Chipping Norton Lake
Chipping Norton Lake is a lake located at Chipping Norton, New South Wales. It is a part of the Georges River system. Chipping Norton Lake is an artificial lake; the lake is an important recreational area for Liverpool, Canterbury-Bankstown Council and Fairfield City Council. The Chipping Norton Lake area was inhabited by the Tharawal and Darug people before European settlement; the land surrounding Georges River was given to Thomas Moore, an early settler and carpenter for the colony. He established farmland around the river. In the 1950s, sand was mined around the lake area; the mining caused irreversible environmental destruction, the area remained lifeless after the sand was mined. A decision was made to flood the mine, leaving a large lake. Vegetation was planted around the lake to make a wildlife reserve. There are over 50 different kinds of birds around the lake; the City of Liverpool, City of Bankstown and the City of Fairfield work together to manage the wildlife refuge and recreation areas of Chipping Norton Lake.
There are four islands within the lake. They are wildlife refuges for native birds and visitor access is prohibited. Bull sharks have been sighted in the lake. Chipping Norton Lake has a regional park located on Homestead Avenue, providing cycleways, barbecue facilities, picnic areas, playground equipment, boat ramps, sporting fields and the Georges River Environment Education Centre. There is a beach in the lake called Grand Flaneur Beach at Homestead Park. Although swimming is permitted at the beach, it is not recommended because of poor water quality; the Chipping Norton Lake have a number of walkways. Watercraft are permitted on Chipping Norton Lake. However, a strict speed limit of eight knots applies; the Lake features a community hall that can be hired by residents or community groups for birthday parties, barmitzvahs, weddings or any other type of function. The hall can accommodate up to 100 people and has an upstairs balcony with views across the lake and surrounding parkland; the lake is surrounded by a number of parks, recreational areas and/or reserves: East side: Henry Lawson Reserve Flinders Slopes Lake Gillawarna Rowley Park Garrison Point Reserve Liverpool Golf Club Georges River Golf CourseWest side: Irelands Bridge Reserve South Park Angle Park Homestead Park Black Muscat Park Heron Park Riverside Park Prospect Nature Reserve Lake Parramatta Bents Basin Geography of Sydney
Sydney central business district
The Sydney central business district is the main commercial centre of Sydney, the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia. It extends southwards for about 3 km from Sydney Cove, the point of first European settlement in which the Sydney region was established. Due to its pivotal role in Australia's early history, it is one of the oldest established areas in the country. Geographically, its north–south axis runs from Circular Quay in the north to Central railway station in the south, its east–west axis runs from a chain of parkland that includes Hyde Park, The Domain, Royal Botanic Gardens and Farm Cove on Sydney Harbour in the east. At the 2016 Australian Census, the CBD recorded a population of 17,252. "Sydney CBD" is occasionally used to refer not only to the CBD proper, but its nearby inner suburbs such as Pyrmont, Haymarket and Woolloomooloo. The Sydney CBD is Australia's main financial and economic centre, as well as a leading hub of economic activity for the Asia-Pacific region.
The city centre employs 13% of the Sydney region's workforce. Based on industry mix and relative occupational wage levels it is estimated that economic activity generated in the city in 2015/16 was $118 billion. Culturally, the city centre is Sydney's focal point for entertainment, it is home to some of the city's most significant buildings and structures. The Sydney CBD is an area of densely concentrated skyscrapers and other buildings, interspersed by several parks such as Hyde Park, The Domain, Royal Botanic Gardens and Wynyard Park. George Street is the Sydney CBD's main north–south thoroughfare; the streets run on a warped grid pattern in the southern CBD, but in the older northern CBD the streets form several intersecting grids, reflecting their placement in relation to the prevailing breeze and orientation to Circular Quay in early settlement. The CBD runs along two ridge lines below Macquarie York Streets. Between these ridges is Pitt Street, running close to the course of the original Tank Stream.
Bridge Street, took its name from the bridge running east -- west. Pitt Street is the retail heart of the city which includes the Pitt Street Mall and the Sydney Tower. Macquarie Street is a historic precinct that houses such buildings as the State Parliament House and the Supreme Court of New South Wales. Prior to European settlement in New South Wales, the area around Sydney was home to the Gadigal tribes of Indigenous Australians; the colony of New South Wales founded Sydney at the Rocks in 1788 and established a city in 1842. In the midst of World War 1, on Valentine's day, riots racked the CBD, in what has come to be known as the Central Station Riots of 1916. A substantial segment of the violence was concentrated in the Central area; these riots involved five thousand military recruits who refused to comply with extraneous parade orders. During the riots they caused significant damage to buildings. People with "foreign" names were targeted; the recruits clashed with soldiers. A number of eight people sustained injuries.
