Gladys May Aylward was a British-born evangelical Christian missionary to China, whose story was told in the book The Small Woman, by Alan Burgess, published in 1957, made into the film The Inn of the Sixth Happiness, starring Ingrid Bergman, in 1958. The film was produced by Twentieth Century Fox, filmed in North Wales and England. Aylward was born in one of three children to Thomas John Aylward and Rosina Florence. From her early teens, Gladys worked as a domestic worker. Following a calling to go overseas as a Christian missionary, she was accepted by the China Inland Mission to study a preliminary three-month course for aspiring missionaries. Due to her lack of progress in learning the Chinese language she was not offered further training. On 15 October 1932, having worked for Sir Francis Younghusband, Aylward spent her life savings on a train passage to Yangcheng, Shanxi Province, China; the perilous trip took her across Siberia with the Trans-Siberian Railway. She was detained by the Russians, but managed to evade them with local help and a lift from a Japanese ship.
She took another ship to China. On her arrival in China Yangcheng, Aylward worked with an older missionary, Jeannie Lawson, to found The Inn of the Eight Happinesses, the name based on the eight virtues: Love, Gentleness, Loyalty, Truth and Devotion. There and Mrs. Lawson not only provided hospitality for travellers, but would share stories about Jesus, in hopes of spreading nascent Christianity. For a time she served as an assistant to the Government of the Republic of China as a "foot inspector" by touring the countryside to enforce the new law against footbinding young Chinese girls, she met with much success in a field that had produced much resistance, including sometimes violence against the inspectors. Aylward became a national of the Republic of China in 1936 and was a revered figure among the people, taking in orphans and adopting several herself, intervening in a volatile prison riot and advocating prison reform, risking her life many times to help those in need. In 1938, the region was invaded by Japanese forces and Aylward led more than 100 orphans to safety over the mountains, despite being wounded caring for them.
She did not return to Britain until 1949, at which point her life in China was thought to be in great danger from the Communists - the army was seeking out missionaries. Settling in Basingstoke, she gave many lectures on her work. After her mother died, Aylward sought a return to China. After rejection by the Communist government and a stay in British administered Hong Kong, she settled in Taiwan in 1958. There, she founded the Gladys Aylward Orphanage, where she worked until her death in 1970. A film based on her life, The Inn of the Sixth Happiness, was released in 1958, it drew by Alan Burgess. Although she found herself a figure of international interest due to the popularity of the film, television and media interviews, Aylward was mortified by her depiction in the film and the liberties it took; the tall, Swedish actress Ingrid Bergman “Helen Lazell” was inconsistent with Aylward's small stature, dark hair and North London accent. The struggles of Aylward and her family to effect her initial trip to China were disregarded in favour of a movie plot device of an employer "condescending to write to'his old friend' Jeannie Lawson."
Aylward's dangerous, complicated travels across Russia and Japan were reduced to, "a few rude soldiers", after which, "Hollywood's train delivered her neatly to Tientsin." Many characters and place names were changed when these names had significant meaning, such as those of her adopted children and the name of the inn, named instead for the Chinese belief in the number 8 as being auspicious. For example, in real life she was given the Chinese name 艾偉德, however in the film she was given the name 真愛 Jen-Ai. Colonel Linnan was portrayed as half-European, a change which she found insulting to his real Chinese lineage, she felt her reputation was damaged by the Hollywood-embellished love scenes in the film. Not only had she never kissed a man, but the film's ending portrayed her character leaving the orphans to re-join the colonel elsewhere though in reality she did not retire from working with orphans until she was 60 years old. Aylward died on 3 January 1970, just short of her 68th birthday, is buried in a small cemetery on the campus of Christ's College in Guandu, New Taipei, Taiwan.
