Glenn Close is an American actress and producer. Regarded as one of the greatest actresses of her generation, she is the recipient of numerous accolades, including three Primetime Emmy Awards, three Tony Awards, three Golden Globe Awards. Close is a seven-time Academy Award nominee. In 2016, Close was inducted into the American Theater Hall of Fame, in 2019, Time magazine named her one of the 100 most influential people in the world. Close majored in anthropology at the College of William & Mary, she began her professional career on stage in 1974 with Love for Love and was a New York stage actress until the early 1980s. Her work included Broadway productions of Barnum in 1980 and The Real Thing in 1983, for which she won the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play, her film debut came in The World According to Garp, followed by supporting roles in the films The Big Chill and The Natural. Close went on to establish herself as a leading lady in Hollywood with roles in Fatal Attraction and Dangerous Liaisons, both of which earned her nominations for the Academy Award for Best Actress.
Close won two more Tony Awards for Death and the Maiden in 1992 and Sunset Boulevard in 1995. She won her first Primetime Emmy Award for the 1995 television drama film Serving in Silence: The Margarethe Cammermeyer Story, she continued a successful career in Hollywood with starring roles in Reversal of Fortune, 101 Dalmatians, Air Force One, among others. Further television work came for Close in the 2000s, with her portrayal of Eleanor of Aquitaine in the 2003 television film The Lion in Winter earning her a Golden Globe Award. From 2007 to 2012, Close starred as Patty Hewes in the drama series Damages, which won her a Golden Globe Award and two more Primetime Emmy Awards, she returned to the Broadway stage in a 2014 revival of A Delicate Balance. During this period, she received two additional Best Actress Academy Award nominations for Albert Nobbs and The Wife, winning a third Golden Globe for the latter. Close has been married three times, she has a daughter from her relationship with producer John Starke.
She has co-founded the website FetchDog. She has made political donations in support of Democratic politicians, is vocal on issues such as gay marriage, women's rights, mental health. Close was born on March 19, 1947, in Greenwich, Connecticut, to socialite Bettine Moore Close and William Taliaferro Close, a doctor who operated a clinic in the Belgian Congo and served as a personal physician to its dictator Mobutu Sese Seko, she has two sisters and Jessie, two brothers and Tambu Misoki, whom Close's parents adopted while living in Africa. During her childhood, Close lived with her parents in a stone cottage on her maternal grandfather's estate in Greenwich. Close has credited her acting abilities to her early years: "I have no doubt that the days I spent running free in the evocative Connecticut countryside with an unfettered imagination, playing whatever character our games demanded, is one of the reasons that acting has always seemed so natural to me." Although Close has an affluent background, she has stated that her family chose not to participate in WASP society.
She would avoid mentioning her birthplace whenever asked because she did not want people to think she was a "dilettante who didn't have to work". When Close was seven years old, her parents joined the Moral Re-Armament, a movement in which her family remained involved for fifteen years. During this period, Close's family lived in communal centers. Close has described MRA as a "cult" that dictated every aspect of her life, from the clothes that had to be worn to what she was allowed to say, she once stated that her desire to become an actress allowed her to break away from MRA, adding: "I have long forgiven my parents for any of this. They had their reasons for doing what they did, I understand them, it had terrible effects on their kids. We all try to survive, right? And I think what saved me more than anything was my desire to be an actress." She spent time in Switzerland. Close traveled for several years in the mid-to-late 1960s with a singing group called Up With People and attended Rosemary Hall, graduating in 1965.
During her time in Up With People, Close organized a small singing group called the Green Glenn Singers, consisting of herself, Kathe Green, Jennie Dorn, Vee Entwistle. The group's stated mission was "to write and sing songs which would give people a purpose and inspire them to live the way they were meant to live"; when she was 22, Close broke away from MRA. She attended The College of William & Mary, double majoring in theater and anthropology, Class of 1974. During her senior year of college, Close became inspired to pursue a career in acting after watching an interview of Katharine Hepburn on The Dick Cavett Show, it was in the College's theater department that Close began to train as a serious actor under Howard Scammon and Mary's long-time professor of theater. During her years at school in Williamsburg, she starred in the summer-time outdoor drama, "The Common Glory", written by Pulitzer Prize author Paul Green, she was elected to membership in the honor society of Phi Beta Kappa. Through the years, Close has returned to William & Mary to lecture and to visit the theater department.
