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Gironde estuary

The Gironde is a navigable estuary, in southwest France and is formed from the meeting of the rivers Dordogne and Garonne just downstream of the centre of Bordeaux. Covering around 635 km2, it is the largest estuary in western Europe; the Gironde is 75 km long and 3–12 km wide and the French département Gironde is named after it. The Gironde is subject to strong tidal currents and great care is needed when navigating the estuary by any size or type of boat. Since 2015 is the Gironde estuary part of the Gironde estuary and Pertuis sea Marine Nature Park. Within the estuary between the Pointe de Grave at the seaward end and the Bec d'Ambès are a series of small islands; the Île de Patiras is 200 ha in size with a lighthouse to aid navigation in the estuary. Vines and maize are grown there; the Île Sans-Pain and Île Bouchaud are now joined due to progressive silting and are referred to as the Ile Nouvelle. They total about 265 ha and are owned by the Conservatoire du Littoral and managed by the Department of the Gironde.

The Île Paté is about 13 ha and in 2006 was owned. The island has a historic fort built between 1685 and 1693 as part of the national fortification program masterminded by Vauban; the building is oval in shape, about 12 metres high and was equipped with about 30 cannon. Fort Paté, together with Fort Médoc and the ancient citadelle of Blaye, defended the estuary and Bordeaux. During the French Revolution the fort was used as a prison for priests. In 2006, the Conseil General decided to make the island a ZPENS. ZPENS status protects the island from development. If the owner wishes to sell the island the Department has a pre-emptive right. After two months the Conservatoire National du Littoral has the next pre-emptive right and after another 2 months the town of Blaye has a final pre-emptive right to acquire the island; the Île Verte, Île du Nord and Île Cazeau comprise about 800 ha and because of their natural state provide a fine stopping off place for migrating birds. The Île Margaux is 25 ha and in 2005 had 14 ha devoted to vines and is part of the world famous Médoc wine region.

In December 1942, during the Second World War, Operation Frankton took place with the goal of destroying ships moored at the docks in Bordeaux. The plan was for six kayaks to be taken to the area of the Gironde estuary by submarine. Twelve men would paddle by night to Bordeaux. On arrival they would attack the docked cargo ships with limpet mines and escape overland to Spain; the raid was carried out by a small unit of Royal Marines known as the Royal Marines Boom Patrol Detachment, part of Combined Operations, led by Herbert'Blondie' Hasler. They succeeded in slipping into the harbour unnoticed and sank one ship damaged four others. Only two of the men returned to the UK alive, but they did enough damage to disrupt the use of the harbour for the following months; the information relating to the protected status of Île Paté and the general information relating to the other islands is public domain information, summarised as part of an article in the regional'Sud Ouest' newspaper dated 3 October 2006

Come Fly with Me (Frank Sinatra album)

Come Fly with Me is an album by American singer Frank Sinatra, released in 1958. In 2000 it was voted number 616 in Colin Larkin's All Time Top 1000 Albums. Sinatra's first collaboration with arranger/conductor Billy May, Come Fly with Me was designed as a musical trip around the world. Sammy Cahn and Jimmy Van Heusen wrote the title track at Sinatra's request. May would arrange two other Capitol albums for Sinatra, Come Dance with Me! and Come Swing with Me!. In his autobiography All You Need Is Ears, producer George Martin wrote of having visited the Capitol Tower during the recording sessions for the album. According to Martin's book, Sinatra expressed intense dislike for the album cover upon being first shown a mock-up by producer Voyle Gilmore, suggesting it looked like an advertisement for TWA; the album reached #1 on the Billboard album chart in its second week, remained at the top for five weeks. At the inaugural Grammy Awards Come Fly with Me was nominated for the Grammy Award for Album of the Year.

Though recorded in true stereo alongside a distinct mono mix, "Come Fly with Me" was released to record stores in 1958 in monaural only, a standard practice by Capitol records at the time. The label released the stereo version in 1962. "Come Fly with Me" – 3:19 "Around the World" – 3:20 "Isle of Capri" – 2:29 "Moonlight in Vermont" – 3:32 "Autumn in New York" – 4:37 "On the Road to Mandalay" – 3:28 "Let's Get Away from It All" – 2:11 "April in Paris" – 2:50 "London by Night" – 3:30 "Brazil" – 2:55 "Blue Hawaii" – 2:44 "It's Nice to Go Trav'ling" – 3:52 CD reissue bonus tracks not included on the original 1958 release: "Chicago" – 2:14 "South of the Border" – 2:50 "I Love Paris" – 1:49 Frank Sinatra - vocals Billy May - arranger, conductorTracks 1, 2, 10, 11, 12: Mannie Klein, Conrad Gozzo, Shorty Sherock, Mickey Mangano. Tracks 3, 6, 7: Mannie Klein, Conrad Gozzo, Shorty Sherock, Pete Candoli. Tracks 4, 5, 8, 9: Si Zentner, Murray McEachem, Joe Howard. H. Washbume. "On the Road to Mandalay", based on Rudyard Kipling's poem "Mandalay" was replaced on some versions of the album after the Kipling family objected to Sinatra's interpretation.

