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Gleiwitz incident

The Gleiwitz incident was a covert Nazi German attack on the German radio station Sender Gleiwitz on the night of 31 August 1939. The attack was a false flag operation, staged with some two dozen similar German incidents on the eve of the invasion of Poland leading up to World War II in Europe; the attackers posed as Polish nationals. Adolf Hitler's armed forces invaded Poland the next morning after a lengthy period of preparations. During his declaration of war, Hitler did not mention the Gleiwitz incident but grouped all provocations staged by the SS as an alleged Polish assault on Germany; the Gleiwitz incident is the best-known action of Operation Himmler, a series of special operations undertaken by the Schutzstaffel to serve Nazi German propaganda at the outbreak of war. The operation was intended to create the appearance of Polish aggression against Germany to justify the invasion of Poland. Evidence for the Gleiwitz attack by the SS was provided by the German SS officer, Alfred Naujocks in 1945.

Much of what is known about the Gleiwitz incident comes from the affidavit of SS-Sturmbannführer Alfred Naujocks at the Nuremberg Trials. In his testimony, he stated that he organised the incident under orders from Reinhard Heydrich and Heinrich Müller, chief of the Gestapo. On the night of 31 August 1939, a small group of German operatives dressed in Polish uniforms and led by Naujocks seized the Gleiwitz station and broadcast a short anti-German message in Polish; the operation was named "Grossmutter gestorben". The operation was to make the attack and the broadcast look like the work of Polish anti-German saboteurs. To make the attack seem more convincing, the Gestapo murdered Franciszek Honiok, a 43-year-old unmarried German Silesian Catholic farmer, known for sympathising with the Poles, he had been arrested the previous day by the Gestapo and dressed to look like a saboteur killed by lethal injection and given gunshot wounds. Honiok was left dead at the scene so that he appeared to have been killed while attacking the station.

His corpse was presented to the police and press as proof of the attack. Several prisoners from the Dachau concentration camp were drugged, shot dead on the site and their faces disfigured to make identification impossible; the Germans referred to them by the code phrase "Konserve". Some sources incorrectly refer to the incident as Operation Canned Goods. In an oral testimony at the trials, Erwin von Lahousen stated that his division of the Abwehr was one of two that were given the task of providing Polish Army uniforms and identification cards; the Gleiwitz incident was a part of a larger operation carried out by SS forces. Other orchestrated incidents were conducted along the Polish-German border at the same time as the Gleiwitz attack, such as a house burning in the Polish Corridor and spurious propaganda; the project was called Operation Himmler and comprised incidents giving the appearance of Polish aggression against Germany. German newspapers and politicians, including Adolf Hitler, had made accusations against Polish authorities for months before the 1939 invasion of organising or tolerating violent ethnic cleansing of ethnic Germans living in Poland.

On 1 September 1939, the day following the Gleiwitz attack, Germany launched Fall Weiss, the invasion of Poland, which precipitated World War II in Europe. Hitler cited the border incidents in a speech in the Reichstag on the same day, with three of them called serious, as justification for his invasion of Poland. Hitler had told his generals on 22 August, its credibility doesn't matter. The victor will not be asked whether he told the truth". American correspondents were summoned to the scene the next day but no neutral parties were allowed to investigate the incident in detail and the international public was skeptical of the German version of the incident. There have been several adaptations of the incident in cinema. Der Fall Gleiwitz, directed by Gerhard Klein for DEFA studios, is an East German film that reconstructs the events. Operacja Himmler is a Polish film. Both Die Blechtrommel, directed by Volker Schlöndorff and Hitler's SS: Portrait in Evil, directed by Jim Goddard include the incident.

It was mentioned in a video game. Jablunkov Incident Mukden Incident, a similar false flag operation that started the Japanese invasion of Manchuria 1939 in Poland 1939 Tarnow rail station bomb attack Operation Greif Shelling of Mainila John Toland, Adolf Hitler: The Definitive Biography, ISBN 0-385-42053-6. Dennis Whitehead, "The Gleiwitz Incident", After the Battle Magazine Number 142 Stanley S. Seidner, Marshal Edward Śmigły-Rydz Rydz and the Defense of Poland, New York, 1978. Spieß / Lichtenstein Unternehmen Tannenberg. Der Anlass zum Zweiten Weltkrieg, Wiesbaden und München 1979. Polak-Springer, Peter. "'Jammin' with Karlik': The German-Polish'Radio War' and the Gleiwitz'Provocation', 1925–1939". European History Quarterly. SagePub. 43: 279–300. Doi:10.1177/0265691413478095. Lay summary. "Blitzkrieg September 1, 1939: a new kind of warfare engulfs Poland". Time. 28 August 1989. Retrieved 4 June 2015. Radio Tower Museum in Gliwice: Gl

China Fortunes

China Fortunes is a 2011 novel by John D. Kuhns; the book is loosely based on his career and experiences in the United States and China. The protagonist followed throughout the book, Jack Davis, is an American financier who begins traveling to China in the 1980s; as Jack conducts business and chases wealth, he encounters the opportunities, as well as the obstacles, available to the few foreigners willing to brave the uncertainties of the PRC at the time. Tracing the beginnings of China’s industrial age and nascent capitalism, the book takes the reader through Wall Street’s trading floors, IPOs, multi-national hydroelectric deals. China Fortunes was published in the United States and Canada by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. on December 9, 2010. John D. Kuhns is an author, artist and investment banker, known for renewable and alternative energy investments around the world; the book received positive reviews with Terry McDonell, Managing Editor of Sports Illustrated, calling it "a smart and stylish take on what business is in modern China.

Kuhns knows both cold, most important, he can tell a great story…ironic, fast moving and observed. It will lock you in."Robert Hsu, editor of China Strategy says, "A novel by a veteran American investment banker with years of experience wheeling and dealing in China, the book is loosely based on the author's personal story. It is a entertaining yet informative book for anyone interested in how fortunes can be made or lost overnight in the world's fastest growing economy; this was just published this year, I couldn't put the book down after I started reading it."Marc Levy, author of The Shadow Thief says, "China Fortunes is an extraordinary story conducted by a talented storyteller. Kuhns's pen drives you in a world unknown to most of us, taking you through fascinating and moving situations, like every great journey, you won't come back the same." Official website


Gardenasia is a Singapore nature-based events company under landscaping and horticulture group Nyee Phoe. It was co-founded by Kenny Eng and set up as the sales arm of Nyee Phoe Flower Garden; the three divisions under the NPG are Gardenasia. In 2001, Gardenasia was co-founded by Kenny Eng under Nyee Phoe Group. In its initial years, NPG started out with Nyee Phoe Flower Garden, when Eng's great-grandfather, Eng Hock Lai, left China for Singapore in 1911. Eng Hock Lai started a nursery in Singapore as he had a horticulture background back in his hometown. Under the leadership of Kenny Eng's father and uncle, Nyee Phoe Flower Garden expanded to provide landscaping services in 1968, they diversified to provide a line of gardening products in the 1970s to 1980s. In 1980, NPG further diversified their business by launching their creative floral services division, Petal & Leaves. In 1997, Nyee Phoe Flower Garden’s government leases were not renewed and they were removed from their sites in Jalan Kayu and Bukit Panjang.

Subsequently, they moved to a 2 hectare plot of land along Neo Tiew Crescent. At its new site, the business faced financial difficulties because of its remote location. Kenny Eng and his family kept Nyee Phoe Flower Garden afloat by staging roadshows and worked on landscaping projects recommended by clients; the company diversified to include Gardenasia as the “lifestyle” division of NPG. Gardenasia provides services which include farmstays, an on-site bistro, events management and educational programs, it provides team-building activities. Gardenasia added corporate team-building workshops in 2009. Gardenasiakids provides “Edutainment” programmes designed for children and youths to educate them about the environment; the “Edutainment” programmes under Gardenasiakids are targeted at pre-schoolers and secondary school students. Gardenasiakids is represented by two characters -- Titoy. Gardenasia has collaborated with various parties to organise social responsibility projects: The Living! Project: iLight Marina Bay, Singapore The Living!

Project was initiated by Gardenasia’s founder Kenny Eng, Allan Lim, sculptor Sun Yu-Li. For iLight Marina Bay 2010, they conceived the idea for a 5.8m tall stainless steel sculpture called “'In Celebration.” In collaboration with People's Association Singapore and volunteers created plastic art pieces using plastic bottles and cups to build the sculpture. The sculpture was awarded “Most Popular Artwork” at this event; the sculpture was the first Asian artwork to be showcased at the Fête des Lumières in France. In 2014, The Living! Project contributed again at iLight Marina Bay with their installation called “The Wishing! Tree.” ComArt at Changi City PointIn collaboration with Frasers Centrepoint Ltd, Ascendas Ltd and Christian Outreach to the Handicapped, local students created a 12m long chandelier made up of recycled bottles. The artwork is installed at Changi City Point. Gardenasia on Facebook

Taehwagang Station

Taehwagang Station, meaning Taehwa River Station, is a train station located in Samsan-dong, Nam-gu, Ulsan. It was named Ulsan Station until the KTX Ulsan station opened on November 1, 2010. October 25, 1921: Service opened at Seongnam-dong, Jung-gu December 1, 1935: Service moved to former Hakseong-ri, Ulsan-gun with Standard gauge April 26, 1953: Promotion in status to level 5 station September 10, 1971: Designated as civilian coal arrival processing station August 21, 1979: Cancellation of designation as civilian coal arrival processing station 1987: Announcement of relocation of Ulsan City Rail October 22, 1989: Started Seoul-Ulsan Saemaeul Express August 20, 1992: Service moved to 8-8 Samsan-dong, Nam-gu, the current place October 15, 2002: Raised the number of Saemaeul Express for Seoul – Ulsan June 1, 2007: Seoul – Ulsan Saemaul line extended to Seoul – Bujeon November 1, 2010: Renamed to Taehwagang Station due to the station on Gyeongbu HSR, reduced Seoul – Bujeon Saemaul line to Dongdaegu – Bujeon Media related to Taehwagang Station at Wikimedia Commons Cyber station information from Korail

Going Too Far

Going Too Far: the Rise and Demise of Sick, Black, Weirdo, Anarchist, Anti-establishment Humor is a 1987 American non-fiction book by British-born humorist Tony Hendra about black humor, what Hendra calls "boomer humor", a twisted style of humor, popular with the baby boomer generation. Going Too Far was published by Dolphin Doubleday in New York. In the book, Hendra talks about the history of anti-establishment humor, starting with pioneers such as Mort Sahl and Lenny Bruce and later comics such as John Belushi and Eddie Murphy. Hendra discusses improvisational theater groups, including The Second City, popular anti-establishment magazines such as National Lampoon magazine and Mad Magazine; the book is partly a memoir about Hendra's time at National Lampoon magazine. The second half of the book is about the magazine and its related projects. Amazon listing Book mentioned in an interview with Hendra for The Independent

Gardens of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur

The Gardens of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur is a list and description of the parks and gardens in the region, which are classified by the Committee of Parks and Gardens of the French Ministry of Culture as among the Notable Gardens of France. Jardins de Salagon in Mane. Five modern gardens, including a garden of perfumes, surrounding a 12th-century priory. Château de Sauvan in Mane. 18th-century château with a jardin à la française. Clos de Villeneuve in Valensole. 18th-century Provençal bastide with a garden à la française. Conservatoire botanique national alpin de Gap-Charance in Gap. A botanical conservatory devoted to Alpine plants. Jardin botanique alpin du Lautaret in Villar-d'Arêne. A botanical garden specializing in the flowers and plants of the high Alps. Château de la Napoule in Mandelieu-la-Napoule. A restored 14th-century castle by the sea with a jardin à a landscape garden. Jardin d'agrumes du Palais Carnolès in Menton. A garden of citrus trees created in 1725 by the Prince of Monaco for his summer residence.

Serre de la Madone in Menton. An Arts and Crafts style garden created in the 1920s. Villa Champfleuri in Cannes. A garden listed as a monument historique since 1990. Villa Cypris in Roquebrune-Cap-Martin; the villa, together with its gardens, was registered as an official historical monument in 1990. Villa Ephrussi in Saint-Jean-Cap-Ferrat. A seaside palazzo with nine themed gardens, built by Béatrice Ephrussi de Rothschild between 1905 and 1912. Parc du Mugel in La Ciotat. A municipal garden, exotic garden, nature preserve of the native plants of Provence, located next to a calanque, or rocky inlet of the Mediterranean. Jardins d'Albertas in Bouc-Bel-Air. Private 18th-century château and jardin à la française. Open to public. Jardin de l'alchimiste in Eygalières Private contemporary garden, open to public. Jardin d'Éguilles in Éguilles. Private contemporary garden, open to public. Jardin de la Magalone in Marseille. Public municipal park with an 18th-century bastide. Parc Borély in Marseille. Public municipal park in the city of Marseille.

Parc Longchamp in Marseille. Public municipal garden in Marseille surrounding the chateau d'eau, the home of the city's fine arts museum. Parc du 26e Centenaire in Marseille. Contemporary gardens and municipal park, created in 1998. Castel Sainte-Claire in Hyères; the house, on the site of the 17th century Convent of Sainte-Claire, was built by Olivier Voutier, a French naval officer who discovered the statue of the Venus de Milo in Greece, was the home of writer Edith Wharton, who planted much of the garden. Domaine d'Orvès in La Valette-du-Var Domaine du Rayol in Le Rayol-Canadel-sur-Mer Jardin d'Oiseaux Tropicaux in La Londe-les-Maures Parc du Moulin Blanc in Saint-Zacharie Parc Olbius Riquier in Hyères Parc Saint-Bernard of the Villa Noailles in Hyères; the Parc Saint-Bernard was created by the vicomte de Noailles, a 20th-century art patron, next to his summer house, the Villa Noailles, one of the first modernist houses in France. The villa features a small triangular modern garden by Guevrekian.

The main garden, now a public park, is a series of tree-shaded terraces and paths overlooking the Mediterranean, devoted to the native plants of the Mediterranean, both common and rare, including a garden of rosemary and other aromatic plants. Jardins du Château Val Joanis in Pertuis. A modern reconstruction of a garden à la française and kitchen garden of the 18th century.. Garden of the Château de Brantes in Sorgues. A contemporary garden inspired by the gardens of Tuscany, created in 1957. La Louve in Bonnieux. A contemporary garden created in the 1980s by Nicole de Véslan, textile designer for the Paris fashion house of Hermès. Pavillon de Galon. A 5 hectare garden, which contains a modern French formal garden created in 2004. Searchable list of all the gardens on the list, on the website of the Comité des Parcs et Jardins de France Official website of Louisa Jones