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Giant otter shrew

The giant otter shrew is a semiaquatic, carnivorous afrotherian mammal. It is found in the main rainforest block of central Africa from Nigeria to Zambia, with a few isolated populations in Kenya and Uganda, it lives in streams and slow flowing larger rivers. It is monotypic in the genus Potamogale. Otter shrews are most related to the tenrecs of Madagascar. Contrary to its name, the giant otter shrew is not a true shrew; the common name refers to their resemblance to otters with their flat face and stiff whiskers, the otter shrews' overall superficial similarity to true shrews. They are nocturnal carnivores; the giant otter shrew is a mammal superficially similar to an otter in appearance. It is characterized by a long, flat tail, which it uses for swimming by sideways undulation like a fish, it has a muzzle covered with bristles, flat shielded nostrils. It has silky on the tail, it has external ears. Its fur consists of coarse guard hairs, it whitish or yellowish under parts. The tail is covered with a short, silky coat of fur and is compressed laterally which allow it to swim by horizontal undulations as in fishes and crocodiles.

Its legs lack webbing so they are not used for swimming. The hind feet have a flap of skin along the inside that allows them to be held snugly against the body when swimming. There are two syndactylous toes on the hind feet, used for grooming. On land P. velox is plantigrade. Females have two mammae on the lower abdomen for feeding young; the mass ranges from 300 to 950 g. Head and body length is 290–350 mm, reaches 535–640 mm with tail. Giant otter shrews are native to central Africa, from the southern regions of Nigeria, eastward through Equatorial Guinea and the Central African Republic, the Republic of Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan to the northern regions of Angola and Zambia. There is a small population that lives between Uganda and Kenya and the preserved rainforest of Kakamega, Kenya; this species prefers fresh water aquatic microhabitats in the rainforest. Preferred environments include fast flowing rivers, swamps, coastal rivers, during rainy season some may retreat to small forest pools.

River banks provide good habitats for nesting. These animals make burrows with an entrance below water level and during the day find shelter there and become active in the afternoon; the giant otter shrew builds burrows among riverbank crevices. It chooses dry leaves with; this is where breeding takes place. The burrows are changed; when foraging, otter shrews take frequent grooming breaks. When traveling upstream the otter shrew travels on the bank and swims downstream; the night foraging routine is regular and predictable, covers up to 800 meters a night. P. velox visits discrete piles of feces that are sheltered and used to mark boundaries of territory. Giant otter shrews are solitary with one shrew occupying between 500–1,000 m of stream. P. velox is a nocturnal predator, hunting by touch and scent in and around calm pools. Each dive lasts only seconds. P. velox searches both within the pool and along the bank for prey using the sensitive vibrissae and odor and not eyesight. It prefers areas. P. velox attacks prey using sharp bites, sometimes pinning the prey with its fore feet, flipping crabs over to attack their weaker ventral surface.

They avoid crabs larger than 7 cm across. The prey preference varies among individuals. Frogs are eaten fish are pulled apart into manageable bits. Prey is consumed on the bank. P. velox eats insects and freshwater prawns. In captivity it eats 15–20 crabs per night. Giant otter shrews fare poorly in captivity. Captive specimens have been recorded to deteriorate in health quickly, living only 1– 14 days. Giant otter shrews breed during the wet/rainy season, they give birth to two young per litter, once or twice a year. Males move long distances via water in search of mates and it is thought that males rut during the wet season; this species is listed as being of least concern by the IUCN because its declining rate is not significant enough to move to the next category. However it is on the decline. One of the major threats to this species is the soil erosion caused by deforestation in Cameroon. While they can tolerate seasonally cloudy streams, streams muddied from erosion and deforestation are little used.

Some drown in fishing nets or fish traps, members of this species have not survived well in captivity. There is ongoing research about the effects of human activity on them, it is hunted extensively for its skin

MS Mode

MS Mode is a Dutch fashion retailer operating over 200 stores in the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg, founded by Max Abram. The business originates from the Amsterdamse Albert Cuypmarkt but the first real store started off in 1964, in Rotterdam as Mantel Specialist only selling ladies' coats but selling clothing for women aged 35 to 55. MS Mode sells all sizes in the range of sizes 40-52 at the same price. MS Mode was called M&S, but this caused confusion with British department store Marks & Spencer, which uses'M&S' as an abbreviation; the company was owned by Maxeda which owned the Vroom & Dreesmann and Bijenkorf department stores. Since 2010, MS Mode is part of Roland Kahn's Excellent Retail Brands, together with Coolcat, America Today and Sapph. MS Mode Website

His Convict Bride

His Convict Bride is a 1918 Australian silent film from the team of John and Agnes Gavin. It was a convict-era melodrama. In 1813 England, Bess Shelgrove rejects Adam Wilson who works as a bank clerk. Seeking revenge, Adam steals money from frames Bess, she is arrested and transported to Botany Bay where she is assigned as a servant to the snobbish Mrs Renshay. Mrs Renshay has a dodgy son and Bess escapes into the bush, where she marries Jack Warren. Bess is recognised by Mrs Renshay and is arrested. Jack forces him to confess he framed Tess. Bess is reunited with Jack and their baby daughter. Ethel Bashford as Bess Shelgrove John Gavin as Jack Warren Charles Villiers as Adam Wilson Frank Hawthorne Claude Turton Fred Cope Syd Everett Walter Vincent Ray Harris C. Howard D. L. Dalziel Randal Woodhouse Ruth Wainwright Rose Rooney Flo Smith The movie was known as Sentenced For Life For the Term of Her Natural Life; however the film is more inspired by the Gavin's previous colonial works, Assigned to his Wife and The Assigned Servant.

