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Gettysburg, Pennsylvania

Gettysburg is a borough and the county seat of Adams County in the U. S. state of Pennsylvania. The Battle of Gettysburg and President Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address are named for this town; the town hosts visitors to the Gettysburg National Battlefield in the Gettysburg National Military Park. As of the 2010 census, the borough had a population of 7,620 people. 1761: Samuel Gettys, ancestor of the Getty family, settled at the Shippensburg–Baltimore and Philadelphia–Pittsburgh crossroads with tavern where soldiers and traders came to rest. 1786: The borough boundary was established, with the Dobbin House tavern sitting in the south-west. 1790: A "Strabane" township location between "Hunter's and Getty's towns" was planned to become the Adams county seat. One year "Revd. Alexander Dobbin and David Moore Sr. were appointed trustees for the county of Adams to erect public buildings in…Gettysburg."1858: The Gettysburg Railroad completed construction of a railroad line from Gettysburg to Hanover and the Gettysburg Railroad Station opened a year later.

Passenger train service to the town ended in 1942. The station was restored in 2006. In 2011, Senator Robert Casey introduced S. 1897, which would include the railroad station within the boundary of Gettysburg National Military Park.1860: Nearly one hundred years after the original founder settled, the borough had grown in size to consist of "450 buildings housed carriage manufacturing and tanneries". Between July 1 and 3, 1863, the Battle of Gettysburg, one of the largest battles during the American Civil War, was fought across the fields and heights in the vicinity of the town; the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia, under the command of Robert E Lee, experienced success in the early stages of the battle but was defeated by the Army of the Potomac, commanded by George G. Meade. Lee executed an orderly withdrawal and managed to escape across the Potomac River without being drawn into another battle. Meade was criticized by President Abraham Lincoln for his cautious pursuit and failure to destroy Lee's retreating army.

Casualties were high with total losses on both sides -- over 23,000 Union. The residents of Gettysburg were left to care for the wounded and bury the dead following the Confederate retreat. 8,000 men and 3,000 horses lay under the summer sun. The soldiers' bodies were reinterred in what is today known as Gettysburg National Cemetery, where, on November 19, 1863, Abraham Lincoln attended a ceremony to consecrate the grounds and delivered his Gettysburg Address. A 20-year-old woman, Jennie Wade, was the only civilian killed during the battle, she was hit by a stray bullet that passed through her kitchen door while she was making bread on July 3. Physical damage can still be seen in some of the houses throughout the town, notably the Schmucker House located on Seminary Ridge; the furniture manufacturing industry occupied folk in Gettysburg for the first half of 1900s. The "Gettysburg Manufacturing Company", formed in 1902, was the first company established in the borough for the purpose of manufacturing residential furniture.

Other companies soon followed. The borough's industry reached peak success about the 1920s. However, the important industry declined from 1951, when the three main companies either moved, closed or were sold; the Gettysburg Furniture Company factory closed in 1960, becoming a warehouse and distribution point for other furniture factories outside Pennsylvania. Gettysburg manufacturing associated with tourism included a late 19th-century foundry that created gun carriages and cannons for the Gettysburg Battlefield, as well as a construction industry for hotels and other buildings for tourist services. Early tourist buildings in the borough included museums, souvenir shops, buildings of the electric trolley, stands for hackmen who drove visitors in jitneys on tours. Modern tourist services in the borough include ghost tours and breakfast lodging, historical interpretation. Gettysburg is the site of the Eisenhower National Historic Site that preserves the home and farm of Dwight D. Eisenhower. Gettysburg is located on U.

S. Route 30 about 25 miles west of York, Pennsylvania. Rock Creek, a tributary of the Monocacy River and part of the Potomac River watershed, flows along its eastern edge. According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 1.7 square miles, all land. Gettysburg lies in the transition zone between the humid continental climate of northern and central Pennsylvania to the north and the humid subtropical climate of central Maryland to the south, with hot, humid summers and cool winters. On average, January is the coldest month, with an average temperature of 30 °F. Winters range from cool to moderately cold, with frequent snowfalls. July is the warmest month, with an average temperature of 74.5 °F, June is the wettest month. The hottest temperature recorded in Gettysburg was 104 °F in 1988. Pennsylvania's first on-farm methane digester was built near Gettysburg at the Mason-Dixon Farm in 1978, generates 600KW; as of the 2010 census, Gettysburg had a population of 7,620, was 79.6% non-Hispanic white, 10.9% Hispanic or Latino, 5.4% African American, 1.9% Asian, 2.2% all other.