When the album was released in the United Kingdom, it was replaced by "It Happened in Monterey" on original mono releases and "French Foreign Legion" on stereo copies, while the song "Chicago" was used in other parts of the British Commonwealth. Sinatra sang the song in Australia, during a concert tour in 1959, relayed the story of the Kipling family objection to the song and how the Australian release of Come Fly with Me came to contain "Chicago". "Mandalay" was restored on the 1984 UK re-pressing, has been included on all subsequent releases

Bryan Redpath

Bryan William Redpath is a former Scottish rugby union player and coach. Redpath attended Kelso High School in Kelso, Scottish Borders. Before leaving to play professional rugby for Melrose RFC, Racing club de Narbonne Méditerranée in France, Sale Sharks in England. Redpath won 60 caps for Scotland, he appeared at three Rugby World Cups in 1999 and 2003. After retiring from playing, Redpath took on coaching roles, he was the backs' coach at Gloucester Rugby 2005 to 2009 before being promoted to Head Coach in June 2009. He joined Sale Sharks, he was confirmed as the Director of Rugby post at Sale Sharks in June 2012. However, on 30 October 2012, Redpath was removed from his position to become Head Coach whilst Steve Diamond became new Director of Rugby. In March 2015, Redpath left Sale and took up the position of Head Coach for RFU Championship side Yorkshire Carnegie. In January 2017, he announced that at the end of the season he was leaving rugby coaching roles to take up a job outside rugby. "Redpath ready and willing to answer call-up for Lions".

The Scotsman. 31 March 2005. Retrieved 25 April 2015. Sporting Heroes Sale Sharks profile

Rodale, Inc.

Rodale, Inc. was an American publisher of health and wellness magazines and digital properties. Rodale was headquartered in Emmaus and maintained a satellite office in New York City, it published health and wellness lifestyle magazines, including Prevention. The company published a collection of bestsellers, including An Inconvenient Truth and Eat This, Not That. J. I. Rodale founded Rodale Inc. in 1930. He was a partner with his brother, Joseph, in Rodale Manufacturing, which produced electrical switches. Joseph moved Rodale Manufacturing to Emmaus, Pennsylvania to take advantage of favorable local taxes, while J. I. dabbled in publishing. In 1942, Rodale started Gardening magazine, it taught people. Today, Organic Gardening is the best-read gardening magazine in the world. In 1950, Rodale introduced a health magazine. In 1971, J. I. Rodale died during a taping of The Dick Cavett Show, his son, Robert Rodale, took over the company’s leadership. On September 20, 1990, Robert Rodale was killed in a car accident during a business trip in Russia.

In 1972, Rodale Press was one of the five founding members of the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements, founded at Versailles, France. Following Robert Rodale's death, his wife, Ardath Harter Rodale, became chairman and chief executive officer of the company. In 2000, Steven Pleshette Murphy joined the company as president and chief operating officer, was named president and CEO in 2002. On June 18, 2007, Ardath Rodale stepped down as chairman, her daughter, was named chairman. Ardath remained a member of the company’s board and took over the new title of Chief Inspiration Officer. On September 1, 2009, Murphy stepped down as President and CEO. Maria Rodale, granddaughter of company founder J. I. Rodale and daughter of previous chairpersons Robert Rodale and Ardath Rodale, succeeded Murphy as CEO. In October 2017, New York-based Hearst Communications announced it would acquire the magazine and book businesses of Rodale; the transaction was expected to close in January following government approvals.

Rodale announced some months prior that it would consider a total sale of the company, among other alternatives explored by its board of directors. It hired financial adviser Co. to lead the search for bidders. According to a source familiar with the negotiations, Hearst outbid Meredith Corporation, another large media company that had expressed interest in Rodale’s portfolio immediately after they solicited offers. After the sale, Hearst sold Rodale's trade publishing division to Crown Publishing Group, part of Penguin Random House. Bicycling The Bike Mag Men's Health Rodale's Organic Life Prevention Runner's World Women's Health Agatston, Arthur; the South Beach Diet. Gore, Al. An Inconvenient Truth. Hammond, Darell. Kaboom! How One Man Built a Movement to Save Play. Kidder, David S.. The Intellectual Devotional. Kurzweil, Ray & Grossman, Terry. Fantastic Voyage: Live Long Enough to Live Forever. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list Maher, Bill. New Rules: Polite Musings from a Timid Observer. Rose, Pete.

