Glasnevin Cemetery is a large cemetery in Glasnevin, Ireland which opened in 1832. It holds the graves and memorials of several notable figures, has a museum. Prior to the establishment of Glasnevin Cemetery, Irish Catholics had no cemeteries of their own in which to bury their dead and, as the repressive Penal Laws of the eighteenth century placed heavy restrictions on the public performance of Catholic services, it had become normal practice for Catholics to conduct a limited version of their own funeral services in Protestant churchyards or graveyards; this situation continued until an incident at a funeral held at St. Kevin's Churchyard in 1823 provoked public outcry when a Protestant sexton reprimanded a Catholic priest for proceeding to perform a limited version of a funeral mass; the outcry prompted Daniel O'Connell, champion of Catholic rights, to launch a campaign and prepare a legal opinion proving that there was no law passed forbidding praying for a dead Catholic in a graveyard.
O'Connell pushed for the opening of a burial ground in which both Irish Catholics and Protestants could give their dead dignified burial. Glasnevin Cemetery was consecrated and opened to the public for the first time on 21 February 1832; the first burial, that of eleven-year-old Michael Carey from Francis Street in Dublin, took place on the following day in a section of the cemetery known as Curran's Square. The cemetery was known as Prospect Cemetery, a name chosen from the townland of Prospect, which surrounded the cemetery lands. Besides the famous interred at Glasnevin, nearly 800,000 people have been buried in Glasnevin in unmarked mass graves due to the death toll from the Great Famine of the 1840s and a cholera epidemic. Covering nine acres of ground, the area of the cemetery has now grown to 124 acres; this includes its expansion on the southern side of the Finglas Road with the section called St. Paul's; the option of cremation has been provided since March 1982. Glasnevin Cemetery remains under the care of the Dublin Cemeteries Committee.
The development of the cemetery is an ongoing task with major expansion and refurbishment work being carried out at the present time. The Catholic Mass is celebrated by members of the parish clergy every Sunday at 9.45 am. The annual blessing of the graves takes place each summer as it has done since the foundation of the cemetery in 1832; the cemetery is located in Dublin, in two parts. The main part, with its trademark high walls and watchtowers, is located on one side of the road from Finglas to the city centre, while the other part, "St. Paul's," is located across the road and beyond a green space, between two railway lines. A gateway into the National Botanic Gardens adjacent to the cemetery was reopened in recent years; the cemetery contains notable monuments and the graves of many of Ireland's most prominent national figures. These include the graves of Daniel O'Connell, Charles Stewart Parnell, Michael Collins, Éamon de Valera, Arthur Griffith, Maude Gonne, Kevin Barry, Roger Casement, Constance Markievicz, Pádraig Ó Domhnaill, Seán MacBride, Jeremiah O'Donovan Rossa, James Larkin, Brendan Behan, Christy Brown and Luke Kelly of the Dubliners.
The grave of Michael Collins, the nationalist leader, killed in the Irish Civil War in 1922, is among the most visited sites in Glasnevin. Around him were buried at least 183 soldiers of the Irish Free State. In 1967 their names were recorded on memorial around Collin's grave. In 1993 a mass grave at the site of a Magdalene laundry, institutions used to house "fallen women", was discovered after the convent which ran the laundry sold the land to a property developer; the Sisters from the Convent arranged to have the remains cremated and reburied in a mass grave at Glasnevin Cemetery, splitting the cost of the reburial with the developer who had bought the land. The cemetery offers a view of the changing style of death monuments in Ireland over the last 200 years: from the austere, high stone erections of the period up until the 1860s, to the elaborate Celtic crosses of the nationalistic revival from the 1860s to the 1960s, to the plain Italian marble of the late 20th century; the high wall with watch-towers surrounding the main part of the cemetery was built to deter bodysnatchers, who were active in Dublin in the 18th and early 19th centuries.
The watchmen had a pack of blood-hounds who roamed the cemetery at night. In 2009, Glasnevin Trust in co-operation with the Commonwealth War Graves Commission began identifying the graves of Irish service personnel who died while serving in the Commonwealth forces during the two world wars; these names are inscribed on two memorials and relocated in 2011 to near the main entrance. A Cross of Sacrifice was erected in the cemetery, in a joint Irish-British commemoration ceremony, to mark the First World War centenary; as of July 2019, there are 215 service personnel of the Commonwealth of both wars identified as buried here. Glasnevin is one of the few cemeteries that allowed stillborn babies to be buried in consecrated ground and contains an area called the Angels Plot. In 1982, a crematorium was constructed within the cemetery grounds by Glasnevin Trust. Since the service has been used for people of various religious denominations who wished to be cremated. Boyzone singer Stephen Gately was cremated at Glasnevin Crematorium in October 2009.
