Close in 2012
|Born||March 19, 1947|
Greenwich, Connecticut, U.S.
|Residence||Bedford Hills, New York, U.S.|
|Alma mater||College of William & Mary|
(m. 1969; div. 1971)
(m. 1984; div. 1987)
David Evans Shaw
(m. 2006; div. 2015)
|Partner(s)||John Starke (1987–91)|
Glenn Close (born March 19, 1947) is an American actress and producer. She began her professional stage career in 1974 in Love for Love, and was mostly a New York stage actress through the rest of the 1970s and early 1980s, appearing in both plays and musicals, including the Broadway productions of Barnum in 1980 and The Real Thing in 1983, for which she won the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play.
Her film debut was in The World According to Garp (1982), which she followed with supporting roles in The Big Chill (1983) and The Natural (1984); all three earned her nominations for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress. She would later receive nominations for the Academy Award for Best Actress for her performances in Fatal Attraction (1987), Dangerous Liaisons (1988), and Albert Nobbs (2011). She won two more Tony Awards in the 1990s, for Death and the Maiden in 1992 and Sunset Boulevard in 1995, while she won her first Emmy Award for the 1995 television film Serving in Silence: The Margarethe Cammermeyer Story.
Close portrayed Eleanor of Aquitaine in the 2003 television film The Lion in Winter, winning a Golden Globe Award. In 2005, she starred in the drama series The Shield and from 2007 to 2012, she starred as Patty Hewes in the FX drama series Damages, a role that won her a second Golden Globe Award and a further two Emmy Awards. She has voiced the character of Mona Simpson in the animated sitcom The Simpsons since 1995. She returned to Broadway in November 2014, in a revival of Edward Albee's A Delicate Balance. Her other films include Jagged Edge (1985), Hamlet (1990), Reversal of Fortune (1990), 101 Dalmatians (1996), Paradise Road (1997), Air Force One (1997), Cookie's Fortune (1999), Heights (2005), Guardians of the Galaxy (2014), The Girl With All The Gifts (2016), and The Wife (2017).
Close is a six-time Academy Award nominee, tying the record for being the actress with the most nominations without winning (along with Deborah Kerr and Thelma Ritter). As of 2018[update], Close has more Oscar nominations without a win than any other living actor. In addition, she has been nominated for four Tony Awards (three wins), fourteen Emmy Awards (three wins), thirteen Golden Globe Awards (two wins), two Drama Desk Awards (one win), and eight Screen Actors Guild Awards (one win). She has also won an Obie Award and has been nominated for three Grammy Awards and a BAFTA Award. Close has received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame and has been inducted into the American Theater Hall of Fame.
- 1 Early life and family
- 2 Film
- 3 Television
- 4 Theatre
- 5 Reception, acting style, and legacy
- 6 Personal life
- 7 Activism
- 8 Awards and nominations
- 9 Filmography
- 10 Stage
- 11 References
- 12 External links
Early life and family
Close was born on March 19, 1947 in Greenwich, Connecticut, to William Taliaferro Close, a doctor who operated a clinic in the Belgian Congo and served as a personal physician to Zaire's ruler Mobutu Sese Seko, and socialite Bettine Moore Close. She has two sisters, Tina and Jessie, and two brothers, Alexander (nicknamed Sandy) and Tambu Misoki, whom Close's parents adopted while living in Africa.
During her childhood, Close lived with her parents in a stone cottage on her maternal grandfather's estate in Greenwich. Close has credited her acting abilities to her early years: "I have no doubt that the days I spent running free in the evocative Connecticut countryside with an unfettered imagination, playing whatever character our games demanded, is one of the reasons that acting has always seemed so natural to me." Although Close has an affluent background, she has stated that her family chose not to participate in WASP society. She would also avoid mentioning her birthplace whenever asked because she did not want people to think she was a "dilettante who didn't have to work."
When she was seven years old, her parents joined the Moral Re-Armament (MRA), in which her family remained involved for fifteen years, living in communal centers. Close described MRA as a "cult" that dictated every aspect of her life, from the clothes that had to be worn to what she was allowed to say. In an interview Close stated that her desire to become an actress allowed her to break away from MRA, stating: "I have long forgiven my parents for any of this. They had their reasons for doing what they did, and I understand them. It had terrible effects on their kids, but that’s the way it is. We all try to survive, right? And I think what actually saved me more than anything was my desire to be an actress." She spent time in Switzerland when studying at St. George's School in Switzerland.
Close traveled for several years in the mid-to-late 1960s with an MRA singing group called Up With People and attended Rosemary Hall (now Choate Rosemary Hall), graduating in 1965. During her time in Up With People, Close organized a small singing group, the Green Glenn Singers, consisting of herself, Kathe Green, Jennie Dorn, and Vee Entwistle. The group's stated mission was "to write and sing songs which would give people a purpose and inspire them to live the way they were meant to live."
When she was 22, Close broke away from MRA, attending the College of William & Mary, and double majoring in theater and anthropology. It was in the College's theater department that she began to train as a serious actor, under Howard Scammon, W&M's long-time professor of theater. During her years at school in Williamsburg, she also starred in the summer-time outdoor drama, "The Common Glory," written by Pulitzer Prize author Paul Green. She was elected to membership in the honor society of Phi Beta Kappa. Through the years, Close has returned to W&M to lecture and visit the theater department. In 1989, Close was the commencement speaker at W&M and received an honorary doctor of arts degree.
Professional debut (1974–79)
Close started her professional stage career in 1974 at the age of 27 and her film work in 1982 at 35. During her senior year of college, Close became inspired to pursue a career in acting after watching an interview of Katharine Hepburn on The Dick Cavett Show. The following day she called her school's theater department to be nominated for a series of auditions through the University Resident Theatre Association and TCG. Eventually she was given a callback and hired for one season to do three plays at the Helen Hayes Theatre, one of those plays being Love for Love directed by Hal Prince. She continued to appear in many Broadway and Off-Broadways in the 1970s and early 1980s.
Close made her television debut in 1975; it was a small role in the anthology series Great Performances. In 1979, she filmed the television movie Orphan Train and Too Far to Go. The latter film, included Blythe Danner and Michael Moriarty in the cast, Close played Moriarty's lover. In 1980, director George Roy Hill discovered Close on Broadway and asked her to audition with Robin Williams for a role in The World According to Garp, which would become her first film role.
Breakthrough in Hollywood (1982–89)
The 1980s proved to be Close's most successful decade in Hollywood. She made her debut film performance in The World According to Garp which earned Close her first Oscar nomination. She played Robin Williams' mother, despite being just four years older. The following year she played Sarah Cooper in The Big Chill, a character that director Lawrence Kasdan said he specifically wrote for her. The movie received positive reviews and was a financial success. Close became the third actor to receive a Tony, Emmy, and Oscar (Academy Award) nomination all in the same calendar year after the release of The Big Chill.
