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Gertrude Lawrence

Gertrude Lawrence was an English actress, singer and musical comedy performer known for her stage appearances in the West End of London and on Broadway in New York. Lawrence was born Gertrude Alice Dagmar Klasen, Alexandra Dagmar Lawrence-Klasen, Gertrude Alexandra Dagmar Klasen or some variant, of English and Danish extraction, in Newington, London, her father was a basso profondo. His heavy drinking led her mother Alice to leave him soon after Gertrude's birth. In 1904, her stepfather took the family to Bognor on the Sussex coast for the August bank holiday. While there, they attended a concert. At her mother's urging, young Gertrude sang a song and was rewarded with a gold sovereign for her effort, it was her first public performance. In 1908, to augment the family's meagre income, Alice accepted a job in the chorus of the Christmas pantomime at Brixton Theatre. A child who could sing and dance was needed to round out the troupe, Alice volunteered her daughter. While working in the production Alice heard of Italia Conti, who taught dance and the rudiments of acting.

Gertrude auditioned for Conti. Lawrence joined Italia Conti's production of. At some point during this period, the child decided to adopt her father's professional surname as her own. Dean cast her in his next production, Gerhart Hauptmann's Hannele, where she first met Noël Coward, their meeting was the start of a close and sometimes tempestuous friendship and arguably the most important professional relationship in both their lives. Following Hannele, Lawrence reconnected with her father, living with a chorus girl, they agreed to let her tour with them in two successive revues, after which Arthur announced he had signed a year-long contract with a variety show in South Africa, leaving the two young women to fend for themselves. Lawrence, now aged sixteen, opted to live at the Theatrical Girls' Club in Soho rather than return to her mother and stepfather, she worked with various touring companies until 1916, when she was hired by impresario André Charlot to understudy Beatrice Lillie and appear in the chorus of his latest production in London's West End.

When it closed, she assumed Lillie's role on tour returned to London once again to understudy the star in another Charlot production, where she met dance director Francis Gordon-Howley. Although he was twenty years her senior, the two wed and soon after had a daughter Pamela, born on May 28, 1918, Lawrence's only child; the marriage was not a success, Lawrence took Pamela with her to her mother's home in Clapham. The couple did not divorce until ten years later. In 1918, either during Lawrence's pregnancy or shortly after she gave birth, she contracted lumbago, she was given two weeks to recuperate by Charlot. He saw Lawrence at an opening night party at Ivor Novello's invitation two days before she was cleared to return to work by her doctor. Charlot fired her; when the apparent reason for her dismissal became common knowledge among other West End theatrical producers, she was unable to find work. In early 1919, Lawrence accepted a job singing in the show at Murray's, a popular London nightclub, where she remained for the better part of the next two years.

While performing there she met a member of the Household Cavalry. He became her friend and lover, taught her how to dress and behave in high society. At the end of 1920, Lawrence left Murray's and began to ease her way back into the legitimate theater while touring in a music hall act as the partner of popular singer Walter Williams. In October 1921, Charlot asked her to replace an ailing Beatrice Lillie as star of his latest production, A to Z, opposite Jack Buchanan. In it the two introduced the song "Limehouse Blues," which went on to become one of Lawrence's signature tunes. In 1923, Noël Coward developed his first musical revue, London Calling! for Lawrence. Charlot agreed to produce it, but brought in more experienced writers and composers to work on the book and score. One of Coward's surviving songs was "Parisian Pierrot", a tune that would be identified with Lawrence throughout her career; the show's success led its producer to create André Charlot's London Revue of 1924, which he took to Broadway with Lawrence, Lillie and Constance Carpenter.

It was so successful it moved to a larger theatre to accommodate the demand for tickets and extended its run. After it closed, the show toured the United States and Canada, although Lawrence was forced to leave the cast when she contracted double pneumonia and pleurisy and was forced to spend fourteen weeks in a Toronto hospital recuperating. Charlot's Revue of 1926, starring Lawrence and Buchanan, opened on Broadway in late 1925. In his review, Alexander Woollcott singled out Lawrence, calling her "the personification of style and sophistication" and "the ideal star." Like its predecessor, it toured following the Broadway run. It proved to be Lawrence's last project with Charlot. In November 1926, she became the first British performer to star in an American musical on Broadway when she opened in Oh, Kay!, with music by George Gershwin, lyrics by Ira Gershwin, a book by Guy Bolton and P. G. Wodehouse. Following a run of 256 performances, the musical opened in the West End, where it ran

