Gipuzkoa is a province of Spain and a historical territory of the autonomous community of the Basque Country. Its capital city is Donostia-San Sebastián. Gipuzkoa shares borders with the French department of Pyrénées-Atlantiques at the northeast, with the province and autonomous community of Navarre at east, Biscay at west, Álava at southwest and the Bay of Biscay to its north, it is located in the Bay of Biscay. It has 66 kilometres of coast land. With a total area of 1,980 square kilometres, Gipuzkoa is the smallest province of Spain; the province has 89 municipalities and a population of 720,592 inhabitants, from which more than half live in the Donostia-San Sebastián metropolitan area. Apart from the capital, other important cities are Irun, Zarautz, Mondragón, Hondarribia, Oñati, Tolosa and Pasaia; the oceanic climate gives the province an intense green colour with little thermic oscillation. Gipuzkoa is the province of the Basque Country where the Basque language is most extensively used: 49.1% of the population spoke Basque in 2006.
The first recorded name of the province was Ipuscoa in a document from the year 1025. During the following years, in various documents, several similar names appear, such as Ipuzcoa, Ipuçcha, among others; the full etymology the word Gipuzkoa has not been ascertained, but links have been made with the Basque word Giputz, containing the root ip-, related to the word ipar and ipuin. According to this, ipuzko might refer to something "to the north" or "in the north". Gipuzkoa is the Basque spelling recommended by the Royal Academy of the Basque Language, it is used in official documents in that language; the Basque spelling is mandatory in official texts from the various Spanish public administrations in documents written in Spanish. It is the spelling most used by the Spanish-language media in the Basque Country, it is the spelling used in the Basque version of the Spanish constitution and in the Basque version of the Statute of Autonomy of the Basque Country. Gipuzkoa is the only official spelling approved for the historical territory by the Juntas Generales of the province.
Guipúzcoa is the spelling in Spanish, it has been determined by the Association of Spanish Language Academies as being the only correct use outside official Spanish documents, where the use of the Basque spelling is mandatory. It is the Spanish spelling used in the Spanish version of the Constitution and in the Spanish version of the Statute of Autonomy of the Basque Country. At 1,980 km2 Gipuzkoa is the smallest province in Spain; the province has 88 municipalities and 709,607 inhabitants, a quarter of whom live in the capital, San Sebastián. Other important towns are Irun, Zarautz, Arrasate, Oñati with an old university, Tolosa, the provincial capital for a short time, Pasaia, the main port and Hondarribia, an old fort town across from the French Atlantic coast. Gipuzkoa is hilly and green linking mountain and sea, populated with numerous urban nuclei that dot the whole territory; the conspicuous presence of hills and rugged terrain has added to a special leaning towards hiking and mountains on the part of Gipuzkoans.
Some mountains have an emblematic or iconic significance in the local tradition, their summits being topped with crosses and mountaineer postboxes. In addition, pilgrimages which have lost their former religious zeal and taken on a more secular slant are sometimes held to their summits; some renowned mountains are Aiako Harria, Txindoki and Izarraitz, amongst others. The Aralar Natural Park is a conservation area on the border of Gipuzkoa and Navarre in the Aralar Range; the rivers of Gipuzkoa are distinctly different from other Bay of Biscay rivers. They arise in the hilly Basque inland landscape, flow in a south- north direction, forming close, narrow valleys before joining the ocean; the rivers extend for a short length with only a small fluctuation in the volume of water thanks to the stable rainfall all year round, they show an abrupt drop between origin and mouth as far as the length of the river is concerned. From west to east the rivers are the Deba, Oria, Urumea and Bidasoa. Except for a narrow strip extending east from the hamlet Otzaurte and the tunnel of San Adrian, the province drains its waters to the Atlantic basin.
