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Georges Carpentier

Georges Carpentier was a French boxer and World War I pilot. He fought as a light heavyweight and heavyweight in a career lasting from 1908 to 1926. Nicknamed the "Orchid Man", he stood 5 feet 11 1⁄2 inches and his fighting weight ranged from 147 to 175 pounds. Carpentier was known for his speed, his excellent boxing skills and his hard punch; the Parisian Sports Arena Halle Georges Carpentier is named after him. Born in Liévin in Pas-de-Calais, Carpentier began his career by progressing up through the weight divisions, fighting in every division from welterweight upwards. After making his first professional bout at age 14, he was welterweight champion of France and of Europe in 1911, middleweight champion of Europe in 1912, light heavyweight champion of Europe in 1913. On June 1, 1913, he beat "Bombardier" Billy Wells in Ghent, Belgium to become heavyweight champion of Europe, he defended his title in December against Wells, in January 1914 against Pat O'Keeffe and in London on July 16 he beat Ed "Gunboat" Smith to add the "White Heavyweight Champion of the World" to his European title.

The white heavyweight title bout sported a purse worth 9,000 pounds sterling. Carpentier was a referee during the early stages of his career, supervising a number of fights including the world title bout between Jack Johnson and Frank Moran in June 1914. Carpentier was a French Air Force aviator during World War I and was awarded two of the highest French military honors, the Croix de Guerre and the Médaille Militaire; this served to heighten his exceptional popularity, not only in France but in the United States and England as well. Carpentier defended his title twice again in 1919 before dropping down a weight class to challenge Battling Levinsky for the light heavyweight championship of the world; the fight took place on October 12, 1920, in Jersey City and Levinsky was knocked out in the fourth. Carpentier's attempt at the heavyweight Championship of the world came on July 2, 1921, again in Jersey City, when he faced Jack Dempsey in front of boxing's first million dollar gate. Carpentier was badly beaten around before suffering a knockout in the second minute of the fourth round.

Carpentier never fought again for that title. He lost his world light heavyweight title and his European heavyweight and light heavyweight titles the following year, on September 24, 1922, in a controversial bout with Senegalese fighter Battling Siki, his last noteworthy fight was on July 24, 1924, with Gene Tunney at the Polo Grounds in Manhattan, New York City. Carpentier lost the bout by TKO after fifteen rounds, he retired from the ring after a final exhibition bout in 1927. Following his retirement from boxing, Carpentier spent a number of years as a vaudeville song-and-dance man in England and the US, he is the author of a boxing novel, Brothers of the Brown Owl: A Story of the Boxing Ring published c. 1920 by Cassell and Company. He appeared in half a dozen motion pictures, starring in both silent films and talkies, he made three films in Hollywood, one for director J. Stuart Blackton in England and two in his native France, his last screen appearance was in 1934. Soon after, he became proprietor of an upmarket bar, Chez Georges Carpentier, in a chic Paris neighborhood.

In several different locations, this is the profession he would exercise until shortly before his death. From the time they boxed together in 1921, Carpentier remained close friends with Jack Dempsey, they visited each other in New York and Paris, got together to commemorate the anniversary of their famous bout and exchanged birthday greetings. Carpentier died in Paris in 1975 of a heart attack, was buried in the cimetière de Vaires-sur-Marne, Seine-et-Marne, France, he was elected to the International Boxing Hall of Fame in 1991. The Wonder Man A Gipsy Cavalier The Show of Shows Hold Everything List of light heavyweight boxing champions Professional boxing record for Georges Carpentier from BoxRec Carpentier vs Gene Tunney - Fight by Rounds - July 25, 1924 Carpentier vs Gene Tunney - July 25, 1924 Georges Carpentier on IMDb Georges Carpentier at Virtual History


Adhesion is the tendency of dissimilar particles or surfaces to cling to one another. The forces that cause adhesion and cohesion can be divided into several types; the intermolecular forces responsible for the function of various kinds of stickers and sticky tape fall into the categories of chemical adhesion, dispersive adhesion, diffusive adhesion. In addition to the cumulative magnitudes of these intermolecular forces, there are certain emergent mechanical effects. Surface energy is conventionally defined as the work, required to build an area of a particular surface. Another way to view the surface energy is to relate it to the work required to cleave a bulk sample, creating two surfaces. If the new surfaces are identical, the surface energy γ of each surface is equal to half the work of cleavage, W: γ = W11. If the surfaces are unequal, the Young-Dupré equation applies: W12 = γ1 + γ2 – γ12, where γ1 and γ2 are the surface energies of the two new surfaces, γ12 is the interfacial energy; this methodology can be used to discuss cleavage that happens in another medium: γ12 = W121 = W212.