She was known to the Chinese as 艾偉德. A London secondary school known as "Weir Hall and Huxley", was renamed the Gladys Aylward School shortly after her death. There is a blue commemorative plaque on the house where Gladys lived near the school in Cheddington Road, London N18. Numerous books, short stories and films have been developed about the life and work of Gladys Aylward. Hero Tales by Dave & Neta Jackson These Are My People by Mildred T. Howard The Archive of Gladys Aylward is held at the School of Oriental and African Studies, London. Http://www.soas.ac.uk/library/archives/ The Inn of the Sixth Happiness – feature film Gladys Aylward, the Small Woman with a Great God – documentary Torchlighters: The Gladys Aylward Story – animated DVD for children ages 8–12 Biography of Gladys Aylward An anecdote on how the book came to be written Photos of the
Tangbe is a small village in the village development committee of Chhusang in the Mustang District of Nepal. It is located on a promontory with a good view over the Kali Gandaki Gorge on the Upper Mustang trekking route, between Kagbeni and Chhusang; the people of Tangbe village call themselves "Tangbetani". Most Tangbetanis are using the surname "Gurung", a well known surname in Nepal. Whereas some of the Tangbetanis use the surname "Tangbetani" or "Tangbe". Tangbetanis come from the village of Tangbe, a part of the Bahra Gaunle confederation in Mustang district. According to oral history, they have come to Tangbe from Bhurcho of Manang District. Most of the Tangbetanis have migrated from Tangbe. A majority of the Tangbrtanis are living in Pokhara, some are living in Kathmandu and some of the Tangbetanis are living in the United States as well as in Australia. There are only 32 households in the Tangbe village; some 85 families are found in Pokhara, around 25 families in Jomsom, around 20 families in Kathmandu and around 50 individuals in the United States and Australia.
They were traditionally salt traders. The ruins of an ancient fortress have become a silent witness of history, when Tangbe was on a major salt trade route between Tibet and India. After the decline in this trade many years ago, most Tangbetanis stated to be engaged in farming and other vocations. Nowadays a majority of Tangbetanis are owners of Fashion Wear Shops at Pokhara; the Tangbetanis have been described as an indigenous people of Nepal, residing in the Barha gaun area of Mustang. They are influenced by Tibetan Culture, they have their own unique language called the "Serke". They have ornaments, they have their own traditional cultural songs, which are sung during the festivals. They dance along with the melody of the songs they sing. All the Tangbetanis are Buddhist, they celebrate several festivals such as Chhau/ Losar and Dhachyang. According to their tradition, second son should become second daughter a Jhuma, their marriage system is polyandrous by tradition. A social association of Tangbetanis have been established in Pokhara.
This association is called "Tangbe Samaj Sewa Sanjh". The office and conference hall of this association is located at Pokhara; the President. Gandaki River Jomsom Airport Kali Gandaki Gorge Kali Gandaki River Mustang District Upper Mustang
Bond No. 9 is an American, New York-based perfume house launched in 2003 by Laurice Rahmé, as the first and only niche New York fragrance company. The products are for women. Bond No. 9 has 5 eponymous boutiques in New York, is sold at Saks Fifth Avenue, Hudson's Bay, Sephora, De Bijenkorf. The company’s main shop is located at 9 Bond Street in the NoHo district of Manhattan; as part of the brand’s street marketing and branding, they chauffeur customers and media editors in an English taxi decorated like their bottles, referred to as “The Bond Mobile”. Bond No. 9 opened at 9 Bond Street in 2003, with 16 "neighborhood fragrances". As of 2013, Bond No. 9 has produced over 60 fragrances that encompass many New York neighborhoods and places, as well as exclusive co-branded fragrance productions for Saks Fifth Avenue and Harrods. Most of the fragrances are promoted as New York neighborhood centric, including Central Park South, Madison Square Park and many others; the company sells candles, pocket sprays, body creams, limited edition bottles covered in Swarovski crystals.
In 2013, Bond No. 9 launched what it called the first digital scent called http://BONDNO9. COM, with a scan-able QR code on the bottle. In September 2013, in celebration of their 10-year anniversary, the company launched a new product marketed as their first fantasy neighborhood, Perfumista Avenue. Most of the fragrances produced by Bond No. 9 have 18-22% concentration of pure perfume oils, making Bond scents some of the strongest perfumes on the market. Some of their “pure perfume” scents have 30% perfume oil concentration, including Bond No. 9 Signature. The company offers custom blending to customers, mixed by blenders who are referred to as Bond Perfumistas; this offering is a customized consultation that allows customers to blend and bottle their own customized metro-fragrance. Beginning in 2007, Bond No. 9 began a licensing partnership with the Andy Warhol Foundation for Visual Arts, allowing for the creation of fragrances bearing the Warhol name, with bottle designs inspired by his works of art.