Because this incident occurred in the middle of the Great War the state discouraged media coverage. Only a fifth of the rioters were court-marshalled; these riots spurred the introduction of lockout laws for pubs after 6pm. This law was only lifted in 1955; the Sydney central business district has many heritage-listed buildings including: Administratively, the Sydney CBD falls under the authority of the local government area of the City of Sydney. The New South Wales state government has authority over some aspects of the CBD, in particular through the Sydney Harbour Foreshore Authority. Independent Alex Greenwich has represented the Sydney seat since the 2012 by-election, triggered by the resignation of previous independent Clover Moore, the Lord Mayor of Sydney, due to introduced state laws preventing dual membership of state parliament and local council; the Sydney CBD is home to some of the largest Australian companies, as well as serving as an Asia-Pacific headquarters for many large international companies.
The financial services industry in particular occupies much of the available office space, with companies such as the Westpac, Commonwealth Bank of Australia, Deutsche Bank, Macquarie Bank, AMP Limited, Insurance Australia Group, AON, Allianz, HSBC, AXA, ABN Amro, RBC and Bloomsbury Publishing all having offices. Church Hill is a northerly district in the Central Business district of Australia, it is so named because the earliest churches in Australia were formed on this site, including St Patrick's, St Philip's and Scots Church The significance of Church Hill dates back to the time of Governor Arthur Phillip, who mandated compulsory Sunday church attendance for all convicts, until they rebelled and burned down the area’s first church in 1798. The area gained greater prominence as Church Hill on Wednesday 1 October 1800, when incoming Governor Philip Gidley King had the foundation stone laid for St Philip’s Church, which subsequently he proclaimed one of Australia’s first two parishes in 1802.
The site where St Patrick’s Church stands is where the Roman Catholic Eucharist was first preserved in Australia, in May 1818. Celebrations for the bicentenary of this occasion were held in St Patrick’s Church on Sunday 6 May 2018. A proposed stop on the tram network under construction on George Street may be named Church Hill. Sydney's CBD is serviced by commuter rail, light
Tides are the rise and fall of sea levels caused by the combined effects of the gravitational forces exerted by the Moon and the Sun, the rotation of the Earth. Tide tables can be used for any given locale to find the predicted times and amplitude; the predictions are influenced by many factors including the alignment of the Sun and Moon, the phase and amplitude of the tide, the amphidromic systems of the oceans, the shape of the coastline and near-shore bathymetry. They are however only predictions, the actual time and height of the tide is affected by wind and atmospheric pressure. Many shorelines experience low tides each day. Other locations have a diurnal tide -- one low tide each day. A "mixed tide" – two uneven magnitude tides a day – is a third regular category. Tides vary on timescales ranging from hours to years due to a number of factors, which determine the lunitidal interval. To make accurate records, tide gauges at fixed stations measure water level over time. Gauges ignore; these data are compared to the reference level called mean sea level.
While tides are the largest source of short-term sea-level fluctuations, sea levels are subject to forces such as wind and barometric pressure changes, resulting in storm surges in shallow seas and near coasts. Tidal phenomena are not limited to the oceans, but can occur in other systems whenever a gravitational field that varies in time and space is present. For example, the shape of the solid part of the Earth is affected by Earth tide, though this is not as seen as the water tidal movements. Tide changes proceed via the following stages: Sea level rises over several hours, covering the intertidal zone; the water rises to its highest level. Sea level falls over several hours; the water stops reaching low tide. Oscillating currents produced by tides are known as tidal streams; the moment that the tidal current ceases is called slack tide. The tide reverses direction and is said to be turning. Slack water occurs near high water and low water, but there are locations where the moments of slack tide differ from those of high and low water.