These two energy quantities refer to the energy, needed to cleave one species into two pieces while it is contained in a medium of the other species. For a three species system: γ13 + γ23 – γ12 = W12 + W33 – W13 – W23 = W132, where W132 is the energy of cleaving species 1 from species 2 in a medium of species 3. A basic understanding of the terminology of cleavage energy, surface energy, surface tension is helpful for understanding the physical state and the events that happen at a given surface, but as discussed below, the theory of these variables yields some interesting effects that concern the practicality of adhesive surfaces in relation to their surroundings. There is no single theory covering adhesion, particular mechanisms are specific to particular material scenarios. Five mechanisms of adhesion have been proposed to explain why one material sticks to another: Adhesive materials fill the voids or pores of the surfaces and hold surfaces together by interlocking. Other interlocking phenomena are observed on different length scales.

Sewing is an example of two materials forming a large scale mechanical bond, velcro forms one on a medium scale, some textile adhesives form one at a small scale. Two materials may form a compound at the joint; the strongest joints are where atoms of the two materials swap electrons. A weaker bond is formed if a hydrogen atom in one molecule is attracted to an atom of nitrogen, oxygen, or fluorine in another molecule, a phenomenon called hydrogen bonding. Chemical adhesion occurs when the surface atoms of two separate surfaces form ionic, covalent, or hydrogen bonds; the engineering principle behind chemical adhesion in this sense is straightforward: if surface molecules can bond the surfaces will be bonded together by a network of these bonds. It bears mentioning that these attractive ionic and covalent forces are effective over only small distances – less than a nanometer; this means in general not only that surfaces with the potential for chemical bonding need to be brought close together, but that these bonds are brittle, since the surfaces need to be kept close together.

In dispersive adhesion known as physisorption, two materials are held together by van der Waals forces: the attraction between two molecules, each of which has a region of slight positive and negative charge. In the simple case, such molecules are therefore polar with respect to average charge density, although in larger or more complex molecules, there may be multiple "poles" or regions of greater positive or negative charge; these positive and negative poles may be a permanent property of a molecule or a transient effect which can occur in any molecule, as the random movement of electrons within the molecules may result in a temporary concentration of electrons in one region. In surface science, the term adhesion always refers to dispersive adhesion. In a typical solid-liquid-gas system the contact angle is used to evaluate adhesiveness indirectly, while a Centrifugal Adhesion Balance allows for direct quantitative adhesion measurements. Cases where the contact angle is low are considered of higher adhesion per unit area.

This approach assumes. Theoretically, the more exact relation between contact angle and work of adhesion is more involved and is given by the Young-Dupre equation; the contact angle of the three-phase system is a function not only of dispersive adhesion but cohesion. Strong adhesion and weak cohesion results in a high degree of wetting, a lyophilic condition with low measured contact angles. Conversely, weak adhesion and strong cohesion results in lyophobic conditions with high measured contact angles and poor wetting. London dispersion forces are useful for the function of adhesive devices, because they don't require either surface to have any permanent polarity, they were described in the 1930s by Fritz London, have been observed by many researchers. Dispersive forces are a consequence of statistical quantum mechanics. London theorized that attractive forces between molecules that cannot be explained by ionic or covalent interaction can be caused by polar moments within molecules. Multipoles could account for attraction between molecules having permanent mult


Mushulatubbee was the chief of the Choctaw Okla Tannap, one of the three major Choctaw divisions during the early 19th century. When the Principal Chief Greenwood LeFlore stayed in Mississippi at the time of removal, Mushulatubbee was elected as principal chief, leading the tribe to Indian Territory. In 1812 he had led his warriors to assist General Andrew Jackson in the war against the Creek Red Sticks, known as the Creek Wars. In December 1824 Mushulatubbee was one of three principal chiefs leading a Choctaw delegation to Washington to seek help against encroaching European-American settlers. Pushmataha and Apuckshunubbee were the other chiefs. On 26 September 1830, together with the Principal Chief Greenwood LeFlore and others, Mushulatubbee signed the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek, which ceded to the US government most of the remaining Choctaw territory in Mississippi and Alabama in exchange for territory in Indian Territory. Other spellings for his name include: Mosholetvbbi, AmoshuliTvbi, Moshaleh Tubbee, Mushulatubba.

The great Shawnee leader Tecumseh visited Mushulatubbee in 1811 when he came south to get support for his Great Confederacy, in an effort to push out the European Americans. Today it is known as Tecumseh's Confederacy. Tecumseh met Moshulatubbee at his village Mashulaville, he was chief of Okla Tannap, the southern division of the three major geographic and clan Choctaw areas of settlement. Other major divisions were including part of Alabama. Mushulatubbee had sympathy for Tecumseh and his cause, but decided he was too old to do anything for the confederacy, so remained neutral. In addition to fighting with Jackson and his forces against the Creek, Mushulatubbee led 52 Choctaw warriors in the Battle of New Orleans in 1814, they fought in the cypress trees, picking off many British pickets and demoralizing them. They kept shooting down the Red Coats; when the Battle of New Orleans was over and his 52 warriors returned home. They left the service on January 1815, from Fort Stoddard. Under continuing pressure from European-American settlers and the United States government, Mushulatubbee signed the Treaty of the Choctaw Trading House on 24 October 1816, the Treaty Ground on 18 October 1820 to cede land.