In 1984 Close was given a part in Robert Redford's baseball drama The Natural, and although it was a small supporting role she earned a third consecutive Oscar nomination. Close, to this day, credits her nomination to cinematographer Caleb Deschanel, stating ''That hat was designed so the sunlight would come through. We waited for a certain time of day, so the sun was shining through the back of the stadium. And he had a lens that muted the people around me. It was an incredibly well thought-out shot. And I honestly think that's the reason I got nominated.'' Close also starred opposite Robert Duvall in the drama The Stone Boy (1984), a film about a family coping after their youngest child accidentally kills his older brother in a hunting accident.
Eventually, Close began to seek different roles to play because she did not want to be typecast as a motherly figure. She starred in the 1985 romantic comedy Maxie, alongside Mandy Patinkin. Close was given favorable reviews and even received her second Golden Globe Award nomination, but the movie was critically panned and under-performed at the box office. In 1985 Close starred in the legal thriller Jagged Edge, opposite Jeff Bridges. Initially, Jane Fonda was attached to the role, but was replaced with Close when she requested changes in the script. Producer Martin Ransohoff was against the casting of Close because he said she was "too ugly" for the part. Close eventually heard about this and said she didn't want Ransohoff on set while she was making her scenes. Director Richard Marquand stood by her side and sent Ransohoff away. Infuriated, Ransohoff went to the studio heads trying to get Close and Marquand fired from the picture. The studio refused, stating they were pleased with their work in the film. Jagged Edge received favorable to positive reviews and grossed $40-million on a $15-million budget.
In 1987, Close played the disturbed book editor Alex Forrest in Fatal Attraction; this was the role that propelled her into stardom. The movie became a huge box-office success, the highest-grossing film worldwide of that year. The character of Alex Forrest has been considered one of Close's most iconic roles; the phrase "bunny boiler" has even been added to the dictionary, referring to a scene from the movie.
During the re-shoot of the ending, Close suffered a concussion from one of the takes when her head smashed against a mirror. After being rushed to the hospital, she discovered, much to her horror, that she was actually a few weeks pregnant with her daughter. Close stated in an interview that, "Fatal Attraction was really the first part that took me away from the Jenny Fields, Sarah Coopers—good, nurturing women roles. I did more preparation for that film than I've ever done." Close received her fourth Oscar nomination for this role and also won the People's Choice Award for Favorite Motion Picture Actress.
She played a scheming aristocrat, the Marquise de Merteuil, in 1988's Dangerous Liaisons. Close earned stellar reviews for this performance, and was nominated for an Oscar for Best Actress. In addition, she received her first BAFTA nomination but did not win. Close's final film role of the decade was Immediate Family (1989), a drama about a married couple seeking to adopt a child. Producer Lawrence Kasdan had Close star in the film, as he directed her previously in The Big Chill.
Established actress (1990–99)
In 1990 Close went on to play the role of Sunny von Bülow opposite Jeremy Irons in Reversal of Fortune to critical acclaim. The film drew some controversy since it dealt with the Claus von Bülow murder trial, while the real Sunny von Bülow was still in a vegetative state. Sunny's children publicly criticized the movie. In the same year, Close played Gertrude in Franco Zeffirelli's film adaption of Hamlet. It was the first Shakespeare role that Close had ever attempted on screen (she appeared in 1975 in a stage production of King Lear in Milwaukee). Close would later go on to join the cast of The House of the Spirits, reuniting her with Jeremy Irons. She also had a cameo appearance in Steven Spielberg's Hook (1991) as a pirate. In 1992, Close starred in Meeting Venus for which she received critical acclaim and won Best Actress (Golden Ciak) at the Venice Film Festival. In the same year, Close became a trustee emeritus of The Sundance Institute.
Close appeared in the newsroom comedy-drama The Paper (1994), directed by her good friend Ron Howard. She would go on to appear in the alien invasion satire Mars Attacks! (1996) as The First Lady and as the sinister Cruella de Vil in the Disney hit 101 Dalmatians. Close's portrayal of Cruella de Vil was universally praised and earned her a Golden Globe nomination for Best Actress in a comedy. The film was also a commercial success, grossing $320.6 million in theaters against a $75 million budget. The following year, Close appeared in another box office hit with Air Force One (1997), playing the trustworthy vice president to Harrison Ford's president. Ford stated in an interview that the role of the vice president was already written for a woman and that he personally chose Close for the role after meeting her at a birthday party for then-president Bill Clinton. Close would later star in the war film Paradise Road (1997) as a choir conductor of the women imprisoned by the Japanese in World War II. In 1999, Close provided the voice of Kala in Disney's animated film Tarzan. She later went on to receive great reviews for her comedic role as Camille Dixon in Cookie's Fortune (1999).
Independent films and break (2000–07)
Close began to appear in television movies rather than doing theatrical films in the early 2000s. She returned as Cruella de Vil in 102 Dalmatians (2000). Although the film received mixed reviews, it performed well at the box office. Close later filmed The Safety of Objects which premiered in 2001, a movie about four suburban families dealing with maladies. This was Kristen Stewart's first film role, and Close and Stewart would later reunite in the 2015 film Anesthesia. Close starred in Things You Can Tell Just by Looking at Her in the same year, this would be one of many future collaborations with director Rodrigo Garcia. In 2004, she played Claire Wellington, an uptight socialite in the comedy The Stepford Wives opposite Nicole Kidman and Christopher Walken. She provided the voice of the Blue Fairy in the English version of Pinocchio (2002) and Granny in the animated film Hoodwinked (2005). Close continued to do smaller films like Le Divorce (2003) and The Chumscrubber (2005). In 2005, she reunited with director Rodrigo Garcia to do Nine Lives; he would later direct Close in the film Albert Nobbs (2011). In the same year, she starred in the film Heights (2005), an independent drama centered on the lives of five New Yorkers. Close's performance was lauded by critics.
In 2007, she acted alongside her friend and previous co-star Meryl Streep in the ensemble drama Evening. This would be Close's final theatrical film role of the decade, since she began to star in her own television series, Damages (2007). Close was asked about her contributions to independent films, to which she responded "I love the casts that gather around a good piece of writing certainly not for the money but because it is good and challenging. Sometimes I've taken a role for one scene that I thought was phenomenal. Also my presence can help them get money, so it's I think a way for me to give back."
Return to film (2011–present)
In December 2010, Close began filming Albert Nobbs in Dublin. She had previously won an Obie in 1982 for her role in the play on stage. She had been working on the film, in which she appeared alongside 101 Dalmatians co-star Mark Williams, for almost 20 years, and aside from starring in it, she co-wrote the screenplay and produced the film. Close expressed that it became more important for her to make this film to stimulate conversations about transgender issues, "There came a point where I asked, 'Am I willing to live the rest of my life having given up on this?' And I said, 'No I won't.' Some people will change their point of view, and those who are either too old, or too blinkered, to accept the beauty of difference will just have to 'die off'." In the film, Close played the title role of Albert Nobbs, a woman living her life as a man in 1800s Ireland after being sexually assaulted as a young girl. While the film itself received mixed reviews, Close received rave reviews, as it was noted for being her most subtle and introverted performance yet and a departure from her other roles.
