italy, he found that the main Parisian opera theatres preferred the established classical repertoire to the works of newcomers, his keyboard and orchestral compositions were largely ignored. Restless for success, he began many theatrical projects during the 1860s, most of which were abandoned. Neither of his two operas that reached the stage in this time—Les pêcheurs de perles and La jolie fille de Perth—were successful.

After the Franco-Prussian War of 1870–1871, during which Bizet served in the National Guard, he had little success with his one-act opera Djamileh, though an orchestral suite derived from his incidental music to Alphonse Daudet's play L'Arlésienne was popular. The production of Bizet's final opera, was delayed because of fears that its themes of betrayal and murder would offend audiences. After its premiere on 3 March 1875, Bizet was convinced. Bizet's marriage to Geneviève Halévy produced one son. After his death, his work, apart from Carmen, was neglected. Manuscripts were given away or lost, published versions of his works were revised and adapted by other hands, he had no obvious disciples or successors. After years of neglect, his works began to be performed more in the 20th century. Commentators have acclaimed him as a composer of brilliance and originality whose premature death was a significant loss to French musical theatre. Georges Bizet was born in Paris on 25 October 1838, he was registered as Alexandre César Léopold, but baptised as "Georges" on 16 March 1840, was known by this name for the rest of his life.

His father, Adolphe Bizet, had been a hairdresser and wigmaker before becoming a singing teacher despite his lack of formal training. He composed a few works, including at least one published song. In 1837, Adolphe married Aimée Delsarte, against the wishes of her family who considered him a poor prospect. Aimée was an accomplished pianist, while her brother François Delsarte was a distinguished singer and teacher who performed at the courts of both Louis Philippe and Napoleon III. François Delsarte's wife Rosine, a musical prodigy, had been an assistant professor of solfège at the Conservatoire de Paris at the age of 13. At least one author has suggested that his mother was from a Jewish family but this is not substantiated in any of his official biographies. Georges, an only child, showed early aptitude for music and picked up the basics of musical notation from his mother, who gave him his first piano lessons. By listening at the door of the room where Adolphe conducted his classes, Georges learned to sing difficult songs from memory and developed an ability to identify and analyse complex chordal structures.

This precocity convinced his ambitious parents that he was ready to begin studying at the Conservatoire though he was still only nine years old. Georges was interviewed by Joseph Meifred, the horn virtuoso, a member of the Conservatoire's Committee of Studies. Meifred was so struck by the boy's demonstration of his skills that he waived the age rule and offered to take him as soon as a place became available. Bizet was admitted to the Conservatoire on 9 October two weeks before his 10th birthday, he made an early impression. Zimmerman gave Bizet private lessons in counterpoint and fugue, which continued until the old man's death in 1853. Through these classes, Bizet met Zimmerman's son-in-law, the composer Charles Gounod, who became a lasting influence on the young pupil's musical style—although their relationship was strained in years, he met another of Gounod's young students, the 13-year-old Camille Saint-Saëns, who remained a firm friend of Bizet's. Under the tuition of Antoine François Marmontel, the Conservatoire's professor of piano, Bizet's pianism developed rapidly.

Bizet would write to Marmontel: "In your class one learns something besides the piano. Bizet's first preserved compositions, two wordless songs for soprano, date from around 1850. In 1853, he joined Fromental Halévy's composition class and began to produce works of increasing sophistication and quality. Two of his songs, "Petite Marguerite" and "La Rose et l'abeille", were published in 1854. In 1855, he wrote an ambitious overture for a large orchestra, prepared four-hand piano versions of two of Gounod's works: the opera La nonne sanglante and the Symphony in D. Bizet's work on the Gounod symphony inspired him, shortl

Chandan Kar

Chandan Kar is an Ollywood actor and IT Professional from the state of Odisha in India. Chandan Kar made his debut in films with the blockbuster Babu I Love You in 2006 opposite actress Archita Sahu. Chandan, a software engineer by profession, is working in a multinational corporate IT firm when he was first spotted by Sudhanshu Shekhar working as assistant director under film maker Sanjay Nayak of Oriya Film Industry. Chandan was offered a part in an Oriya movie which needed a fresh face. Camera shy and restrained Chandan refused but agreed when pursued. Chandan had no acting experience or knowledge of film making nor had he seen a movie being shot before acting in his first movie, Babu I Love You, in 2006, he was featured in the movie De Maa Shakti De in the same year. The actor is known for performing action scenes. Chandan has been able to portray both positive and negative characters and has been recognized as a versatile actor in the Oriya Film Industry. Chandan is an active member and counselor of the NGO named Save Indian Family Foundation since the year 2007.

SIFF is a registered, non-funded, non-profit, non-governmental organization headquartered at Bangalore that conducts research on social trends affecting men. On 16 September 2012, Chandan adopted a White Tigress named "Bijaya" through the "Adopt an Animal" program of Nandankanan Zoological Park located at Bhubaneswar, Odisha. On 26 August 2018, Chandan adopted the Royal Bengal Tiger "Bahubali", his second adoption in Nandankanan. To draw public attention and create awareness on adopting animals the actor has popularized the program of adopting animals through various TV channels, Radio shows and web forums. Chandan joined the organization People For Animals PFA, Bhubaneswar started in 1998 under the advice of Smt. Maneka Gandhi to campaign for animal rights and extend services to the animals in distress in Odisha. To widespread the message for stopping cruelty towards animals Chandan feeds stray dogs and cows in public and appeals the mass to protect animals against cruelty during his public appearances and interviews.

He has been working with different organisations to help rehabilitate and provide shelter to stray animals. To promote eye donation in the State and raise awareness, Chandan has donated his eyes with the help of Drushti Daan eyebank. Chandan Kar on IMDb profile

List of neo-noir films

The following is a list of films belonging to the neo-noir genre. Following a common convention of associating the 1940s and 1950s with film noir, the list takes 1960 to date the beginning of the genre. List of film noir titles Ballinger, Alexander; the Rough Guide to Film Noir. London & New York: Rough Guides. ISBN 978-1-84353-474-7. Conard, Mark T.. The Philosophy of Neo-Noir. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 081319217X. Hogan, David J.. Film Noir FAQ: All That's Left to Know About Hollywood's Golden Age of Dames and Danger. Milwaukee, WI: Hal Leonard. ISBN 978-1-55783-855-1. Mayer, Geoff. Encyclopedia of Film Noir. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. ISBN 978-0-313-33306-4. Naremore, James. More Than Night: Film Noir in Its Contexts. Berkeley, Los Angeles, London: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-25402-2. Selby, Spencer. Dark City: The Film Noir. Jefferson, N. C. & London: McFarland Publishing. ISBN 0-89950-103-6. Silver, Alain. Film Noir: An Encyclopedic Reference to the American Style. Woodstock, New York: The Overlook Press.

ISBN 0-87951-479-5. Silver, Alain. Film Noir: The Encyclopedia. New York & London: Overlook/Duckworth. ISBN 978-1-59020-144-2. Spicer, Andrew. Film Noir. Harlow, UK: Longman/Pearson Education. ISBN 978-0-582-43712-8. Spicer, Andrew. Historical Dictionary of Film Noir. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-5960-9. Spicer, Andrew. A Companion to Film Noir. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN 978-1-4443-3627-6