In 1989, Close was the commencement speaker at William & Mary and received an honorary doctor of arts degree. Close started her professional stage career in 1974 at the age of 27. In her
Arthur Joseph Davis was an English architect. Davis studied at the École des Paris in the 1890s, he was the co-partner in the firm Davis, with Charles Mewès. The firm designed the elevations and interior decoration of the London Ritz Hotel which introduced modern French comfort and luxury enabled by an innovative steel frame construction. In addition, the partnership took on numerous private commissions including Luton Hoo for Sir Julius Wernher, Coombe Court for Countess De Grey and Polesden Lacey for The Hon Mrs Ronald Greville. Prior to World War I, Davis worked on a number of ocean liners such as the Aquitania, his last major commission was the Queen Mary. In 1949 he gave his recreations as water-colour sketching. St Sarkis, Grade II* listed Profile on Royal Academy of Arts Collections
Kgosi Lucas Manyane Mangope was the leader of the Bantustan of Bophuthatswana. The territory he ruled over was distributed between the Orange Free State - what is now Free State - and North West Province, he was the founder and leader of the United Christian Democratic Party, a political party based in the North West of South Africa. Lucas was married to Leah and they had seven children. Leah survived a car accident involving a donkey in the mid-1980s. Soon after, her husband ordered the mass slaughter of donkeys by police; the killing of these animals continued for seven years. Mangope justified it with the argument that donkeys were dangerous and had become a hazard on the roads. Leah died on 23 July 2003. Lucas remarried Violet Mongale, a senior nurse in May 2007. Mangope attended an Anglican mission school for most of his school career, he matriculated from St. Peter's College, Rosetenville in Johannesburg in 1946. After matric, he registered for a Junior Teaching Diploma at the Diocesan Teachers' Training College in Polokwane.
He studied towards a Higher Primary Teacher’s Diploma at Bethel College in the Transvaal from 1951. After graduating he specialised as an Afrikaans teacher, he taught at secondary schools in Mahikeng, Motswedi and Potchefstroom and was awarded in 1959 when one of his classes obtained the best results in Afrikaans among competing schools in South Africa. When the Tswana Territorial Authority was established in 1961, Mangope became the vice-chairman, working under Chief TR Pilane, he was promoted to the Chief Chancellor of the organisation in 1968. He remained in the position until 1972, he was accused of spying for foreign powers, misappropriation of state funds, repossession of land from tribal authorities without adequate compensation and discrepancies in appointments and salaries within the Bophuthatswana Defence Force. He became President in 1977, when Bophuthatswana was declared independent by the South African government. On 10 February 1988 he was overthrown by members of a military police unit, led by Rocky Malebane-Metsing of the People's Progressive Party, who had accused Mangope of corruption and charged that the recent election had been rigged in the government's favour.
Mangope was reinstated following intervention by the South African Defence Force. South Africa's government stated that it was responding to a request for assistance from the legal government of a sovereign nation. Sasha Polakow-Suransky wrote that Mangope was "widely considered a puppet and a joke in South Africa" during his presidency. Mangope was given some recognition during visits to Israel, meeting with prominent figures such as Moshe Dayan. Bophuthatswana had an unofficial "embassy" in Israel in the 1980s despite objections from the Israeli Foreign Ministry, which did not recognize the bantustan as a state. Mangope was accused of using his defence force and police to suppress protests, had been accused of police brutality when a student protest was suppressed by his police force. Mangope's supporters, have argued that Bophuthatswana was comparatively more successful than other Bantustans in social and economic development, owing to its mineral wealth. Although designated as an ethnic Tswana homeland, Bophuthatswana was more or less an integrated society where Apartheid legislation did not apply, in common with other homelands.
At the Kempton Park negotiations in 1993 that led to the first non-racial elections in South Africa in 1994, Mangope had made it clear that Bophuthatswana would remain independent of the new and integrated South Africa and that he would not allow the upcoming elections to take place in "his country". With most residents in favour of reintegration, the defence force mutinied. Mangope called on outside help, but was forced to flee the homeland, shortly thereafter, the homelands were reincorporated into South Africa. Pik Botha, South Africa’s Foreign Minister at the time, member of the Transitional Executive Council Mac Maharaj removed Mangope from office in March 1994. After the transition to nonracial democracy, Mangope remained active in politics, forming the United Christian Democratic Party in 1997. Party support was confined to the North West Province, at its peak it held three seats out of 400 in the National Assembly, his party argued that under the Xhosa-led ANC, their quality of life in the province would deteriorate and that conditions were improved because Tswana people ruled themselves.
Mangope led the party for fifteen years, but was expelled from the party in 2012. He had been accused of being autocratic, but failed to attend his disciplinary hearing, had his membership terminated. In the runup to the following election, in 2014, many of the party's members, encouraged by Mangope, left to join the Democratic Alliance; the party subsequently lost all of its seats including those in the provincial parliament and provincial legislature. Speaking to the Financial Mail in June 1980, Mangope professed his belief in capitalist free enterprise, saying it would lead to "true freedom and prosperity for our people" if it is "regulated by a strong sense of social responsibility", he lamented the fact that capitalism had failed to make itself more appealing in Africa and to defend itself against the attacks of Marxism. According to Mangope, free enterprise has led to more material prosperity in those African nations which adopted it, he concluded:"I believe that free enterprise, at its best, encourages not only individuals, but whole communities and societies to aspire upwards."
A statue of Mangope was erected outs