Geoffrey L. Duncan is an American businessman and politician, the 12th lieutenant governor of Georgia, he is a former member of the Georgia House of Representatives. After playing college baseball for the Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets, Duncan played professional baseball for six years until a shoulder injury forced him to retire, he went into business and was elected to the Georgia House in 2012. Duncan attended Georgia Institute of Technology, played college baseball for the Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets, he played in Minor League Baseball for the Florida Marlins organization from 1996 through 2000, reaching Triple-A, before going into business. After retiring from baseball and his wife, started a small marketing company out of their living room, they grew the company to a full-scale operation in a 10,000 square foot facility and employed over 100 people. The company was sold, Duncan became chief executive officer for Wellview Health, a healthcare and wellness company. Duncan was elected to the Georgia House of Representatives in 2012.
Duncan announced he would run for lieutenant governor of Georgia on April 10, 2017. He resigned from the Georgia House in September 2017 to focus on running for lieutenant governor in 2018. Duncan's campaign was centered around his "Policy Over Politics" message and focused on ethics reform and fiscal conservatism. Duncan criticized large tax increases passed by the state legislature, including what is known as the Gas Tax, considered to be the largest tax increase in Georgia; this became a central issue during the campaign, as David Shafer led the conference committee that wrote the Gas Tax and fought for its passage in the Senate. On May 22, 2018, Shafer received 48.9% of the vote in the Republican primary with Duncan coming in second place with 26.6%. Since no candidate received a majority of votes, the election went to a runoff held on July 24; the runoff election focused on Shafer's record at the capitol and a number of ethical questions surrounding his candidacy. Shafer's refusal to release his tax returns, a lawsuit alleging he received nearly $100,000 in free stock from a Georgia company, a sexual harassment investigation accusing Shafer of "years long" harassment at the capitol.
On July 24, Duncan defeated Shafer with 50.16% of the vote. He defeated Democratic nominee Sarah Riggs Amico in the general election, receiving nearly 52% of the vote and avoiding another runoff. Duncan was inaugurated lieutenant governor on January 14, 2019, he is the second Republican lieutenant governor in the state's history. Duncan is married to Brooke Duncan, they reside in Forsyth County, Georgia. The Duncans are active members of Browns Bridge Community Church in Georgia. Profile at Vote Smart Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference
Constitution of Georgia (country)
The Constitution of Georgia is the supreme law of Georgia. It was approved by the Parliament of Georgia on 24 August 1995 and entered into force on 17 October 1995; the Constitution replaced the Decree on State Power of November 1992 which had functioned as an interim basic law following the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Under Zviad Gamsakhurdia, the first democratically elected president of the newly independent Georgia, the nation continued to function under the 1978 constitution of the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic, based on the 1977 constitution of the Soviet Union; the first post-communist parliament amended that document extensively. In February 1992, the Georgian National Congress formally designated the Georgian constitution of 21 February 1921 as the effective constitution of Georgia; that declaration received legitimacy from the signatures of Jaba Ioseliani and Tengiz Kitovani, at that time two of the three members of the governing Military Council. In February 1993, Eduard Shevardnadze called for extensive revisions of the 1921 constitution.
Characterizing large sections of that document as wholly unacceptable, Shevardnadze proposed forming a constitutional commission to draft a new version by December 1993. On 4 January, Mikhail Saakashvili won the Georgian presidential election, 2004 with an overwhelming majority of 96 percent of the votes cast. Constitutional amendments were rushed through Parliament in February strengthening the powers of the president to dismiss parliament and creating the post of prime minister. Zurab Zhvania was appointed prime minister and Nino Burjanadze, the interim president, became speaker of parliament. On 15 October 2010, the Parliament of Georgia adopted with 112 votes to five major amendments to the constitution, which reduced powers of the president of Georgia in favor of the prime minister and the government; the new constitution went into force upon the 17 November 2013 inauguration of Giorgi Margvelashvili, the winner of the 2013 presidential election. On 26 September 2017, the Parliament of Georgia adopted the much-debated constitutional amendments with 117 voting in favor and two against.