Tides are semi-diurnal, or diurnal. The two high waters on a given day are not the same height; the two low waters each day are the higher low water and the lower low water. The daily inequality is not consistent and is small when the Moon is over the Equator. From the highest level to the lowest: Highest astronomical tide – The highest tide which can be predicted to occur. Note that meteorological conditions may add extra height to the HAT. Mean high water springs – The average of the two high tides on the days of spring tides. Mean high water neaps – The average of the two high tides on the days of neap tides. Mean sea level – This is the average sea level; the MSL is constant for any location over a long period. Mean low water neaps – The average of the two low tides on the days of neap tides. Mean low water springs – The average of the two low tides on the days of spring tides. Lowest astronomical tide and Chart Datum – The lowest tide which can be predicted to occur. Modern charts use this as the chart datum.
Note that under certain meteorological conditions the water may fall lower than this meaning that there is less water than shown on charts. Tidal constituents are the net result of multiple influences impacting tidal changes over certain periods of time. Primary constituents include the Earth's rotation, the position of the Moon and Sun relative to the Earth, the Moon's altitude above the Earth's Equator, bathymetry. Variations with periods of less than half a day are called harmonic constituents. Conversely, cycles of days, months, or years are referred to as long period constituents. Tidal forces affect the entire earth. In contrast, the atmosphere is much more fluid and compressible so its surface moves by kilometers, in the sense of the contour level of a particular low pressure in the outer atmosphere. In most locations, the largest constituent is the "principal lunar semi-diurnal" known as the M2 tidal constituent, its period is about 12 hours and 25.2 minutes half a tidal lunar day, the average time separating one lunar zenith from the next, thus is the time required for the Earth to rotate once relative to the Moon.
Simple tide clocks track this constituent. The lunar day is longer than the Earth day because the Moon orbits in the same direction the Earth spins; this is analogous to the minute hand on a watch crossing the hour hand at 12:00 and again at about 1:05½. The Moon orbits the Earth in the same direction as the Earth rotates on its axis, so it takes more than a day—about 24 hours and 50 minutes—for the Moon to return to the same location in the sky. During this time, it has passed overhead once and underfoot once, so in many places the period of strongest tidal forcing is the above-mentioned, about 12 hours and 25 minutes; the moment of highest tide is not when the Moon is nearest to zenith or nadir, but the period of the forcing still determines the time between high tides. Because the gravitational field created by the Moon weakens
Glenfield, New South Wales
Glenfield is a suburb of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Glenfield is located 36 kilometres south-west of the Sydney central business district, in the local government areas of the City of Campbelltown and is part of the Macarthur region. Glenfield was named after the property founded by early colonial surgeon and explorer, Charles Throsby. According to local authorities and Campbelltown City Library, the property was named after the Glenfield in Leicestershire, where Throsby was born and brought up. Many of the streets in the suburb have links to British names, such as Canterbury Road, Cambridge Avenue and Trafalgar Street; the name was first used when Glenfield railway station was built in 1869 although a village didn't begin to develop until 1881 when the first subdivision of the paddocks were marketed. A public school opened in a tent the following year and a local post office was established in 1899. Hurlstone Agricultural High School moved to Glenfield in the 1920s. However, the suburb did not develop until the 1950s and 1960s.
Glenfield gained notoriety in 1968 as the site of a hostage siege which ended in bizarre circumstances with the NSW Commissioner of Police Norm Allen acting as witness to the wedding of gunman Wally Mellish and hostage Beryl Muddle. The incident was made into the movie Mr Reliable starring Colin Friels and Jacqueline McKenzie. According to the 2016 census, Glenfield had a population of 9,633 people with higher than average numbers of couples with children. 45.1% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were India 9.1%, Bangladesh 4.3%, Philippines 3.8%, China 3.3% and Fiji 2.9%. 41.9% of people spoke only English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Bengali 5.9%, Hindi 5.1%, Mandarin 3.6%, Arabic 3.2% and Malayalam 2.7%. The most common responses for religion were Catholic 21.4%, No Religion 15.0%, Hinduism 12.2% and Islam 10.8%. Most occupied private houses in the area are separate houses with a substantial number of townhouses. A number of new residential subdivisions have been developed in the north-western corner of Glenfield in the area bounded by Campbelltown Road and Glenfield Road.
These developments are called Panorama, Vista at Panorama, Glenfield Circuit & Parkside Glenfield and are mixed density housing comprising duplex and freestanding housing. Panorama, Vista at Panorama estates are community titled with amenities such as pool, tennis courts, security patrols and barbecues that are available for exclusive use of residents. Community activities such as cocktails nights, family fun days and street Christmas parties are organized by a third party company to encourage a close knit community atmosphere. Glenfield railway station is a major interchange station for South-West Sydney, it is the junction for the Inner West & Leppington and Airport & South lines on the Sydney Trains network. The station received a major upgrade as part of the South West Rail Link, including construction of an overhead concourse, multi-storey car park, fourth platform and conversion of a terminating platform to a through platform; the new railway line west to Leppington opened on 8 February 2015, meaning trains now serve Glenfield from the north, south and west.