Close was asked about the fact of not having an Oscar during the film's awards campaign, for which she answered: "And I remember being astounded that I met some people who were really kind of almost hyper-ventilating as to whether they were going to win or not, and I have never understood that. Because if you just do the simple math, the amount of people who are in our two unions, the amount of people who in our profession are out of work at any given time, the amount of movies that are made every year, and then you're one of five. How could you possibly think of yourself as a loser?"
After her television series Damages ended, Close returned to film in 2014, in which she played Nova Prime Rael in the science fiction film Guardians of the Galaxy. Close also appeared in the independent movie 5 to 7 (2014) and Low Down (2014). In 2016, she appeared in The Great Gilly Hopkins and in a small cameo in Warcraft. She also starred in the British zombie horror drama The Girl with All the Gifts (2016) as Dr. Caldwell, a scientist researching a cure to save humanity. In 2017, Close appeared alongside Noomi Rapace and Willem Dafoe in What Happened to Monday, a science fiction thriller produced by Netflix. Also that year, she was reunited with actors John Malkovich (her co-star in Dangerous Liaisons) and Patrick Stewart (co-star in The Lion in Winter) in the romantic comedy The Wilde Wedding, and co-starred in Crooked House, a film adaptation of the novel by Agatha Christie.
Close garnered critical acclaim in the 2018 released drama The Wife which had first premiered at the 2017 Toronto International Film Festival. The film is an adaptation of Meg Wolitzer's novel of the same name. It centers on Joan Castleman (played by Close) who questions her life choices as she travels to Stockholm with her husband, where he is set to receive the Nobel Prize in Literature.
Close began to do television movies in the early 1980s beginning with The Elephant Man and in 1984, starred in the critically acclaimed drama Something About Amelia, a Golden Globe-winning television movie about a family destroyed by sexual abuse of the incest type. (Ted Danson appeared as the abusing husband-father; Roxana Zal acted out the role of Amelia, the daughter-victim of Danson's character, which role first brought Zal to prominence.) She starred alongside Keith Carradine in Stones for Ibarra (1988), a television film adaption from the book written by Harriet Doerr and produced by the Hallmark company.
In the 1990s she starred in the highly rated Hallmark Hall of Fame television movie Sarah, Plain and Tall (1991), as well as its two sequels. She also impersonated the title subject of the fact-based made-for-TV movie Serving in Silence: The Margarethe Cammermeyer Story in 1995, for which she won her first Emmy. Close has also provided the voice of Mona Simpson, from The Simpsons, since 1995. Entertainment Weekly named Close one of the 16 best Simpsons guest stars. In 2001 she starred in a production of Rodgers and Hammerstein's classic musical South Pacific as Nellie Forbush on ABC. Close guest-starred on Will and Grace in 2002, portraying a satirical version of Annie Leibovitz, earning her an Emmy nomination for Guest Actress in a Comedy Series. Close has also hosted Saturday Night Live in 1989 and in 1992.
In 2003 she played Eleanor of Aquitaine in the Showtime produced film The Lion in Winter. Close won a Golden Globe and Screen Actor's Guild award for her performance. In 2005 Close joined the FX crime series The Shield, in which she played Monica Rawling, a no-nonsense precinct captain, this became her first TV role in a series. Close stated that she made the right move because television was in a "golden era" and the quality of some programs had already risen to the standards of film. John Landgraf, CEO of FX, stated that network was the "first to bring a female movie star of Glenn Close’s stature to television." He also credits her collaboration with the network with promoting roles for women on television, as well as influencing other film actors to switch to the small screen.
Close was later approached by FX executives who pitched a television series for her to star in, that would only be filmed in New York City. In 2007, Close played the ruthless and brilliant lawyer Patty Hewes on Damages for five seasons. Her portrayal of this character was met with rave reviews and a plethora of award nominations, in addition she went on to win two consecutive Emmy Awards for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama series. Close's win also made her the first Best Actress winner in a drama series at the Emmy's for a cable show. Throughout the show's run, she became one of the highest paid actresses on cable, earning $200,000 per episode. Close stated that her role of Patty Hewes in the series was the role of her life. Close also kept in contact with her co-star Rose Byrne, and the two have become great friends. After the series ended, Close stated that she would not return to television in a regular role, but that she was open to do a miniseries or a guest spot.
In 2017, Close starred in a half hour comedy pilot for Amazon, titled Sea Oak. The pilot premiered online with viewers voting to choose if it wanted Amazon to produce the series. Although it received favorable reviews it was not picked up.
Close has had an extensive career performing in Broadway musicals. She began performing in 1974, and received her first Tony Award nomination in 1980 for Barnum. One of her most notable roles on stage was Norma Desmond in the Andrew Lloyd Webber production of Sunset Boulevard, for which Close won a Tony Award, playing the role on Broadway in 1993-94. For her role, Close was met with critical acclaim. David Richards of The New York Times wrote in 1994 that "Glenn is giving one of those legendary performances people will be talking about years from now. The actress takes breathtaking risks, venturing so far out on a limb at times that you fear it will snap. It doesn't."
She would later re-team with the show's director, Trevor Nunn, in London for his Royal National Theatre revival of A Streetcar Named Desire in 2002. Close won a Tony Award in 1984 for The Real Thing, directed by Mike Nichols. In 1992 she won another Tony Award for Death and the Maiden. In 2008, Close performed at Carnegie Hall, narrating the violin concerto The Runaway Bunny, a concerto for reader, violin and orchestra, composed and conducted by Glen Roven. She provided the voice of the "Giant" in the Summer 2012 production of the musical Into the Woods at the Delacorte Theater in Central Park. The production also featured Amy Adams as The Baker's Wife and Donna Murphy as The Witch. In 2014 she starred in a production of the Pirates of Penzance for the Public Theater in New York, playing the role of Ruth. This production featured Kevin Kline, Martin Short and Anika Noni Rose.
In October 2014, Close returned to Broadway in the starring role of Agnes in Pam MacKinnon's revival of Edward Albee's A Delicate Balance at the Golden Theatre. Her co-stars were John Lithgow as Tobias, Martha Plimpton as Julia and Lindsay Duncan as Claire. The production grossed $884,596 over eight preview performances during the week ending Oct. 25, setting a new house record at the Golden Theatre. The production received mixed reviews, although the cast was praised.
In April 2016, she returned as Norma Desmond in the musical Sunset Boulevard in an English National Opera production in the West End in London. Close was met with rave reviews after returning to this same role twenty-three years later. Both The Times and The Daily Telegraph gave the production five stars and praised her performance. During the production Close was forced to cancel three shows due to a chest infection. She was hospitalized but later recovered and finished the remaining shows. Close won the Evening Standard Theatre Award for Best Musical Performance, and was nominated for her first Olivier Award for Best Actress in a Musical.