The vote was boycotted by the opposition. According to the new legislation, direct presidential elections are to be abolished and the country will transfer to proportional parliamentary representation in 2024. On October 9, President Giorgi Margvelashvili vetoed the amendments and returned the draft bill to the Parliament with his objections, but the Parliament overrode the veto and approved the initial version on 13 October. Further amendments, incorporating several Venice Commission-recommended changes, were adopted on 21 March 2018. Constitutional economics Constitutionalism "Constitution of Georgia". Parliament of Georgia. 24 August 1995. Retrieved 1 February 2015
Georgia State Capitol
The Georgia State Capitol is an architecturally and significant building in Atlanta, United States. The building has been named a National Historic Landmark, listed on the National Register of Historic Places; as the primary office building of Georgia's government, the capitol houses the offices of the governor, lieutenant governor, secretary of state on the second floor, chambers in which the General Assembly, consisting of the Georgia State Senate and Georgia House of Representatives, meet annually from January to April. The fourth floor houses visitors' galleries overlooking the legislative chambers and a museum located near the rotunda in which a statue of Miss Freedom caps the dome; the capitol site was occupied by the first Atlanta City Hall. To encourage the state government to relocate the capital city to growing and industrialized Atlanta from rural Milledgeville, the city donated the site; the first capitol in Louisville no longer stands, while in Augusta and Savannah the legislature met in makeshift facilities causing the alternation of those two cities as capital.
The legislature met at other places, including Macon during and just after the Atlanta Campaign of the American Civil War. Like many U. S. state capitols, the Georgia State Capitol is designed to resemble the Neoclassical architectural style of the United States Capitol, in Washington, D. C. Former Confederate general Philip Cook. was a member of the commission that oversaw planning and construction of the building. The commission engaged architects Willoughby J. Edbrooke and Franklin Pierce Burnham, of Chicago to design the building and Miles and Horne of Toledo, Ohio for construction. Work completed in March 1889. Sculptor George Crouch executed all the ornamental work on the building; the Capitol faces west on Washington Street. The façade features a four-story portico, with stone pediment, supported by six Corinthian columns set on large stone piers. Georgia's coat of arms, with two figures on each side, is carved on the pediment; the Capitol's interior represents the 19th-century style of its time.
It was among the earliest buildings to have elevators, centralized steam heat, combination gas and electric lights. Classical pilasters and oak paneling are used throughout the building; the floors of the interior are marble from Pickens County. The open central rotunda is flanked by two wings, each with a grand staircase and three-story atrium crowned by clerestory windows; the Capitol building has undergone frequent renovations to adapt to the growth and change of government. Constructed from terra cotta and covered with tin, in a 1958 renovation the present dome was gilded with native gold leaf from near Dahlonega in Lumpkin County, where the first American gold rush occurred during the 1830s. For this reason, legislative business is referred to as what is happening "under the Gold Dome" by media across the state; the statue Miss Freedom has adorned the dome since the building's opening. In 1997, the House and Senate chambers were restored to their 1889 appearance with replicated decoration and color schemes.
This included the demolition of damaged plaster, the reinstallation of flat plaster at the dome and walls, a decorative painting in the House and Senate Chambers. The museum within the Capitol, in existence since 1889, houses extensive collections representing the natural and cultural history of Georgia. Native American artifacts, animals and minerals, fossils illustrate the diversity of the collections. Removed during restoration or renovation, most of the collection remains in storage; the portraits of governors, statues of famous Georgians, historic flags from many wars are displayed throughout the Capitol. The portraits of all governors elected since 1850 are there, except for Rufus Bullock; the Georgia Capitol Museum is a public education institution housed in the Capitol building under the administration of the University of Georgia Libraries. The museum seeks to preserve and interpret the history of the Georgia Capitol in Atlanta, the functions of the government, the events that have occurred in the Capitol.