The region's communication layout is in step with its geographical features, with the main lines of infrastructure along a north -south axis up to recent times along the rivers heading to the ocean. Accordingly, the inland Way of St. James, i.e. the Tunnel Route penetrated the province via Irun and turned south-west along the Oria River towards the provincial limits at the tunnel of San Adrian. This stretch was in operation up to 1765. A minor St. James route crossed Gipuzkoa east to west along the coast; the main road cutting through Gipuzkoa follows that layout, i.e. the N-1 E-5 from Irun to Donostia and on to Altsasu all along the Oria River for the most part. The major Irun-Madrid railway runs close to the river up to its origin on the slopes of Aizkorri at train stop Otzaurte in Zegama. By 1973 engineering works for the Bilbao-Behobia A-8 E-70 motorway had been completed, with the new road cutting across the valleys east to west and turning into the main axi
The Tripper is a 2006 comedy horror slasher film directed by David Arquette and starring Jaime King, Thomas Jane and Lukas Haas. The film is a nostalgic homage to the exploitation films of Wes Craven and Tobe Hooper that follows a group of free-loving hippies who escape to a modern-day Woodstock for a weekend of debauchery, only to be stalked by a radical-minded psychopath dressed and talking like Ronald Reagan. Jaime King as Samantha Thomas Jane as Buzz Hall Lukas Haas as Ivan Jason Mewes as Joey Balthazar Getty as Jimmy Marsha Thomason as Linda Paul Reubens as Frank Baker Richmond Arquette as Deputy Cooper David Arquette as Muff Courteney Cox Arquette as Cynthia Christopher Allen Nelson as Gus / Ronnie Paz de la Huerta as Jade Redmond Gleeson as Dylan Michael X. Sommers as Trooper NeatnickDirector Wes Craven makes a cameo in the film as a hippie wearing a top-hat; the film is directed, written by and stars David Arquette. Arquette's wife, Courteney Cox Arquette, is a producer and actor in the film.
In August 2007, writer-producer Fritz Jünker sued the Arquettes' production company Coquette Productions, Inc. for copyright infringement, claiming Jünker's 2001 film, The Truth About Beef Jerky, was the basis for The Tripper. The case never went to court, was dropped, because Jünker could not afford to take the case to court. Both films were shot at the same state park north of Santa Cruz, The Truth About Beef Jerky in 2001, The Tripper several years later; the premiere was held in the Del Mar theater in Santa Cruz. David Arquette and fellow cast members were there to answer questions; the Canadian premiere of The Tripper was at Fantasia Festival in 2007. Arquette was there to answer questions, it was shown as a bonus film as part of 2007's 8 Films to Die For. The release date of the film, April 20, or 4/20 is a reference to 420, a number of prominence in cannabis culture; the MPAA rating system gave the film an R rating for strong horror violence and graphic violence, drug content and some sexuality/nudity.
It was part of the 2007 Screamfest Horror Film Festival. The DVD was released on October 23, 2007; the DVD runs for 97 minutes. The DVD includes: 1.85:1 Anamorphic Widescreen Audio commentary by director David Arquette and stars Thomas Jane, Paul Reubens and Richmond Arquette Deleted scenes Blooper reel Behind the Spleens featurette The Tripper Presidential Campaign Tour Theatrical trailers. B-roll music provided by The Black Math Experiment Image Comics in conjunction with Raw Studios published the Tripper comic adaptation David Arquette's the Tripper during May 2007 in its 1st Edition. David Arquette is accredited with story alongside Joe Harris who adapted the concept for the comic medium with artist Nat Jones; the film has received negative reviews. It has received a 33% "rotten" rating by the review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, based on 15 reviews; the Tripper on IMDb The Tripper at AllMovie
This is a list of notable pigs. In 1784-5 an unnamed pig was exhibited in London under the title The Learned Pig; the pig was said to be able to solve arithmetical problems. Learned Pigs were exhibited under the name Toby, were said to be able to read minds. In 1859, an unnamed British-owned pig wandered into Lyman Cutlar's potato patch on San Juan Island and was shot, thus setting off a cold war known as the Pig War. King Neptune was a Hereford swine used by a United States Navy recruiter to raise $19 million in war bonds for the construction of USS Illinois between 1942 and 1946. At least two monuments have been erected in honor of his handlers. Tirpitz was a pig captured from the German Navy after a naval skirmish following the Battle of the Falkland Islands in 1914, he subsequently became the mascot of the cruiser HMS Glasgow. Max was the Vietnamese potbellied pig pet of George Clooney referred to as "Max the star" by Clooney; the pig shared Clooney's Hollywood Hills home Clooney's bed, made cameos in interviews because of his size.
