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Georgius Agricola

Georgius Agricola was a German Humanist scholar and metallurgist. Born in the small town of Glauchau, in the Electorate of Saxony of the Holy Roman Empire, he was broadly educated, but took a particular interest in the mining and refining of metals, he is well known for his pioneering work De re metallica libri XII, published in 1556, one year after his death. This 12-volume work is a comprehensive and systematic study and methodical guide on all available factual and practical aspects, that are of concern for mining, the mining sciences and metallurgy and researched in its natural environment by means of direct observation. Unrivalled in its complexity and accuracy, it served as the standard reference work for two centuries. Agricola stated in the preface, that he will exclude all those things which I have not myself seen, or have not read or heard of.. That which I have neither seen, nor considered after reading or hearing of, I have not written about, he thereby refuses to rely on abstruse methods through philosophical considerations and instead submits his work to the strict principles of the modern scientific method, centuries before its time.

As a scholar of the Renaissance he was committed to a universal approach towards learning and research and published over 40 complete scholarly works during his professional life on a wide range of subjects and disciplines, such as pedagogy, metrology, pharmacy, geology and many more. His innovative and comprehensive scholarly work, based on new and precise methods of production and control is remarkable and has earned him international admiration to this day, he is although not universally referred to as "the Father of mineralogy" and the founder of geology as a scientific discipline. Poet Georg Fabricius has bestowed a brief honorary title on him in recognition of his legacy, that his fellow Saxons cite regularly: die ausgezeichnete Zierde des Vaterlandes, he was baptized with his birth name Georg Pawer. Pawer is a vernacular form of the modern German term Bauer, his teacher, the Leipzig professor Petrus Mosellanus convinced him to consider the common practice of name latinisation popular among Renaissance scholars, so "Georg Pawer" became "Georgius Agricola".

Interestingly, his first name, Georg or Georgius, derives from the Greek Γεωργιος, which in turn derives from γεωργος, meaning "farmer or earthworker." Therefore, his complete name translates to "Farmer Farmer." Agricola was born in 1494 as Georg Pawer, the second of seven children of a clothier and dyer in Glauchau. At the age of twelve he enrolled in the Latin school in Zwickau. From 1514 to 1518 he studied at the Leipzig University where, under the name Georgius Pawer de Glauchaw, he first inscribed to the summer semester for theology and philology under rector Nikolaus Apel and for ancient languages and Latin in particular, He received his first Latin lectures under Petrus Mosellanus, a celebrated humanist of the time and adherent of Erasmus of Rotterdam. Gifted with a precocious intellect and his freshly acquired title of Baccalaureus artium, Agricola early threw himself into the pursuit of the "new learning", with such effect that at the age of 24 he was appointed Rector extraordinarius of Ancient Greek at the 1519 established Zwickau Greek school, soon to be united with the Great School of Zwickau.

In 1520 he published his first book, a Latin grammar manual with practical and methodical hints for teachers. In 1522 he ended his appointment to again study at Leipzig for another year, where, as rector, he was supported by his former tutor and professor of classics, Peter Mosellanus, with whom he had always been in correspondence, he subscribed to the studies of medicine and chemistry. In 1523 he traveled to Italy and enrolled in the University of Bologna and Padua and completed his studies in medicine, it remains unclear. In 1524 he joined the Aldine Press, a prestigious printing office in Venice, established by Aldus Manutius, who had died in 1515. Manutius had established and maintained contacts and the friendship in a network among the many scholars, including the most celebrated, from all over Europe, whom he had encouraged to come to Venice and take care of the redaction of the numerous publications of the classics of antiquity. At the time of Agricola's visit, the business was run by his daughter Maria.

Agricola participated in the edition of a work in several volumes on Galen until 1526. He returned to Zwickau in 1527 and to Chemnitz in autumn of the same year, where he married Anna Meyner, a widow from Schneeberg. Upon his search for employment as town physician and pharmacist in the Ore Mountains, preferably a place, where he can satisfy his ardent longings for the studies on mining, he settled in the suitable little town Joachimsthal in the Bohemian Erzgebirge, where in 1516 significant silver ore deposits were found; the 15.000 inhabitants made Joachimsthal a busy, booming centre of mining and smelting works with hundreds of shafts for Agricola to investigate. His primary post proved to be not demanding and he lent all his spare time to his studies. Beginning in 1528 he immersed himself in comparisons and tests on what had been written about mineralogy and mining and his own observations of the local materials and the methods of their treatment, he constructed a logical system of the local conditions and sediments, the minerals and ores, explained the various terms of general and specific local t

