Gianni Petrus Cornelis Romme is a Dutch marathoner and a former long track speed skater. He won two gold medals at the 1998 Winter Olympics in Nagano and was the World allround champion in 2000 and 2003. Romme has been a coach since the 2006–07 speed skating season. During his long track career, Romme prevailed in long distances, his greatest triumphs came at the 1998 Winter Olympics. Four years at the 2002 Winter Olympics, he captured the silver medal in the 10000 metre event, beaten only by compatriot Jochem Uytdehaage, he has won numerous gold medals at the World Single Distance Championships in both the 5000 m and the 10000 m, was two times World Allround Champion, spent some time at the top of the all-time world ranking, the Adelskalender. As of 2006–07, Romme started his own coaching career. International speed skaters Anni Friesinger, Ralf van der Rijst and Risto Rosendahl decided to join his team. Romme himself wanted to continue his career, but announced at the opening day of the 2007 KNSB Dutch Single Distance Championships that he would no longer participate in long track speed skating, only in marathon speed skating.
- = did not participate DQ3 = disqualification for the 3rd distance NQ19 = did not qualify for the final distance, but was classified as 19th in the final standings. Source: www.isu.org & SpeedskatingResults.com Gianni Romme has an Adelskalender score of 149.570 points. Source: SpeedSkatingStats.com Official site Gianni Romme at SpeedSkatingStats.com Photos of Gianni Romme
Olaf Zinke is a former speed skater. Zinke specialised in 1,500 metres distances. In 1990, at a World Cup race in Helsinki he proved his skill at top level for the first time, finishing first in the 1,500 metres leaving Johann Olav Koss and Michael Hadschieff behind him, the next day he won the 1,000 metres by outpacing Dan Jansen and Eric Flaim, he peaked again at the 1992 Winter Olympics in Albertville. Leaving the Korean Kim Yoon-man behind by 0.01 seconds, Zinke won the 1,000 metres race and thereby the Olympic gold medal. Zinke has an Adelskalender score of 163.073 points. Olaf Zinke at SkateResults.com Olaf Zinke at DESG
Robert Rintje Ritsma is a former Dutch long track speed skater. His nickname is the Beer van Lemmer, which translates to the Bear from Lemmer, analogous to Igor Zhelezovski's nickname "The Bear from Minsk", both of which are in reference to their imposing physical appearance, he has won the World Allround Championships 4 times. He won this title in 1995, 1996,1999 and 2001, he has won the European Allround Championships a record 6 times: 1994-1996 and 1998-2000. He participated in five Winter Olympics, winning two silver and four bronze medals, from the 1994, 1998 and 2006 Games, he stood at the top of the alltime world ranking, the Adelskalender, for a long time. Over the course of his career, Ritsma skated 4 world records: Source: SpeedSkatingStats.com Source: SpeedskatingResults.com Source: SchaatsStatistieken.nl Photos of Rintje Ritsma Rintje Ritsma at SpeedSkatingStats.com
Peter Mueller (speed skater)
Peter Alan Mueller is an American former speed skater and a speed skating coach. Peter Mueller was the first Olympic Champion on the 1,000 m, when this distance was introduced at the 1976 Winter Olympics in Innsbruck. More international successes followed at the World Sprint Championships, where he won bronze in 1976 and silver in 1977, his last appearance as a speed skater was at the 1980 Winter Olympics in Lake Placid, where he placed 5th in the 1,000 m, 1.93 seconds behind the winning time of Eric Heiden. After ending his speed skating career, Mueller became a successful skating coach, he was the coach of Bonnie Blair when she won two gold medals at the 1992 Winter Olympics, Dan Jansen when he won gold at the 1994 Winter Olympics, Marianne Timmer and Jan Bos at the 1998 Winter Olympics, Gianni Romme at the 2002 Winter Olympics. In addition, several speed skaters winning a total of five World Sprint Championships, one World Allround Championships, one European Allround Championships titles were coached by him.
Since the 2003/2004 season, Mueller was the coach of the Norwegian team. He added to his list of successes as a coach when, at the World Single Distance Championships of 2005 in Inzell, Even Wetten and Rune Stordal became World Champions. Mueller was fired as coach of the Norwegian team in November 2009, due to allegations of harassment of skater Maren Haugli. Mueller was married to American speed skater Leah Poulos, two times World Sprint Champion and three times Olympic silver medalist, had two children, he married Dutch speed skater Marianne Timmer. He and Timmer are now divorced. An autobiography, called Op dun ijs, was published in the Netherlands in 2006. Footnotes Peter Mueller photos
1992 Winter Olympics
The 1992 Winter Olympics known as the XVI Olympic Winter Games, were a winter multi-sport event celebrated from 8 to 23 February 1992 in Albertville, France. They were the last Winter Olympics to be held the same year as the Summer Olympics, the first where the Winter Paralympics were held at the same site. Albertville was selected as host in 1986, beating Sofia, Lillehammer, Cortina d'Ampezzo and Berchtesgaden; the games were the third Winter Olympics held in France, after Chamonix in 1924 and Grenoble in 1968, the fifth Olympics overall in the country. Only some of the skating and the opening and closing ceremonies took place in Albertville, while the rest of the events took place in the villages of Courchevel, La Plagne, Les Arcs, Les Menuires, Les Saisies, Méribel, Pralognan-la-Vanoise and Val d'Isère. Sixty-four nations with 1,801 athletes participated in the games, including the Unified Team which represented non-Baltic former Soviet republics. Germany participated as a unified team, while five newly independent European countries debuted, as did six "warm-weather" countries.
