Leverett A. Saltonstall was an American lawyer and politician from Massachusetts, he served three two-year terms as the 55th Governor of Massachusetts, for more than twenty years as a United States Senator. Saltonstall was internationalist in foreign policy and moderate on domestic policy, serving as a well-liked mediating force in the Republican Party, he was the only member of the Republican Senate leadership to vote for the censure of Joseph McCarthy. Leverett Saltonstall was born in Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts, to Richard Middlecott Saltonstall and Eleanor Brooks Saltonstall; the Saltonstall family, a wealthy Boston Brahmin family, had deep colonial roots, as did that of his mother. Saltonstall was able to trace his ancestral roots to the Mayflower, his father was a lawyer. He was educated at the private Noble and Greenough School, attended the Evans School for Boys in Mesa, Arizona, an upper-crust ranch school, along with Nicholas Roosevelt, nephew to family friend Theodore Roosevelt, he entered Harvard, graduating in 1914, graduated from Harvard Law School in 1917.
He was active in varsity sports at Harvard, notably serving as captain of the Junior Varsity crew team that won the prestigious Grand Challenge Cup at the Henley Royal Regatta in 1914 – the first American crew to do so. He played football and hockey, scoring a dramatic overtime goal in a 1914 win over the legendary Hobey Baker's Princeton team. Saltonstall married Alice Wesselhoeft of New Hampshire, in 1916, while still in law school. Together they had six children, including Emily, at one time the daughter-in-law of Richard Byrd and a former WAVE. After graduation, Saltonstall entered the United States Army, he served as a first lieutenant in the 301st Field Artillery Regiment in the 76th Division in World War I, spending six months in France. He was discharged in 1919, entered the law firm of his uncle. Saltonstall, a progressive Republican, entered politics as an alderman in Newton, serving from 1920 to 1922, while serving as second assistant district attorney of Middlesex County under his uncle, Endicott Peabody Saltonstall, from 1921 to 1922.
He was elected to the Massachusetts House of Representatives that same year. In 1930 Saltonstall became a compatriot of the Massachusetts Society of the Sons of the American Revolution. In 1936, Saltonstall decided to seek the Republican nomination for Governor of Massachusetts. In the party convention, conservative forces prevailed in securing the nomination for John W. Haigis. Saltonstall's friends were able to engineer his nomination for Lieutenant Governor. Both Haigis and Saltonstall were defeated by their Democratic rivals, although Saltonstall's margin of defeat, just over 7,000 votes, was small enough to merit a recount, he ran again two years and won a decisive victory over former Boston Mayor James Michael Curley, involved in a bruising Democratic primary fight against the incumbent Charles F. Hurley. During his tenure, Saltonstall mediated a Teamsters strike, reduced taxes, retired 90 percent of the state's debt, he served as President of the National Governors Association from 1943 to 1944.
In 1944, he served as the fifth President of the Council of State Governments. He was reelected in 1940 and 1942. In 1944, Saltonstall was elected to the United States Senate in a special election to fill the unexpired term created by the resignation of U. S. Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr, he was re-elected three times, serving from 1945 to 1967. Those he defeated included John H. Corcoran in 1944, John I. Fitzgerald in 1948, Foster Furcolo in 1954, Thomas J. O'Connor in 1960. During his tenure in the Senate, he served as the Senate Republican Whip and on five influential Senate committees, he served as the chair of the Senate Republican Conference, 1957–1966. He was viewed as a political moderate, served as a mediating force between the party's conservative and progressive wings, he was an unspectacular but effective legislator, good at drafting legislation and finding compromise language. When he left office, after more than thirty years in politics, he had few political enemies. Saltonstall voted in favor of the Civil Rights Acts of 1957, 1960, 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965.