Martin Blochwich

Martin Blochwich was a German physician and author. He wrote the first book, The Anatomy of the Elder, about the medicinal uses of the European elderberry tree, which still is regarded as the standard text for the practice. After his elementary school years in Großenhain, Blochwich was accepted by the Fürstenschule Schulpforta in Naumburg, where he obtained his university entrance qualification in 1622, he studied medicine at the Leipzig University until 1626. On 4 July 1626, the Medical Faculty of the University of Basel awarded him a doctorate degree. After his studies, Blochwich worked temporary in Großenhain, where he may have researched his comprehensive work The Anatomy of the Elder. There are references to patients from Großenhain. In 1628 he settled in Oschatz. On 10 September 1629, Martin Blochwich died at the age of 26-27 in Oschatz; the cause of his death is unknown. In this book, Blochwich described the cultivated plant in three units over 298 pages. Unit 1: The botany of the elder with an explanation of the origin of the name, as well as where it could be found, its growth and characteristics.

Unit 2: In six chapters Blochwich described the preparation of vinegar, compote, tablets, juice, spirit, water and sugar made of elder in detail and gave recipes. Unit 3: Thirty-three chapters about the treatment of diseases. Recipes have exact descriptions for the production of medicines made of elderflower, elder marrow and elder bark; the book contains references to the opinions of famous doctors from the Greek/Roman eras the Middle Ages. These sections provided advice to doctors of Blockwitz's era on using elder preparations internally and externally; the conditions include breast and uterine diseases, tumours, infectious diseases, lung disease, intestines and gall bladder, mental illness and paralysis, unclear fever and pain, injuries, worm infestation and toothache. In 1631, two years after Blochwich's death, Johannes Blochwich, who may have been his brother, published the Anatomia Sambuci, written in Latin, in Leipzig. In 1642 the book was translated into German by Daniel Beckher, a professor of medicine in Königsberg, who mentioned Blochwich's work in his own book Nützliche kleine Haus-Apotheke.

After 1642, Blochwich's book was reprinted in 1650, 1665 and 1685. It is the only translation into German. In 1650 the Latin version of Anatomia Sambuci appeared in England, it was translated into English by Christopher Irvine in 1651 and published in English in 1655, 1670, 1677 on the recommendation of the British Royal Society. In 2010 the Anatomia Sambuci was reprinted and an updated English version of Anatomia Sambuci appeared. On the occasion of the opening of the Elder Show Garden in Feldbach a new elder variety known Klon B2 was renamed Blochwitz on 23 May 2013. Blochwich's name has been spelt in several ways, which may have been due to the path taken by his book from Königsberg in East Prussia in 1642 to London in 1650 and the related translations; the name has been written as Blockwich, Blockwitz and Blochwitz. Sepp Porta, Michael Hlatky, Johannes Christandl: Holunder-Wunderwelt. Auflage: ISBN 3990520148 Manfred Schollmeyer: Die Anatomie des Holunders und seine medizinische Anwendung. Auflage: ISBN 9783000467981 Deutsche National Bibliothek Dissertation: Dissertatio de paralysi.

Preuß. Landesschule Pforta vom Jahre 1543 bis 1843. Mai 1843. Y. USA: University of Rochester Press, 2001 Anatomia Sambuci, Or, the Anatomy of the Elder Cutting Out of It Plain and Specific Remedies for Most and Chiefest Maladies. Proquest, Eebo Editions.

Party Intellectuals

Party Intellectuals is the debut album by jazz fusion trio Marc Ribot's Ceramic Dog. It was released June 24, 2008 on Pi Recordings. Response was positive, with Metacritic assigning the album an aggregate score of 80 out of 100 based on 10 critical reviews indicating "Generally favorable reviews"; the Allmusic review by Sean Westergaard awarded the album 4½ stars out of 5, stating, "Although Ribot has always displayed a great sense of humor, it's on full display here in a way it hasn't been before. Party Intellectuals is Ribot's most fun album to date and one of his best". PopMatters' Zeth Lundy rated the album 7 out of 10, Ceramic Dog is Ribot's first true rock band to call his own, but it’s an experiment in accessible dissonance—a rock band that spikes the rudimentary nature of the form with aggressive improvisation and noodly turbulence... The more challenging tracks on Party Intellectuals are the epic mood pieces that freak out in frame-by-frame slow motion... While a lot of the tracks on Party Intellectuals delight in ripping conventions apart, most allow for some batshit crazy guitar solos by Ribot.