Short track speed skating and women's biathlon made their debut as an Olympic sport. The games were the last Winter Games until 2014 to have demonstration sports, consisting of curling, ski ballet and speed skiing, it was the last Olympics to have an outdoor speed skating rink. The games were succeeded by the 1992 Winter Paralympics from 25 March to 1 April. Norwegians won every male cross-country skiing race, with Bjørn Dæhlie and Vegard Ulvang both collecting three gold. Ski jumper Toni Nieminen, 16, became the youngest male gold medalist of a Winter Olympic event. Petra Kronberger won both the combined event and the slalom, while Bonnie Blair won both the 500 m and 1000 m speed skating events and Gunda Niemann took both of the longest races. Kim Kihoon earned gold medals in both men's short track events. Ye Qiaobo of China won the country's first medal in the Winter Olympics, a silver in women's 500 metres speed skating. Annelise Coberger of New Zealand won the southern hemisphere's first Winter Olympic medal—a silver in the women's slalom.
Nicolas Bochatay was killed during a training session. Germany won the most gold; the vote to select the host city of the 1992 Winter Olympics was conducted on 17 October 1986, in Lausanne, Switzerland, at the 91st IOC Session. A record of seven different locales bid for these Games; the 1992 Olympic Winter Games marked the last time both the Winter and Summer games were held in the same year. The 1992 Olympics marks the last time France hosted the Olympics. Paris will host the 2024 Summer Olympics; the Oxford Olympics Study established the outturn cost of the Albertville 1992 Winter Olympics at USD 2.0 billion in 2015-dollars and cost overrun at 137% in real terms. This includes sports-related costs only, that is, operational costs incurred by the organizing committee for the purpose of staging the Games, e.g. expenditures for technology, workforce, security, catering and medical services, direct capital costs incurred by the host city and country or private investors to build, e.g. the competition venues, the Olympic village, international broadcast center, media and press center, which are required to host the Games.
Indirect capital costs are not included, such as for road, rail, or airport infrastructure, or for hotel upgrades or other business investment incurred in preparation for the Games but not directly related to staging the Games. The cost and cost overrun for Albertville 1992 compares with costs of USD 2.5 billion and a cost overrun of 13% for Vancouver 2010, costs of USD 51 billion and a cost overrun of 289% for Sochi 2014, the latter being the most costly Olympics to date. Average cost for Winter Games since 1960 is USD 3.1 billion, average cost overrun is 142%. Magique was the Olympic mascot of these Games, was a little imp in the shape of a star and a cube, it was created by Philippe Mairesse and was presented in 1989. His star shape symbolises dreams and imagination, his colours come with a red hat and a blue costume. There were 57 events contested in 6 sports. See the medal winners, ordered by sport: This was the final time demonstration sports were included in the Winter Olympics programme.
Curling – Competed for the first time since 1924. It became a regular discipline in 1998. Freestyle skiing – Although moguls skiing was an official discipline and ski ballet were still considered demonstration events. Speed skiing – A death occurred during a training session; the sport has not been included in the Winter Olympics program. A total of 64 nations sent athletes to compete in these Games. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, six states chose to form a Unified Team, while the Baltic States of Estonia and Lithuania had their own teams. Croatia and Slovenia, who were making their first appearance at the Winter Olympics, competed as independent nations after leaving Yugoslavia; the UN sanctions against Yugoslavia that saw them miss the 1992 Summer Olympics had yet to come into effect. The German team won most medals in the games, with a total of 10 gold medals, 10 silver and 6 bronze, it was the first time since the 1936 Winter Olympics that Germany competed with a unified team after the reunification.