At the 2000 census, the Gettysburg Urban Cluster population was 15,532. At the 2010 census, Gettysburg was included within the Hanover Urban Area, which had a population of 66,301. Gettysburg

Jibacoa (Manicaragua)

Jibacoa is a Cuban village and consejo popular of the municipality of Manicaragua, in Villa Clara Province. As of 2004, it had a population of 3,101; the village was founded in 1961, soon after the Cuban Revolution. Its toponyms, as well as other included. Jibacoa is a hilltown surrounded by the Escambray Mountains, located near the southeastern shore of the Hanabanilla Lake and the Jibacoa Dam, 39 km from the resort village of El Salto del Hanabanilla; the Jibacoa River flows to the east of the settlement and, next to it, is located a karst cave named Cueva del Guanajo. It lies near the border point of Villa Clara Province with the ones of Cienfuegos and Sancti Spíritus, is crossed by the provincial highway 152, linking Manicaragua to Trinidad, through the nature reserve of Topes de Collantes. A secondary mountain road, 10 km long, links it to the village of Güinía de Miranda; the village is 46 km far from 74 from Cienfuegos and 76 from Santa Clara. The consejo popular of Jibacoa is divided in 11 areas: Jibacoa plus 10 minor villages and localities.

In the village are held different events throughout the year: the Festival del Cine de la Montaña from 1995, the Festival del Libro de la Montaña, the Carnavales de Junio. Hanabanilla Dam Municipalities of Cuba List of cities in Cuba Jibacoa weather forecast "The television arrived in Jibacoa"

Portuguese Joint Command and Staff College

The Portuguese Joint Command and Staff College or IESM is the military university establishment that provides training and education to experienced officers of the three service branches of the Portuguese Armed Forces and of the Portuguese National Republican Guard. The training and education given by the IESM focuses in the general areas of administration and operations, as well in the specific areas related with the Navy, the Army, the Air Force and the GNR; the IESM was created in 2005, from the merger of the former three separate staff colleges of the Portuguese Army, of the Portuguese Navy and of the Portuguese Air Force. It occupies the installations of the former IAEM at Lisbon; the Portuguese Joint Command and Staff College offers the following academic programs: Promotion to General Officer Program.

Royal Military Police

The Royal Military Police is the corps of the British Army responsible for the policing of army service personnel, for providing a military police presence both in the UK and while service personnel are deployed overseas on operations and exercises. Members of the RMP are known as'Redcaps' because of the scarlet covers on their peaked caps, or scarlet coloured berets; the RMP's origins can be traced back to the 13th century but it was not until 1877 that a regular corps of military police was formed with the creation of the Military Mounted Police, followed by the Military Foot Police in 1885. Although technically two independent corps, they functioned as a single organisation. In 1926, they were amalgamated to form the Corps of Military Police. In recognition of their service in the Second World War, they became the Corps of Royal Military Police on 28 November 1946. In 1992, the RMP amalgamated into the Adjutant General's Corps, where they form part of the AGC's Provost Branch. Non-commissioned members of the RMP receive their basic training as soldiers at the Army Training Centre in Pirbright.

They receive further training at the Defence School of Policing and Guarding known as the Defence College of Policing and Guarding. The regimental march of the RMP is "The Watchtower" or "Hoch Heidecksburg" a German Army marching tune from 1912 by Rudolf Herzer; the RMP motto is Exemplo Ducemus, Latin for "By example, shall we lead". The Provost Marshal is a post which goes back to the 13th century and was an under-officer of the Earl Marshal. In 1685 the role of Provost Marshal General became a permanent post; the Cavalry Staff Corps of 1813–14 and 1815–18 is regarded as Britain's first standing military police force and a forerunner of the Royal Military Police. The Military Mounted Police was formed in 1877 and the Military Foot Police was formed in 1885. During the First World War the Military Police grew from 508 all ranks to over 25,000 all ranks by the end of the War. During the Battle of Neuve Chapelle in March 1915 the Military Police served the Army as a whole, rather than individual units.