The ENO London production of Sunset Boulevard transferred to the Palace Theatre on Broadway, with Close reprising her role. It opened on February 9, 2017 in a limited run, selling tickets through June 25, 2017. The production features a 40-piece orchestra, the largest in Broadway history. Close in particular was lauded by critics for her new incarnation of Norma Desmond. As The New York Times called it "one of the great stage performances of this century." Variety, Parade, The Guardian and Entertainment Weekly also gave the new production positive reviews.
Reception, acting style, and legacy
Close is regarded as an extraordinarily versatile actress with an immersive acting style. In 1995, Close guest starred on Inside the Actors Studio to discuss her film career. James Lipton described her as an actor who "can find an outstanding number of layers in a role or a single moment; she is a supple actor who performs subtle feats." Close is also professionally trained by acting coach Harold Guskin, who also taught Kevin Kline, Bridget Fonda and James Gandolfini. Working with Guskin, Close learned several important lessons, which she said she's applied to her career as well as her life. One such lesson, she claims, was to "read the lines off the page" and remembering to breathe. Close states, "You have to maintain a certain openness, and if you don't maintain that, you lose something vital as an actor. It's how we're wired, and it's not a bad thing." Close says that in order to continue to learn her trade she went to every rehearsal.
On method acting, she claims that while she found it an interesting technique, it was not her preferred style. Although Close does extensive research and preparation for her roles, she also relies less on the technicality of a performance saying, "Good acting I think is like being a magician, in that you make people believe; because it's only when they believe that they are moved. And I want people to get emotionally involved. I think technique is important but it isn't everything. You can have a great technical actor who'll leave people cold. That's not my idea of great acting. As audience, I don't want to be aware of acting." Longtime collaborator and playwright, Christopher Hampton describes Close an actress who can very easily convey "a sense of strength and intelligence." Hampton worked on Sunset Boulevard and the stage production of Dangerous Liaisions, Hampton later cast her in the movie version. "Glenn is often described as having a glacial or distant quality about her, but in person she's the absolute opposite: warm and intimate," says the actor Iain Glen, who co-starred with her in the 2002 stage production of A Streetcar Named Desire. "She was able to bring strength to the role, she was able to completely access that vulnerability. There was a real softness to her.
However, Close is consistently praised for her roles as the villain or antagonist in her performances. Her character in Fatal Attraction was ranked number 7 on AFI's 100 years...100 heroes and villains list. Regarding her role in the series Damages, The New York Times remarked "There is no actor dead or alive as scary as a smiling Glenn Close." Journalist Christopher Hooton also praised her saying, "Christopher Walken, Glenn Close, Al Pacino, and many others have a surprising danger in them. They're a little scary to be around, because you feel they might jump you or blow up at you at any time. They are ticking time bombs." Film historian Cari Beauchamp has stated, "When you look at the top 10 actresses of the past 80 years, since sound came in, first you have Bette Davis, Katharine Hepburn and Meryl Streep – but I think Glenn Close is definitely in that list, it's a combination of her guts, in the roles she chooses, and her perseverance. Frankly, she's taken roles that are more challenging than a lot of other people."
On January 12, 2009, Close was honored with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 7000 Hollywood Boulevard, in front of the Roosevelt Hotel. As of 2018[update], films featuring Close have grossed over $1.3 Billion in North America. Close is also considered a gay icon, having played numerous campy roles on screen and stage.
Relationships and family
Close has been married four times, each ending in divorce. Her first marriage ended before going off to university. Close described it as "kind of an arranged marriage." From 1969 to 1971, Close was married to Cabot Wade, a guitarist and songwriter, with whom she had performed during her time at Up with People. She was married to businessman James Marlas from 1984 to 1987. Soon afterwards, she began a relationship with producer John Starke, whom she had previously met on the set of The World According to Garp. Their daughter, Annie Starke, was born on April 26, 1988, and is an actress. They separated in 1991. In 1995 Close was engaged to carpenter Steve Beers, who had worked on Sunset Boulevard, but the two never married, and they separated in 1999. In February 2006, Close married executive and venture capitalist David Evans Shaw in Maine. The couple divorced in August 2015.
Business ventures and assets
Close currently resides in Bedford Hills, New York but still has a condo in the West Village. She also owns properties in Wellington, Florida, and Bozeman, Montana. In the early 1990s she owned a coffee shop in Bozeman, but sold it in 2006. In 2011 Close sold her apartment in The Beresford for $10.2 million. She also runs a 1,000 acre ranch in Wyoming.
Close is the President of Trillium Productions Inc. Her company has produced films like Albert Nobbs, Sarah Plain and Tall, and South Pacific. She also produced the film Serving in Silence (1995) with Barbra Streisand, for which they were both nominated for an Emmy for Outstanding Television Movie.
In 2007 she co-founded FetchDog, a dog accessories catalog and Internet site. She published blogs where she interviews other celebrities about their relationships with their dogs. She sold the business in 2012.
Interests and beliefs
Close was born into a Democratic family. In addition, she has donated money to the election campaigns of mostly Democratic politicians, including Hillary Clinton, Howard Dean, John Edwards, Angus King and Barack Obama. She also spoke at the 2004 Democratic National Convention. Close voted for Barack Obama in the 2008 presidential election and attended his inauguration. In a 2016 interview with Andrew Marr for the BBC, Close criticized Donald Trump, calling his campaign "terribly frightening." She later reiterated her sentiments about Trump, stating, "he doesn’t stand for anything I believe in." In 2018, Close campaigned for Kathleen Williams and Debbie Stabenow in each of their respective elections.
Close keeps all of her costumes after completing films and rents them out to exhibits. She lent one of the dresses she wore in Dangerous Liaisons to Madonna for her 1990 VMA performance of "Vogue". In 2017, she donated her entire costume collection to the Indiana University Bloomington
Close has campaigned for many issues like gay marriage, women's rights, and mental health. In 1989 she attended pro-choice marches in Washington D.C. with Gloria Steinem and Jane Fonda. In 1998, Close was a part of a star-studded cast which performed The Vagina Monologues at a benefit. It raised $250,000 in a single evening with proceeds going to the effort to stop violence against women. She was honored with a GLAAD Media Award in 2002 for promoting equal rights for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people. She volunteered and produced a documentary for Puppies Behind Bars, an organization that provides service dogs for wounded war veterans.
Close is also a trustee of The Wildlife Conservation Society and volunteers at Fountain House in New York City, a facility dedicated to the recovery of men and women who suffer with mental illness. She is a founding member of the Panthera Conservation Advisory Committee. Panthera is an international nonprofit whose sole mission is conservation of the world's 36 species of wild cats. Close has also been a longtime supporter of late friend Christopher Reeve's foundation. She is also a member of the CuriosityStream Advisory Board.