All compositions are except where noted. "Break On Through" – 3:44 "Party Intellectuals" – 5:50 "Todo el Mundo es Kitsch" – 5:11 "When We Were Young and We Were Freaks" – 8:18 "Digital Handshake" – 10:15 "Bateau" – 4:15 "For Malena" – 3:20 "Pinch" – 4:43 "Girlfriend" – 3:35 "Midost" – 10:04 "Shsh Shsh" – 5:49 "Never Better" – 3:29 Marc Ribot – guitar, vocals Shahzad Ismailybass guitar, Moog synthesizer Ches Smith – drum kit, vocals, electronics Janice Cruz – vocals Jenni Quilter – vocals Martín Verajano – percussion

Carl White

Carl White is a fictional character from the BBC soap opera EastEnders, played by Daniel Coonan. He first appears in the 4660th episode broadcast in the United Kingdom on 20 June 2013. Carl is the ex-boyfriend of Kirsty Branning, his storylines include tracking down cash owed to him by Derek Branning - which Ian Beale has used to open a restaurant, he became the show's main antagonist up until his death on 1 January 2014, has been described as "manipulative", "unpredictable", "nasty" and "scary", though Jim Shelley from the Daily Mail called him "a undistinguished presence". The character was axed in September 2013 and departed in the episode first broadcast in the UK on 1 January 2014, a joint broadcast of episodes 4775 and 4776, after being killed by Ronnie. In 2013, he was announced as the main antagonist. Carl arrives at Bianca Butcher's house, after she telephones him thinking his number belonged to her father David Wicks. Bianca assumes Carl is the plumber, but when the real plumber arrives, Carl says he is the friend of Derek Branning that Bianca called.

He learns that Derek is dead, claims to know his daughter Alice Branning, so Bianca gives him her address. He visits Alice, who gives him the box that contained the phone number, which Alice says was found by Ian Beale. Bianca's friend Kat Moon realises that Carl lied about knowing Alice and warns Alice and Bianca to be wary of him. Carl visits Ian. Carl realises Ian took £10,000 from the box that Derek owed him, Ian is terrified of Carl; the next day, Carl sees his ex-girlfriend, Kirsty Branning, who says she is now married and pregnant, he has no reason to stay. At the restaurant, Carl makes Ian confess to taking his money, tells Ian to pay him £500 a week for the foreseeable future, he tells Kirsty he is not leaving. Ian soon realises the situation between Carl and Kirsty, so he threatens to tell Kirsty about Carl's blackmail. Carl responds by burning Ian's hand. Joey Branning catches Carl dealing drugs in the nightclub, R&R and informs Phil Mitchell and Kirsty's husband Max Branning, who confront and threaten Carl.

Max calls the police because he thinks Carl is involved in Kirsty nearly getting mugged by Carl's brother Adam White and Carl is checked for drugs by the police in front of Kirsty. Carl has none, tells Max that in three weeks' time, he will end Max and Kirsty's relationship. Three weeks Carl deliberately cuts the brakes on his car takes Phil as his passenger, crashes it after releasing Phil's seatbelt. Phil is hospitalised and Carl frames Max for cutting the brakes after forcing Ian to become a false witness, promising to cancel the debt. Max is arrested and released on bail, until Carl goads him into attacking him, he is remanded in custody. Max ends his relationship with Kirsty under Carl's instructions, who has threatened to harm his daughter Lauren Branning. Carl attempts to take over Phil's businesses while he is in hospital, after Shirley Carter challenges him, she mysteriously disappears. Carl attempts to reconcile with Kirsty but she rejects him. However, she approaches him and they have sex, but he sees her stealing £1000 from him the next morning.

On the day of Max's trial, Ian fails to turn up, Max is released without charge, to Carl's fury. Max and Phil kidnap Carl and Phil offers Max the chance to kill him. Max declines and leaves, so Phil prepares to kill him instead until Carl implies that he caused harm to Shirley and knows where she is, he leads Phil to a block of run-down flats where Shirley is staying with Tina Carter. It is revealed that Carl threatened Shirley to stay away from Walford or he would harm Phil's family. Carl leaves. Carl declares. Carl tells Max that he had sex with Kirsty while he was in prison, leading to Max ending his relationship with Kirsty; when Roxy Mitchell splits from her husband Alfie Moon after their wedding, Carl flirts with a drunken Roxy. She insists she is not interested, but waits outside his new flat and they have sex when he returns, they start a relationship, which Roxy's sister Ronnie Mitchell disapproves of and tries to split them up. She confronts Carl, violent towards her and a final threat leads to her hitting him over the head with a champagne bottle.