On 27 February 1926 the Corps of Military Police was formed by merging the Military Mounted Police and the Military Foot Police. During the Second World War the Military Police grew from 4,121 all ranks to over 50,000 all ranks within six major branches of specialists: Special Investigation Branch – formed in 1940, with 19 detectives from the Metropolitan Police transferred to the Army for deployment in France. From this small beginning the Branch expanded into numerous Sections which were deployed both in the UK and overseas, providing the Corps with its own Criminal Investigation Department to conduct more detailed and protracted investigations into organised crime and serious offences such as murder. Provost Wing – responsible for general policing. Provost Companies were included in the order of battle of Home Commands, Armoured and Airborne Divisions, as well as at Army and Corps level and with independent Brigades. From 1942, "Ports Provost" Companies were raised, consisting of a mix of Provost and Vulnerable Points Sections, which were deployed on security and policing duties within ports and docks.

Vulnerable Points Wing -- formed in 1941 to provide security of static establishments. They were known. Intended to act as static Companies and detachments, VP Coys were deployed in North West Europe, guarding prisoner of war camps and other static installations; the VP Wing was phased out at the end of the war, but re-appeared in the Supplementary Reserve/Army Emergency Reserve between 1950 and 1961. Traffic Control Wing – formed in 1941, TC Coys were deployed throughout the United Kingdom, releasing Provost Companies from the tasks of traffic control. TC Coys were deployed in the Middle East and North-West Europe; the Wing was phased out of the Corps by 1946.. Field Security Wing – formed in 1937. Personnel wore Lincoln green cap covers, green brassards and brass shoulder titles on their tunics with the letters "FSP", to distinguish them from the rest of the Corps, they wore the standard CMP cap badge, but unofficially ground down the wording "MILITARY POLICE" from the lower scroll of the badge.

In July 1940 the Wing was absorbed into the new Intelligence Corps. In November 1946, King George VI granted the'Royal' prefix to the Corps of Military Police in recognition of its outstanding record in two World Wars and the Corps became known as The Corps of Royal Military Police, though abbreviated to Royal Military Police. From 1969 the Corps made an important contribution during The Troubles in Northern Ireland. A horse detachment of the Royal Military Police remained in service after World War II, being recreated in 1950. Based at Aldershot, its purpose was to undertake patrol and other policing duties in areas not suitable for vehicles, but to act as a ceremonial unit preserving mounted RMP traditions dating back to the nineteenth century; the Mounted Troop was reduced to about 20 personnel and disbanded in 1995. On 6 April 1992 the RMP amalgamated into the Adjutant General's Corps, under whose overall command they form part of the AGC's Provost Branch alongside the pre-existent Military Provost Staff Corps and the later-formed Military Provost Guard Ser

Payday loans in Canada

Payday loans in Canada are permitted under section 347.1 of the Criminal Code, so long as the province of the borrower has enacted sufficient provincial legislation concerning the provisioning of payday loans. In the event that no such provincial legislation exists payday loans are limited by usury laws, with any effective rate of interest charged above 60% per annum considered criminal. However, so far this has not been enforced by Labrador. On August 14, 2006, the Supreme Court of British Columbia issued its decision in a class action lawsuit against A OK Payday Loans. A OK charged its customers 21% interest, as well as a "processing" fee of C$9.50 for every $50.00 borrowed. In addition a "deferral" fee of $25.00 for every $100.00 was charged if a customer wanted to delay payment. The judge ruled that the processing and deferral fees were interest, that A OK was charging its customers a criminal rate of interest; the payout as a result of this decision is expected to be several million dollars.

The British Columbia Court of Appeal unanimously affirmed this decision. In 2006, Parliament amended the Criminal Code to allow the provinces to regulate the payday loan industry; every province other than Newfoundland and Labrador has enacted some legislation to deal with payday loan restrictions since 2006. Since November 1, 2009, the Payday Loans Regulation have been in force in British Columbia; the maximum charges for short term loans have been capped at 23% of the principal, the borrower can cancel the loan by the end of the following day of signing the agreement without paying any charge, only one loan per borrower at a time is permitted, the lender's ability to access the borrower's bank or employer has been restricted. In addition, lenders are prohibited from lending more than 50 percent of a borrower's take-home pay or requiring repayment before the borrower's next payday. All lenders are required to register and are regulated under the Business Practices and Consumer Protection Authority.