Mental health initiatives
Close was a founder and is chairperson of BringChange2Mind, a US campaign to eradicate the stigma and discrimination surrounding mental illness, supporting her sister Jessie who has bipolar disorder. In 2010, Close announced to the public that she had her DNA sequenced in order to publicize her family's history of mental illness. During the month of July 2013, Close put up over 380 designer items up for auction on eBay from the wardrobe her character Patty Hewes wore on Damages. All proceeds were raised to go to her charity BringChange2Mind. Close had director and friend Ron Howard direct the foundation's first PSA. John Mayer also lent his song "Say" for the advert.
In 2013 Close went to the White House to urge passage of the Excellence in Mental-Health Act that was written to expand treatment for the mentally ill and to provide access to mental-health services. The bill was signed into law by President Obama in April 2014, and will provide $1.1 billion in funding to help strengthen the mental-health-care system in the US. She was awarded the WebMD Health Hero award in 2015 for her contributions to mental-health initiatives. On June 16, 2016, Close donated $75,000 to the Mental-Health Association of Central Florida in order to fund counselling and other assistance to victims of the Orlando nightclub shooting. She frequently promotes her charitable causes through her Twitter account.
Awards and nominations
|1982||The World According to Garp||Jenny Fields|
|1983||The Big Chill||Sarah Cooper|
|1984||The Natural||Iris Gaines|
|The Stone Boy||Ruth Hillerman|
|Greystoke: The Legend of Tarzan, Lord of the Apes||Jane Porter||Voice, uncredited|
|1985||Jagged Edge||Theodosia "Teddy" Barnes|
|Maxie||Jan Cheyney / Maxie Malone|
|1987||Fatal Attraction||Alexandra "Alex" Forrest|
|1988||Dangerous Liaisons||Marquise Isabelle de Merteuil|
|Light Years||Queen Ambisextra||Voice|
|1989||Immediate Family||Linda Spector|
|1990||Reversal of Fortune||Martha "Sunny" von Bülow|
|Meeting Venus||Karin Anderson|
|1993||The House of the Spirits||Ferula Trueba|
|1994||The Paper||Alicia Clark|
|1996||Mars Attacks!||First Lady Marsha Dale|
|101 Dalmatians||Cruella de Vil||Live-action version of the 1961 animated cartoon feature|
|Mary Reilly||Mrs. Farraday|
|1997||Paradise Road||Adrienne Pargiter|
|Air Force One||Vice President Kathryn Bennett|
|1999||Cookie's Fortune||Camille Dixon|
|2000||102 Dalmatians||Cruella de Vil||Live-action sequel to 101 Dalmatians (1996)|
|Things You Can Tell Just by Looking at Her||Dr. Elaine Keener|
|2001||The Safety of Objects||Esther Gold|
|2003||Le Divorce||Olivia Pace|
|Pinocchio||The Blue Fairy||Voice; English dub|
|The Stepford Wives||Claire Wellington|
|2005||Tarzan II||Kala||Voice, direct-to-DVD|
|The Chumscrubber||Carrie Johnson|
|2011||Hoodwinked Too! Hood vs. Evil||Granny||Voice|
|Albert Nobbs||Albert Nobbs||Also writer and producer|
|Guardians of the Galaxy||Nova Prime Irani Rael||First live action appearance of the character|
|2015||5 to 7||Arlene|
|The Great Gilly Hopkins||Nonnie Hopkins|
|The Girl with All the Gifts||Dr. Caroline Caldwell|
|2017||What Happened to Monday||Nicolette Cayman|
|The Wilde Wedding||Eve Wilde|
|The Wife||Joan Castleman|
|Crooked House||Lady Edith|
|Father Figures||Helen Baxter|
|1975||Great Performances||Neighbour||Episode: "The Rules of the Game"|
|1979||Too Far To Go||Rebecca Kuehn||TV film|
|Orphan Train||Jessica||TV film|
|1982||The Elephant Man||Princess Alexandra||TV film|
|1984||Something About Amelia||Gail Bennett||TV film|
|1988||Stones for Ibarra||Sara Everton||TV film|
|1989–1992||Saturday Night Live||Herself (host)||2 episodes|
|1991||Sarah, Plain and Tall||Sarah Wheaton||TV film, also executive producer|
|1993||Skylark||Sarah Witting||TV film, also executive producer|
|1995||Serving in Silence||Margarethe Cammermeyer||TV film, also executive producer|
|Inside the Actors Studio||Herself||Season 2, episode 4|
|1995–2018||The Simpsons||Mona Simpson (voice)||9 episodes|
|1997||In the Gloaming||Janet||TV film|
|1999||Sarah, Plain and Tall: Winter's End||Sarah Witting||TV film, also executive producer|
|2000||Baby||Adult Sophie||TV film, narrator, also executive producer|
|2001||The Ballad of Lucy Whipple||Arvella Whipple||TV film, also executive producer|
|South Pacific||Nellie Forbush||TV film, also executive producer|
|2002||Will & Grace||Fanny Lieber||Episode: "Hocus Focus"|
|2003||Brush with Fate||Cornelia Engelbrecht||TV film|
|The Lion in Winter||Eleanor of Aquitaine||TV film|
|2004||The West Wing||Evelyn Baker Lang||Episode: "The Supremes"|
|Strip Search||Karen Moore||TV film|
|2005||The Shield||Captain Monica Rawling||13 episodes|
|2007–2012||Damages||Patricia "Patty" Hewes||59 episodes|
|2016||Family Guy||Herself (voice)||Episode: "A Lot Going on Upstairs"|
|2017||Sea Oak||Aunt Bernie||Pilot|
|2018||3 Below: Tales of Arcadia||Mothership (voice)|
|2019||Wizards: Tales of Arcadia||Mothership (voice)|
|1988||American Experience||Executive producer|
|1992||Broken Hearts, Broken Homes||Executive producer|
|1999||The Lady with the Torch||Host|
|2003||In Search of the Jaguar||Narrator|
|2003||What I Want My Words to Do to You|
|2003||A Closer Walk|
|2007||Gabon: The Last Eden|
|2011||Not My Life||Narrator|
|2015||Mind/Game: The Unquiet Journey of Chamique Holdsclaw|
|2016||Broadway: Beyond the Golden Age||Herself|
|1974||Love for Love||Angelica||Broadway play (New Phoenix Rep at Helen Hayes Theatre)|
|1974||The Rules of the Game||Neighbour|
|1974||The Member of the Wedding||Janice|
|1976||Rex||Princess Mary||Broadway musical (Lunt-Fontanne Theatre)|
|1977||The Crazy Locomotive||Off-Broadway (Chelsea Theater Center)|
|1977||Uncommon Women and Others||Off-Broadway|
|1978||The Crucifer of Blood||Irene St. Claire||Broadway play (Helen Hayes Theatre)|
|1979||The Winter Dancers|
|1980||Barnum||Chairy Barnum||Broadway musical (St. James Theatre)|
|1981||Uncle Vanya||Elena||Yale Repertory Theatre|
|1982||The Singular Life of Albert Nobbs||Albert Nobbs||Off-Broadway|
|1983||The Real Thing||Annie||Broadway play (Plymouth Theatre)|
|1985||For No Good Reason/Childhood||Off-Broadway|
|1985||Joan of Arc at the Stake||Concert|
|1985||Benefactors||Jane||Broadway play (Brooks Atkinson Theatre)|
|1991||Brooklyn Laundry||Los Angeles|
|1992||Death and the Maiden||Paulina Salas||Broadway play (Brooks Atkinson Theatre)|
|1993||Sunset Boulevard||Norma Desmond||Shubert Theatre, Los Angeles (musical)|
|1994||Sunset Boulevard||Norma Desmond||Broadway musical (Minskoff Theatre)|
|2002||A Streetcar Named Desire||Blanche DuBois||London (National Theatre)|
|2003||The Play What I Wrote||Mystery Guest Star||Broadway musical (Lyceum Theatre)|
|2006||Busker Alley||Dame Libby St. Albans||Off-Broadway musical (one-performance benefit concert)|
|2010||The Normal Heart||Dr. Emma Brookner||Walter Kerr Theatre (one- performance benefit concert)|
|2012||Into the Woods||The Giant (pre-recorded voice)||Delacorte Theater|
|2014||A Delicate Balance||Agnes||Broadway play (John Golden Theatre)|
|2016||Sunset Boulevard||Norma Desmond||West End (London Coliseum)|
|2017||Sunset Boulevard||Norma Desmond||Broadway Revival (Palace Theatre)|
|2018||Mother of the Maid||Isabelle Romée||The Public Theater|
- "What Play Can Come Along Next Season That Will Be More Star-Studded Than A Delicate Balance?".