To accomplish this, the museum collects and interprets artifacts relating to the Capitol or associated with the events that have occurred there. Greatest north–south: 347 feet, 9 inches Greatest central depth: 272 feet, 4.5 inches Second-Floor Rotunda to ceiling: 187 feet, 4 inches Dome diameter: 75 feet Governors Governor and CSA Gen. John Brown Gordon Memorial. Joseph E. Brown and Elizabeth Brown Eugene Talmadge Richard B. Russell. Herman Talmadge Jimmy Carter Ellis Arnall, Governor Attorney General. Erected November 24, 1997. Other persons Plaque and tree honoring William Ambrose Wright, a lieutenant in the Confederate States Army, Georgia state comptroller for fifty years, as well as insurance commissioner. Erected by the Atlanta Ladies Memorial Association, January 19, 1930. Statue of Benjamin Harvey Hill. Bronze sculpture of Martin Luther King Others US Coast Guard Survey History Marker Reproduction of the Liberty Bell Statue of Liberty replica Spanish War Veterans Memorial Flame of Freedom Expelled Because of Their Color, a 6 feet bronze statue, by John Thomas Riddle, Jr. on the Capitol grounds.
It was commissioned in 1976 by the Georgia Legislative Black Caucus, unveiled in 1978. The statue commemorates the Original 33, the 33 African-American legi
United States nationality law
The United States nationality law is a uniform rule of naturalization of the United States set out in the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952, enacted under the power of Article I, section 8, clause 4 of the United States Constitution, which reads: Congress shall have Power - "To establish a uniform Rule of Naturalization..." The 1952 Act sets forth the legal requirements for the acquisition of, divestiture from, American nationality. The requirements have become more explicit since the ratification of the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution, with the most recent changes to the law having been made by Congress in 2001. Adult citizens of the United States who are residents of one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia have the right to participate in the political system of the United States, as well as their state and local governments, to be represented and protected abroad by the United States, to live in the United States and certain territories without any immigration requirements.
Felons can vote in over 40 states, in at least 2 while incarcerated. Felons can serve jury duty if approved; some U. S. citizens have the obligation to serve in a jury, if selected and qualified. Citizens are required to pay taxes on their total income from all sources worldwide, including income earned abroad while living abroad. Under certain circumstances, however, U. S. citizens living and working abroad may be able to reduce or eliminate their U. S. federal income tax via the Foreign Earned Income Exclusion or the Foreign Tax Credit. U. S. taxes payable may be alternatively reduced by credits for foreign income taxes regardless of the length of stay abroad. The United States Government insists that U. S. citizens travel into and out of the United States on a U. S. passport, regardless of any other nationality they may possess. Male U. S. citizens from 18–25 years of age are required to register with the Selective Service System at age 18 for possible conscription into the armed forces. Although no one has been drafted in the U.
S. since 1973, draft registration continues in the case of a possible reinstatement on some future date. In the Oath of Citizenship, immigrants becoming naturalized U. S. citizens swear that when required by law they will bear arms on behalf of the United States, will perform noncombatant service in the U. S. Armed Forces, will perform work of national importance under civilian direction. In some cases, the USCIS allows the oath to be taken without the clauses regarding the first two of these three sworn commitments. There are various ways a person can acquire United States citizenship, either at birth or on in life. Section 1 of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution provides that "All persons born or naturalized in the United States, subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside."Because Native American tribes within the geographical boundaries of the U. S. held a special sovereignty status, the tribes were not "subject to the jurisdiction thereof" and thus Native Americans who were born into tribes were not considered citizens if they left the tribe and settled in white society, which the Supreme Court upheld in Elk v. Wilkins.
However, in 1924, Congress granted birthright citizenship to Native Americans through the Indian Citizenship Act. Furthermore, under the Insular Cases, unincorporated U. S. territories and commonwealths are appurtenant to the United States rather than part of the United States, which limits applicability of the U. S. Constitution. Congress has conferred birthright citizenship, through legislation, to persons born in all inhabited territories except American Samoa and Swains Island, who are granted the status of U. S. Nationals. In the case of United States v. Wong Kim Ark, the Supreme Court ruled that a person becomes a citizen of the United States at the time of birth, by virtue of the first clause of the 14th Amendment, if at a minimum that person: Is born in the United States Has parents that are subjects of a foreign power, but not in any diplomatic or official capacity of that foreign power Has parents that have permanent domicile and residence in the United StatesThe Supreme Court has not explicitly ruled whether children born in the United States to immigrants illegally present in the country are U.