The M5 South Western Motorway and Hume Highway sit on the western border of Glenfield. Additionally, the Westlink M7 is close to its western border. Ajuga School - a school for behavioural needs students, K - 12 Campbell House School - a school for behavioural needs students, yr7 onward Glenfield Park School - a school for behavioural needs students Glenfield Public School Glenwood Public School Hurlstone Agricultural High School - a selective high school Seddon Park - used for Cricket and Rugby league. Blinman Park - used for Cricket and Soccer Kennett Park - used for Baseball Glenfield Tennis CourtsSeddon Park - used for Cricket and Rugby League. Blinman Park - used for Cricket and Soccer Kennett Park - used for Baseball Glenfield Tennis Courts Samuel Leonard Boyd "Glenfield". Dictionary of Sydney. 2008. Retrieved 27 September 2015
Wollongong, informally referred to as "The Gong", is a seaside city located in the Illawarra region of New South Wales, Australia. Wollongong lies on the narrow coastal strip between the Illawarra Escarpment and the Pacific Ocean, 68 kilometres south of centre of Sydney. Wollongong had an estimated urban population of 299,203 at June 2017, making it the third-largest city in New South Wales after Sydney and Newcastle, the tenth-largest city in Australia; the city's current Lord Mayor is Gordon Bradbery AM, elected in 2018. The Wollongong metropolitan area extends from Helensburgh in the north to Shell Cove in the south, it sits within the Wollongong Statistical District, which covers the local authority areas of Wollongong and Kiama, extending from the town of Helensburgh in the north, to Gerroa in the south Geologically, the city is located in the south-eastern part of the Sydney basin, which extends from Newcastle to Nowra. Wollongong is noted for its heavy industry, its port activity and the quality of its physical setting, occupying a narrow coastal plain between an continuous chain of surf beaches and the cliffline of the rainforest-covered Illawarra escarpment.
It has two cathedrals, churches of many denominations and the Nan Tien Temple, the largest Buddhist temple in the southern hemisphere. Wollongong has a long history of coal industry; the city attracts many tourists each year, is a regional centre for the South Coast fishing industry. The University of Wollongong is internationally recognised; the name "Wollongong" is believed to mean "seas of the South" in the local Aboriginal language, referring to NSW's Southern Coast. Other meanings have been suggested, such as "great feast of fish", "hard ground near water", "song of the sea", "sound of the waves", "many snakes" and "five islands"; the area was inhabited by the Dharawal Indigenous Australians. The first Europeans to visit the area were the navigators George Bass and Matthew Flinders, who landed at Lake Illawarra in 1796; the first settlers in the region were cedar cutters in the early nineteenth century, followed by graziers in 1812. Charles Throsby established a stockman's hut in the area in 1815.
The first land grants were made in 1816. In 1830, a military barracks was constructed near the harbour. Further settlers arrived and in 1834 a town was planned. On 26 November 1834, the town was first gazetted and George Brown erected the first court house; the main road down the Escarpment through Bulli Pass was built by convict labour in 1835-6, although other passes were built during the 19th century as well, such as O'Briens Road and Rixons Pass. By 1856 Wollongong had a population of 864. In 1858, a court house was built. In 1861, a horse-drawn tramway from Mount Keira to the harbour was completed. In 1862 a telegraph line was opened between Bellambi. In 1865, the first gas supply in Wollongong was provided from a gas plant in Corrimal Street. In 1868 the extensions to the harbour were named Belmore Basin. Patrick Lahiff established, he erected two beehive coke ovens between the north eastern end of Pulpit Rock. The ovens were demolished in 1892; the remains of the coke ovens were uncovered and recovered and are now preserved beneath the hill, with a plaque explaining their history.