The fragrances included: Andy Warhol Silver Factory, Andy Warhol Union Square, Andy Warhol Lexington Avenue, Andy Warhol Success is a Job in New York, Andy Warhol Montauk, Andy Warhol by Bond No. 9. When the licensing agreement came to a close in 2013, Bond No. 9 kept the scents, but renamed and repackaged them. In 2011, Bond No. 9 launched a smaller capsule collection celebrating the entire State of New York, called the I LOVE NY by Bond No. 9 collection. The perfume bottles bear the "I Love NY" logo designed by Milton Glaser; as of December 2013, the line consists of 8 fragrances: I LOVE NY for Him, All, Earth Day, Marriage Equality and Holidays. A percentage of sales from this collection, is given back to the State of New York for funding of statewide programs, including recycling and park restoration. Bond No. 9 run an ongoing recycling program encouraging customers to bring empty bottles of any brand to their counter for refurbishing or recycling offering a gift in return.2012 saw the launch of I LOVE NY for Earth Day as a celebration of the environmental movement and New York’s dedication to it.
The fragrance is part of the collaboration with the State of New York, a percentage of proceeds give directly back to the New York State Office of Parks and Historic Preservation. In 2011, the company created an exclusive signature scent for Saks Fifth Avenue in New Orleans named Saks NOLA; as New Orleans was rebuilding post Hurricane Katrina. Creating a unique scent for NOLA was a response to a personal request from Carolyn Elder of Saks Fifth Avenue. All Bond No. 9 products are locally produced in the New York metro area. In 2009, the fragrances Astor Place and Brooklyn won the FiFi Award for “Fragrance of the Year” in the Women’s and Men’s categories. In 2012, New York Oud won the FiFi Award for Perfume Extraordinaire. In January 2006, company founder Laurice Rahmé won the "Beauty / Fragrance Entrepreneur Rising Star Award" at the 9th annual Rising Star Awards, sponsored by Fashion Group International. In November 2012, Ms. Rahmé received the Cosmetic Executive Women "Innovator of the Year" award.
Official website Bond No 9 on Perfumes.com
Elgabry Ricardo Rangel Especiano is a former Mexican footballer who last played as a midfielder for Coras de Tepic in the Ascenso MX. Rangel began his career with Santos Laguna, made his debut for them on 25 August 2002 in the Primera División de México Apertura 2002 tournament. In total he made 130 appearances in the Primera Division with Santos, before moving to Estudiantes Tecos for the Primera División de México Apertura 2007 tournament; as of the end of the 2009–10 Primera División de México season Rangel had made 80 Primera appearances for Tecos, scoring on 3 occasions. Rangel scored his first goal for Tecos against Necaxa in the 63rd minute of their match on 14 February 2009
POLDER is a passive optical imaging radiometer and polarimeter instrument developed by the French space agency CNES. The device was designed to observe solar radiation reflected by Earth's atmosphere, including studies of tropospheric aerosols, sea surface reflectance, bidirectional reflectance distribution function of land surfaces, the Earth Radiation Budget. POLDER has a mass of 30 kilograms, has a power consumption of 77 W in imaging mode. POLDER utilizes a push broom scanner; the device's optical system uses a telecentric lens and a charged coupled device matrix with a resolution of 242x548 pixels. The focal length is 3.57 millimetres with a focal ratio of 4.6. The field of view ranges from ±43° to ±57°, depending on the tracking method; the device scans between 910 nm FWHM, depending on the objective of the measurement. The shorter wavelengths measure ocean color, whereas the longer wavelengths are used to study vegetation and water vapor content, it transmits data on 465.9875 MHz at bit rate of 200 bit/s, receives on 401.65 MHz at 400 bit/s.
The data rate is 880 kbit/s at a quantization level of 12 bits. POLDER was first launched as a passenger instrument aboard ADEOS I on 17 August 1996; the mission ended on 30 June 1997. POLDER 2 was launched in December 2002 aboard ADEOS II; the second mission ended prematurely after 10 months. A third generation instrument was launched on board the French PARASOL microsatellite; the satellite was maneuvered out of the A-train on 2 December 2009 and permanently shut down on 18 December 2013. POLDER website
MyTravel Airways Limited was a British scheduled and charter airline with headquarters in Manchester, England. It operated worldwide holiday charter services for its parent company, the MyTravel Group; the airline merged with Thomas Cook Airlines UK Limited in 2008 and was renamed Thomas Cook Airlines Limited. The airline was founded in 1990 as Airtours International Airways and was to be the in-house airline for Airtours Holidays. In 1993 they purchased the fleet was merged together. In 2002 Airtours changed their brand name to MyTravel and therefore Airtours International Airways became MyTravel Airways. During 2007 the MyTravel Group agreed to merge with Thomas Cook AG, on 30 March 2008, MyTravel Airways was integrated into Thomas Cook Airlines. MyTravel Airways A/S was the Danish sister airline of MyTravel Airways, re-branded Thomas Cook Airlines Scandinavia on 8 May 2008; the Airtours tour operating company was founded by David Crossland and established its own in-house airline, Airtours International Airways, on 1 October 1990.
