click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Glass Hammer

Glass Hammer is an American progressive rock band from Chattanooga, Tennessee and led by Steve Babb and Fred Schendel. Babb and Schendel, who founded the band in 1992, are the only constant members in the lineup, having surrounded themselves by various guest performers; the different lineups included several lead vocalists, including Jon Davison. A studio project only, the band performs live since the early 2010s, but never does large-scale tours. Schendel and Babb first met in 1986, formed Glass Hammer in 1992 when they began to write and record Journey of the Dunadan, a concept album based on the story of Aragorn from J. R. R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings on which they performed instruments. To their surprise, the album, released the following year, sold several thousand units via the Internet, TV home shopping, phone orders, convincing them that Glass Hammer was a project worth continuing. Embarking on a small tour in the south-east of the US, the band was joined by singer Michelle Young, drummer Walter Moore.

With this line-up, they released their second album Perelandra in 1995, with Moore performing guitars instead of drums, all four members performing lead vocals. It is another concept album, this time inspired by C. S. Lewis' The Chronicles of Narnia and Space Trilogy book series. After a small tour to support the album, Young left the band in 1997 to pursue a solo career; the same year, the band released Live and Revived, a live/compilation album consisting of recorded live rehearsals from the previous tour and unreleased material written shortly after the release of Journey of the Dunadan. The album was limited to 1000 copies, but was re-released. In parallel to Glass Hammer and Schendel created a techno/dance project, titled TMA-2, releasing two unsuccessful albums, Artifact One and Tick Tock Lilies, before dropping the project. In 1998, Glass Hammer released their third studio album, On to Evermore, which saw Moore acting as main lead vocalist, it was followed two years by Chronometree, another concept album following a young man who becomes convinced that aliens are trying to communicate with him through his albums.

Guest Brad Marler provided lead vocals for the album. Susie Bogdanowicz, who had provided backing vocals on Chronometree, joined the band as a full-time member, while Moore stopped acting as drummer, acting as singer on studio works, as guitarist in concerts. Jokingly marketed as a live album recorded during a performance at The Prancing Pony, an inn in Lord of the Rings, the album's first half emulated the sound of a band performing at the inn, while the second half was recorded like a traditional studio album; the Middle-Earth Album was followed by Lex Rex the following year. The band's seventh studio album Shadowlands was released in 2004; the following year, The Inconsolable Secret would mark the last album with the line-up effective since The Middle-Earth Album, as Moore would leave his role as full-time member following the release of the album. In parallel to these studio albums, this line-up had recorded and released the live album Live at Nearfest and the live DVD Lex Live, both recorded in 2003 and released in 2004.

After the departure of Moore, Glass Hammer recruited Carl Groves as their new male lead vocalists and releasing the live DVD Live at Belmont in 2006. After a compilation album of rare/previously unreleased tracks titled The Compilations, the band released their first studio album with Groves, Culture of Ascent, in 2007. In 2009, the band took a different musical direction for their tenth studio album, Three Cheers for the Broken-Hearted, a pop rock album without Groves with focus on Bogdanowicz's vocals; the album was received negatively by fans due to departing from the band's usual progressive sound. In 2009, both Bogdanowicz and Groves left Glass Hammer, Schendel and Babb recruited new singer Jon Davison and new guitarist Kamran Alan Shikoh. Together, this new line-up released three studio albums: If in 2010, Cor Cordium in 2011, Perilous in 2012; the albums saw a return to progressive rock, with a shift towards a symphonic rock-oriented sound compared to previous albums. All three albums were positively received, resulted in a notable gain in popularity for the band.

In 2013, the band re-releasedThe Inconsolable Secret, with several tracks re-recorded with Davison and Shikoh and included in a third disc. Meanwhile, Davison was selected by Yes as their new lead singer, which resulted in him having a reduced role in Glass Hammer. In 2013, Bogdanowicz and Groves re-joined Glass Hammer, while Aaron Raulston joined as full-time drummer on January 17. With this seven-members line-up, the band released Ode to Echo in 2014, featuring all current and former full-time lead vocalists in the band's history, with current members Babb, Bogdanowicz and Davison, contributions by former vocalists Walter Moore and Michelle Young. After the release, Davison would quit working with the band due to his work with Yes, although he would only be removed from the line-up years later. With the line-up now consisting of Schendel, Bogdanowicz, Groves and Raulston, the band releas

