Germanus of Auxerre was a bishop of Auxerre in Late Antique Gaul. He abandoned a career as a high-ranking government official to devote his formidable energy towards the promotion of the church and the protection of his'flock' in dangerous times: confronting, for instance, the barbarian king, "Goar". In Britain he is best remembered for his journey to combat Pelagianism in or around 429 AD, the records of this visit provide valuable information on the state of post-Roman British society, he played an important part in the establishment and promotion of the Cult of Saint Alban. The saint was said to have revealed the story of his martyrdom to Germanus in a dream or holy vision, Germanus ordered this to be written down for public display. Germanus is venerated as a saint in both the Roman Catholic and Orthodox churches, which commemorate him on 31 July; the principal source for the events of his life is the Vita Germani, a hagiography written by Constantius of Lyon around 480, a brief passage added onto the end of the Passio Albani, which may have been written or commissioned by Germanus.
Constantius was a friend of Bishop Lupus of Troyes, who accompanied Germanus to Britain, which provided him with a link to Germanus. Germanus was the son of Rusticus and Germanilla, his family was one of the noblest in Gaul in the latter portion of the fourth century, he received the best education provided by the distinguished schools of Arles and Lyons, went to Rome, where he studied eloquence and civil law. He practiced there before the tribunal of the prefect for some years with great success, his high birth and brilliant talents brought him into contact with the court, he married Eustachia, a lady esteemed in imperial circles. The emperor sent him back to Gaul, appointing him one of the six dukes, entrusted with the government of the Gallic provinces, he resided at Auxerre. At length he incurred the displeasure of the bishop, Saint Amator by hanging hunting trophies on a certain tree, which in earlier times had been the scene of pagan worship. Amator remonstrated with him in vain. One day when the duke was absent, the bishop had the trophies burnt.
Fearing the anger of the duke, who wished to kill him, he fled and appealed to the prefect Julius for permission to confer the tonsure on Germain. This being granted, who felt that his own life was drawing to a close, returned; when the duke came to the church, Amator caused the doors to be barred and gave him the tonsure against his will, telling him to live as one destined to be his successor, forthwith made him a deacon. When in a short time Amator died, Germain was unanimously chosen to fill the vacant see, being consecrated 7 July, 418, his education now served him in good stead in the government of the diocese, which he administered with great sagacity. He distributed his goods among the poor, practised great austerities, built a large monastery dedicated to Saints Cosmas and Damian on the banks of the Yonne, whither he was wont to retire in his spare moments. Around 429, shortly after the Romans had withdrawn from Britain, a Gaulish assembly of bishops chose Germanus and Lupus, Bishop of Troyes, to visit the island.
It was alleged that Pelagianism was rife among the British clergy, led by a British bishop's son named Agricola. Germanus went to combat the threat and satisfy the Pope that the British church would not break away from the Augustinian teachings of divine grace. On the way to Britain they passed through Nanterre, where Germanus noticed in the crowd which met them a young girl, whom he bade live as one espoused to Christ, who became St. Geneviève of Paris. Germanus and Lupus confronted the British clergy at a public meeting before a huge crowd in Britain; the Pelagians were described as being'conspicuous for riches, brilliant in dress and surrounded by a fawning multitude'. The bishops debated and, despite having no popular support, Germanus was able to defeat the Pelagians using his superior rhetorical skills. Constantius recounts the miraculous healing of the blind daughter of'a man with tribunician power'; this use of the word tribune may imply the existence of some form of post-Roman government system.
However, in Constantius' lifetime tribune had acquired a looser definition, was used to indicate any military officer, whether part of the Imperial army or part of a town militia. Germanus led the native Britons to a victory against Pictish and Saxon raiders, at a mountainous site near a river, of which Mold in North Wales is the traditional location; the enemy approaching, the former general put himself at the head of the Christians. He led them into a vale between two high mountains, ordered his troops shout when he gave them a sign; when the Saxon pirates came near them, he cried out thrice, followed by the whole army of Britons. The sound echoed from the hills with a noise so loud that the barbarians, judging from the shout that they were facing a mighty army, flung down their arms and ran away, leaving behind their baggage and booty, it is not possible to know what impact Germanus's visit had on Pelagianism in Britain though various theses have been advanced. It has for example been argued that by combating the self-help aspect of Pelagianism he might have reduced the resolve of the British cities abandoned by the legions in their ultimate struggle.
The link with Saint Patrick, traditionally portrayed as his pupil, is contested in recent scholarship. After the debate with the Pelagians, Germanus gave thanks for his victory at the grave of Saint Alban, in some sort of tomb or basilica; some translators use the word "shrine".
Fred Eloy Manrique Reyes is a former Major League Baseball second baseman who played for the Toronto Blue Jays, Montreal Expos, St. Louis Cardinals, Chicago White Sox, Texas Rangers, Minnesota Twins and Oakland Athletics, he threw right-handed. A native of Bolívar State and the youngest of 10 children, the well-traveled Manrique was a solid second baseman with a good range and a strong throwing arm that allowed him to play deep and steal hits, he was an above-average shortstop. When he debuted in the Major Leagues in 1981 as a 19-year-old, he was the youngest player in the Major Leagues. In a nine-year career, Manrique was a. 151 RBI in 498 games. List of Major League Baseball players from Venezuela Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or Baseball-Reference, or Retrosheet Venezuelan Professional Baseball League statistics
Michael Lewis Montgomery, II is a former gridiron football defensive end. He was drafted by the Green Bay Packers in the sixth round of the 2005 NFL Draft, he played college football at Texas A&M. Montgomery was a member of the Minnesota Vikings, Las Vegas Locomotives and Montreal Alouettes. Montgomery was born in Carthage and attended Center High School in Center, Texas, he played college football at Navarro Junior College and Texas A&M. He started his career at Navarro where he played for two years recording six sacks. Before his junior year he transferred to Texas A&M where he recorded 123 tackles, seven sacks, one interception, earned first-team All-Big 12 honors. Montgomery was drafted by the Green Bay Packers in the sixth round of the 2005 NFL Draft. For the first three years of his career he was used as a backup defensive end. During the 2008 season, after the Packers lost starting defensive end Cullen Jenkins due to injury and released Kabeer Gbaja-Biamila, Montgomery along with rookie Jeremy Thompson split time starting at defensive end.
He finished the season starting eight games. After becoming an unrestricted free agent after 2008, Montgomery re-signed with the Packers on March 23, 2009. During the season, he recorded only two tackles in 10 games. Montgomery was released on March 5, 2010. In five years with the team he started eight of recording 123 tackles and five sacks. Montgomery signed with the Minnesota Vikings on March 29, 2010; the Vikings released Montgomery on September 4, 2010, as the team made final cuts to set its 53-man roster. Montgomery again joined the Packers on October 15, 2010, he was released on November 2, 2010 after appearing in only two games for Green Bay. Just Sports Stats Montreal Alouettes bio