Making their debuts were Algeria, Brazil, Honduras and Swaziland. It would be the only appearance for both Honduras and Swaziland in Winter Olympics to date; the 1992 Games are the last ones. Albertville Halle Olympique – Figure Skating and Short track spee
Wapenveld is a village in the eastern Netherlands. It is located in the municipality of Heerde, about 10 km from Zwolle and 100 km from Amsterdam; the village with 6,000 inhabitants, is situated where the valley of the river IJssel meets the Veluwe woods. The Apeldoornse kanaal, which once was used by ships to shortcut the IJssel, runs right through it; the people of Wapenveld earn their living from agriculture and industry AKZO Nobel. Until 2008 Wapenveld was home to the Berghuizer paper factory. A notable person born in Wapenveld is the speedskater Gerard van Velde
Eric Arthur Heiden is an American physician and a former long track speed skater, road cyclist and track cyclist. He won an unprecedented five individual gold medals, set four Olympic records and one world record at the 1980 Winter Olympic Games. Heiden was the most successful athlete at those Olympic Games, single-handedly winning more gold medals than all nations except for the Soviet Union and East Germany, he is the most successful Winter Olympian from a single edition of any Winter Olympics. He delivered the Athlete's Oath at those same 1980 Games, his coach was Dianne Holum. Heiden is an icon in the speed skating community, his victories are significant, as few speed skaters have won competitions in both sprint and long-distance events. Heiden is the only athlete in the history of speed skating to have won all five events in a single Olympic tournament and the only one to have won a gold medal in all events, he is considered by some to be the best overall speed skater in the sport's history.
Heiden ranked No. 46 in ESPN's SportsCentury 50 Greatest Athletes of the 20th Century in 1999, the only speed skater to make the list. In 2000, a Dutch newspaper called him the greatest skater ever. Heiden was born in Madison, Wisconsin on June 14, 1958, his sister, Beth Heiden became an accomplished cyclist, speed skater and cross-country skier. In their hometown Shorewood Hills, Wisconsin and his sister Beth were the driving forces behind the creation of the Heiden Haus, a small outpost where local children can warm up after skating or playing hockey on the ice rink. After starting his undergraduate education at the University of Wisconsin–Madison, Heiden transferred to Stanford University in California, earning a Bachelor of Science degree in 1984 and a medical degree in 1991. Heiden won the World Junior Speed Skating Championships in 1977 and 1978. During his short speed skating career, Heiden won three World Allround Championships and four World Sprint Championships. Three times he broke the world record in the 1000 metres, twice in the 3000 metres, once each in the 1500 metres and 10000 metres.
He broke the points world record in both allround and the sprinting distances. Heiden finished his speed skating career by finishing second behind Hilbert van der Duim at the 1980 World Allround Championships in Heerenveen, he stood at the top of the Adelskalender, a ranking system for long-track speed skating, for a record 1,495 days, he won the Oscar Mathisen Award four times in a row from 1977 until 1980. As of 2016, he still is the only skater, he received the 1980 James E. Sullivan Award as the top amateur athlete in the United States. In 1983, he was inducted into the United States Olympic Hall of Fame. Heiden was elected to the Wisconsin Athletic Hall of Fame in 1990. Over the course of Heiden's career he skated 15 world records: After his speed-skating career Heiden became a professional cyclist; as a track cyclist Heiden competed at the 1981 UCI Track Cycling World Championships in Brno, but was not successful. He finished last in the men's individual pursuit event. Heiden became a professional racing cyclist.
He was one of the first cross-over athletes, becoming a founding member of the 7-Eleven Cycling Team. Together with his former speed skating coach, Jim Ochowicz, he conceived of the idea of a European-style sponsored team for North American riders. Heiden won a few American professional races, he finished the 1985 Giro d'Italia and took part in the 1986 Tour de France, although he did not complete the race, crashing on a downhill stretch and suffering a concussion five days from the finish. Heiden is believed to have recorded one of the fastest times at 14:10 on one of the local benchmark climbs in Woodside, California: Old La Honda Road. In 1985, Heiden won the first U. S. Professional Cycling Championship, becoming the American road race champion. In 1999, Heiden was inducted into the United States Bicycling Hall of Fame. Heiden completed medical school at Stanford University in 1991, orthopedic residency training at University of California, Davis, in 1996 spent a year at a sports medicine clinic in Birmingham, Alabama.
He returned to California to practice as an orthopedic surgeon in Sacramento. At that time, he served as team physician for the NBA's Sacramento Kings and the Sacramento Monarchs of the WNBA. In 2002, 2006, 2010 and 2014 he was team physician for the US Olympic speed skating team, he opened a sports medicine-based practice at The Orthopedic Specialty Hospital in Murray and expanded Heiden Orthopaedics with an additional office in Park City, Utah. He has followed in the footsteps of his father, Jack Heiden, a longtime orthopedic surgeon in Madison, Wisconsin. In 2008, Heiden and Dr. Massimo Testa published Faster, Stronger, a book about exercise science and exercise programs. In 2009, Heiden was one of the team of doctors assisting US speed skater J. R. Celski as the latter recovered from a bad speed skating crash during the U. S. Olympic trials. Despite cutting himself to the bone and requiring 60 stitches, Celski was able to recover in time for the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver, where he won the bronze medal in both men's 1500 m and 5000 m relay.
A number of American former gold medal winners, including Heiden, were asked to participate in the ceremonies for the 2002 Winter Olympics held in Salt Lake City, but Heiden declined after he was passed over for the honor of lighting the Olympic torch. The 1980 US Hockey Team, which won the gold medal at the 1980 games, was given the honor instead. Said Heiden "I was just too stubbor