Ingrid Chavez

Ingrid Julia Chavez is an American award-winning singer-songwriter, poet and visual artist. Chavez was raised in Marietta, Georgia, she is of Mexican-American descent. At the young age of seventeen, the ambitious and driven single mother decided to move to Minneapolis and pursue a career in music. After moving to Minneapolis, Minnesota, in 1986, she auditioned for a number of bands, made the rounds of the Minneapolis music scene, paid her bills working in a coffee shop, she met Prince in a pub in late 1987. Impressed by Chavez's voice and poetry, Prince took Chavez under his wing, she was known as The Spirit Child on his 1988 Lovesexy album. Prince encouraged Chavez to write 21 poems with the promise that they would make a poetry album together. In January 1988, Ingrid and Prince recorded The Poetry Session at Paisley Park Studios. Prince improvised on keyboards. Shortly after this session the project was put on hold. In 1989, Chavez formed, they created a six-song album released only on cassette. Chavez ran into Prince a year or so and handed him a copy of the Skyfish demo.

Shortly after the exchange, Prince contacted Chavez and wanted her to listen to a track that he had just finished with the poem "Heaven Must Be Near". Prince asked Chavez to finish the poetry album, it was at this time that Chavez was asked to play the part of Prince's romantic interest in his 1990 film Graffiti Bridge. During the filming Chavez went into the studio with Lenny Kravitz and Andre Betts and co-wrote and recorded what became Madonna's sultry 1990 hit "Justify My Love", she received a large out-of-court settlement for not being credited on the single's release. In 1992, not long after recording vocals with David Sylvian for the songs "Heartbeat --Returning to the Womb" and "Cloud #9" on Ryuichi Sakamoto's 1991 album Heartbeat, Chavez married Sylvian, over the years contributed her trademark breathy vocals to a number of her baritone-voiced husband's releases. During the mid-1990s, Chavez worked with Sylvian and Werbowenko on a second solo album titled Little Girls with 99 Lives. Chavez and Sylvian sent out demos to record labels and close friends, yet could not strike up interest in a deal.

The album would have included tracks entitled "Lighthouse", "Snowfall", "Whose Trip Is This?", "Starred and Dreaming", "Kall/Les Fleurs Du Mal", "Remembering Julia"—the latter four of which can be found as B-sides on the 2-CD UK single of David Sylvian's "I Surrender". Little Girl with 99 Lives Ep is scheduled for digital release in 2016 through Ingrid's Ten Windows records. In 1996, Tommy Roberts, a former Minneapolis recording engineer who recorded the Skyfish demo, contacted Chavez and asked her to be in a band with him, she joined the band, called Ova, recorded a four-song EP. Chavez decided to let go of the project and focus on her family. Chavez teamed up with Chicago native, Marc Valentin to form the duo Black Eskimo in 2011; the 12-song full-length Deep & Heady CD was released on November 2013 via Bandcamp. Their song "My Sky" won for Song of the Year at the 14th Annual Independent Music Awards. In celebration of this award the My Sky Poetry and Music Journal was released; this was the first album released in a physical format as a music journal.

Ingrid's third solo album was due to be released in late 2018. Memories of Flying features collaborations with Charles Webster, Mashti, Deep Dive Corp. Marco Valentin, David Hurn. Chavez has a son, born circa 1984, who lived in Atlanta, Georgia for a time, she had two daughters and Isobel, with English singer and musician David Sylvian, whom she married in 1992 and divorced twelve years later. Chavez lives in New Hampshire focusing on photography and new recording projects. May 19, 1992, is Chavez's debut solo album, released in 1991 on Paisley Park Records The title is the first anniversary of the date the cover art was photographed; the album was intended to set her spoken-word poetry to music supplied by Prince. It was recorded from late 1987 to mid-1991; when Warner Bros. pushed for the album to have sung vocals in place of the spoken word, Prince abandoned the project. Five of the album's tracks ended up as spoken word with atmospheric music by Prince under his Paisley Park alias, the remainder were poppy tracks with sung vocals, co-produced by Ingrid with Prince's studio hands Michael Koppelman and Levi Seacer Jr.

The album spawned three singles, "Elephant Box," "Hippy Blood," and "Heaven Must Be Near." Each were supported with remix packages that featured contributions by Eric Kupper, Junior Vasquez, Larry'Tee' Robinson. Release date: Label: Ten Windows Records Format: Compact Disc, Digital A Flutter and Some Words is Chavez's second album, released on January 25, 2010 on her own label, Ten Window Records, it consists of Chavez's poetry and lyrics set to the instrumentation of Lorenzo Scopelliti and Richard Werbowenko and recorded by Alessandro Mazzitelli. Release date: May 17, 2019 Ganga feat. Ingrid Chavez "Non Toxic" Ganga feat. Ingrid Chavez "Non Toxic Remixed EP" Vanessa Daou "Revolution" P. C. Muñoz "Disappear" Saffon Wood "Visit Dream" Mashti "Out of Love" "You Gave Me Wings" "Ride" "All The Love In The World" "Light Rays" Official website Biography Ingrid Ch

