Gesta Hungarorum may refer to Gesta Hunnorum et Hungarorum, written by Simon of Kéza. Gesta Hungarorum, or The Deeds of the Hungarians, is the first extant Hungarian book about history, its genre is not chronicle, but gesta, meaning "deeds" or "acts", a medieval entertaining literature. It was written by an unidentified author who has traditionally been called Anonymus in scholarly works. According to most historians, the work was completed between around 1200 and 1230; the Gesta exists in a sole manuscript from the second part of the 13th century, for centuries held in Vienna. It is part of the collection of Széchényi National Library in Budapest; the principal subject of the Gesta is the Hungarian conquest of the Carpathian Basin at the turn of the 9th and 10th centuries, it writes of the origin of the Hungarians, identifying the Hungarians' ancestors with the ancient Scythians. Many of its sources—including the Bible, Isidore of Seville's Etymologiae, the 7th-century Exordia Scythica, the late 9th-century Regino of Prüm's Chronicon, early medieval romances of Alexander the Great—have been identified by scholars.
Anonymus used folk songs and ballads when writing his work. He knew a version of the late 11th-century "Hungarian Chronicle" the text of, preserved in his work and in chronicles, but his narration of the Hungarian Conquest differs from the version provided by the other chronicles. Anonymus did not mention the opponents of the conquering Hungarians known from sources written around 900, but he wrote of the Hungarians' fight against rulers unknown from other sources. According to a scholarly theory, he used place names. Although the Hungarians, or Magyars, seem to have used their own alphabet before adopting Christianity in the 11th century, most information of their early history was recorded by Muslim and Western European authors. For instance, the Annals of Fulda, Regino of Prüm's Chronicon, Emperor Constantine VII's De administrando imperio contain contemporaneous or nearly contemporaneous reports of their conquest of the Carpathian Basin at the turn of the 9th and 10th centuries. Among the Hungarians, oral tradition—songs and ballads—preserved the memory of the most important historical events.
The Illuminated Chronicle explicitly stated that the "seven captains" who led the Hungarians during the Conquest "composed lays about themselves and sang them among themselves in order to win worldly renown and to publish their names abroad, so that their posterity might be able to boast and brag to neighbours and friends when these songs were heard". The Gesta Hungarorum, or The Deeds of the Hungarians, is the first extant Hungarian chronicle, its principal subject is the conquest of the Carpathian Basin and it narrates the background and the immediate aftermath of the conquest. Many historians—including Carlile Aylmer Macartney and András Róna-Tas—agree that Simon of Kéza's chronicle, the Illuminated Chronicle and other works composed in the 13th–15th centuries preserved texts, written before the completion of the Gesta, they say that the first "Hungarian Chronicle" was completed in the second half of the 11th century or in the early 12th century. The existence of this ancient chronicle is proven by sources.
One Ricardus's report of a journey of a group of Dominican friars in the early 1230s refers to a chronicle, The Deeds of the Christian Hungarians, which contained information of an eastern Magna Hungaria. The Illuminated Chronicle from 1358 refers to "the ancient books about the deeds of the Hungarians" in connection with the pagan uprisings of the 11th century; the earliest "Hungarian Chronicle" was expanded and rewritten several times in the 12th–14th centuries, but its content can only be reconstructed based on 14th-century works. The work exists in a sole manuscript; the codex contains 24 folios, including two blank pages. The first page of the codex contained the beginning of the Gesta, it was blanked. The work was written in a Gothic minuscule; the style of the letters and decorations, including the elaborate initial on its first page, shows that the manuscript was completed in the middle or in the second part of the 13th century. Scribal errors suggest. For instance, the scribe wrote Cleopatram instead of Neopatram in the text narrating a Hungarian raid in the Byzantine Empire although the context shows that the author of the Gesta referred to Neopatras.
The history of the manuscript up until the early 17th century is unknown. It became part of the collection of the Imperial Library in Vienna between 1601 and 1636. In this period, the court librarian Sebastian Tengnagel registered it under the title Historia Hungarica de VII primis ducibus Hungariae auctore Belae regis notario. Tengnagel added numbers to the chapters; the codex was bound with a leather book cover, impressed with a double-headed eagle, in the late 18th century. The manuscript, transferred to Hungary in 1933 or 1934, is held in the Széchényi National Library in Budapest; the author of the Gesta Hungarorum has been known as Anonymus since the publication of the first Hungarian translation of his work in 1790. The author described himself as "P, called magister, sometime notary of the most glorious Béla, king of Hungary of fond memory" in the opening sentence of the Gesta; the identification of this King Béla is subject to scholarly debate, because four Hungarian monarchs bore this name.