S. citizens from birth, but it is presumed they are. The constitutional provision reads in pertinent part, "All persons born...in the United States and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens...". A child is automatically granted citizenship if: Both parents were U. S. citizens at the time of the child's birth. INA 301 and INA 301 state, "and one of whom has had a residence."The FAM states "no amount of time specified." A person's record of birth abroad, if registered with a U. S. consulate or embassy, is proof of citizenship. They may apply for a passport or a Certificate of Citizenship as proof of citizenship. A person born on or after November 14, 1986, is a U. S. citizen if all of the following are true: The person's parents were married at time of birth One of the person's parents was a U. S. citizen when the person in question was born
Georgia (U.S. state)
Georgia is a state in the Southeastern United States. It began as a British colony in 1733, the last and southernmost of the original Thirteen Colonies to be established. Named after King George II of Great Britain, the Province of Georgia covered the area from South Carolina south to Spanish Florida and west to French Louisiana at the Mississippi River. Georgia was the fourth state to ratify the United States Constitution, on January 2, 1788. In 1802–1804, western Georgia was split to the Mississippi Territory, which split to form Alabama with part of former West Florida in 1819. Georgia declared its secession from the Union on January 19, 1861, was one of the original seven Confederate states, it was the last state to be restored to the Union, on July 15, 1870. Georgia is the 8th most populous of the 50 United States. From 2007 to 2008, 14 of Georgia's counties ranked among the nation's 100 fastest-growing, second only to Texas. Georgia is known as the Empire State of the South. Atlanta, the state's capital and most populous city, has been named a global city.
Atlanta's metropolitan area contains about 55% of the population of the entire state. Georgia is bordered to the north by Tennessee and North Carolina, to the northeast by South Carolina, to the southeast by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by Florida, to the west by Alabama; the state's northernmost part is in the Blue Ridge Mountains, part of the Appalachian Mountains system. The Piedmont extends through the central part of the state from the foothills of the Blue Ridge to the Fall Line, where the rivers cascade down in elevation to the coastal plain of the state's southern part. Georgia's highest point is Brasstown Bald at 4,784 feet above sea level. Of the states east of the Mississippi River, Georgia is the largest in land area. Before settlement by Europeans, Georgia was inhabited by the mound building cultures; the British colony of Georgia was founded by James Oglethorpe on February 12, 1733. The colony was administered by the Trustees for the Establishment of the Colony of Georgia in America under a charter issued by King George II.
The Trustees implemented an elaborate plan for the colony's settlement, known as the Oglethorpe Plan, which envisioned an agrarian society of yeoman farmers and prohibited slavery. The colony was invaded by the Spanish during the War of Jenkins' Ear. In 1752, after the government failed to renew subsidies that had helped support the colony, the Trustees turned over control to the crown. Georgia became a crown colony, with a governor appointed by the king; the Province of Georgia was one of the Thirteen Colonies that revolted against British rule in the American Revolution by signing the 1776 Declaration of Independence. The State of Georgia's first constitution was ratified in February 1777. Georgia was the 10th state to ratify the Articles of Confederation on July 24, 1778, was the 4th state to ratify the United States Constitution on January 2, 1788. In 1829, gold was discovered in the North Georgia mountains leading to the Georgia Gold Rush and establishment of a federal mint in Dahlonega, which continued in operation until 1861.
The resulting influx of white settlers put pressure on the government to take land from the Cherokee Nation. In 1830, President Andrew Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act, sending many eastern Native American nations to reservations in present-day Oklahoma, including all of Georgia's tribes. Despite the Supreme Court's ruling in Worcester v. Georgia that U. S. states were not permitted to redraw Indian boundaries, President Jackson and the state of Georgia ignored the ruling. In 1838, his successor, Martin Van Buren, dispatched federal troops to gather the tribes and deport them west of the Mississippi; this forced relocation, known as the Trail of Tears, led to the death of over 4,000 Cherokees. In early 1861, Georgia became a major theater of the Civil War. Major battles took place at Chickamauga, Kennesaw Mountain, Atlanta. In December 1864, a large swath of the state from Atlanta to Savannah was destroyed during General William Tecumseh Sherman's March to the Sea. 18,253 Georgian soldiers died in service one of every five who served.