In 1871, the old lighthouse was completed. In 1880, steam locomotives were introduced to haul coal loads from Mount Keira mine to the harbour. Gas street lighting was introduced in 1883. In 1885, a new court house was erected in Market Street. Like many Australian court houses, it was designed in a Classical Revival style considered appropriate for public buildings, it is now listed on the Register of the National Estate. In 1886 the first town hall was erected; the Illawarra Railway to Wollongong was completed in 1887, now continues as far south as the town of Bomaderry on the Shoalhaven River. The navigator George Bass first documented the Illawarra coal deposits in 1797. There have been many coalmines in the district. Australia's worst coal mining disaster occurred in 1902, at the Mount Kembla mine when an explosion killed 94 men and boys, the youngest aged 14, the oldest 69. Two other men died attempting to rescue survivors. In 1908 the Wollongong District Hospital was established on Garden Hill.
In 1916 the Wollongong High School was opened. Heavy industry was attracted to the region by the ready availability of coal. In 1928, Hoskins Australian Iron & Steel, started a steelworks at Port Kembla, a few kilometres south of Wollongong; the former Broken Hill Proprietary Company acquired AI&S in 1935, but has since spun-out their steel division as a separate company, now known as BlueScope. The steelworks has grown to become a world-class flat rolled steel producer, operating as a integrated steel plant with a production of around 5 million tonnes per year. Other industries to have set up in the massive Port Kembla industrial complex—the largest single concentration of heavy industry in Australia—include a fertiliser plant, an electrolytic copper smelter, a locomotive workshop, a coal export shipping terminal, a grain export shipping terminal and an industrial gases manufacturing plant. In 1936, the new Wollongong Lighthouse was finished on Flagstaff Point. In 1942 Wollongong was proclaimed a City.
In 1947 City of Greater Wollongong was formed. In 1954 the population of Wollongong was 90,852. In 1956 new Wollongong City Council Chambers were opened. In 1961 the Wollongong University College was established. In 1963, the Wollongong Teachers College was established. In 1965 the Westfield shopping centre at Figtree opened. In 1985, the railway line was
East Hills, New South Wales
East Hills, a suburb of local government area Canterbury-Bankstown Council, is located 26 kilometres south-west of the Sydney central business district, in the state of New South Wales, is a part of the South-western Sydney region. East Hills is a residential suburb on the northern bank of the Georges River; the adjacent suburbs are Picnic Point. Nearby suburbs on the opposite bank of the Georges River include Pleasure Point, Voyager Point, Sandy Point and Hammondville. East Hills was the name used to describe the whole area south of Bankstown to the Georges River and east to The River Road. George Johnstone called it New Jerusalem, it was west of The River Road between Tomson Streets. Robert Gardiner a tenant on the property called his farm East Hills after the region of that name near Liverpool and since this area is close to another Liverpool. In 1828 Thomas Graham was granted 640 acres, south of Johnston’s land, which he sold to Charles Tompson in 1835; the area to the west was bought by George Nicholas Weston in 1838.
In 1893, the area was named East Hills after the farm. The railway line was opened in 1931 and East Hills was the terminating station; this line was extended in 1987 to a new station at Holsworthy and connected to the Main South Line at Glenfield and on to Campbelltown. According to the 2016 census, there were 3,206 residents in East Hills. 68.8% of people were born in Australia. 66.6% of people spoke only English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Arabic 4.6% and Vietnamese 3.9%. The most common ancestries were Australian 24.2%, English 20.7%, Irish 6.8%, Chinese 4.9% and Scottish 4.4%. The most common responses for religion were Catholic 27.2%, No Religion 18.2% and Anglican 17.5%. A small group of shops is located beside East Hills railway station; the East Hills Hotel is located here. East Hills railway station is on the South Line of the Sydney Trains network. Parts of East Hills are serviced by buses operated by Transdev NSW following the routes established by McVicar's Bus Services.
East Hills has two high schools and one primary school: East Hills Boys, East Hills Girls Technology High School and East Hills Primary School. East Hills has a successful baseball club and the East Hills Bulldogs compete in the Canterbury-Bankstown District Junior Rugby League competition with Smith Park their home ground
Liverpool, New South Wales
Liverpool is a suburb of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. It is located in South Western Sydney 27 kilometres south-west of the Sydney central business district. Liverpool is the administrative seat of the local government area of the City of Liverpool and is situated in the Cumberland Plain. Liverpool is one of the oldest urban settlements in Australia, founded on 7 November 1810 as an agricultural centre by Governor Lachlan Macquarie, he named it after Robert Banks Jenkinson, Earl of Liverpool, the Secretary of State for the Colonies and the British city of Liverpool, upon which some of the area's architecture is based. Liverpool is at the head of navigation of the Georges River and combined with the Great Southern Railway from Sydney to Melbourne reaching Liverpool in the late 1850s, Liverpool became a major agricultural and transportation centre as the land in the district was productive; until the 1950s, Liverpool was still a satellite town with an agricultural economy based on poultry farming and market gardening.