Most historians identify the king with Bé
The Battle of Bornholm was the first naval battle of the Northern Seven Years' War. The naval engagement took place on 30 May 1563 near Bornholm. A Danish squadron of 10 ships under the command of Jacob Brockenhuus at anchor near Bornholm, saw a Swedish squadron of 19 ships approaching under the command of Jakob Bagge. Brockenhuus sent only the three ships. However, when firing three shots as a challenge, they managed to hit one of the Swedish ships. Swedish forces promptly surrounded and attacked the Danish ships, capturing all three after a 4-hour fight; the remaining Danish ships remained at anchor. Sundberg, Ulf Svenska krig 1521-1814 ISBN 9189080149 Stiles, Andrina Sweden and the Baltic, 1523 - 1721 ISBN 0-340-54644-1 Frost, Robert I; the Northern Wars, 1558-1721 ISBN 0-582-06429-5
Read-Only Memory is a British publisher of art books on topics of video game history and culture. Following a resurgence of interest in 1980s and'90s British video game development, the company crowdfunded and produced four art books: an oral history of that Britsoft era, two books on British developers Sensible Software and The Bitmap Brothers, a definitive volume on the Sega Mega Drive/Genesis, for which the publisher became best known. Read-Only Memory's books are archival anthologies, including original design documents juxtaposed with developer interviews and high-quality prints of in-game graphics. Reviewers were impressed with each book's breadth of unreleased concepts; the 30th anniversary of the ZX Spectrum home computer in 2012 generated renewed interest in Britsoft—a "golden era" of British video game development in the 1980s and'90s, little publicised outside Britain. Between games republished on digital platforms like Steam, re-releases for mobile platforms, related crowdfunding projects through Kickstarter, coverage of British games development was brought closer to parity with the coverage of Japanese and American game developers.
Through its Kickstarter projects, Read-Only Memory grew as a British publisher of art books on topics of video game history and culture. Kiyonori Muroga, the editor-in-chief of Japanese graphic design magazine Idea, highlighted Read-Only Memory in 2015 as performing groundbreaking art book design work with exceptional product quality. In late 2013, graphic designer Darren Wall released an art book about the history of British developer Sensible Software. Funded through the crowdfunding website Kickstarter and written by games journalist Gary Penn of Zzap!64, Sensible Software 1986–1999 is a 340-page anthology of the company's full catalogue, from its popular 16-bit games to its lesser-known products and features. It explains the personalities behind the company its founders Jon Hare and Chris Yates, through long-form interviews. Hare was elated when Wall contacted him about the project, but Yates, estranged from Hare since 2003, did not participate. Hare explained the company's issues with scaling and hiring, how the company was slow to transition to 3D graphics.
Other commentators featured in the book include developer and entrepreneur David Darling, television personality Dominik Diamond, musician Martin Galway, games journalist Gary Whitta. Wall designed Sensible Software 1986–1999 in the style of an art monograph, with full pages of in-game art, concept art, other visual assets; each major game received its own chapter. As part of his design process, Wall revisited the company's catalogue to capture screenshots; the project had an immediate response during its 2012 Kickstarter campaign, met its goal of $30,000 to begin production. Reviewers were impressed by the details of the company's unreleased concepts. Kotaku praised the volume and its breadth of personnel interviewed, though Metro wrote the absence of Sensible co-founder Yates was conspicuous. Still, the book did not appear to be one-sided. Nintendo Life called the book "an essential read" for those interested in 1990s Britsoft; the book was made available on the website of Wall's new publishing imprint.
Read-Only Memory released its next art book in late 2014. Sega Mega Drive/Genesis: Collected Works covers the development and legacy of Sega's 16-bit console; the 352-page book sought to be the "definitive volume" on the console. It was licensed by Sega and contains about 30 interviews with former team members and documentary production artwork from both classic and lesser-known games, its interview subjects include former Sega president Hayao Nakayama, former Sega of America CEO Tom Kalinske, developers such as Greg Johnson, Yu Suzuki, Yuji Naka. Its illustrations and fold-out pages include in-game pixel art, character concepts and other design documents; the publisher was given "unprecedented access" to Sega's archives, where they found new technical drawings and alternative designs. The book contains an essay by The Guardian games journalist Keith Stuart, its foreword was written by games journalist Dave Perry; the publisher presented Sega with a mock-up of its potential design and content.
Sega liked the focus on the 16-bit console, approved the project, offered access to their developers and archives in Japan. Wall described himself as "a die-hard Mega Drive fan" and was thrilled to see Sega's archival findings. Read-Only Memory ran a Kickstarter crowdfunding campaign in November 2013 to fund the book's publication. Supporters received perks including archival prints from Sonic the Hedgehog character designer Naoto Ohshima. Upon doubling the project's funding goal and Read-Only Memory announced additional interviews and content to be included; the campaign raised over three times its goal: €98,000. The campaign propelled Sega management from the period to offer their aid. A. V. Club called it "a beautiful tome" with new treasures in each read. Kotaku's reviewer echoed those terms and said the book was among the best he had read in the video game genre, from its coffee table book quality to its breadth of archival content, he reserved particular praise for the included design documentation of Streets of Rage and Gunstar Heroes, which included hand-drawn notes and level design sketches.