In 1870, following the Reconstruction Era, Georgia became the last Confederate state to be restored to the Union. With white Democrats having regained power in the state legislature, they passed a poll tax in 1877, which disenfranchised many poor blacks and whites, preventing them from registering. In 1908, the state established a white primary, they constituted 46.7% of the state's population in 1900, but the proportion of Georgia's population, African American dropped thereafter to 28% due to tens of thousands leaving the state during the Great Migration. According to the Equal Justice Institute's 2015 report on lynching in the United States, Georgia had 531 deaths, the second-highest total of these extralegal executions of any state in the South; the overwhelming number of victims were male. Political disfranchisement persisted through the mid-1960s, until after Congress passed the Voting Rights Act of 1965. An Atlanta-born Baptist minister, part of the educated middle class that had developed in Atlanta's African-American community, Martin Luther King, Jr. emerged as a national leader in the civil rights movement.
King joining with others to form the Southern Christian Leadership Conference in Atlanta in 1957 to provide political leadership for the Civil Rights Movement across the South. By the 1960s, the proportion of
Republican Party (United States)
The Republican Party referred to as the GOP, is one of the two major political parties in the United States. The GOP was founded in 1854 by opponents of the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which had expanded slavery into U. S. territories. The party subscribed to classical liberalism and took ideological stands that were anti-slavery and pro-economic reform. Abraham Lincoln was the first Republican president in the history of the United States; the Party was dominant over the Democrats during the Third Party System and Fourth Party System. In 1912, Theodore Roosevelt formed the Progressive Party after being rejected by the GOP and ran unsuccessfully as a third-party presidential candidate calling for social reforms. After the 1912 election, many Roosevelt supporters left the Party, the Party underwent an ideological shift to the right; the liberal Republican element in the GOP was overwhelmed by a conservative surge begun by Barry Goldwater in 1964 that continued during the Reagan Era in the 1980s. After the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965, the party's core base shifted, with the Southern states becoming more reliably Republican in presidential politics and the Northeastern states becoming more reliably Democratic.
White voters identified with the Republican Party after the 1960s. Following the Supreme Court's 1973 decision in Roe v. Wade, the Republican Party made opposition to abortion a key plank of its national party platform and grew its support among evangelicals. By 2000, the Republican Party was aligned with Christian conservatism; the Party's core support since the 1990s comes chiefly from the South, the Great Plains, the Mountain States and rural areas in the North. The 21st century Republican Party ideology is American conservatism, which contrasts with the Democrats' liberal platform and progressive wing; the GOP supports lower taxes, free market capitalism, a strong national defense, gun rights and restrictions on labor unions. The GOP was committed to protectionism and tariffs from its founding until the 1930s when it was based in the industrial Northeast and Midwest, but has grown more supportive of free trade since 1952. In addition to advocating for conservative economic policies, the Republican Party is conservative.
Founded in the Northern states in 1854 by abolitionists, modernizers, ex-Whigs and ex-Free Soilers, the Republican Party became the principal opposition to the dominant Democratic Party and the popular Know Nothing Party. The party grew out of opposition to the Kansas–Nebraska Act, which repealed the Missouri Compromise and opened Kansas Territory and Nebraska Territory to slavery and future admission as slave states; the Northern Republicans saw the expansion of slavery as a great evil. The first public meeting of the general anti-Nebraska movement, at which the name Republican was suggested for a new anti-slavery party, was held on March 20, 1854 in a schoolhouse in Ripon, Wisconsin; the name was chosen to pay homage to Thomas Jefferson's Republican Party. The first official party convention was held on July 1854 in Jackson, Michigan. At the 1856 Republican National Convention, the party adopted a national platform emphasizing opposition to the expansion of slavery into U. S. territories. While Republican candidate John C.
Frémont lost the 1856 United States presidential election to James Buchanan, he did win 11 of the 16 northern states. The Republican Party first came to power in the elections of 1860 when it won control of both houses of Congress and its candidate, former congressman Abraham Lincoln, was elected President. In the election of 1864, it united with War Democrats to nominate Lincoln on the National Union Party ticket. Under Republican congressional leadership, the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution—which banned slavery in the United States—passed the Senate in 1864 and the House in 1865; the party's success created factionalism within the party in the 1870s. Those who felt that Reconstruction had been accomplished, was continued to promote the large-scale corruption tolerated by President Ulysses S. Grant, ran Horace Greeley for the presidency; the Stalwart faction defended Grant and the spoils system, whereas the Half-Breeds pushed for reform of the civil service. The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act was passed in 1883.
