The Gruenspan is a music club in Hamburg, Germany. It was founded in 1968 as a music club and event centre, in a former movie theatre situated in Grosse Freiheit, next to the Reeperbahn; the club became known for progressive rock. The building, situated at a corner, seats 800, its exterior, painted by Hamburg artists Dieter Glasmacher and Werner Nöfer, was restored in 1995 when the building was overhauled. In November 1998, it hosted a Rockpalast concert with R. E. M, it was a venue in Primal Scream tours. Homepage of Gruenspan
World War II
World War II known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries; the major participants threw their entire economic and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China, it included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, the only use of nuclear weapons in war. Japan, which aimed to dominate Asia and the Pacific, was at war with China by 1937, though neither side had declared war on the other. World War II is said to have begun on 1 September 1939, with the invasion of Poland by Germany and subsequent declarations of war on Germany by France and the United Kingdom.
From late 1939 to early 1941, in a series of campaigns and treaties, Germany conquered or controlled much of continental Europe, formed the Axis alliance with Italy and Japan. Under the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact of August 1939, Germany and the Soviet Union partitioned and annexed territories of their European neighbours, Finland and the Baltic states. Following the onset of campaigns in North Africa and East Africa, the fall of France in mid 1940, the war continued between the European Axis powers and the British Empire. War in the Balkans, the aerial Battle of Britain, the Blitz, the long Battle of the Atlantic followed. On 22 June 1941, the European Axis powers launched an invasion of the Soviet Union, opening the largest land theatre of war in history; this Eastern Front trapped most crucially the German Wehrmacht, into a war of attrition. In December 1941, Japan launched a surprise attack on the United States as well as European colonies in the Pacific. Following an immediate U. S. declaration of war against Japan, supported by one from Great Britain, the European Axis powers declared war on the U.
S. in solidarity with their Japanese ally. Rapid Japanese conquests over much of the Western Pacific ensued, perceived by many in Asia as liberation from Western dominance and resulting in the support of several armies from defeated territories; the Axis advance in the Pacific halted in 1942. Key setbacks in 1943, which included a series of German defeats on the Eastern Front, the Allied invasions of Sicily and Italy, Allied victories in the Pacific, cost the Axis its initiative and forced it into strategic retreat on all fronts. In 1944, the Western Allies invaded German-occupied France, while the Soviet Union regained its territorial losses and turned toward Germany and its allies. During 1944 and 1945 the Japanese suffered major reverses in mainland Asia in Central China, South China and Burma, while the Allies crippled the Japanese Navy and captured key Western Pacific islands; the war in Europe concluded with an invasion of Germany by the Western Allies and the Soviet Union, culminating in the capture of Berlin by Soviet troops, the suicide of Adolf Hitler and the German unconditional surrender on 8 May 1945.
Following the Potsdam Declaration by the Allies on 26 July 1945 and the refusal of Japan to surrender under its terms, the United States dropped atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on 6 and 9 August respectively. With an invasion of the Japanese archipelago imminent, the possibility of additional atomic bombings, the Soviet entry into the war against Japan and its invasion of Manchuria, Japan announced its intention to surrender on 15 August 1945, cementing total victory in Asia for the Allies. Tribunals were set up by fiat by the Allies and war crimes trials were conducted in the wake of the war both against the Germans and the Japanese. World War II changed the political social structure of the globe; the United Nations was established to foster international co-operation and prevent future conflicts. The Soviet Union and United States emerged as rival superpowers, setting the stage for the nearly half-century long Cold War. In the wake of European devastation, the influence of its great powers waned, triggering the decolonisation of Africa and Asia.
Most countries whose industries had been damaged moved towards economic expansion. Political integration in Europe, emerged as an effort to end pre-war enmities and create a common identity; the start of the war in Europe is held to be 1 September 1939, beginning with the German invasion of Poland. The dates for the beginning of war in the Pacific include the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War on 7 July 1937, or the Japanese invasion of Manchuria on 19 September 1931. Others follow the British historian A. J. P. Taylor, who held that the Sino-Japanese War and war in Europe and its colonies occurred and the two wars merged in 1941; this article uses the conventional dating. Other starting dates sometimes used for World War II include the Italian invasion of Abyssinia on 3 October 1935; the British historian Antony Beevor views the beginning of World War II as the Battles of Khalkhin Gol fought between Japan and the fo
The Treptow Arena is an indoor hall, that hosts concerts and special events, such as car presentations. It can hold up to 7,500, it is located in Berlin, Treptow next to the Spree
The Kulturhalle Zenith is an events hall located in the Schwabing-Freimann borough of Munich, Germany. Opening in 1918 as a part of a railway repair shop, the hall was converted into performance venue in 1994. Since its opening in August 1996, it has hosted concerts, company presentations and parties The venue was built in 1918 as Halle 5 of the Ausbesserungswerk München-Freimann. Used as a railway construction and reparation hall, the venue faced massive damage during World War II; the hall reopened in 1927. The shop remained in operation until 1992, it was sold by Deutsche Bahn to local entrepreneur Wolfgang Nöth. In 1994, Nöth began converting the space into a performance venue; the space, now known as Kulturhalle Zenith, opened August 1996. The venue can hold nearly 6,000 guests
Olympiahalle is a multi-purpose arena located in Am Riesenfeld in Munich, part of Olympiapark. The arena is used for concerts, sporting exhibitions or trade fairs. In the past, it served as a part-time home for the defunct ice hockey team EC Hedos München. Olympiahalle opened in 1972 and was the venue for gymnastics and handball events at the 1972 Summer Olympics; the seating capacity for the arena varies from 12,150 up to 14,000. The current seating capacity 15,500 set after a massive overhaul, completed in 2009. A new VIP area, a restaurant and an underground second arena with a capacity of up to 4,000 was integrated in the new complex; the stage area was rebuilt, which contributed to the increased seating capacity and at the same time allowed faster access for stage crews, important nowadays. Olympiahalle plays hosts to the annual Six Days of Munich, an international track cycling competition. Several other major international events were held in this venue, including the 1974 and the 1991 World Figure Skating Championships and the 1975 preliminaries of the Ice Hockey World Championships and the 1983, 1993 IIHF Ice Hockey World Championships finals.
Important basketball events that were held in Olympiahalle include the Final phase of the 1993 European Basketball Championships, the 1989 and 1999 Euroleague Final Fours. World Wrestling Entertainment has hosted several house shows in the Olympiahalle since 1992 and most on 27 September 2008. Official website tum.de: Olympiapark
Germany the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north, the Alps to the south. It borders Denmark to the north and the Czech Republic to the east and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, Luxembourg and the Netherlands to the west. Germany includes 16 constituent states, covers an area of 357,386 square kilometres, has a temperate seasonal climate. With 83 million inhabitants, it is the second most populous state of Europe after Russia, the most populous state lying in Europe, as well as the most populous member state of the European Union. Germany is a decentralized country, its capital and largest metropolis is Berlin, while Frankfurt serves as its financial capital and has the country's busiest airport. Germany's largest urban area is the Ruhr, with its main centres of Essen; the country's other major cities are Hamburg, Cologne, Stuttgart, Düsseldorf, Dresden, Bremen and Nuremberg. Various Germanic tribes have inhabited the northern parts of modern Germany since classical antiquity.
A region named Germania was documented before 100 AD. During the Migration Period, the Germanic tribes expanded southward. Beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire. During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation. After the collapse of the Holy Roman Empire, the German Confederation was formed in 1815; the German revolutions of 1848–49 resulted in the Frankfurt Parliament establishing major democratic rights. In 1871, Germany became a nation state when most of the German states unified into the Prussian-dominated German Empire. After World War I and the revolution of 1918–19, the Empire was replaced by the parliamentary Weimar Republic; the Nazi seizure of power in 1933 led to the establishment of a dictatorship, the annexation of Austria, World War II, the Holocaust. After the end of World War II in Europe and a period of Allied occupation, Austria was re-established as an independent country and two new German states were founded: West Germany, formed from the American and French occupation zones, East Germany, formed from the Soviet occupation zone.