The US failed to prevent settlers from continuing to encroach on Choctaw territory. In 1824, Pushmataha and Apuckshunubbee, the three chiefs of the Choctaw regional divisions, became concerned about the encroaching settlement of European Americans and the unwillingness of local authorities to respect Indian land titles, they still hoped to offset the government's push for removal west of the Mississippi River and resolved to take their case to the Federal government in Washington, D. C. Pushmataha led the delegation; the group consisted of Talking Warrior, Red Fort, Col. Robert Cole and David Folsom, both Choctaw. S. Interpreter, they planned to travel the Natchez Trace to Nashville to Lexington, Kentucky. While in Washington, the chief met with the Marquis de Lafayette, visiting Washington, D. C. for the last time. He hailed him as a fellow aged warrior who, though foreign, rose to high renown in the American cause. You are one of our fathers. We take you here by the hand as a father. We have always walked in the white paths of peace.

We offer you pure hands, which have never been stained with the blood of Americans.-- We live in the south, where the sun shines hot upon us. We have been neighbors to the French, neighbors to the Spaniards, neighbors to the English: but now our only neighbors are the Americans, in the midst of whom we live as friends and brothers. In 1830 Mushulatubbee announced his candidacy for office in Mississippi in the Port Gibson Correspondent, as reported by the Christian Mirror and N. H. Observer. To the voters of Mississippi. Fellow Citizens:-I have fought for you, I have been by your own act, made a citizen of your state. According to your laws I am an American citizen... I have always battled on the side of this republic... I have been told by my white brethren, that the pen of history is impartial, that in after years, our forlorn kindred will have justice and'mercy too'; the US government forced the Choctaw to remove to Indian Territory west of the Mississippi River. Mushulatubbee was the chief of his division during the removal and for a time after their resettlement in what became Oklahoma.

The government had encouraged the Choctaw to resettle in their former clan divisions. Relocation soon led to changes in the society. In 1838 Mushulatubbee died of smallpox in present-day Arkansas and was buried near Cameron, Oklahoma in Le Flore County, Oklahoma. Lafarge, Oliver. A Pictorial History of the American Indian, Crown Publishers, Inc. 1956: 41. "History", Choctaw Nation Official Website "Choctaw Removal: Assessment

September 1992 South Lebanon clashes

On the 30 of September 1992, a series of clashes in South Lebanon between Hezbollah and the South Lebanon Army killed 9 people, including one UNIFIL peacekeeper. During the Lebanese Civil War, Hezbollah was among several militant groups formed in response to the Israeli invasion of southern Lebanon. Though chiefly funded by Iran, Syria, Hezbollah was believed to be receiving refuge from Lebanon; when the Taif Agreement was created, it amended the Lebanese constitution to end the civil war, disband all Lebanese militias. Argument arose over whether Hezbollah's existence in Lebanon displayed a failure of the government, a blind eye, or clandestine support. Hezbollah launched political statements and a political program; as a result, the Lebanese government classified Hezbollah's military wing, the "Islamic Resistance" as a resistance movement and not as a militia. Thus, the organization was exempted from disarming; the Taif accord asked for an Israeli withdrawal based on UN Resolution 425 but explicitly allowed resistance against the Israeli occupation "by all means", including militarily.

Hezbollah stated that it would continue to oppose Israeli occupation as a "resistance group", since they were protected by the agreement. Hassan Nasrallah, the Hezbollah secretary general declared that while the Taif Agreement was a cessation of the Lebanese Civil War, Hezbollah had never involved itself in that war, only existed to fight the foreign troops stationed in the country. Lebanese security officials and the Israeli military said the clashes took place on September 30, 1992, when guerrillas of Hezbollah attacked positions held by the Israeli-controlled militia, the South Lebanon Army; the United Nations spokesman,Timor Goksel, said the fighting spread over a wide area east of Tyre. United Nations peacekeepers were attacked, when they refused to allow Hezbollah gunmen through their checkpoint, he said; the attackers fired a rocket-propelled grenade at the checkpoint, killing one Irish peacekeeper and wounding another, he said. The Islamic Resistance Movement led by the Hezbollah said in a communique released here that its forces attacked a South Lebanon Army position early on September 30 in the Israeli-occupied security zone.

