Giza is the third-largest city in Egypt and the capital of the Giza Governorate. It is located on the west bank of the Nile, 4.9 km southwest of central Cairo, forms a part of the Greater Cairo metropolis. Giza lies less than 20 km north of Memphis, the capital city of the first unified Egyptian state from the days of the first pharaoh, Narmer. Giza is most famous as the location of the Giza Plateau: the site of some of the most impressive ancient monuments in the world, including a complex of ancient Egyptian royal mortuary and sacred structures, including the Great Sphinx, the Great Pyramid of Giza, a number of other large pyramids and temples. Giza has always been a focal point in Egypt's history due to its location close to Memphis, the ancient pharaonic capital of the Old Kingdom, its St. George Cathedral is the episcopal; the "city" of Giza is the capital of the Giza Governorate, is located near the northeast border of this governorate. The city's population was reported as 2,681,863 in the 2006 national census, while the governorate had 6,272,571 at the same census, without specifying what the city is.
The former figure corresponds to the sum of 9 kisms. Technically, Giza may not be an incorporated municipal unit at all. In a typical Egyptian fashion, there are two districts within the Governorate with the same name: a kism/qasm and associated markiz; some 9 urban kisms of Giza Governorate form collectively a contiguous area of 98.4km2 directly opposite side of the Nile from Cairo, recorded a preliminary count of 4,146,340 in 2017 census count, not including the Al-Ḥawāmidiyah kism separated by Giza markiz. It is unclear. Notes:2018 CAPMAS projection based on 2017 revised census figures, may differ from 2017 census preliminary tabulations; the 9 kisms were reported as Giza city by CAPMAS in 2006 but given explosive growth definitions informal, may have change or may be set to change. Giza's most famous landform and archaeological site, the Giza Plateau, holds some major monuments of Egyptian history, is home to the Great Sphinx. Once thriving with the Nile that flowed right into the Giza Plateau, the pyramids of Giza were built overlooking the ancient Egyptian capital city of Memphis, across the river from modern day Cairo.
The Giza Plateau is home to Egyptian monuments such as the tomb of Pharaoh Djet of the First Dynasty, as well as that of Pharaoh Ninetjer of the Second Dynasty. The Great Pyramid of Giza at one time was advocated as the location for the Prime Meridian, a reference point used for determining a base longitude. Giza experiences a hot desert climate like arid climate, its climate is similar to Cairo, owing to its proximity. Wind storms can be frequent across Egypt in spring, bringing Saharan dust into the city during the months of March and April. High temperatures in winter range from 16 to 20 °C, while nighttime lows drop to below 7 °C. In summer, the highs are 40 °C, the lows can drop to about 20 °C. Rain is infrequent in Giza. Up to August 2013, the highest recorded temperature was 46 °C on 13 June 1965, while the lowest recorded temperature was 2 °C on 8 January 1966. Dokki District: 93,660 93,025 Agouza District: 174,460 162,851 Giza District: 180,568 246,325, Kism Al Jizah 238,567 248,897 Bulaq ad Dakrur: 453,884 564,791 Imbabah: 287,357 389,049, Kism Imbabah 523,265 597,160 Haram District: 200,076 295,704 Omrania Monib Kafr TuhurmusThe centre of the city is Giza Square.
Faisal districtNIle islands: Qorsaya Island Dahab Island The area in what is now Giza served as the necropolis of several pharaohs who ruled ancient Egypt, during the 2nd millennium BC. Three of these tombs, in the form of giant pyramids, are; as ancient Egypt passed under several conquests under the Persians, Greeks and Byzantines, so did the area in what is now Giza. A Byzantine village named Phylake or Terso was located south of Giza and should not be confused with it. Egyptians called the area Tipersis. Eutychius gives a legend about city's name and its foundation by Artaxerxes Ochus, while Abu Salih says it was found by a Persian king Hūš at the same time as Qasr ash-Sham; as Muslims of the fledgling Islamic caliphate went on with their conquest of Egypt from the Byzantine Empire beginning in 639 AD, three years after their victory at the battle of Yarmouk in 636 AD, they conquered all of the land by the time they have captured the city of Alexandria in 641 AD. A year in 642 AD, they founded the city of Giza.
Its name, al-Jizzah in Arabic, means "the valley" or "the plateau", pertaining to the area's topography. Giza has seen many changes over time. Changes in infrastructure during the different occupations of Egypt by various rulers, including the British in the 18th and early 20th century, focused on the construction of roads and buildings in the area. Giza is a thriving centre of Egyptian culture and is quite populated, with many facilities and bu
The Southern Professional Floodlit Cup was an association football competition played in the late 1950s, which involved clubs from London, South East England and a small number of teams from the Midlands. The competition started in the 1955–56 season with ten clubs competing and in its final season, 1959–60, the number of entrants had increased to 18; the inaugural competition was won by West Ham United with the other winners being Luton Town, Portsmouth and Coventry City. In 1960, the competition gave way to the Football League Cup, open to clubs throughout the Football League; the competition operated on a straight knockout basis with all ties being decided over single matches, with replays if necessary. The final was played on the home ground of one of the competitors. From 1955–56 to 1958–59, there were four rounds including the final with an extra round in 1959–60 to accommodate the additional entrants. Ten clubs competed:Aldershot, Crystal Palace, Orient, Queens Park Rangers, Watford, West Ham United Thirteen clubs competed:Aldershot, Brentford, Charlton Athletic, Crystal Palace, Luton Town, Orient, Queens Park Rangers, Watford, West Ham United Sixteen clubs competed:Aldershot, Brentford, Charlton Athletic, Crystal Palace, Luton Town, Orient, Queens Park Rangers, Southampton, West Ham United Sixteen clubs competed:Aldershot, Brentford, Charlton Athletic, Coventry City, Crystal Palace, Luton Town, Orient, Queens Park Rangers, Southampton, West Ham United Eighteen clubs competed:Aldershot, Brentford, Charlton Athletic, Coventry City, Crystal Palace, Leicester City, Luton Town, Orient, Queens Park Rangers, Southampton, Southend United, West Ham United
The Jim Ford Challenge Cup was a National Hunt Listed chase in England. It was run at Wincanton over a distance of 3 miles and 1½ furlongs, it was scheduled to take place each year in February, on the same card as the Kingwell Hurdle; the race was last run in 2008 having been turned into a handicap in 2006. During the eighties and early nineties the race featured contests between David Elsworth's locally trained horses attempting to preserve local honour in the face of invasion by the big battalions from Lambourn and Yorkshire; the race was named in honour of Jim Ford, a local trainer who won the 1955 Cheltenham Gold Cup with Gay Donald. Racing Post 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1997, 1998 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008