Fundamental Agreement Between the Holy See and the State of Israel

The Fundamental Agreement between the Holy See and the State of Israel or "Fundamental Agreement" is a treaty or concordat between the Holy See and the State of Israel, signed on 30 December 1993. The Agreement deals with the property rights and tax exemptions of the Roman Catholic Church within Israeli territory, it did not resolve all issues, the parties continue to meet in an attempt to resolve the issues outstanding. The Fundamental Agreement is supplemented by an Additional Protocol signed on the same date, that details provisions related to the establishment of normal diplomatic ties between the Holy See and Israel; the Agreement and its Additional Protocol were ratified by the State of Israel on 20 February 1994, on the same date the Holy See was notified of such ratification. The Holy See, for its part, ratified the Agreement and its Protocol on 7 March 1994, the State of Israel was notified of such ratification on 10 March 1994. On that date, upon the completion of the exchange of diplomatic notices regarding the ratification of the treaty, it entered into force in international law.

However, the Israeli Knesset has not passed legislation to ratify the treaty in Israel's domestic law. As a result of the Agreement, diplomatic relations between the Holy See and Israel were established in 1994, with the Vatican appointing an apostolic nuncio to Israel and Israel appointing an ambassador to the Vatican. Zion Evrony was the Israeli ambassador to the Vatican from 30 September 2012 to 2016, he was followed by Oren David. Diplomatic relations between the two states were established after the signing of the agreement. Before 1993 alleged property seizures in East Jerusalem after the Six-Day War was an issue for the Vatican; the declaration of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital was of concern to the Vatican, inconsistent with the Vatican's plan for Jerusalem to be an "international city" under the influence of the Roman Catholic Church. On 10 November 1997, the Vatican and Israel entered into a “Legal Personality Agreement” pursuant to Article 3 of the Fundamental Agreement which provides: Concerning Catholic legal personality at canon law the Holy See and the State of Israel will negotiate on giving it full effect in Israeli law, following a report from a joint subcommission of experts.

Under the provision, Israel agreed ”to assure full effect in Israeli law to the legal personality of the Catholic Church” and all Catholic institutions operating in Israel. The agreement recognises the corporate status in law, instead of the previous de facto status, on the Catholic entities formed under Catholic canon law, without having to incorporate under Israeli law; the entities covered by the Agreement are: Catholic Church itself. The Agreement has still not been ratified by the Knesset. Taxes by Israel on church properties and income in Israel remains an issue for the Vatican; the change in rules by Israel relating to the easy grant of visas to Church personnel is an issue for the Vatican. The status of church properties and communities under Israeli domestic law remains unresolved; when the region was part of the Ottoman Empire and under the British Mandatory Administration, church properties enjoyed a special legal and tax status. Their status became unclear with the creation of the state of Israel.

The church property remains an issue for the Vatican, as the Catholic Church has extensive property holdings in Israel. In a paper on the first five years of the accord, Rabbi David Rosen, director of the American Jewish Committee's Department for Interreligious Affairs, stated that normalizing the legal standing of church personnel and institutions is a complex matter. Rosen wrote: The Holy See would have liked to have been considered as an extra territorial entity, enjoying the same privileges granted to foreign delegations and their properties. There was no way that Israel was going to grant such status not for a community overwhelmingly made up of Israeli citizens. Moreover, aside from the principle, to have done so for the Catholic community without doing so for other Christian denominations would have posed substantial difficulties for Israel; the Israel-Vatican Working Commission was convened in Jerusalem on 30 April 2009 to try to resolve economic issues with the forthcoming visit of Benedict XVI to the Middle East in mind.

The Commission could not reach agreement and met again in the Vatican on 10 December 2009. A further meeting was held on 20 May 2010. After another meeting, held on 21 September 2010, more progress was reported; the next meeting took place on 6 December 2010, yet another on 14 June 2011. A further meeting was scheduled for 1 December 2011 but was convened, in Israel, only on 26 January 2012; some progress was reported at a meeting held on 12 June 2012. The Working Commission met on 29 January 2013. Another meeting was held on 5 June 2013. Another meeting was held on 11 February 2014 in Jerusalem, the next meeting was s