Following the Revolutions of 1989 that ended communist rule in Central and Eastern Europe, the country was reunified on 3 October 1990. Today, the sovereign state of Germany is a federal parliamentary republic led by a chancellor, it is a great power with a strong economy. As a global leader in several industrial and technological sectors, it is both the world's third-largest exporter and importer of goods; as a developed country with a high standard of living, it upholds a social security and universal health care system, environmental protection, a tuition-free university education. The Federal Republic of Germany was a founding member of the European Economic Community in 1957 and the European Union in 1993, it is part of the Schengen Area and became a co-founder of the Eurozone in 1999. Germany is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the G7, the G20, the OECD. Known for its rich cultural history, Germany has been continuously the home of influential and successful artists, musicians, film people, entrepreneurs, scientists and inventors.
Germany has a large number of World Heritage sites and is among the top tourism destinations in the world. The English word Germany derives from the Latin Germania, which came into use after Julius Caesar adopted it for the peoples east of the Rhine; the German term Deutschland diutisciu land is derived from deutsch, descended from Old High German diutisc "popular" used to distinguish the language of the common people from Latin and its Romance descendants. This in turn descends from Proto-Germanic *þiudiskaz "popular", derived from *þeudō, descended from Proto-Indo-European *tewtéh₂- "people", from which the word Teutons originates; the discovery of the Mauer 1 mandible shows that ancient humans were present in Germany at least 600,000 years ago. The oldest complete hunting weapons found anywhere in the world were discovered in a coal mine in Schöningen between 1994 and 1998 where eight 380,000-year-old wooden javelins of 1.82 to 2.25 m length were unearthed. The Neander Valley was the location where the first non-modern human fossil was discovered.
The Neanderthal 1 fossils are known to be 40,000 years old. Evidence of modern humans dated, has been found in caves in the Swabian Jura near Ulm; the finds included 42,000-year-old bird bone and mammoth ivory flutes which are the oldest musical instruments found, the 40,000-year-old Ice Age Lion Man, the oldest uncontested figurative art discovered, the 35,000-year-old Venus of Hohle Fels, the oldest uncontested human figurative art discovered. The Nebra sky disk is a bronze artefact created during the European Bronze Age attributed to a site near Nebra, Saxony-Anhalt, it is part of UNESCO's Memory of the World Programme. The Germanic tribes are thought to date from the Pre-Roman Iron Age. From southern Scandinavia and north Germany, they expanded south and west from the 1st century BC, coming into contact with the Celtic tribes of Gaul as well
Mercedes-Benz Arena (Berlin)
The Mercedes-Benz Arena is a multipurpose indoor arena in the Friedrichshain neighborhood of Berlin, which opened in 2008. With a capacity of 17,000 people, it is home to the Eisbären Berlin ice hockey club and the Alba Berlin basketball team, is used for other ice hockey and handball matches as well as concerts; the arena hosted the 2008–09 Euroleague Final Four. The arena was one of the most prominent elements of the Mediaspree urban redevelopment project gaining emblematic status in the debates surrounding the project's impact. In 2015, German car manufacturer Mercedes-Benz reached a deal with the arena management to rename the venue Mercedes-Benz Arena Berlin for twenty years. Between 2008 and 2015, the arena was known as O2 World Berlin due to sponsorship contract with Telefónica Germany, a telecommunications company; the first band to play at the Mercedes-Benz Arena was Metallica on 12 September 2008. Tina Turner performed two sold out concerts on 26 and 27 January 2009, with her Tina!: 50th Anniversary Tour.