The German Eurogamer wrote that the book had little to criticize apart from its paucity of detail on the console's technical aspects. Nintendo Life found the book flawless, as both accessible and interesting to newcomers as well as "every Sega fan's dream come true". Read-Only Memory editor-in-chief
Ahmed Magdy is an Egyptian retired professional football defender and current youth coach working for Smouha SC. He played a variety of roles in the squad, including defensive midfield or center-back as well as in the left-back position. Magdy is a graduate of the Al Ahly youth academy, he joined the Superleague Greece club Panionios on a free transfer before the 2005–06 season. In January 2007, he joined Atromitos in a player exchange, with ex-Atromitos player Rafik Djebbour going to Panionios. In August 2007, Magdy transferred to Zamalek for 450,000 Euros from Atromitos. In June 2010, Al-Masry won the services of both Magdy and Ahmed El Merghany in an exchange deal with Zamalek, who signed Mohamed Ashour El-Adham in return. Retiring at the end of the 2017-18 season, Magdy was hired by his former club, Zamalek SC, as a youth coach. Magdy revealed on his Twitter profile, that he had acquired the FA Coaching Diploma. In the summer 2019, he was hired by Smouha SC as a youth coach. Egypt Cup CAF Champions League Semi-Final Superleague Greece Top 10 Talents Guardian's Stats Centre Profile at FilGoal Ahmed Magdy at FootballDatabase.eu
Léonise Valois was a Canadian poet and journalist. She was a pioneer in Canadian women's journalism and was the first French Canadian woman to publish a collection of poetry; the daughter of physician Louis-Joseph-Avila Valois and Marie-Louise Bourque, she was born Marie-Attala-Amanda-Léonise Valois in Vaudreuil, Quebec. She studied with the Sisters of Saint Anne in Vaudreui and continued her studies at the convent of the Sisters of the Holy Names of Jesus and Mary in Beauharnois. After completing her education in 1883, Valois worked as bookkeeper for her father's medical practice and helping him with his patients. In 1886, the family moved to Sainte-Cunégonde. After her father's death in 1898, she worked at the registry office in Montreal to help support the family. Around the same time, she began working as a journalist for the women's pages in various newspapers in the Montreal area, including Le Monde illustré, La Presse, Le Journal de Françoise and Le Canada. In 1907, she began working for the post office in Montreal.
In 1929, she became editor for the women's pages of La Terre de chez nous, the newsletter of the Union Catholique des Cultivateurs. She was forced to retire as editor in 1931 following a serious accident. In 1889, Valois had several poems published in Le Recueil littéraire of Sainte-Cunégonde; until 1910, she published under the name Atala. In 1910, she published Fleurs sauvages: poésies, the first poetry collection by a French Canadian woman. In 1934, she published. In 1936, shortly before her death, she won the annual poetry competition held by the Société des Poètes Canadiens-Français. Valois died in Montreal at the age of 67. Works by Léonise Valois at Faded Page
Michael Hartley is a British former ultramarathon runner. He won the Fellsman in 1984, 1987, 1989 and 1990 and was the first finisher in some of the LDWA’s hundred mile events, including the White Peak Hundred in 1988 which he completed in 17:58. In 1989, he finished second in the West Highland Way Race in a time of 15:32. Hartley set fastest known times for running several long-distance footpaths in the UK. In 1988, he completed the Southern Upland Way, around 212 miles, in 55:55; the following year, he set records for the Dales Way with a time of 13:34 and the Staffordshire Way with a time of 16:10. In July 1989, Hartley completed the Pennine Way in a record time of 17 hours and 20 minutes, he ran the Way 268 miles, in the north to south direction, from Kirk Yetholm to Edale. He did not schedule any time for sleep during the run, none was taken, his time took four-and-a-half hours off the previous best, set by Mike Cudahy. For his Pennine Way run, Hartley received awards for performance of the year from both the Fell Runners Association and the Bob Graham Club.
In 1990, Hartley ran the three main British twenty-four hour mountain challenges one after the other, completing them in a total time of 3 days, 14 hours and 20 minutes including travelling time between the routes. Hartley broke another of Mike Cudahy's records in 1991, when he ran Wainwright's Coast to Coast route in 39:36. In his running career, Hartley was more prominent in road and track races, he finished third at the London to Brighton in 1992 and was victorious at the Barry 40 mile track race in 1992 and 1993, his time in the latter year being 4:00:20. He represented Great Britain at the 100k European Championships, finishing in fourth place in the 1993 edition, his time in that race of 6:37:45 is, as of 2019, fifth on the British all-time road rankings for the distance. He represented his country at the global level at the 100k distance in the 1993 and 1995 World Championships