- "Stars Who've Never Won an Oscar". ABC News. 2016-02-25. Retrieved 2016-08-20.
- Roberts, Gary Boyd (2010). "Notable Kin - Additional Noted American Cousin: A Five-Year Update, Numbers 326-350". New England Historic Genealogical Society - Founded 1845. Retrieved 2010-12-07.
- Simpson, Dan (2006-11-29). "Conscience and the Congo". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette.
- II, Thomas H. Maugh (2009-02-15). "Dr. William Close dies at 84; physician played a key role in stopping the Ebola virus". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 2016-09-21.
- In a speech at Princeton University on February 19, 2009
- "PREMIERE - GLENN CLOSE - 919V-000-008". www.maryellenmark.com. Retrieved 2016-09-14.
- Galanes, Philip (2017-03-11). "Glenn Close and Patrick Kennedy on the Weight of Mental Illness". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-03-14.
- Rosemary Hall Alumnae Award Archived May 21, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. from the Choate Rosemary Hall website
- Seymour, Steve. "Glenn Close Recorded in U.P." Rock n Roll Graffiti. Retrieved 3 June 2017.
- Galloway, Stephen (October 15, 2014). "Glenn Close Returns to Stage, Reveals Remarkable Childhood in Cult". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved October 16, 2014.
- "Glenn Close: "Are You Who We Think You Are?"". Princeton.edu. 2009-02-19. Retrieved 2010-08-22.
- Stated on Inside the Actors Studio, 1995
- Weaver, Hilary. "Read Katharine Hepburn's Influential Letter to Glenn Close". Vanities. Retrieved 2017-03-31.
- Gray, Tim (2016-04-05). "Glenn Close Looks Back on Her First Theater Role". Retrieved 2016-08-29.
- "Glenn Close". Retrieved 2016-08-28.
- "Glenn Close Reflects on 10 Roles". Retrieved 2016-08-25.
- Close, Glenn (2010-01-24). "Glenn Close's 13 Favorite Movie Roles". The Daily Beast. Retrieved 2016-08-20.
- THOMAS, KEVIN (1985-09-27). "Movie Reviews : 'Maxie': A Would-be Star Of The '20s Is Reborn". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 2016-08-20.
- Ebert, Roger. "Maxie Movie Review & Film Summary (1985) | Roger Ebert". www.rogerebert.com. Retrieved 2016-08-20.
- Eszterhas, Joe (2004). Hollywood Animal. Hutchinson.
- Ebert, Roger. "Jagged Edge Movie Review & Film Summary (1985)". www.rogerebert.com. Retrieved 2016-08-26.
- "The 60th Academy Awards - 1988". Retrieved 19 January 2018.
- Staff, Variety (1988-01-01). "Review: 'Dangerous Liaisons'". Retrieved 2016-09-05.
- "Objections to Reversal of Fortune". Retrieved 2016-08-25.
- "Reversal of Fortune? For Claus, Yes, but for Sunny, Never, as a New Film Puts the Von Bülows on Trial Again : People.com". www.people.com. Retrieved 2016-08-25.
- "Sundance Institute Adds Five New Trustees". www.sundance.org. Retrieved 2016-08-27.
- "Some little-known facts about the Harrison Ford film Air Force One". NZ Herald. 2016-11-09. ISSN 1170-0777. Retrieved 2018-12-13.
- Ebert, Roger. "Cookie's Fortune Movie Review (1999) | Roger Ebert". www.rogerebert.com. Retrieved 2016-08-25.
- "Heights | Film Review | Slant Magazine". Retrieved 2016-10-01.
- Ebert, Roger. "Heights Movie Review & Film Summary (2005) | Roger Ebert". www.rogerebert.com. Retrieved 2016-10-01.
- "Glenn Close, 'Whiplash' Director Revel in Rewards of Risky Indie Film Biz at Sundance Benefit". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2017-01-27.
- Glenn Close's Albert Nobbs Costume Revealed" comingsoon.net (Source:Daily Mail), December 5, 2010
- BWW Staff. "Glenn Close Reprises 'Albert Nobbs' in New Film" Archived December 24, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. broadwayworld.com, December 15, 2010
- Changemaker, Kiri Westby; Rulebreaker; Storyteller (2012-02-23). "Glenn Close's 'Albert Nobbs' Brings Transgender Identity To The Red Carpet". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2016-08-20.
- "Oscar Nominees Mingle, Share Excitement". Retrieved 2016-08-20.
- Fleming, Jr., Mike (May 29, 2013). "Glenn Close Is Head Cop In Marvel's 'Guardians Of The Galaxy'". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on May 30, 2013. Retrieved May 29, 2013.
- "Read the Official Synopsis For Marvel's Guardians of the Galaxy". Marvel. January 3, 2014. Archived from the original on February 17, 2014. Retrieved February 17, 2014.
- Lang, Ramin Setoodeh, Brent (2016-09-13). "Toronto: Netflix Buys 'What Happened to Monday?' With Noomi Rapace (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Retrieved 2016-10-25.
- "'The Wife': Film Review | TIFF 2017". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2018-08-16.