It was based on a true story. Agnes Gavin copyrighted her script on 20 September 1917. Shooting began in September 1917 including at Gavin's studio in Pitt Street. While filming a scene in Penrith, a horse backed over a forty-foot cliff with John Gavin on it, he had his fall broken by a tree and was rescued with a block and tackle but the horse had to be put down. Gavin made the film aimed at the American market; the film critic from the Sunday Times gave the movie a mixed review: His Convict Bride fails to reach the low standard of plot set by Australian producers — a circumstance, difficult to overlook, considering that this country has no scarcity of'writing talent. But the surprising part of this film is the photography, from which all signs of crudeness have vanished; the settings are varied and projected. And a professional touch is evident in the hero's visions. While not elaborate, the camera work, taken as a whole, can compare with that of any American picture, with this branch of the industry mastered, prospects look brighter for further development.

The sub-titles, being illustrated are more ambitious than usual. Two-thirds of them, could have been eliminated, a little thought would have suggested better word ing for the rest; as they stand, they bear all the dead and gone phrases upon which stage melodrama props its dialogue... Jack Gavin... gives a striking impersonation... and in Ethel Bashford he has chosen a singularly promising, actress for the title-role. Gavin claimed he had to pay 6d per foot to get the film into America. After the movie was made, the Gavins moved to Hollywood for several years to work before returning in 1925, his Convict Bride on IMDb His Convict Bride at National Film and Sound Archive

Lawrence A. Rainey

Lawrence Andrew Rainey was a native Mississippian, elected Sheriff of Neshoba County, Mississippi during the 1960s. He gained notoriety for being involved in the June 1964 murders of Chaney and Schwerner. Rainey was a member of Mississippi's White Knights of the Ku Klux KlanAlan Parker's Mississippi Burning is a fictionalized version of the Freedom Summer Murders, it starred Gene Hackman and Willem Dafoe. Rainey is buried next to his family in Kemper County, Mississippi. Rainey grew up in Kemper and Neshoba County, Mississippi, his parents were Bessie Rainey. Rainey had a younger brother. Rainey's education stopped at the 8th grade, not unusual in the early 20th century, his father was a farmer, they were poor sharecroppers during the Great Depression. He worked as a mechanic before starting in a career in law enforcement. Rainey started his career as a police officer working in Mississippi. In October 1959, he shot and killed a black motorist, getting out of his car on a violation, but he was not prosecuted.

Rainey had a reputation as a brutal law enforcement officer. He subsequently ran for and was elected to the office of Sheriff in 1963 and has been quoted as positioning himself as "the man who can cope with situations that might arise", a veiled reference to the racial tension in the area at the time. One of his deputies was Cecil Price. In the afternoon of June 21, 1964, Goodman, & Schwerner arrived at Longdale to inspect the burned out church in Neshoba County, they left Longdale around 3 p.m. They were to be in Meridian by 4 p.m. that day. The fastest route to Meridian was through Philadelphia. At the fork of Beacon & Main Street their station wagon sustained a flat tire, it is possible. Rainey's home was near the Main Street fork. Deputy Cecil Price soon escorted them to the county jail. Price released the trio as soon as the longest day of the year became night, about 10 p.m. The three were last seen heading south along Highway 19 toward Meridian. On the day of the murders, Rainey was visiting his wife at the hospital in Meridian.

He left Meridian about 6 p.m. for Collinsville where he had supper with relatives. Rainey visited his step-mother in Philadelphia and went to his office to pick-up some clothing, he went to his home to pick up some gowns for his wife and left the gowns with his relatives in Collinsville. He watched. Rainey returned to his home in Neshoba County, it is not clear, was not proven in the subsequent trial, when he knew about the murders. It was alleged that he learned of the murder early the following morning and deliberately covered it up. On July 18, 1964, Rainey sued NBC, the Lamar Life Broadcasting Company, Southern Television Corporation, Buford W. Posey for one million dollars for slander due to an interview which Posey gave to NBC during the investigation of the disappearance of the civil rights workers; this lawsuit was unsuccessful. On January 15, 1965, Rainey and seventeen others learned; because there was, at that time, no federal murder statute, they were charged with violation of the three men's civil rights.