Why I Love You So Much

"Why I Love You So Much" is a song by American R&B singer Monica, composed by Daryl Simmons for Monica's debut studio album, Miss Thang. The ballad was released as the album's fourth and final single on a double A-side with "Ain't Nobody" during the second quarter of 1996; the double-A-side single became Monica's third consecutive top ten hit on the U. S. Billboard Hot 100 with a peak position of number 9; the video was shot in San Francisco at the Italian shop Bohemian Cigar Cafe. The video start with other people walking in different places. Monica sings in front of her man saying that he is her whole world and she's been his girl forever: the video was directed by Kevin Bray; these are the formats and track listings of major single-releases of "Why I Love You So Much" "Why I Love You So Much" "Why I Love You So Much" "Ain't Nobody" Monica.com — official Monica site Monica music videos — watch "Why I Love You So Much" at LAUNCHcast

Calder, Saskatchewan

Calder is a village within the Rural Municipality of Calder No. 241, Canada. The population was 90 in the 2016 Census; the village lies 56 km east of the city of Yorkton, Saskatchewan and 35 km west of Roblin, Manitoba 5 km south of Highway 8 and Highway 10. The history of Calder goes back to 1888, when a number of Icelanders and others settled just to the south of the present village, calling it the "Logberg" district or "Logberg of the Northwest Territories". By the year 1897, the Icelanders and their other neighbors were quite comfortably settled when a group of Ruthenians from the Austrian provinces of Bukovina and Galicia started arriving by rail between 1897–1898 at Saltcoats. Government agents escorted the new settlers to quarter sections of land where they homesteaded within a five to ten mile radius of the present site of Calder. Additional Romanian immigrants from Bucovina continued to homestead remaining sections south of Calder between 1899–1905. In the fall of 1910, the Canadian Northern Railway came through and called the site "Third Siding West of Shellmouth".

The rail reached the homestead of Mike Rohatensky before halting construction for the winter months. A railway loop was built in Calder where the train journeyed back to Russell. A petition dated October, 1910 for incorporating a village was signed by 13 local business leaders and by January 18, 1911 permission was granted for incorporating a village named after MLA James Alexander Calder; the first elections to form a town council were held on January 6, 1911. In 1929, the Calder Electric Company brought electric power to the village and several street lamps were erected. Historical education: In 1891, Rothbury School was built followed by Minerva School in 1895; these schools to the south of the Icelandic settlement were too great a distance for the Ukrainians to attend. Thus, they applied for schools closer by; the first one to be built in the immediate five-mile radius was Chernawka School, erected in 1906, 1½ miles east of the village site. It was named after a village in Bucovina. Mostetz School was built in 1907, named after homesteader Henry Mostoway and Torsk School was erected about the same time.

It wasn't until after the railway came through and the village of Calder was incorporated in 1911, that Calder School District #515 was established. A lean-to was built onto a poolroom on Main Street and in this makeshift schoolroom was where first classes were held with Miss Fannie Brown as teacher. In 1912 a two-story school was erected. In 1914 the school was closed due to a small pox epidemic and in 1917 the school was closed for three months due to the influenza epidemic. High school grades weren't offered until 1922. In 1929 a third room was added. By the year 1954, rural schools were facing closure and some of these students were bussed into Calder. Thus, a new school was built in 1961 to accommodate the increasing attendance. Two of the buildings from the old school on Main Street were moved to the current Calder School premises to become classrooms. At this time, Calder School became part of the Kamsack School Unit. From 1961 to 1966, seven classrooms were in operation. In 1967, Grades 10, 11 and 12 transferred to the Yorkton Regional High School.

It wasn't until the 1998. The school teaches grades K-8. Calder celebrated the Province of Saskatchewan's Centennial July 30 – 31st,2005 were the village introduced the official flag, which the design had been part of the Calder School's students as a competition. Over 600 current and previous residents in attendance. In July 2011 the village held its 100th anniversary. Lat 51° 09' 30" N Long - 101° 45' 00" W Time zone GMT - 6 List of communities in Saskatchewan Villages of Saskatchewan Official Flag of Calder Google Maps Saskatchewan Centennial