It started operations on 11 March 1991 flying McDonnell Douglas MD-80 aircraft to destinations throughout Europe. Cardiff-based Aspro Holidays and their inhouse airline, Inter European Airways were acquired and integrated in November 1993 adding new aircraft types such as the Boeing 757 and Airbus A320 to the fleet; the MD83's were replaced in 1995-1996 with more Airbus A320s. In 1996 the parent company acquired Danish charter airline Premiair. Airtours had operations in Germany with airline FlyFTi, operating Airbus A320s until this was merged back into the UK fleet during 2003. In the 1990s Airtours added long haul capabilities, with the addition of the Boeing 767 and McDonnell Douglas DC-10, flying holiday makers to destinations including the Caribbean and the USA. More Airbus aircraft joined the fleet during the 1990s with Airbus A320s, Airbus A321s and Airbus A330s accompanying the fleet of Boeing 757s, Boeing 767s and DC-10s. In 1995, the airline began offering pre-bookable seats, meal choices and duty-free on its flights - a practice, subsequently adopted by many other UK charter airlines.
The Airbus A330-200 aircraft delivered to Airtours in 1999 featured improved passenger amenities over older long haul aircraft and offered Premium Economy cabins in the form of Premiair Gold, something the Boeing 767 and DC-10 did not offer at the time. The Airbus A330-200's, operated by Thomas Cook for their long haul flights, were known for their unique cabin design; the special design forfeited several rows of seats in the middle of the plane for a steep staircase down to a lower partial deck, which incorporated a galley, three jumps seats, 4 toilets. On 27 January 2002, Airtours International became the first airline to use the new Swanwick Air Traffic Centre, as flight AIH550 from Las Palmas to Birmingham was handed over to the new facility. Following the renaming of the Airtours Group to the MyTravel Group in February 2002, the Airtours International and Premiair operations were rebranded as MyTravel Airways with effect from 1 May 2002. In October 2002 MyTravel Airways launched its scheduled low-fare airline, MyTravelLite, but this was reintegrated in 2003.
In common with airlines worldwide, MyTravel Airways saw a reduction in customers due to the effects of the September 11, 2001 attacks. Official statistics from the United Kingdom Civil Aviation Authority indicated that the number of passengers carried by MyTravel Airways UK increased from 7.21 million in 2001 to 7.52 million in 2002. However, the figure dropped to 4.38 million in 2005, due to the number of aircraft being reduced from 45 in early 2001 to 29 in 2005, as part of the restructuring of the wider MyTravel Group. In late 2004 the last of the McDonnell Douglas DC-10s and the last Boeing 757 were withdrawn from the fleet. MyTravel Airways was the last British airline to operate DC-10s. In December 2005, MyTravel Aircraft Engineering became a wholly owned subsidiary of the MyTravel Group, based at Manchester Airport; the facility performed all light maintenance checks for MyTravel Airways and MyTravel Airways A/S, as well as work for third party airlines such as Skyservice, has now been re-branded Thomas Cook Airlines Engineering following the merger.
MyTravel Aircraft Engineering Caribbean, part of MTAE had bases throughout the Caribbean in Cancún, Montego Bay, New Jersey and Sanford, Florida, as well as seasonal bases at various Spanish and Turkish airports as well as Jeddah for the Hajj operation. It handled more than 3500 aircraft for over 40 airlines a year. Due to necessary consolidation within the UK IT market, MyTravel Group PLC and Thomas Cook AG agreed to merge in March 2007 to form Thomas Cook Group PLC. Under the merger, MyTravel Airways and Thomas Cook Airlines fleets became one and the airlines became Thomas Cook Airlines, operating under MyTravel's AOC. Thomas Cook Airlines subsequently changed their callsign from'Topjet' to MyTravel's callsign'Kestrel'. MyTravel's last flight operated on 30 March 2008. Most flights were operated for MyTravel Group Tour Operators as MyTravel Airways was their in-house airline. Many routes to Canada were operated by MyTravel Airways on behalf of specialist Canadian Affair, it was the only British airline to fly to Djerba from Manchester Airport and Gatwick Airport: On 5 July 2007, a First Officer, not an employee but was paying MyTravel to gain flight experience on their aircraft, landed an Airbus A320 at Kos airport in Greece causing substantial damage to the main landing gear.
The report was critical of both the pilots training record and non-employees paying airlines to gain experience. Since the formation of the airline as Airtours International Air