Shevket Turgut Pasha

Shevket Turgut Pasha was an Ottoman army general with the rank of mirliva, who held the governmental title of pasha. He went to the Prussian military school. During the Albanian revolt of 1910, the Ottoman government replaced Cavid Pasha and sent Turgut along with 16,000 infantry, some cavalry and artillery to put down the revolt by Albanian rebels. Throughout his military campaign in Kosovo, Turgut imposed upon the population severe measures to disarm and control them. On 10 April Albanian deputies in the Ottoman Parliament expressed their concerns calling Turgut's actions a "barbarous advance", while a report referring to events in Albania was given to the Grand Vizier by some of the Albanian elite in Istanbul. In parliament the Ottoman government declined to give answers and stated that there was no need to send an investigating commission to Albania; as such Turgut was applied the "law on the bands" in Albania. After the disarmament of Kosovo, Turgut continued toward Shkodër and during the journey he fought Catholic Albanian Malisors, in particular a battle against the forces of Mehmet Shpendi, the bajraktar of the Shala tribe.

On 26 July Turgut reached Shkodër, gave an order for the population to hand over weapons and called for a census to be conducted with military conscription of young males aged 18-26. Turgut's measures were disliked by local inhabitants and he remained in the town until 22 August. Apart from the north-western and northern mountains, Ottoman armies led by Turgut controlled northern Albania. On 22 August 1910, Turgut left Shkodër for Selanik after completing the military goals of the campaign that lasted five months. On his way traveling through Mirdita Turgut gave an order for his soldiers to take Dibre and disarm its inhabitants. Assisted through an imperial fetva, Turgut in central and southern Albania closed Albanian schools and Albanian language education underwent a setback; the Albanian revolt of 1911 developed in April and Turgut along with 8,000 soldiers came back to the region to deal with the situation. At Shkodër on 11 May 1911, Turgut made an official announcement and declared martial law with an offer of amnesty to rebels if they went back to their homes.

A pardon was not offered to Malisor chieftains and as leaders of the uprising they would need to stand trial through a court martial. From Podgorica the Albanian chieftains replied to Turgut on 18 May 1911. Signed by 60 chieftains the message said that in 1910 they disarmed due to Turgut's promises of constitutional rights and those commitments were not kept as the Ottoman government closed Albanian schools, raised taxes, imprisoned people and committed other heavy-handed measures; the chieftains accused the Ottoman government of provoking communal conflict between Muslim and Christian Albanians and stated that their return to as loyal subjects rested upon the constitution being upheld. Turgut announced an imperial decree that offered amnesty to inhabitants on 18 June 1911; the terms outlined that rebels come back within ten days to hand over their weapons and a personal gift of 10,000 liras would be granted by the sultan for compensation of damages. For destroyed or lost property of the Malisors the government would give restitution.

Malisor chieftains and their families had taken refuge in Montenegro to avoid Turgut and were visited by Ismail Qemali. At a gathering of the Malisors and Qemali they wrote the Greçë Memorandum calling for Albanian autonomy, ethno-linguistic rights and other measures. Signed by the Albanian delegates the memorandum referred to the destruction done by Turgut in northern Albania and the document was a reply to the general's amnesty decree. Sultan Mehmed V signed an amnesty decree on 3 July 1911 and the rebels refused to come back due to their dislike of Turgut; the rebels held Turgut responsible and not the Ottoman government for what occurred in Albania. The Ottoman government recalled Turgut to Istanbul. Albanians were pleased with Turgut's departure viewing it as a humiliation for the general, decorated for his military campaign against the Albanian rebellion by the sultan and foreign ambassadors. Turgut was replaced by Abdullah Pasha. Mahmud Shevket Pasha Fevzi Kurtoğlu. Turgut Paşa. Sebat Matbaası

Highway 60 (Israel–Palestine)

Highway 60 or is a south-north intercity road in Israel and the West Bank that stretches from Beersheba to Nazareth. The Highway is known as the "Way of the Patriarchs" since it follows the path of the ancient highway that runs along the length of the central watershed, which figures prominently in the travels of the Biblical patriarchs. From its junction with Highway 40 in Beersheba to the city's outskirts, Route 60 is a dual carriageway with at-grade intersections. While it continues on to serve as the main north-south artery between Israeli settlements and Palestinian communities such as the cities of Hebron and Bethlehem in the southern West Bank, it is a two-lane, shoulderless road until past Hebron at Gush Etzion Junction, where it regains its lane-separation until short of Bethlehem, that section having been widened. Upon entering Jerusalem, its lanes are again separated as it serves as a central artery in the city center. In the northern quarters it becomes a separate grade freeway with multiple interchanges, from where it continues through the central and northern West Bank as a two-lane road, not being divided again until the stretch between Afula and its terminus in downtown Nazareth.