Saltonstall opted not to run for reelection in 1966, in part to provide an opportunity for his seat to Edward Brooke, a rising star in Massachusetts Republican circles. He retired to his farm in Dover. Leverett Saltonstall died of congestive heart failure in 1979 aged 86, is buried in Harmony Grove Cemetery in Salem, Massachusetts; the Saltonstall Building in downtown Boston is named for him. Bingmann, Melissa. Prep School Cowboys: Ranch Schools in the American West. Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico Press. ISBN 9780826355447. OCLC 897467026. Falla, Jack. Open Ice: Reflections and Confessions of a Hockey Lifer. Mississauga, Ontario: John Wiley. ISBN 9780470738719. OCLC 373450213. Mead, Mead, ed.. Harvard's Military Record in the World War. Harvard University Press. P. 836. OCLC 1191594. Reichard, Gary. "Saltonstall, Leverett". Dictionary of American National Biograp
Gaylordsville is a village located in the northwest corner of the town of New Milford, Litchfield County, Connecticut. The early history of Gaylordsville is connected to the Gaylord family, early settlers in New England. In 1630 William Gaylord arrived in Dorchester, Massachusetts on the ship "Mary and John"along with his wife and five sons. A deacon in the puritan church, he was involved in the affairs of the colony, signing land grants and serving on the first jury in the colony, he settled in East Windsor, Connecticut. His great-grandson, Ensign William Gaylord, moved to Woodbury in 1706 and married Joanna, the daughter of Captain John Minor. Joanna's sister, married Samuel Grant, was an ancestor of President Grant. In 1712, the Gaylord couple came to New Milford, settled only five years previously, their house stood on the corner of Elm Streets. For a time he kept a tavern there in addition to doing his regular work as a surveyor, he did a lot of surveying for the State, laying out town boundary lines, it was, no doubt, on one of these surveying trips that he became impressed with the large areas of level land several miles north of the New Milford village, just north of the straits on the Housatonic River.
He began taking title to parcels of it, soon owned a large part of the valley. To ensure the good will of the Indians living in the area, he bought it from them, according to legend, a horse, a mule, a two-wheeled cart. In 1722, a highway was laid out'by marked trees' north from New Milford to the brook called Whemiseck; the blazed trail ran through Squash Hallow, past the straits, over Cedar Hill. Mr. Gaylord was the surveyor who laid out this road, put it over Cedar Hill so it would not cut into the level areas that were to become his fields. In 1725, Mr. Gaylord travelled this trail from New Milford and built a log cabin west of the Housatonic just north of the straits, he lived in this cabin three years while he was clearing land, cutting timbers, building his frame house, which he built in 1728. The following year his oldest son, built a house about a quarter of a mile south of his father's, on the west side of the valley. During this time the Gaylord family became good friends with their Indian neighbors, teaching them better methods of agriculture, dickering with them for furs they could use.
The family consisted of Mr. and Mrs. Gaylord, Joanna, Ruth and Mary. Benjamin remained at his father's home, took over the homestead, he married Tryal Morehouse on October 23, 1745. William Gaylord died October 25, 1743, at the age of 73, his grave, that of Mrs. Gaylord were the first ones in a cemetery, laid out about half a mile south of the Gaylord home. Gaylordsville is located at geographical coordinates 41° 38′ 47" North, 73° 29′ 5" West. Gaylordsville is located in the northwest corner of New Milford, it is part of the valley known to the Indians as the Red Plumb Plain. On the east the boundary is Quanuctnic or Long Mountain, but it has never been decided whether it should be at the foot of the mountain or somewhere up on top; the southern boundary is vague considered to be an imaginary line leaving the Housatonic River somewhere south of the Tory Cave and extending across Squash Hollow. The Sherman town line forms the western boundary, although several homes in Sherman are considered to be part of the Gaylordsville community.
The Housatonic River runs through the center of the village and is joined by the Wimisink, Naromiyocknowhusunkatankshunk, Squash Hollow brooks. The south end of the valley is divided into two narrow valleys by Straits Pauguiack; the north end of this overlooks the village and is called "the Pinnacle". The area considered to be Gaylordsville is about four miles long and one mile wide. Brown's a blacksmith shop. 1870 The Little Red Schoolhouse 1740 - 1967. The last operating one-room schoolhouse in Connecticut. Known as the Gaylord School, it was one of New Milford's primary schools for 227 years. Merwinsville Hotel 1843 Katherine Anthony Elisabeth Irwin Florence Maybrick Isaac Stern Gaylordsville, CT Gaylordsville Volunteer Fire Department Gaylordsville Historical Society Merwinsville Hotel Restoration Town of New Milford Greater New Milford Chamber of Commerce