An unusual feature of the cemetery is the Glasnevin Trust Museum, designed by A&D Wejchert & Partners Architects and opened in 2010. It includes a café; the cemetery runs tours, hosts educational groups and has support for genealogists and those studying family history. Glasnevin Cemetery is the setting for the "Hades" episode in James Joyce's Ulysses, is mention
Carpark Records is an American independent record label based out of Washington, D. C. Carpark Records was established by Todd Hyman in 1999 in New York City. In 2005, the label relocated to Washington, D. C.. Carpark has subsidiary labels. Acute Records, established in 2002, reissues obscure post-punk records under the guidance of Dan Selzer. Paw Tracks, established in 2003, releases music by Animal Collective and associated solo acts Avey Tare and Panda Bear Wax Nine is another partner label. Company Records, an imprint of Carpark, was established in partnership with Chaz Bear from Toro Y Moi. In 2015, Carpark held a 16-year anniversary celebration accompanied by a basketball-themed picture disc compilation. Carpark Records artists Carpark Records albums List of record labels Official website
Enriqueta Martí i Ripollés was a Spanish child serial killer, kidnapper and procuress of children. She was called The Vampire of carrer Ponent, The Vampire of Barcelona and The Vampire of the Raval in the press; some researchers have, asserted that she was not a killer of children, but rather a person with mental disorders who can only be proven reliably to have abducted a young girl, Teresita Guitart. They contend that the black legend, attributed to her could not be demonstrated. Enriqueta Martí was born in Sant Feliu de Llobregat in 1868; as a young woman, Enriqueta Martí moved from her hometown to Barcelona where she worked as a maidservant and nanny. In 1895 she married a painter named Juan Pujaló. According to Pujaló, Martí's affairs with other men, her unpredictable character, her continuous visits to houses of ill repute caused the separation; the pair reconciled and separated six times. At the time of Martí's detention in 1912, the couple had been separated for five years, had no children.
In 1909 Martí opened her own brothel, which attracted some of the more affluent in Barcelona. Some of them had unusual desires; some expressed a desire for children. To accommodate them, she dressed as a pauper during the day and frequented the poorer parts of the city; when she came across unaccompanied children she abducted them to prostitute them in her brothel. She joined bread queues at the monasteries to find the most abandoned looking children. By night she attended the El Liceu, the Casino de la Arrabassada, other places where the wealthy of Barcelona gathered offering her services as a procurer of children. At the same time as she was prostituting children, she was practicing as a witch-doctor, she claimed drinking the blood of children could cure tuberculosis, offered creams and elixirs that could stop ageing and prolong life. The ingredients she used to make her remedies came from the remains of the children that she was killing, who ranged from 5 up to 15 years of age, she used the fat, blood and bones.
For this reason, she did not have problems disposing of her victims. Martí offered salves, filters and potions to treat tuberculosis, feared at the time, various other incurable diseases; the wealthy paid large sums of money for these remedies. During the Tragic Week of 1909, she was arrested at her flat on Barcelona's carrer Minerva, along with a young man from a wealthy family, accused of running a brothel that offered sexual services from children. Thanks to her contacts with Barcelona's high society using her services, she was never tried. Over the next three years many more children disappeared, but as they were from poor families police investigations into their disappearance were minimal, it is suspected. She was arrested in a flat in El Raval. Forensic experts managed to differentiate a total of twelve children with what little evidence they were able to recover. In spite of suspicions, because Martí did not tally her activities, experts are unsure if she was Spain's deadliest killer, it is clear.
The public suspected that someone was kidnapping babies, many children disappeared without a trace causing dread among the population. On February 10, 1912, she kidnapped her last victim: Teresita Guitart Congost. For two weeks the city looked for her and there was great public indignation since the authorities had been passive regarding the missing children. A suspicious neighbor, Claudia Elías, found Congost's trail. On February 17, Elías saw a girl with cropped hair looking from a casement window of a first floor flat at number 29 carrer Ponent. Elías had never seen the girl, she asked her neighbor if the girl was hers but the neighbor, Martí, closed the window without saying a word. Elías shared this, as well as her suspicions that the little girl was Congost, with a mattress-maker down the street, she told him of the strange life that her neighbor was leading. The mattress-maker informed a municipal agent, Jose Asens of Elías' suspicions and he, in turn, communicated this to the chief of the Ribot brigade.
On February 27, saying there had been a complaint about chickens in the flat, two Ribot agents went to look for Martí. They found her in the court of calle de Ferlandina, informed her of the accusation escorted her to her flat, she did not object. When the policemen entered, two girls were found in the flat. One of them was the other a girl called Angelita. After making a statement, Congost was returned to her parents, she explained how Martí took her by the hand promising her candies, covered her with a black rag, forced her to the flat. Martí cut Congost's hair and changed her name to Felicidad, telling the child she no longer had parents and was to call her "mama" from on. Martí preferred to pinch rather than beat the child, she was prohibited from going to the balconies as well as several rooms in the flat. Congost told authorities that Martí was in the habit of leaving them alone and that one day they risked exploring the rooms that Martí forbade them from entering, they found a sack with girl’s clothes covered in blood and a boning knife covered with blood.
Congost never left the flat during her captivity. Angelita's declaration was more frightening. Before Congost arrived at the flat, there