In 1967, the case went to trial in federal court and Rainey was acquitted, though six others were convicted. Despite his acquittal, Rainey was stigmatized by his role in the events. Rainey's law enforcement career ended in 1968 when he was not re-elected as Sheriff of Neshoba County; as a result of the trial, his wife became an alcoholic, they divorced. She subsequently died of a brain tumour. For years after the Freedom Summer Murders, Rainey had difficulty finding stable employment, his careers included periods as auto mechanic and as a security guard in Kentucky and Mississippi. For years afterwards, Rainey worked as a security guard in Mississippi; some of Rainey's employers included the Matty Hersee state charity hospital, the Village Fair Mall. A stint at the IGA grocery store was abruptly ended after the airing of the CBS programe "Attack on Terror" in 1975: bomb threats were made against the supermarket for hiring him, they subsequently fired him, his boss at McDonald's Security Guard Service was an African American, whom he described as "better to work for than any white company".

He blamed the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the media for preventing him from finding and keeping jobs, reiterated that he was not a racist. They tried to make it that I hated the black people, it was just because I had to shoot two... Anyone I mistreated in law enforcement made me do it in order of fulfilling my job and duties.... You got trash in all colors." He suffered from throat cancer and tongue cancer, died in 2002 at the age of 79. Attack on Terror: The FBI vs. the Ku Klux Klan was the first fictional version of the Freedom Summer Murders. Actor Geoffrey Lewis played as a fictionalized Lawrence Rainey. In the 1988 film Mississippi Burning, the character of Sheriff Ray Stuckey was a fictionalized depiction of Lawrence Rainey; the part was played by Gailard Sartain. Samuel Bowers Olen Lovell Burrage Edgar Ray Killen Cecil Price Alton Wayne Roberts Jimmy Snowden Herman Tucker Civil Rights Movement United States v. Price Editorial about Lawrence Rainey by R. Emmett Tyrrell Neshoba Democrat article about the lawsuit against NBC Biography in the Mississippi Burning site by the University of Missouri-Kansas City More information on the trial from the University of Missouri-Kansas City Lawrence A. Rainey at Find a Grave

Edmonton Southeast

Edmonton Southeast was a federal electoral district in Alberta, represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1988 to 2004. It was located in the city of Edmonton in the province of Alberta; this riding was created in 1987 from parts of Pembina riding. It was abolished in 2003 when it was redistributed into Edmonton—Beaumont, Edmonton—Strathcona and Wetaskiwin ridings; this riding elected the following Members of Parliament: 1987-2003: David Kilgour - Progressive Conservative, Liberal - He represented Edmonton—Strathcona and represented Edmonton—Mill Woods—Beaumont. List of Canadian federal electoral districts Past Canadian electoral districts Riding history for Edmonton Southeast from the Library of Parliament Expenditures - 2000 Expenditures - 1997 Elections Canada Website of the Parliament of Canada


Balasinor is a city located in the Mahisagar district of Gujarat, India. A princely state of the Babi dynasty belonging to the Babai, it was created on 28 September 1758 out of the state of the Junagadh Babis. Balasinor State was founded in the 18th century; the rulers were titled Nawab Babi. Balasinor is located at 22.95°N 73.33°E / 22.95. As of 2011 Indian Census, Balasinor had a total population of 39,330, of which 20,282 were males and 19,048 were females. Population within the age group of 0 to 6 years was 4,946; the total number of literates in Balasinor was 30,314, which constituted 77.1% of the population with male literacy of 81.3% and female literacy of 72.5%. The effective literacy rate of 7+ population of Balasinor was 88.2%, of which male literacy rate was 93.8% and female literacy rate was 82.2%. The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes population was 331 respectively. Balasinor had 7591 households in 2011; as of the 2001 Indian census, Balasinor had a population of 33,704. It had a ratio of 940 women for every 1000 men.

12.6% of the population was between the ages 0 to 6. According to Chambers's Concise Gazetteer Of The World from 1914, the population of Balasinor town was 9,000 at the time. In the early 1980s, palaeontologists stumbled upon dinosaur bones and fossils during a regular geological survey of this mineral-rich area, they found dinosaur egg hatcheries and fossils of at least 13 species of which the most important discovery was that of a carnivorous abelisaurid named Rajasurus narmadensis which lived in the Late Cretaceous period. The find sent ripples of excitement through neighbouring villages and many residents picked up fossilised eggs, brought them home and worshipped them. Since excavations have thrown up a veritable trove of dinosaur remains—eggs, bones, a skeleton, now kept in a Calcutta museum—bringing hordes of scientists and tourists to Balasinor. Piecing together the evidence in Raiyoli, researchers now believe that Gujarat is home to one of the largest clutch of dinosaur hatcheries in the world.

At least 13 species of dinosaurs lived here for more than 100 million years until their extinction some 66 million years ago. The soft soil made protecting eggs easier for the animals. So well-protected are the fossilised eggs found here that many researchers call them the best-preserved eggs in the world after the ones found in Aix-en-Provence in France; these fossilised dinosaur remains have triggered what tourism officials of the Gujarat state call "Dinosaur Tourism". Princess Aaliya called the Dinosaur Princess conducts guided tours of the fossil park.