The South Lebanon Army said in a statement. On the 30 of September 1992, clashes in South Lebanon between Hezbollah and the South Lebanon Army Killed 9 people, including one UNIFIL peacekeeper. In late June 1993, Hezbollah launched rockets on an Israeli village, the following month attacks by both Hezbollah and the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine - General Command killed five Israel Defense Forces soldiers inside the southern Lebanese occupied territory; these actions are considered to have been the catalyst for Operation Accountability. October 13 massacre Hezbollah Israel Defense Forces South Lebanon Army UNIFIL United Nations Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine - General Command

James Dissiramah

James Cobblah Dissiramah is a Ghanaian football player, he plays for Sisaket F. C.. Dissiramah began his career with Liberty Professionals FC and was signed on 19 October 2007 from Mumbai FC, after a successful trial with Indian club On 30 September 2009 his contract with Mumbai FC was not renewed and he left India to sign for Ghanaian club Stay Cool Professionals, he played than a year with Maldives top club Club Valencia, before in January 2011 returned to Liberty Professionals FC. Dissiramah signed in Mai 2011 with Thai Premier League side Sisaket F. C. and played his debut on 14 May against Thai Port F. C.. He captained the Ghanaian national football team and represented his country at the African Nations Cup and Topfo Cup. 2006: Panasonic Best Player Award

Dobie Center

Dobie Center, named after J. Frank Dobie, is a privately-owned 27-storey residence hall located on the University of Texas at Austin campus. In addition to being a private residence for students, Dobie contains a two-story mall and specialty stores; the property features a pool, fitness center, two sport courts, six elevators, an industrial-styled cafeteria. The building was designed by J. & G. Daverman and Associates in 1972. Upon its completion, Dobie Center was the tallest building in Austin, surpassing the Texas State Capitol, which had held the title for nearly 90 years. Dobie was the first modernist building to exist on UT's campus; the building underwent a US$10 million facelift in 1990 to replace its brick façade by exposing the glass underneath. When classes began in the Fall 1989 semester, would-be residents of Dobie Center were temporarily relocated to the Radisson Plaza Hotel. On November 11, 2006, a fire, started by an improperly extinguished cigarette, broke out on the pool deck of Dobie Center causing an estimated $600,000 worth of damage.

The pool deck reopened in late April 2008. The fire was contained to an area outside of the residential tower; this structure was an old wooden deck, replaced by a concrete structure. The Dobie Mall was remodeled by the Nix Group in the'90s and is now a hub of student activity and shopping; the mall is a two-story shopping and food center featuring a food court, a chapel. The food court today features seating for 500 and various assorted independently run food outlets. In 2014 the Dobie Center became managed by Campus Evolution Villages, marking the start of over $4 million in renovations, including new hardwood floors, a cafeteria face-lift, an updated movie and game room. However, there was controversy during this time due to allegations made by many students that Campus Evolution Villages did not uphold their end of a bargain.. The Dobie Center offers monthly resident events ranging from floor events to dorm-wide events, such as book club. Additionally, The University of Texas's campus and covered parking garage are draws for students looking for convenience.

Dobie had been known for having recurring elevator problems, with many students having been trapped in elevators for multiple hours. There is a resident assistant on every few floors at Dobie. Dobie is known for being able to accommodate international exchange students who are looking for a short-term stay due to its low occupancy rate. Dobie is a go-to residential place for students who look for an on-campus stay and is fine with run-down facilities and rooms. Michael Dell, who founded the company that would become Dell, lived in room 2713 of Dobie Center. Ryan Cabrera filmed the music video for the song "On the Way Down" on top of the Dobie parking garage. Filmmaker Wes Anderson worked at the Dobie Theatre. Musician Daniel Johnston worked at the McDonald's in Dobie MallThe Dobie Center is one of the only student high-rises with an unlimited meal plan; the namesake of the Dobie Center, J. Frank Dobie, was an American folklorist and newspaper columnist. Former 2016 Presidential Candidate and former Governor of Florida, Jeb Bush lived in the Dobie Center.

Robert Rodriguez premiered El Mariachi on February 1993, at Dobie Theater in Dobie Center. It is a Mexican-American contemporary western action film and the first installment in the saga that came to be known as Robert Rodriguez's Mexico Trilogy, he utilized dorm residents and University of Texas student volunteers to help pass out flyers and promote the premier. It marked the feature-length debut of Rodriguez as director; some of the stores and restaurants inside Dobie Center include: Emiliano's Burrito Factory Dobie Market The Princeton Review Niki's Pizza Oma's Kitchen Army Recruiting Office Navy Recruiting Office Marines Recruiting Office Regus Subway Target Map: 30°17′00″N 97°44′28″W Dobie Center Landmark's Dobie Theater