However the urban sprawl of Sydney across the Cumberland Plain soon reached Liverpool, it became an outer suburb of metropolitan Sydney with a strong working-class presence and manufacturing facilities. The Liverpool area became renowned for its vast Housing Commission estates housing thousands of low-income families after the slum clearance and urban renewal programs in inner-city Sydney in the 1960s. Liverpool has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: Birkdale Crescent: Collingwood College Street: Old Liverpool Hospital Elizabeth Drive: St Luke's Anglican Church Georges River, Heathcote Road near Newbridge Road: Liverpool Weir Great Southern railway: Liverpool railway station 17 Speed Street: Rosebank Liverpool is the major city centre in South Western Sydney; the city centre has a Hoddle Grid layout with many little laneways and arcades, similar to that of Melbourne. The main strip is Macquarie Street. In recent times the extension of the Westfield shopping centre has seen many new fashion stores come in.
The main shopping area is centred on Macquarie Street, with Westfield Liverpool, a major shopping centre at the northern end. Liverpool Plaza is located between Macquarie Northumberland Street; the northern end of the city has been zoned for high density residential apartments. The southern end of the city is zoned for high density commercial developments. Liverpool has a large teaching hospital, two technical colleges and many shopping centres and office buildings; the private hospital operator Healthscope owns the Sydney Southwest Private Hospital in Liverpool. Liverpool is well served by roads such as the Hume Highway, the M5 motorway, the Westlink M7 motorway. Liverpool railway station has services to the Sydney CBD, Leppington and Schofields; the Liverpool to Parramatta transitway provides a bus-only route for buses. For details of long distance and local bus services see Liverpool Station There are three public primary schools within the suburb of Liverpool: Liverpool Public School, Liverpool West and Marsden Road.
Liverpool Boys and Liverpool Girls are the two public secondary schools. The Mainsbridge School caters to children with intellectual disabilities and Liverpool Hospital School for children hospitalised for lengthy periods. Private schools include All Saints Primary School, Al Amanah College. Post secondary education is catered to with the South Western College of TAFE, Macarthur Community College, Liverpool U3A: School for Seniors, University of Western Sydney English Language Centre, School of Arts in Macquarie Street, The University Of Wollongong. St Lukes Anglican Church, located in the city centre across the road from Westfield Liverpool, is the oldest Anglican church in Australia. All Saints Catholic Church in George St is located with the All Saints schools. St Raphael and Irene Greek Orthodox Church is in Forbes Street and the Serbian Orthodox Church of the Apostle Luke is on Flowerdale Rd. There are many open spaces within the city centre, including botanical parks and sporting facilities.
Bigge Park on the east side of the city features a War Memorial while Pioneer Memorial Park to the north has a historical cemetery. Woodward Park to the west is the main sporting precinct containing a number of outdoor playing fields and the Whitlam Leisure Centre, hosting a swimming pool and a 3000-seat indoor sports stadium. Other notable sports facilities within the suburb of Liverpool include Collimore Park and Paciullo Park. Prominent local teams include Fairfield-Liverpool Cricket Club which plays in the Sydney Grade Cricket competition, Liverpool City Netball, which has participated in many State and representative competitions, Hinchinbrook Hornets Junior Rugby League and FC Bossy Liverpool which plays in the New South Wales Super League and Liverpool Rangers FC, located at Ireland Park, Memorial Avenue; the West Sydney Razorbacks basketball team used to play out of the Gough Whitlam Centre while they were in the NBL. Liverpool is home to Australian Ice Hockey League team the Sydney Ice Dogs who play out of the Liverpool Catholic Club Ice Rink and Liverpool little athletics.
Learn more about the local history of the area. Liverpool has an arts and creation centre which provides music lessons with instruments such as:guitar and banjo etc. Liverpool is served by a full-time radio station 89.3FM 2GLF which broadcasts local information and ethnic programming. It is one of the first FM radio stations setup in the early'80s. Liverpool has had several newspapers since the late 1800s; the first newspaper appeared in