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Glass House Mountains National Park

Glass House Mountains National Park is a heritage-listed national park at Glass House Mountains, Sunshine Coast Region, Australia. It is known as Beerburrum Forest Reserve 1, it is 70 km north of Brisbane and consists of a flat plain punctuated by rhyolite and trachyte volcanic plugs, the cores of extinct volcanoes that formed 27 million to 26 million years ago. The mountains would once have had pyroclastic exteriors; the national park was established in 1994. On 23 June 2010 the Queensland Government announced the expansion of the park to include an additional 2,117 hectares, it was added to the Queensland Heritage Register on 3 May 2007. Camp grounds are available at west of Beerwah. Lookouts have been built at several of the summits. Walking tracks allow access to the summits of Mount Tibrogargan and Mount Ngungun. Access is via the Steve Irwin Way exit from the Bruce Highway; the Glass House Mountains are one of southeast Queensland's most impressive landmarks. They are situated 65–75 kilometres north of Brisbane and are a group of steep sided plugs of trachyte and rhyolite, once within volcanoes active in the early Tertiary Period.

They have been exposed by wind and water erosion of the softer material of the cones and surrounding area and now rise from the flat coastal plain. The mountains are central to the creation myths of the region and their spiritual and social importance and links to Indigenous people continues to this day; the first European description of the Glass House Mountains was by Lieutenant James Cook, when he sailed north up the east coast of Australia on his voyage of discovery in the ship HM Bark Endeavour in 1770. The shape of the mountains reminded him of the huge glass furnaces back in his native Yorkshire and he named them accordingly. In his log for 17 May 1770 he wrote:this place may always be found by three hills which lay to the northward of it in the latitude of 26 degrees 53 minutes south; these hills lay but a little not far from each other. There are several other peaked hills inland to the northward of these but they are not nearly so remarkable. Nearly thirty years Lieutenant Matthew Flinders sailed up the coast in the sloop Norfolk.

In his report to the Governor of New South Wales, Captain John Hunter, dated 14 July 1799 he wrote:At dusk Cape Moreton bore west two or three miles, the highest glass house, whose peak was just topping over the distant land, had opened around it at 3 degrees west or 4 degrees north. Two Haycock like hummocks distinct from any other land opened soon after a few degrees to the southward. On 26 July Flinders took two sailors and the Aborigine Bungaree and landed on the shore with the intention of climbing Mount Tibrogargan, they climbed Mount Beerburrum before setting off for Tibrogargan, which they reached the next day, but which they did not climb. On 29 November 1823 John Oxley entered observations of the Glass Houses in his field book. Allan Cunningham mentioned them in his report of 15 July 1829. In 1839-42 Andrew Petrie and Stephen Simpson explored the Glasshouse Mountains and in 1848 Andrew and John Petrie climbed Beerwah and left a note in a bottle at the summit. Petrie and naturalist Dr Ludwig Leichhardt visited the area in 1843 and 1844 and made geological and botanical observations.

The Glass House Mountains have been an inspiration for artists since they were first described by Cook, including the painting by Conrad Martens' Glasshouse Mountains, Moreton Bay. Numerous poems have been written about them and they have been the subjects of writings such as the short story, The Mountains Played, by Judith Wright; the mountains have been a popular subject for both amateur and professional photographers from the early years of photography to the present day. Recent musical works such as Robert Davidson's Tibrogargan and John Gilfedder's work Legend of the Tibrogargan testify to the continuing appeal of the mountains; the proximity of the peaks to several large coastal population centres makes them destinations for tourists who participate in bushwalking and take-in the views from the mountains. The Glass House Mountains provide islands of natural habitat for animals, they conserve regionally significant areas of rhyolitic mountain vegetation that supports 26 plants that are rare, threatened or of conservation interest.

The ridges, rocky pavements, scree slopes and gullies provide a variety of habitats for vegetation ranging from Eucalypt open forest to montane heaths and shrublands. The mountains provide a habitat for many species of fauna, some of which are rare or endangered; the area now known as the Glass House Mountains National Park was first gazetted in 1954. Gazetted areas incorporated smaller parks such as Beerwah, Coonowrin and Tibrogargan; these smaller parks were amalgamated into the Glass House Mountains National Park in 1994. The Glass House Mountains are a group of dome shaped hills and conical peaks rising above the surrounding sub-coastal lowlands, they are the remnants of rhyolite and trachyte volcanic plugs and are located in southeast Queensland 65–75 kilometres north of Brisbane and west of the townships of Glass House Mountains and Beerburrum. Glass House Mountains National Park and Beerburrum Forest Reserve 1 covers eleven of the 16 Glass House Mountains and a small parcel of land known as Blue Gum Creek.

The park is in eight sections ranging in size from 11 to 291 hectares and i

Vindija (company)

Vindija is Croatian food company based in Varaždin. Vindija is known for its dairy products and beverages. Vindija was founded in 1959 when the city of Varaždin needed a dairy to supply the city with fresh milk, it employed only about fifteen people. In 1965, the dairy was integrated in to a larger company called ZPPK Kalnik. At the same time, Dragutin Drk became the director, he remains in place today; the name Vindija started to be used in 1970, after the nearby Vindija Cave near Ivanec, a known archeological site, as it was assumed that the cave had been used as a natural environment for ripening cheeses. In early 1970, Kalnik's slaughterhouse and meat production facilities became part of a separate company called PPK Koka Varaždin, while the rest of the company became part of a cluster with the company Zagrebačka mljekara from Zagreb. In 1972, the new company was formally renamed to OOUR Zagrebačka mljekara. In 1979, the Varaždin dairy was reconstituted again with the name RO Vindija. In 1983, the company started to produce fermented products and desserts.

In 1990, the company entered into a large investment that resulted in it becoming a major Croatian company, at the time one of the most modern in Europe. In 1992, Vindija was awarded the title of the best company in Croatia; the Vindija campus spreads of a total of 22,000 square metres and is located within the city, so it has to abide by high ecological and cleanliness standards. Its best known brands include "Vindi" juices and other beverages. Croatia Varaždin "Vindija d.d. Varaždin". Croatian Chamber of Economy. Retrieved 2014-03-08. Magdalenić, Branka. "Razvoj »Vindije«". Mljekarstvo. Zagreb: Croatian Dairy Union. 44. ISSN 0026-704X. Official website

Marinobacter adhaerens

Marinobacter adhaerens is a Gram-negative, rod-shaped and motile bactebacterium from the genus of Marinobacter, isolated from marine aggregates from the Wadden Sea in Germany. Kaeppel, EC. "Marinobacter adhaerens sp. nov. isolated from marine aggregates formed with the diatom Thalassiosira weissflogii". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 62: 124–8. Doi:10.1099/ijs.0.030189-0. PMID 21335492. Gärdes, Astrid. "Complete genome sequence of Marinobacter adhaerens type strain, a diatom-interacting marine microorganism". Standards in Genomic Sciences. 3: 97–107. Doi:10.4056/sigs.922139. PMC 3035377. PMID 21304739. Type strain of Marinobacter adhaerens at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase