Glendale is a city in Los Angeles County, United States. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 191,719, in 2018 the population was estimated at 201,361, making it the fourth-largest city in Los Angeles County and the 23rd-largest city in California, it is located about 8 miles north of downtown Los Angeles. Glendale lies in the southeastern end of the San Fernando Valley, bisected by the Verdugo Mountains, is a suburb in the Los Angeles metropolitan area; the city is bordered to the northwest by the Sun Tujunga neighborhoods of Los Angeles. The Golden State, Ventura and Foothill freeways run through the city. Glendale has one of the largest communities of Armenian descent in the United States; the area was long inhabited by the Tongva people, who were renamed the Gabrieleños by the Spanish missionaries, after the nearby Mission San Gabriel Arcángel. In 1798, José María Verdugo, a corporal in the Spanish army from Baja California, received the Rancho San Rafael from Governor Diego de Borica, formalizing his possession and use of land on which he had been grazing livestock and farming since 1784.
Rancho San Rafael was a Spanish concession. Unlike the Mexican land grants, the concessions were similar to grazing permits, with the title remaining with the Spanish crown. In 1860, his grandson Teodoro Verdugo built the Catalina Verdugo Adobe, the oldest building in Glendale; the property is the location of the Oak of Peace, where early Californio leaders including Pio Pico met in 1847 and decided to surrender to Lieutenant Colonel John C. Frémont. Verdugo's descendants sold the ranch in various parcels, some of which are included in present-day Atwater Village, Eagle Rock, Highland Park neighborhoods of Los Angeles. In 1884, residents gathered to form a townsite and chose the name "Glendale" (it was bounded by First Street on the north, Fifth Street on the south, Central Avenue on the west, the Childs Tract on the east. Residents to the southwest formed "Tropico" in 1887; the Pacific Electric Railway brought streetcar service in 1904. Glendale incorporated in 1906, annexed Tropico 12 years later.
An important civic booster of the era was Leslie Coombs Brand, who built an estate in 1904 called El Miradero, featuring an eye-catching mansion, the architecture of which combined characteristics of Spanish and Indian styles, copied from the East Indian Pavilion at the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition held in Chicago, which he visited. Brand loved to fly, built a private airstrip in 1919 and hosted "fly-in" parties, providing a direct link to the soon-to-be-built nearby Grand Central Airport; the grounds of El Miradero are now city-owned Brand Park and the mansion is the Brand Library, according to the terms of his will. Brand partnered with Henry E. Huntington to bring the Pacific Electric Railway, or the "Red Cars", to the area. Today, he is memorialized by one of Brand Boulevard; the city's population rose from 13,756 in 1920 to 62,736 in 1930. The Forest Lawn Cemetery opened in 1906 and was renamed Forest Lawn Memorial-Park in 1917. Pioneering endocrinologist and entrepreneur Henry R. Harrower opened his clinic in Glendale in 1920, which for many years was the largest business in the city.
The American Green Cross, an early conservation and tree preservation society, was formed in 1926. Grand Central Airport was the departure point for the first commercial west-to-east transcontinental flight flown by Charles Lindbergh; until as late as the 1960s, Glendale was a sundown town. Nonwhites were required to leave city limits by a certain time each day or risk arrest and possible violence. In the 1930s, Glendale and Burbank prevented the Civilian Conservation Corps from stationing African American workers in a local park, citing sundown town ordinances that both cities had adopted. In 1964, Glendale was selected by George Lincoln Rockwell to be the West Coast headquarters of the American Nazi Party, its offices, on Colorado Street in the downtown section of the city, remained open until the early 1980s. Glendale began its historic preservation program in 1977 with the designation of 28 properties as city landmarks. In 1997, the program evolved with the establishment of the Glendale Register of Historic Resources.
The register now has over 100 properties. In addition, 11 properties in Glendale are listed on the National Register of Historic Places; the city's most honored historic properties include the Catalina Verdugo Adobe, Brand Library & Art Center, Glendale Southern Pacific Railroad Depot, Grand Central Air Terminal, Alex Theatre. Glendale is located at the junction of the San Fernando and the San Gabriel. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 79.212 km2. It is bordered to the north by the foothill communities of La Cañada Flintridge, La Crescenta, Tujunga. Glendale is located 10 miles north of downtown Los Angeles. Several known earthquake faults criss
John Morrison is an American politician and attorney, the Montana State Auditor and Insurance and Securities Commissioner from 2001 to 2009, serving two full terms. He was the founding president of the National Alliance of State Health CO-OPs, which includes all Consumer Operated and Oriented Plans authorized and funded under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, he is co-founder and vice-chair of the Montana Health CO-OP, one of the first CO-OPs to be approved for funding by the United States Department of Health and Human Services. Morrison is a senior partner at Morrison Sherwood Wilson Deola, a public interest law firm based in Helena, Montana. In 2006, he ran unsuccessfully against Jon Tester in the Montana Democratic primary for the United States Senate nomination. In the 1990s, Morrison was lead Montana counsel in the state's Tobacco litigation and represented the New York Times, NBC and other national media in the Unabomber case. Morrison and his wife are co-authors of a Montana political history book: Mavericks: The Lives and Battles of Montana's Political Heroes.
Morrison authored or co-authored other published works on topics ranging from health insurance to climate change. Morrison served as Montana State Auditor and State Insurance and Securities Commissioner from 2001–2008, he promoted and implemented Insure Montana, a small business health insurance pool with discounted premiums paid for by an increase in the tobacco tax. Morrison had been advocating the use of increased tobacco tax revenue to reduce health insurance premiums since 2002. Insure Montana won national awards, became a model for the premium assistance provisions of the Affordable Care Act. John Morrison drafted Montana's Initiative 155 and led the campaign that created Healthy Montana Kids, which instituted a broad reform and massive expansion of children's health coverage. In the first year of operation, it brought over $200 million in new federal matching dollars into Montana and covered 10,000 additional children. Healthy Montana Kids now covers 91,000 Montana Children; as Insurance Commissioner, Morrison banned "discretionary clauses" in group health and disability insurance plans and defended the ban at the U.
S. Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit in Standard Ins. Co v. Morrison, 584 F. 3d 837. Through the National Association of Insurance Commissioners, Morrison led passage of a similar model law, adopted in more than a dozen states, including New York, Michigan and Texas. Morrison led NAIC opposition to Association Health Plans and fraudulent health insurance. Morrison chaired the Health Insurance and Managed Care Committee and the Market Regulation and Consumer Affairs Committee of the National Association of Insurance Commissioners, as well as the NAIC's September 11 emergency task force; as the NAIC's International Vice Chair for Asia, Morrison helped establish the relationship between U. S. and Chinese insurance regulators and, with the US Trade Representative, represented the U. S. in the US-China Insurance Dialogues, WTO Doha Round, in Hangzhou, PRC. After leaving office, Morrison was appointed by the Pennsylvania Insurance Commissioner to replace former Surgeon General Dr. C. Everett Koop on the boards of the Senior Health Care Oversight Trust and the Senior Health Insurance Company of Pennsylvania and chaired both boards in 2011.
Morrison serves on the board of the Center for Health Policy Development, parent organization of the National Academy of State Health Policy. In 2006, Morrison was a candidate for the U. S. Senate in a contested Democratic primary with Jon Tester, the President of the Montana Senate at the time. Morrison polled ahead of incumbent Republican Conrad Burns, was leading in the primary race, but it narrowed to a "deadlock" a week prior to the election. Morrison was beaten in the Democratic primary by Tester, who defeated Burns in November. During the Democratic Primary, it was revealed that Morrison had an extramarital affair in 1998. Morrison and his wife remained together despite the affair. According to the Missoula Independent, the woman involved married the principal of companies investigated by the state auditors office while Morrison was there. Former staffers reported to the Independent that they advised Morrison to stay out of the case to avoid the appearance of conflict of interest, but they felt that he had not.
Morrison's affair did not affect the outcome of the probe, the individual investigated was convicted of fraud. The case in question was handled by outside attorney Beth Baker due to Morrison's various involvements. Baker said. In 2012 Morrison, who had become President of the National Alliance of State Health CO-OPs, supported federal low interest loans to CO-OPs argued against Congressional plans to cut the loan funds from the federal budget. Morrison said the 24 existing CO-OPs would increase competition and innovation in the health insurance marketplace. In October 2013, he released a study showing that premiums were 8.4% lower in states that had a CO-OP than in states that did not. In February 2014, Morrison estimated that 300,000 Americans had signed up for CO-OPs to date despite early technical problems. In 2015 he testified before the U. S. House Committee on Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations about shutdowns of CO-OPs in various state healthcare exchanges.
The Obama administration's decision to forbid CO-OPs from limiting the number of policies they sold while at the same time limiting their ability to raise money ruined their finances, Congress' cutting loans available
A Girl like Me is a 2005 documentary by Kiri Davis. The seven-minute documentary examines such things as the importance of color and facial features for young African American women, it won the Diversity Award at the 6th Annual Media That Matters film festival in New York City, has received coverage on various American media sources, such as CNN, ABC, NPR. The documentary has been shown on HBO; the documentary was made as part of Reel Works Teen Filmmaking. The video begins with interviews with Kiri Davis and her peers about how black features did not conform to society's standards of beauty; the next section was a repeat of an experiment conducted by Kenneth Clark in the 1940s where African-American children were asked to choose between black or white dolls. In the original experiment the majority of the children choose the white dolls; when Davis repeated the experiment 15 out of 21 children choose the white dolls over the black, giving similar reasons as the original subjects, associating white with being pretty or good and black with ugly or bad.
The dolls used in the documentary were identical except for skin colour. The Diversity Award at the 6th Annual Media That Matters film festival The SILVERDOCS Audience Award for a Short Documentary. Tribeca Film Festival The 6th Annual Media That Matters. Silverdocs: AFI/Discovery Channel Documentary Festival HBO Edney, Hazel Trice. "New'Doll Test' Produces Ugly Results", Baltimore Times, August 16, 2006. Johnson, L. A.. Documentary, Studies Renew Debate about Skin Color's Impact. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Pittsburgh:. A Girl Like Me, Entire documentary on mediathatmattersfest.org "A Girl Like Me", Media That Matters, Biography of Davis "A Girl Like Me", Discussion of the background of making the documentary "BLACK KIDS’ SELF IMAGE-NO PROGRESS" by Marian Wright Edelman "A Girl Like Me", Good Morning, America, ABC, October 11, 2006. "African-American Images: The New Doll Test", Talk of the Nation, NPR, October 2, 2006. "A Girl Like Me" appears in RACE: Are we so different? A public education program developed by the American Anthropological Association