Max died in 2006. Pigasus was a tongue-in-cheek candidate for President of the United States run by the Yippies at the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago; the Tamworth Two, named Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Pig, were two Tamworth Ginger pigs who escaped while being unloaded from a lorry at an abattoir in the English town of Malmesbury, Wiltshire in January 1998. The pigs were on the run for over a week, the search for them caused a huge media sensation, as well as immense public interest, both in Britain and abroad. Maude was a pet owned by U. S. President Theodore Roosevelt and his family during his presidency. Khanzir is a male pig who, in May 2009, attracted international attention as the "only pig in Afghanistan". Arnold was the Ziffels' pet pig on the TV sitcom Green Acres, he would perform anthropomorphic activities such as coming uninvited into the Douglas home, turning on the television and watching while sitting in a chair. Snobben was a Norwegian pet pig that received national attention when the owner's car was stolen in 2001, with the pet pig inside.
The car was found five days with the pig in good shape. At the time Snobben was known locally in Oslo, where he during the late 90's was seen doing the groceries alone at Majorstuen; this is a list of pigs. In March 1901, an article appeared in the Rushville, Illinois newspaper, the Rushville Times, telling of the slaughter of a 1,255 pound hog; this article was printed in the Schuyler County, Illinois historical newsletter The Schuylerite 14:1: "Curly Boy Slaughtered The above caption may appear misleading and cause the TIMES readers to think there has been a slaughter of a tow-headed boy, but it was meant to tell of the death of Samuel A. Stephen's big hog in Chicago. Mr. Stephens shipped the 1,255 pound porker from here last week and he reached Chicago safely. All along the way, whenever the train stopped, there gathered a crowd of persons to see the hog. At the Union Stock Yards in Chicago he attracted not a little attention and drew a crowd like a monkey show in the country. At the packing house where he was killed, the foreman ordered the butchers to hang him up on cattle chains, as the regular hog chains were not made for such as he.
His skin was removed and was turned over to a taxidermist, who will cure it and mount the animal in a life size position." Monster Pig is the name of a large hog killed on May 3, 2007, by an eleven-year-old boy, Jamison Stone in a 150-acre low fence enclosure within the larger 2,500 acre commercial hunting preserve called Lost Creek Plantation, outside Anniston, Alabama. According to the hunters the pig weighed 1,051 lb. Claims of the authenticity and allegations of the kill being a canned hunt have disputed the claim. Shortly after the story and allegations broke the origin of the hog was traced back to a local farm who had named the animal "Fred." Hogzilla is the name given to a wild hog, shot and killed in Alapaha, Georgia, on June 17, 2004, by Chris Griffin on Ken Holyoak's farm and hunting reserve. Alleged to be 12 feet long and to weigh 1,000 pounds, scientists confirmed that Hogzilla weighed 800 pounds and was between 7.5 and 8 feet long. On January 5, 2007, a 1,100 lb feral hog was shot in Georgia.
The shooter was William "Bill" Coursey. Neighbours reported that the animal had been seen in the neighborhood several times over the preceding days. A spokesperson from the Georgia Department of Natural Resources said that large boars and feral hogs were common in southern Georgia, but that no records are kept on them; the media latched on to the notion. Hog Kong was an estimated 1,140 lb wild hog killed in August 2004 by Larry Earley at his 22-acre farm near Leesburg, using a Smith & Wesson Model 29; the world record for the heaviest pig so far is held by Big Bill, owned by Elias Buford Butler of Jackson, Tennessee. It was a Poland China breed of hog that tipped the scales at 2,552 lb in 1933. Bill was due to be exhibited at the Chicago World Fair when he had to be put down. At about this point in time, the trend in hog production began to shift to hogs that were much trimmer and lean. Ton Pig was a domestic hog from China owned by Xu Changjin. Ton died from lack of mobility because of obesity on February 4, 2004.
It was sent to the Liaoning Agri