- Bradshaw, Peter (2017-09-12). "The Wife review – Glenn Close is unreadably brilliant as author's spouse plunged in late-life crisis". The Guardian. Retrieved 2018-09-27.
- Croll, Ben (2017-09-17). "'The Wife' Review: Glenn Close is Exquisite In This Literary Drama — TIFF". IndieWire. Retrieved 2018-08-16.
- "Glenn Close to Star in 'Sunset Boulevard' Movie Musical at Paramount (Exclusive)". TheWrap. 2017-08-17. Retrieved 2017-10-02.
- Gans, Andrew (2018-12-10). "Glenn Close Says Sunset Boulevard Film 'Inching Closer' to Reality". Playbill. Retrieved 2018-12-13.
- Zoromski, Eric Goldman, Dan Iverson & Brian (2010-01-04). "Top 25 Simpsons Guest Appearances". IGN. Retrieved 2016-08-20.
- "Entertainment Weekly's EW.com". Entertainment Weekly's EW.com. Retrieved 2016-08-26.
- "SNL Transcripts: Glenn Close: 02/25/89". Snltranscripts.jt.org. February 25, 1989. Archived from the original on November 30, 2010. Retrieved August 14, 2012.
- "SNL Transcripts: Glenn Close: 12/12/92". Snltranscripts.jt.org. December 12, 1992. Archived from the original on October 11, 2012. Retrieved August 14, 2012.
- Patterson, John; McLean, Gareth (2006-05-19). "Move over Hollywood". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-01-27.
- Radio, Southern California Public (2015-10-16). "FX CEO John Landgraf says there's anxiety in the TV business". Southern California Public Radio. Retrieved 2017-01-27.
- "FX Chief Regrets Passing on 'Breaking Bad'". EW.com. Retrieved 2018-01-11.
- Joyce Eng (20 September 2009). "Kristin Chenoweth, Jon Cryer Win First Emmys". TVGuide.com. Retrieved 2009-09-20.
- JoeDuck (2011-05-10). "Celebrity Salaries from TV Guide". Joe Duck. Retrieved 2016-08-27.
- "Goodbye, Patty Hewes: Glenn Close On The End Of 'Damages'". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2016-02-27.
- Andreeva, Nellie (2017-12-18). "Amazon Passes On All 3 Pilots From Fall 2017 Pilot Season: 'Sea Oak', 'Love You More' & 'The Climb'". Deadline. Retrieved 2018-01-11.
- Richards, David (1994-11-18). "THEATER REVIEW: SUNSET BOULEVARD; Boulevard Of Broken Dreams". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-03-01.
- Wolf, Matt (2002-10-10). "Review: 'A Streetcar Named Desire'". Retrieved 2016-08-22.
- "Glenn Close to Voice The Giant in Public Theaters 'Into the Woods'" broadwayworld.com, July 16, 2012
- "After 20 Years, Glenn Close Is Back – Just Don't Call It a Comeback | Playbill". Playbill. Retrieved 2016-08-10.
- Porteous, Jacob (September 22, 2015). "BREAKING NEWS: Glenn Close Makes West End Debut In Sunset Boulevard". Retrieved September 25, 2015.
- Limited, London Theatre Direct. "Sunset Boulevard tickets, London Coliseum, London Theatre Direct". www.londontheatredirect.com. Retrieved 2016-07-17.
- "Glenn Close forced to cancel shows after being hospitalised by chest infection". Retrieved 2016-07-17.
- "Nominations by Category". www.olivierawards.com. Retrieved 2017-03-14.
- "Glenn Close's big comeback pays off with first West End theatre award at 69". Evening Standard. 2016-10-24. Retrieved 2016-10-25.
- "Sunset Boulevard the Musical". Sunset Boulevard the Musical. Retrieved 2016-11-22.
- Paulson, Michael (2016-10-25). "Glenn Close Will Star, Again, in 'Sunset Boulevard' on Broadway". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-10-26.
- Gans, Andrew. "Tix for 'Sunset Boulevard' Revival, Starring Glenn Close, Now on Sale through June" Playbill, February 7, 2017
- Brantley, Ben (2017-02-09). "Review: That 'Sunset Boulevard' Close-Up, Finely Focused". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-02-14.
- Stasio, Marilyn (2017-02-10). "Broadway Review: Glenn Close in 'Sunset Boulevard'". Variety. Retrieved 2017-02-14.
- "'Sunset Boulevard': EW Stage Review". EW.com. 2017-02-10. Retrieved 2017-02-14.
- Kaplan, Janice. "A Glorious Glenn Close in Sunset Boulevard". Parade. Retrieved 2017-03-31.
- "Brian Stokes Mitchell, Paul Libin, Glenn Close Among Theater Hall of Fame Inductees | Playbill". Playbill. Retrieved 2016-09-20.
- "Public Theater Announces Season With Glenn Close, Jake Gyllenhaal, Tom Sturridge, Bob Dylan Musical | Deadline". Deadline.com. Retrieved 2018-09-19.
- "Glenn Close Quotes". BrainyQuote.
- Heilpern, John. "Glenn Close Is Keeping A Delicate Balance on Broadway". Retrieved 2016-08-28.
- "Awards Watch: Emmy Roundtable -- Drama Actresses". Retrieved 2016-08-28.
- "Actress Glenn Close speaks at Saint Mary's // The Observer". 2010-03-16. Retrieved 2016-08-28.
- Macmillan. "How to Stop Acting | Harold Guskin | Macmillan". Macmillan. Archived from the original on January 13, 2012. Retrieved August 28, 2016.
- "William & Mary - A conversation with Glenn Close '74". www.wm.edu. Retrieved 2016-08-28.
- "Urban Cinefile CLOSE, GLENN: Paradise Road". www.urbancinefile.com.au. Retrieved 2016-08-28.
- Rose, Steve (2015-11-06). "Glenn Close: critical acclaim built on strength of character". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2016-08-29.
- "15 Actors Who Always Play the Villain". The Cheat Sheet. 2017-08-17. Retrieved 2017-11-10.
- "Glenn Close: Why do we love the evil characters she portrays?". Marie France Asia, women's magazine. 2014-05-23. Retrieved 2017-11-10.
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Heroes & Villains". www.afi.com. Retrieved 2016-08-29.
- Stanley, Alessandra (2007-07-24). "Damages - Television - Review". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-08-29.
- "How to tell good acting from bad acting, according to a Shakespearean director". 2016-02-24. Retrieved 2016-09-17.
- "An interview with Glenn Close - The Portland Press Herald / Maine Sunday Telegram". 2012-02-26. Retrieved 2016-08-29.
- "Glenn Close | Hollywood Walk of Fame". www.walkoffame.com. Retrieved 2016-08-27.
- "Glenn Close Movie Box Office Results". www.boxofficemojo.com. Retrieved 2016-08-27.
- "Glenn Close: Yep, I'm a Gay Icon!". PEOPLE.com. 2002-04-30. Retrieved 2016-12-24.