At present, the highway is non-contiguous pending final status agreement between Israel and the Palestinians. The section through Jenin is closed to yellow license plates; the sections north and south of the West Bank and through Jerusalem are closed to green license plates. Due to it running through a rural setting, many of the junctions along its route feature hitchhiking posts called trempiadas. Within Jerusalem, Highway 60, known by the municipality as the Talpiot–Atarot Axis and referred to by its official Jerusalem Municipality designation, "Road 1", is the central north-south artery running through the city centre; the Jerusalem portion of the road begins at the Tunnels Road, passes the edges of Gilo and Beit Safafa, joins the "Hebron Road" from Bethlehem and continues northward through Talpiot. This section is divided with multiple lanes and has undergone recent construction to include dedicated bus lanes and infrastructure for its eventual conversion into a line of the Jerusalem Light Rail.

At its junction with David Remez Street, in the Abu Tor neighborhood, Route 60 narrows and descends into the Hinnom Valley, curving around Sultan's Pool directly under Mount Zion. It ascends as Hativat Yerushalayim Street to intersect with the Jaffa Gate entrance to the Old City of Jerusalem. From there it runs underneath the Jaffa Gate Square overlaps Jaffa Road and enters "HaTsanhanim Tunnel" passing underneath Jerusalem's New Gate, it emerges just west of the Damascus Gate intersecting with Street of the Prophets, again becoming a divided street. This section of the road includes. Called Heil HaHandassa Boulevard and Haim Bar-Lev Boulevard, it continues northward passing Meah Shearim, the American Colony, French Hill, until Meinertzhagen junction, where it becomes a separate grade freeway; as a freeway, it interchanges with Highway 1 at Sha'ar Mizrah. The freeway bypasses Shuafat with one of the longest and highest bridges in the country, feeding into Beit Hanina and Pisgat Ze'ev with two more interchanges.

It continues as an at-grade road intersecting with Neve Yaakov Blvd. and exits the city near Kalandia. Before the Oslo Accords, Palestinians lived under Israeli authority and could travel on the road. After the Palestinian Authority assumed control over various cities, Israel established checkpoints on areas of the route which entered Palestinian jurisdiction. New routes of highway were paved so that Israeli traffic could bypass the Palestinian towns in order to reduce friction; these so-called bypass roads, while a contentious issue in their own right due to the varying levels of limitation on Palestinian access served as an improvement to the road which allowed traffic to flow around, rather than through the heart of congested urban areas. One of the more sophisticated segments – built in lands east to the Green line set in 1967 – is the stretch known as the Tunnels Highway. Designed by a French firm, the route leads from southern Jerusalem to the Gush Etzion Settlements Block area, bypasses upper ground in Bethlehem but yet is built under lands confiscated from the municipal boundaries of the city prior to the IDF control of the West Bank in 1967.

Leading to the northwest using a pair of tunnels. The second tunnel, called the Refaim tunnel based on the nearby Refaim Valley and passing under Har Gilo and Beit Jala, is 900 m long, making it the longest road tunnel in the West Bank; the tunnels are linked by the West Bank's longest bridge, crossing the Walaja Valley. Route 60 was a central scene of violence during the al-Aqsa Intifada, in part defined by the thousands of shooting attacks on its Israeli traffic, including hundreds of casualties; the Israeli Army, in response, has fortified various sections with anti-sniper walls and had established checkpoints along the route. The Tunnels Highway came under heavy assault during the shooting on Gilo neighborhood since it lies between Gilo and Beit Jala; the concrete barriers employed on other dangerous stretches of road were too heavy to be supported by the bridge, so a barrier of bulletproof composite armour similar to that employed on Merkava tanks was constructed. The road was the site of terrorist attacks in June, August 201

The Good Pope: Pope John XXIII

The Good Pope: Pope John XXIII is a 2003 Italian television film written and directed by Ricky Tognazzi. The film is based on real life events of Pope John XXIII, it is about the life of Pope John XXIII Bob Hoskins as Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli Carlo Cecchi as Cardinal Mattia Carcano Roberto Citran as Loris Capovilla Fabrizio Vidale as young Angelo Roncalli Chiara Caselli as Carla Arnoldo Foà as Card. Alfredo Ottaviani Ricky Tognazzi as Mons. Giacomo Radini-Tedeschi Ivo Garrani as Cardinal Carcano Erland Josephson as Franz von Papen Sergio Bustric as Guido Gusso Francesco Venditti as Young Nicola Catania John Light as Young Mattia Carcano Rolando Ravello as Cannava Francesco Carnelutti as Old Nicola Catania Lena Lessing as Marta Von Papen Enzo Robutti as Angelo's Grandfather The Good Pope: Pope John XXIII on IMDb