My Prison Without Bars. Zinczenko, David & Goulding, Matt. Eat This, Not That!. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list Gore, Al. An Inconvenient Sequel: Truth to Power. Rodale News' website was launched on Earth Day, April 22, 2009 with the tagline “where health meets green"; the site provides information about health and the environment. Included are daily news articles, in-depth topic pages

Deformable mirror

Deformable mirrors are mirrors whose surface can be deformed, in order to achieve wavefront control and correction of optical aberrations. Deformable mirrors are used in combination with wavefront sensors and real-time control systems in adaptive optics. In 2006 they found a new use in femtosecond pulse shaping; the shape of a DM can be controlled with a speed, appropriate for compensation of dynamic aberrations present in the optical system. In practice the DM shape should be changed much faster than the process to be corrected, as the correction process for a static aberration, may take several iterations. A DM has many degrees of freedom; these degrees of freedom are associated with the mechanical actuators and it can be taken that one actuator corresponds to one degree of freedom. Number of actuators determines the number of degrees of freedom, it is common to compare an arbitrary DM to an ideal device that can reproduce wavefront modes in the form of Zernike polynomials. For predefined statistics of aberrations a deformable mirror with M actuators can be equivalent to an ideal Zernike corrector with N degrees of freedom.

For correction of the atmospheric turbulence, elimination of low-order Zernike terms results in significant improvement of the image quality, while further correction of the higher-order terms introduces less significant improvements. For strong and rapid wavefront error fluctuations such as shocks and wake turbulence encountered in high-speed aerodynamic flowfields, the number of actuators, actuator pitch and stroke determine the maximum wavefront gradients that can be compensated for. Actuator pitch is the distance between actuator centers. Deformable mirrors with large actuator pitch and large number of actuators are expensive. Actuator stroke is the maximum possible actuator displacement in positive or negative excursions from some central null position. Stroke ranges from ±1 to ±30 micrometres. Free actuator stroke limits the maximum amplitude of the corrected wavefront, while the inter-actuator stroke limits the maximum amplitude and gradients of correctable higher-order aberrations. Influence function is the characteristic shape corresponding to the mirror response to the action of a single actuator.

Different types of deformable mirrors have different influence functions, moreover the influence functions can be different for different actuators of the same mirror. Influence function that covers the whole mirror surface is called a "modal" function, while localized response is called "zonal". Actuator coupling shows. All "modal" mirrors have large cross-coupling, which in fact is good as it secures the high quality of correction of smooth low-order optical aberrations that have the highest statistical weight. Response time shows how the mirror will react to the control signal. Can vary from microseconds to tens of seconds for thermally controlled DM's. Hysteresis and creep are nonlinear actuation effects that decrease the precision of the response of the deformable mirror. For different concepts, the hysteresis can vary from zero to tens of percent for mirrors with piezoelectric actuators. Hysteresis is a residual positional error from previous actuator position commands, limits the mirror ability to work in a feedforward mode, outside of a feedback loop.

Segmented concept mirrors are formed by independent flat mirror segments. Each segment can move a small distance back and forth to approximate the average value of the wavefront over the patch area. Advantageously, these mirrors have zero cross-talk between actuators. Stepwise approximation works poorly for smooth continuous wavefronts. Sharp edges of the segments and gaps between the segments contribute to light scattering, limiting the applications to those not sensitive to scattered light. Considerable improvement of the performance of the segmented mirror can be achieved by introduction of three degrees of freedom per segment: piston and tilt; these mirrors require three times as many actuators compared to piston segmented mirrors. This concept was used for fabrication of large segmented primary mirrors for the Keck telescopes, JWST, the future E-ELT. Numerous methods exist to co-phase the segments and reduce the diffraction patterns introduced by the segment shapes and gaps. Future large space-based telescopes, such as the NASA Large UV Optical Infrared Surveyor will possess a segmented primary mirror.

The development of robust methods to increase the contrast is key for the direct imaging and characterization of exoplanets. Continuous faceplate concept mirrors with discrete actuators are formed by the front surface of a thin deformable membrane; the shape of the plate is controlled by a number of discrete actuators that are fixed to its back side. The shape of the mirror depends on the combination of forces applied to the faceplate, boundary conditions and the geometry and the material of the plate; these mirrors allow smooth wavefront control with large - up to several thousands - degrees of freedom. Magnetics concept mirrors are based on continuous reflective surface motioned by magnetics actuators, they feature large strokes and fast settling time. MEMS concept mirrors are fabricated using surface micromachining technologies. MEMS mirrors have a great potential to be cheap, they could break the high price threshold of conventional adaptive optics. MEMS mirrors have high response rates, limited hysteresis.

Membrane concept mirrors are formed by a thin conductive and

23rd Moscow International Film Festival

The 23rd Moscow International Film Festival was held from 21 to 30 June 2001. The Golden St. George was awarded to the American film. Margarethe von Trotta Jiang Wen Bohdan Stupka Moritz de Hadeln Ingeborga Dapkūnaitė Igor Maslennikov Geoffrey Gilmore The following films were selected for the main competition: Golden St. George: The Believer by Henry Bean Special Golden St. George: Under the Skin of the City by Rakhshan Bani-E'temad Silver St. George: Best Director: Ettore Scola for Unfair Competition Best Actor: Vladimir Mashkov for The Quickie Best Actress: Rie Miyazawa for Peony Pavilion Special Silver St. George: Eduard Artemyev, composer Stanislavsky Award: Jack Nicholson Prix FIPRESCI: Blind Guys by Péter Tímár Moscow International Film Festival: 2001 at Internet Movie Database