- "EXCLUSIVE: Glenn, Close Up". Pridesource. Retrieved 2016-12-24.
- "Glenn Close: 'You lose power if you get angry'". The Guardian. 2017-12-16. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-12-18.
- Stritof, Sheri and Bob. "Glenn Close and David Shaw", Marriage.about.com, accessed December 31, 2011
- Annie Starke on Following Mom (Glenn Close) On Stage and Her Fashionable Debut in Love, Loss and What I Wore, Broadway.com, March 31, 2011
- "Glenn Close Marries on Maine Retreat", People Magazine, February 6, 2006.
- "Glenn Close, husband divorce after 9 years of marriage". CTV News. September 24, 2015. Retrieved September 24, 2015.
- "Getting Out of the Country". NYMag.com. Retrieved 2016-02-27.
- David, Mark (2010-01-21). "Glenn Close Lists Upper West Side Aerie". Retrieved 2016-09-24.
- "20 Celebrities Who Have Amazing Homes in Montana". 2016-06-09. Archived from the original on 2016-07-31. Retrieved 2016-09-24.
- DeMay, Daniel. "Iconic downtown coffee shop to change directions". Retrieved 2016-09-24.
- "Close! Beresford Corner Nabs $10.2 M., Under Asking". 2010-08-06. Retrieved 2016-09-24.
- "Glenn Close gains easement on Wyoming land | TSLN.com". Tri-State Livestock News. Retrieved 2016-09-24.
- "Trillium and Touchstone get Close". C21media. Retrieved 2016-09-21.
- "Social Innovation Summit 2013". Retrieved 2016-09-21.
- "Actress Glenn Close, husband sell FetchDog pet business - The Portland Press Herald / Maine Sunday Telegram". 2012-06-07. Retrieved 2016-08-10.
- Aitkenhead, Decca (2009-02-15). "The G2 interview: Decca Aitkenhead meets Glenn Close". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2016-09-21.
- "Opensecrets.org". Opensecrets.org. Retrieved 2010-08-22.[permanent dead link]
- "Democratic National Convention, Day 1 Evening". C-SPAN.org. Retrieved 2016-08-17.
- "Bill and Hillary Clinton Headline Opening Night of DNC". Democracy Now!. Retrieved 2016-08-17.
- "What You Didn't See on TV: Inauguration Celebrity Watch - Slideshow - Daily Intel". Retrieved 2016-09-24.
- Aitkenhead, Decca (2009-02-15). "The G2 interview: Decca Aitkenhead meets Glenn Close". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2016-09-24.
- "Andrew Marr speaks to actress Glenn Close - BBC News". BBC News. Retrieved 2016-07-20.
- Cox, Gordon (2017-02-01). "Glenn Close, Back on Broadway, Talks Trump and 'Fatal Attraction'". Variety. Retrieved 2017-02-02.
- "Glenn Close heads to Michigan to campaign for Democratic senator". Page Six. 2018-08-15. Retrieved 2018-08-15.
- "William & Mary - Muscarelle Museum announces Glenn Close costume exhibition". www.wm.edu. Retrieved 2016-08-22.
- "William & Mary - Muscarelle Museum announces Glenn Close costume exhibition". www.wm.edu. Retrieved 2016-09-24.
- Voller, Debbi (1992). Madonna: the style book. Omnibus Pr. p. 35. ISBN 0711975116.
- "Glenn Close praises Madonna again! | all about Madonna". 2010-04-19. Retrieved 2016-08-22.
- "Glenn Close donates costume collection to Indiana University". Page Six. 2017-11-01. Retrieved 2017-11-08.
- "Glenn to sing at Citi for cause Close to heart". Retrieved 2016-08-17.
- "To Be a Mets Fan in L.A.: Jimmy Kimmel, Glenn Close and More Defend Their Team". Retrieved 2016-09-24.
- OxfordUnion (2018-05-04), Glenn Close | Full Address and Q&A | Oxford Union, retrieved 2018-05-10
- REDBURN, TOM (1989-04-09). "Celebrities to Join Pro-Choice Marchers in Capital". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 2016-08-17.
- "Flockhart, Close, Tomlin, Hawn on All-Star Lineup For Vagina Monologues Feb. 14 | Playbill". Playbill. Retrieved 2016-09-21.
- "Why V-Day Started | V-Day: A Global Movement to End Violence Against Women and Girls Worldwide". www.vday.org. Retrieved 2016-09-21.
- "GLAAD Honors Glenn Close, Nathan Lane & The Invention of Love | Playbill". Playbill. Retrieved 2016-08-10.
- "Prison-trained puppies help wounded troops - CNN.com". www.cnn.com. Retrieved 2016-08-17.
- "Service Dogs Help War Wounded". Retrieved 2016-08-17.
- Close, Glenn. "Glenn Close: Stop greedy ivory trade killing elephants". CNN. Retrieved 2016-09-21.
- "Glenn Close Helps Fountain House Launch Anti-Stigma Campaign | Fountain House". www.fountainhouse.org. Retrieved 2016-08-27.
- "Glenn Close | Panthera". www.panthera.org. Retrieved 2016-09-21.
- "The Reeves' Legacy: Late actor's son carries on quest to cure spinal injuries". NJ.com. Retrieved 2017-11-17.
- "Reeve's Work Goes On". Retrieved 2017-11-17.
- "CuriosityStream Advisory Board". Retrieved 31 August 2015.
- News, ABC. "Actress Glenn Close aims to reduce mental health stigma". ABC News. Retrieved 2018-03-31.
- "Bring Change 2 Mind". Bring Change 2 Mind. Retrieved 2012-08-14.
- "Glenn Close has genome sequenced to publicise mental illness". Retrieved 2016-08-10.
- Setoodeh, Ramin (2015-04-21). "Glenn Close Fights to End Mental Illness Stigma With Bring Change 2 Mind". Retrieved 2016-08-10.
- "Why Glenn Close Started Mental Health Foundation". ABC News. 2015-11-05. Retrieved 2016-09-21.
- "WebMD - Glenn Close is WebMD's Health Hero People's Choice". Facebook. Retrieved 2016-02-27.
- "Glenn Close Donates Record Sum Following Orlando Tragedy | Playbill". Playbill. Retrieved 2016-06-21.
- "Glenn Close (@TheGlennClose)". twitter.com. Retrieved 2016-02-27.
- Holland, Bernard (1985-05-09). "CONCERT: 'JOAN OF ARC' BY HONEGGER". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-09-21.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Glenn Close.|
- Glenn Close on IMDb
- Glenn Close at the Internet Broadway Database
- Glenn Close at the Internet Off-Broadway Database
- Glenn Close at Emmys.com
- Napoleon, Davi. Chelsea on the Edge: The Adventures of an American Theater Includes discussion of Des McAnuff's production of The Crazy Locomotive at the Chelsea Theater. Iowa State University Press.
- Glenn Close on Twitter