She ties him up in Phil's garage and the next day tells him to leave Walford and never return, but he ignores her and attempts to rape her, kissing her forcefully. She slams the boot of a car onto his head, killing him, has the car crushed with his body inside. Coonan's casting as Carl was announced on 6 May 2013, when it was revealed that the character is Kirsty Branning's ex-boyfriend and has been in prison, where he had shared a cell with Derek Branning. Coonan said. I remember talking about the storylines in school playgrounds in Tottenham and I am happy and proud to now be a small part of its life." Executive producer Lorraine Newman said: "It's wonderful to have Dan

Child cannibalism

Child cannibalism or fetal cannibalism is the act of eating a child or fetus. Controversy has been sparked when the performance artist Zhu Yu claimed that he prepared and ate real human bodies, including fetuses, as an artistic performance; the performance was called Eating People. It was intended as "shock art"; the Chinese Ministry of Culture cited a menace to social order and the spiritual health of the Chinese people, banned exhibitions involving culture, animal abuse and overt violence and sexuality and Zhu Yu was prosecuted for his deeds. Snopes and other urban legend sites have said the "fetus" used by Zhu Yu was most constructed from a duck's body and a doll head. Other images from another art exhibit were falsely circulated along with Zhu Yu's photographs and claimed to be evidence of fetus soup. Critics see the propagation of these rumors as a form of blood libel, or accusing one's enemy of eating children, accuse countries of using this as a political lever. Capsule pills filled with human baby flesh in the form of powder were seized by South Koreans from ethnic Koreans living in China, who had tried to smuggle them into South Korea and consume the capsules themselves or distribute them to other ethnic Korean citizens of China living in South Korea.

Experts suggested that the pills had been made of newborn placenta for the documented practice of human placentophagy. Jonathan Swift's 1729 satiric article "A Modest Proposal for Preventing the Children of Poor People in Ireland from Being a Burden to Their Parents or Country, for Making Them Beneficial to the Public" proposed the utilization of an economic system based on poor people selling their children to be eaten, claiming that this would benefit the economy, family values, general happiness of Ireland; the target of Swift's satire is the rationalism of modern economics, the growth of rationalistic modes of thinking at the expense of more traditional human values. In Fruit Chan's Dumplings, fetuses are consumed with the belief of their rejuvenating properties. In the Taiwan ghost movie, The Heirloom, infants who've died or been aborted are kept in jars and fed blood to raise'young ghosts'. Japanese rock band Dir en grey's song "Umbrella" is about the act of child cannibalism. In Cormac McCarthy's novel The Road, son encounter a family that consumes a fetus.

In the popular comedy Austin Powers: The Spy Who Shagged Me, the character Fat Bastard is known for his obsession with eating infants. In an episode of South Park titled Krazy Kripples, Christopher Reeve is shown eating fetuses in order to regain his mobility as well as to become stronger. In an episode of Robot Chicken, "Nutcracker Sweet", the resurrected Walt Disney feeds on Cuban children. After watching coverage of the Elian Gonzales deportation case on the news, Disney sets out on a quest to devour the boy. In Robert Kirkman's The Walking Dead and its live-action adaptation, a group of survivors who dubbed themselves "the Hunters" turned to eating their children to survive in the zombie apocalypse, though not without clear remorse. In "Nanny Mcphee" the youngest child in the Brown family, Aggie, is cooked and fed to the other children in the family by Nanny McPhee. This, however, is not the case, as they soon find out Aggie is safe and what they were eating was in fact chicken. Albert Fish Human placentophagy Child sacrifice Saturn Devouring His Son Traditional Chinese medicines derived from the human body Photos in South-Korean newspaper Italian Asian article Urban legends website LJ News

A Summer by the River

A Summer by the River is a 1998 Finnish film written and directed by Markku Pölönen. The film is set in the 1950s Eastern Finland and tells the story of father Tenho and son Topi after Tenho's wife — Topi's mother — dies and leaves the two men unable to pay rent; the two men move out of the family home and spend the summer working as lumberjacks in log driving, sleeping on the river bank and growing closer together through the experience. The film was a major success at the 1999 Jussi Awards winning in five categories including Best Film, Best Actor and Best Direction; the film was selected as the Finnish entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 71st Academy Awards, but was not accepted as a nominee. Pertti Koivula — Tenho Simo Kontio — Topi Esko Nikkari — Hannes Anu Palevaara — Hilkka Peter Franzén — Kottarainen 1998 in film Cinema of Finland List of Finnish films: 1990s List of submissions to the 71st Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film List of Finnish submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film A Summer by the River on IMDb