The Republican Party supported hard money, high tariffs to promote economic growth, high wages and high profits, generous pensions for Union veterans, the annexation of Hawaii. The Republicans had strong support from pietistic Protestants, but they resisted demands for Prohibition; as the Northern postwar economy boomed with heavy and light industry, mines, fast-growing cities, prosperous agriculture, the Republicans took credit and promoted policies to sustain the fast growth. The GOP was dominant over the Democrats during the Third Party System. However, by 1890 the Republicans had agreed to the Sherman Antitrust Act and the Interstate Commerce Commission in response to complaints from owners of small businesses and farmers; the high McKinley Tariff of 1890 hurt the party and the Democrats swept to a landslide in the off-year elections defeating McKinley himself. The Democrats elected Grover Cleveland in 1884 and 1892; the election of William McKinley in 1896 was marked by a resurgence of Republican dominance that lasted until 1932.
McKinley promised that high tariffs would end the severe hardship caused by the Pa
Lieutenant Governor of Georgia
The Lieutenant Governor of Georgia is a constitutional officer of the State of Georgia, elected to a 4-year term by popular vote. Unlike in some other U. S. states, the Lieutenant Governor is elected on a separate ticket from the Georgia Governor. Constitutionally, the Lieutenant Governor's primary job is to serve as President of Georgia's Senate. In the case of incapacity of the Governor, the Lieutenant Governor assumes the powers of the Governor. Should the Governor die or otherwise leave office, the Lieutenant Governor becomes Governor for the remainder of the term of office; the office of Lieutenant Governor was created by a state constitutional revision in 1945. Prior to that time, Georgia did not have such an office. Elected in 1946 to be Georgia's first Lieutenant Governor, Melvin Thompson became involved in the infamous Three Governors controversy; the current Lieutenant Governor of Georgia is Republican Geoff Duncan. Article V, Paragraph IV of the Georgia State Constitution details the qualifications for the office of Georgia's Lieutenant Governor.
In order to be eligible for the office a person must have lived in the United States for 15 years and in Georgia for six years and be at least 30 years old. The Lieutenant Governor of Georgia has no restrictions on the number of times he or she can hold the office; the Lieutenant Governor's formal duties are limited by the Georgia State Constitution to being President of the Senate and the successor of the Governor whenever the governor dies, resigns or is removed from office via impeachment. The Lieutenant Governor assumes the gubernatorial powers & duties as acting governor, whenever the governor is disabled Other, informal duties, were initiated by Lieutenant Governor Marvin Griffin during his tenure and include naming chairmen to senate committees and "taking an active role in the leadership of the senate." He began the custom of asking the Governor's approval of these appointments. These powers lasted until 2003, when Governor Sonny Perdue, a Republican, stripped the Lieutenant Governor at the time, Democrat Mark Taylor of those powers, giving them to the president pro tempore of the Senate.
In November 2010, the Republican majority voted to change the senate rules, stripping the Lieutenant Governor's ability to appoint the membership of senate committees. As President of the Senate the Lieutenant Governor presides over debate in the Senate and casts a tie-breaking vote in that body if necessary. However, the Lieutenant Governor is barred from sponsoring legislation; the Rules of the Georgia State Senate assign the President of the Senate to appoint two senators to the Committee on Assignments and to serve as the Chair of the committee, but the Chair may only vote in case of a tie. Additionally, the President is a member of and appoints three other members to the Committee on Administrative Affairs. Under the supervision of the State Senate, the President "shall as a matter of course and without debate, report the reference of bills to the proper committee." Senate pages are supervised by the President who "shall establish a program of familiarization with state government, its procedures and those duties and responsibilities which will be required of pages."
Parties Democratic Republican There are three former living U. S lieutenant governors of Georgia, the oldest lieutenant governor of Georgia being Pierre Howard; the most recent death of a former lieutenant governor of Georgia was that of Zell Miller, who died on March 22, 2018. Georgia Senate Georgia House of Representatives Georgia General Assembly Official Website of the Lieutenant Governor of Georgia