The arena was the home for the 2009 MTV Europe Music Awards. Sting performed during his Symphonicities Tour on 21 September 2010, along with the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra; this show has been recorded for the live album Live in Berlin. On 21 February 2009, Scorpions received Germany's ECHO Honorary Award for lifetime achievement at Berlin's O2 World; the venue played host to one NHL Premiere game for the 2011–12 NHL season on 8 October 2011. The Buffalo Sabres defeated the Los Angeles Kings, 4–2; the arena hosted the second stage of the 2011 Euro Beach Soccer League between 8–10 July. Britney Spears performed a sold out concert on 26 July 2009 during The Circus Starring: Britney Spears, she will come back on 6 August 2018 as part of her Britney Spears: Piece of Me Tour. Muse performed a sold out concert on 29 October 2009 during The Resistance Tour Kylie Minogue performed her Aphrodite: Les Folies Tour show on 1 March 2011. Bob Dylan and Mark Knopfler played the O2 during the dual European tour on 29 October 2011.
On 27 March 2012, Il Divo performed a concert as part of their 2012 Wicked Game album tour. Madonna performed during her MDNA Tour on two sold out nights in June 2012, will return with two shows in November 2015 on her Rebel Heart Tour Pearl Jam performed at the arena on 4 & 5 July 2012 during their 2012 tour Laura Pausini performed here as part of her Inedito World Tour The Beach Boys played during their 50th Anniversary Tour in August 2012. Lady Gaga performed her Born This Way Ball in September 2012 for one sold out night, on 9 October 2014 on her ArtRave: The Artpop Ball Jennifer Lopez performed during her Dance Again World Tour in October 2012 for one night. Beach soccer returned to the arena in August 2012 to again host the second stage of the 2012 Euro Beach Soccer League. One Direction performed on May 11, 2013 on their Take Me Home Tour Beyoncé performed to two sold out crowds on 23 and 24 May 2013, with her Mrs. Carter Show. Iron Maiden performed on 18 June 2013. Rihanna performed on 2 July 2013, on her Diamonds World Tour.
On 7 February 2014 country-pop superstar Taylor Swift performed a show on her Red Tour. On 22 May 2014 French-Armenian singer Charles Aznavour performed a show as part of his The Legend Returns Tour. On 19 November 2014 rock band Linkin Park performed a show as a part of their The Hunting Party Tour. Depeche Mode performed at the stadium three times: the first one was on 9 January 2010 during their Tour of the Universe; the second and the third were on 25 and 27 November 2013 during their Delta Machine Tour, in front of a total sold out crowd of 28,332 people. The 2013 shows were filmed and recorded for the group's concert film Depeche Mode Live in Berlin and for the band's live album Live in Berlin Soundtrack. U2 performed at the arena on 24, 25, 28 and 29 September 2015 as part of their Innocence + Experience Tour, they will play at the arena on 31 August and 1 September 2018 as part of their Experience + Innocence Tour. Irish-American dancer and musician Michael Flatley reprises his role as Lord of the Dance on 6 December 2010 during the Return of Michael Flatley As Lord of the Dance tour.
A few scenes from the 3D concert film Lord of the Dance 3D, were filmed in the during the performance in the arena alongside the O2 London and O2 Dublin. The film was released on DVD and Blu-ray under the title Michael Flatley Returns As Lord of the Dance in 2011. A 3D version was released only in Blu-ray in late 2011. In October 2013, the artist Jakob Kupfer transformed the LED facade of the o2 World Berlin into a giant art installation. On 31 May 2014 UFC Fight Night: Munoz vs. Mousasi was the first event that the UFC had hosted in the venue, it hosts a group of the FIBA EuroBasket 2015. On 31 October 2015 it hosted the 2015 League of Legends World Championship final. On June 20, 2015 held UFC Fight Night: Penne. Singer and songwriter Adele, performed on 8 May 2016 as part of her Adele Live 2016 tour. Singer Celine Dion, performed on 23 and 24 July 2017 as part of her European summer tour, Celine Dion Live 2017 On 22 February 2018, it hosted the 4th week of the 2018 Premier League Darts from the Professional Darts Corporation, the first time the event took place in Germany.
On 16 October 2018, BTS performed during their second Woldtour BTS World Tour: Love Yourself. It was their first time in Europe. On 14 May 2019, Hugh Jackman will perform during his The Man; the Music. The Show. Tour; this is a list of home attendance figures of Alba Berlin at O2 World. Official site Mercedes-Benz Arena Pictures of the Mercedes-Benz Arena Berlin wikimapia