Giovanni Domenico Tiepolo

Giovanni Domenico Tiepolo was an Italian painter and printmaker in etching. He was elder brother of Lorenzo Baldissera Tiepolo. Domenico was born in Venice, studied under his father, by the age of 13 was the chief assistant to him, he was one of the many assistants, including Lorenzo. By the age of 20, he was producing his own work for commissioners, he assisted his father in Würzburg 1751–3, decorating the famous stairwell fresco, in Vicenza at the Villa Valmarana in 1757, in Madrid at the palace of Charles III from 1762–70. His painting style developed after the death of his father in 1770, at which time he returned to Venice, worked there as well as in Genoa and Padua, his painting, though keeping the decorative influence of his father, moved from its spatial fancy and began to take a more realistic depiction. His portraits and scenes of life in Venice are characterised by movement and deliberate composition. After a lapse of 15 years, his work developed from the religious and mythological subjects of his father to a more secular style.

He produced 104 sketches of Punchinello, the standard character of the commedia dell'arte, a physically deformed clown. These were created as'Entertainments for the Children', attempted to poke fun at the pretensions and behaviour of the viewer; the same protagonist featured in frescos in his villa di Zianigo near Mirano. These frescoes were detached and nearly sold to be sold in France, but the Minister of Public Education, blocked the export and acquired them for the city of Venice. Since 1936, they have been on display, in a near replica of the original arrangement, in the Ca Rezzonico Museum on the Grand Canal; the frescoes have undergone recent restoration. The scenes depict cryptic events, part genre and part epic-farce, of crowds of Pulcinellos at play and work, as well as a carnival scene; the genre thematic and humor are strikingly different from the grand epic apotheoses painted his father. Many of Domenico's works are drawings with ink wash, he was a fine draftsman, although weaker than his father.

His St. Ambrose Addressing the Young St. Augustine sketch is typical of the commissions he would receive. St. Ambrose, with the crozier and mitre and gives religious instruction to the beardless Saint Augustine; the composition has the pomp and grandiosity of his father's work, set out as if part of a theatrical display. He, takes 18th-century Venice as the setting for this 4th-century act, drawing on his experience of the city and his many works depicting life in it. Domenico was a significant printmaker in etching reproducing his own or his father's paintings, but his original compositions include a series of twenty-four illustrations of the Idee Pittoresche sulla Fuga in Egitto, one of the fourteen Stations of the Cross. The Art Gallery of New South Wales, the Blanton Museum of Art, the Cleveland Museum of Art, the Finnish National Gallery, the Honolulu Museum of Art, the Indiana University Art Museum, Kunst Indeks Danmark, the Minneapolis Institute of Arts, the Musée des Beaux-Arts de Caen, the Musée des Beaux-Arts de Strasbourg, the Musée du Louvre, Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum, Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya, the National Gallery, the National Museums and Galleries of Wales, the Philadelphia Museum of Art, Pinacoteca Ambrosiana, Pinacoteca di Brera, the Portland Art Museum, the Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium, the Seattle Art Museum, the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, the Victoria and Albert Museum and the Wadsworth Atheneum are among the public collections holding paintings by Giovanni Domenico Tiepolo.

The quack or tooth puller - Musée du Louvre, Paris A New Testament Peter Parshall, "Giovanni Domenico Tiepolo: The Pastiche as Capriccio," Print Quarterly, XXVIII, 2011, pp. 327–30 Venetian prints and books in the age of Tiepolo. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1997. Giambattista Tiepolo, 1696-1770, a full text exhibition catalog from The Metropolitan Museum of Art Giovanni Domenico Tiepolo online, many works Giandomenico Tiepolo in Vicenza:Contadini e signori in villa Valmarana exhibition by Primo Casalini

2013–14 ISU World Standings and Season's World Ranking

The 2013–14 ISU World Standings and Season's World Ranking, are the World Standings and Season's World Ranking published by the International Skating Union during the 2013–14 season. The 2013–14 ISU World Standings for single & pair skating and ice dance, are taking into account results of the 2011–12, 2012–13 and 2013–14 seasons; the 2013–14 ISU Season's World Ranking is based on the results of the 2013–14 season only. The 2013–14 ISU World standings for synchronized skating, are based on the results of the 2011–12, 2012–13 and 2013–14 seasons; the remainder of this section is a complete list, by discipline, published by the ISU. As of 28 March 2014 As of 29 March 2014 As of 27 March 2014 As of 29 March 2014 The remainder of this section is a complete list, by discipline, published by the ISU; as of 28 March 2014 As of 29 March 2014 As of 27 March 2014 As of 29 March 2014 ISU World Standings and Season's World Ranking List of highest ranked figure skaters by nation List of ISU World Standings and Season's World Ranking statistics 2013–14 figure skating season 2013–14 synchronized skating season International Skating Union ISU World standings for Single & Pair Skating and Ice Dance / ISU Season's World Ranking ISU World standings for Synchronized Skating

Braille e-book

A braille e-book is a refreshable braille display using electroactive polymers or heated wax rather than mechanical pins to raise braille dots on a display. Though not inherently expensive, due to the small scale of production they have not been shown to be economical; some e-books are produced with the production of a printed format, as described in electronic publishing. Braille books were written in paper, with Perkins Brailler typewriter, a machine invented in 1951, improved in 2008, another way of produce braille books was with Braille printers or embossers. In 2011 David S. Morgan produced the first SMART Brailler machine, with added text to speech function and allowed digital capture of data entered. In 1960 Robert Mann, a teacher in MIT, wrote DOTSYS, a software that allowed automatic braille translation, another group created an embossing device called "M. I. T. Braillemboss.". The Mitre Corporation team of Robert Gildea, Jonathan Millen, Reid Gerhart and Joseph Sullivan developed DOTSYS III, the first braille translator written in a portable programming language.

DOTSYS III was developed for the Atlanta Public Schools as a public domain program. Braille translators allowed the automatic creation of braille text or books from an script into Braille scripture without the need of typing Braille books in Braille typewriters, but still needed embossers to produce books, this last step is not necessary when the e-book is read in a Braille e-book. A Korean concept design published in 2009 by Yanko Design attracted attention. A British prototype design called "Anagraphs" was created in 2013, but funding from the European Union ran out before it could be brought to production. A Braille Ebook/Tablet was slated to be released for purchase in the 4th quarter of 2016 by the Austrian company Blitab, it was expected to be priced under US$3000. As of February 2019 the company was inviting people to sign up as a "Tester", with the explanation, "Become one of the first to touch and feel the future of large scale tactile Braille displays." Book E-book Braille translator Perkins Brailler View on Disability: How to make a cheap Braille e-reader Wax-based Braille display makes e-reading available to blind, 22 April 2014