In September 2016, the BC government proposed a new maximum allowable charge of $15 for every $100 borrowed- this change became effective January 1, 2017. Alberta rates became the lowest in Canada, for provinces that allow payday loans, effective August 2016, with the maximum rate of payday loans of $15 per $100 lent, an effective interest rate of 3,724%; the Canadian Payday Loan Association reacted by publishing "Alberta Government proposes reckless loan restrictions that will push consumers to illegal lenders."Alberta introduced a bill to reduce the maximum rate on payday loans to $15 per $100 lent, the lowest maximum rate for provinces that allow payday loans. This will reduce the effective rate from 21,978% down to 3,724%. In June 2010, the government of Saskatchewan announced regulations on payday loans similar to those in British Columbia, they include an interest rate cap of 23% of the principal, a cap of 30% on a defaulted loan, a borrowing limit of 50% of the net amount of the individual's next pay.

Companies offering payday loans will be charged a licensing fee of $2,000 per location. On January 1, 2012, The Payday Loans Act 2012 came into effect in Saskatchewan. Manitoba had the most restrictive rates of any province that permits payday loans at $17 per $100 per two weeks. Additionally, any subsequent loans taken out by the same customer within a certain time period are limited to 5%. Ontario has reduced to maximum rate for payday loans down to $15 per $100 loaned effective January 1, 2018, with an effective interest rate of 3,724%. Other changes will become effective July 1, 2018 "Time for Ontario to ban predatory payday loan operators: Opinion" includes a discussion of Hamilton's new regulations on the payday loan industry, a first for Ontario. Alternatives to payday loans in Ottawa receive'overwhelming' interest. Effective January 1, 2017, the maximum total cost of borrowing for a payday loan became $18 per $100 advanced, down from the prior rate of $21 per $100 advanced. On August 29, 2016, the Ministry of Government and Consumer Services is proposing to amended to the maximum total cost of borrowing from $21 per $100 advanced first to $18 per $100 advanced, effective January 1, 2017.

On June 27, 2016, the Ministry of Government and Consumer Services sent out an email stating that "after receiving second reading, it has now been referred to the Standing Committee on Social Policy." As of July 17, 2016, there are no committee meetings scheduled. On April 20, 2016, the Ontario government issued a press release seeking input on lower rates for payday loans; the government is looking at leaving the maximum rate unchanged at 14,299%, or lowering it to 9,224%, lowering it to 5,894% ($17 per $100 for two weeks, or lowering it to 3,724%. Ontario has over 800 payday lenders and loan brokers; the average payday loan in Ontario is $435 over 16 days. The government introduced a new bill, Bill 156, Alternative Financial Services Statute Law Amendment Act, 2015 on December 9, 2015 "that will increase protections for consumers who use high-cost alternative financial services, such as payday loans, rent-to-own services, high-cost instalment loans and services to cash government issued cheques.

This legislation will better protect those with debts in collection." As of March 13, 2016, it is not yet law. Ontario enacted the Payday Loans Act, 2008 to limit the fees charged on loans in Ontario to $21 per $100 borrowed for a period of two weeks; the effective annua

USS Margin (SP-2119)

USS Margin ID-2119, was a United States Navy patrol vessel in commission from 1918 to 1919. Margin was built as a private motorboat of the same name in 1917 by W. E. Haff at Neptune Island, New York. On 6 December 1917, the 3rd Naval District inspected her for possible naval service, on 21 March 1918 the U. S. Navy acquired her under a free lease from her owner, W. D. Hatch of Neptune Island, for use as a section patrol boat during World War I, she was commissioned as USS Margin on 28 June 1919. Assigned to the 4th Naval District, Margin served on patrol duty for the rest of World War I; the Navy returned her to Hatch on 1 April 1919. This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships; the entry can be found here. Department of the Navy Naval History and Heritage Command Online Library of Selected Images: Civilian Ships: Margin. Served as USS Margin in 1918-19 NavSource Online: Section Patrol Craft Photo Archive Margin