Ovens & King Football League
The Ovens & King Football League is a minor country Australian rules football league based in Northeastern Victoria in the vicinity of Wangaratta and more Benalla. The Ovens & King Football League was formed on the 13th of June 1903, after a handful of men met at The Bulls Head Hotel in Wangaratta to consider forming a football competition. One week the first matches of the Ovens & King Football Association were played; the competition changed its name to the Ovens and King Football League after the 1928 season. Today, more than 100 years teams from Benalla, Greta, King Valley, Moyhu, North Wangaratta and Whorouly participate in seniors and five netball grades. Located in the rich Ovens Valley and King Valley of northeast Victoria, the league has produced a number of elite football who have gone on to play in the AFL, including the cousins Nigel and Matthew Lappin, ruckman Mark Porter and most Michael Newton, Barry Hall St Kilda/Sydney/Western Bulldogs and Brendan Fevola Carlton and Brisbane Lions.
Community support is strong in the Ovens and King districts with crowds attending games greater than most neighbouring competitions. The local football is an important social outlet for many local communities and finals matches draw strong crowd numbers. In 2010, the league added Tatong, Swanpool and Bonnie Doon, who had played in the now-defunct Benalla & District Football League. After four years of heavy losses and Tatong were thrown out of the competition by AFL County Victoria, ending nearly 100 years of tradition. A two-way merge proposed by the clubs was rejected, as was a transfer to the Picola District FL. Since the 2011 season most clubs have fielded joint teams in the Thirds competition, while still remaining as independent clubs at both Senior & Reserves level. Run as "Under 18's competition" this was changed to be run as "Under 19's competition" starting with the 2019 season. Former Affiliation: Benalla All Blacks FNC = Benalla United. Bonnie Doon FNC = Bonnie Doon Bombers. Glenrowan FNC = Snow Road Saints.
Goorambat & District FNC = Benalla United. Moyhu FNC = River Renegades. North Wangaratta FNC = River Renegades. 2011: Benalla All Blacks FNC 2012: Alpine Eagles 2013: Londrigan Bulls 2014: Alpine Eagles 2015: Snow Road Saints 2016: Alpine Eagles 2017: Londrigan Bulls Beechworth "Bombers" FC: 1912-1922. Chiltern "Swans" FC: 1954-2002 Eldorado FC: 1907-1922. FINALS 2008: Fay Morgan, Fred Baker, Allan Dickson, Kevin Allen. 2007: Ray Price, Vin Shelley, Ken Stewart. 2006: Richie Shanley, Ray Burns, Clem Goonan, Jim Skinns. Charlie H. Butler G. Ray Barker Ron Marks John Keogh Cyril C. Johnson Harold H. Wellington Bert H. G. Harman J R Mummery William Smith Clyde Baker Albert A. Clarke Jack M. Wood D. P. Jones H. Peter Nolan Ken Stewart Angry J. A. Ferguson Fred Jensen E. J Lester Fred Baker Vin Shelley D. R. Schultz Les O`Keefe Bill Lowen Bright William. O`Brien Greta Rob Forrest Beechworth Rowdy Lappin Chiltern Rick Walter North Wangaratta Ross Nightingale Bright Gary Bussell King Valley Trevor Blair Tarrawingee Mark Allan Milawa Brendan Allan Milawa Lionel Schutt Moyhu Allan Dickson Andrew Smith Glenrowan Mal Dinsdale Tarrawingee Geoff Robinson Milawa Russell Ferguson Milawa Steve Masin Whorouly Peter Hawkins Moyhu Bruce Nightingale Ab Gillett Bright John Munari Patrick O'Shea Peter Jones Scott Douglas Robert Burrowes Paul Hogan Full Points Footy -Ovens & King Football League OKFL Official Website
Bushrangers were escaped convicts in the early years of the British settlement of Australia who used the Australian bush as a refuge to hide from the authorities. By the 1820s, the term "bushranger" had evolved to refer to those who took up "robbery under arms" as a way of life, using the bush as their base. Bushranging thrived during the gold rush years of the 1850s and 1860s when the likes of Ben Hall, Frank Gardiner and John Gilbert led notorious gangs in the country districts of New South Wales; these "Wild Colonial Boys" Australian-born sons of convicts, were analogous to British "highwaymen" and outlaws of the American Old West, their crimes included robbing small-town banks and coach services. In other infamous cases, such as that of Dan Morgan, the Clarke brothers, Australia's best-known bushranger, Ned Kelly, numerous policemen were murdered; the number of bushrangers declined due to better policing and improvements in rail transport and communication technology, such as telegraphy.
Although bushrangers appeared sporadically into the early 20th century, most historians regard Kelly's capture and execution in 1880 as representing the end of the bushranging era. Bushranging exerted a powerful influence in Australia, lasting for a century and predominating in the eastern colonies, with several notable bushrangers operating elsewhere on the continent, its origins in a convict system bred a unique kind of desperado, most with an Irish political background. Native-born bushrangers expressed nascent Australian nationalist views and are recognised as "the first distinctively Australian characters to gain general recognition." As such, a number of bushrangers became folk heroes and symbols of rebellion against the authorities, admired for their bravery, rough chivalry and colourful personalities. However, in stark contrast to romantic portrayals in the arts and popular culture, bushrangers tended to lead lives that were "nasty and short", while some were notorious for their cruelty and bloodthirst.
The earliest documented use of the term appears in a February 1805 issue of The Sydney Gazette, which reports that a cart had been stopped between Sydney and Hawkesbury by three men "whose appearance sanctioned the suspicion of their being bush-rangers". John Bigge described bushranging in 1821 as "absconding in the woods and living upon plunder and the robbery of orchards." Charles Darwin recorded in 1835 that a bushranger was "an open villain who subsists by highway robbery, will sooner be killed than taken alive". Over 2,000 bushrangers are estimated to have roamed the Australian countryside, beginning with the convict bolters and drawing to a close after Ned Kelly's last stand at Glenrowan. Bushranging began soon after British settlement with the establishment of New South Wales as a penal colony in 1788; the majority of early bushrangers were convicts who had escaped prison, or from the properties of landowners to whom they had been assigned as servants. These bushrangers known as "bolters", preferred the hazards of wild, unexplored bushland surrounding Sydney to the deprivation and brutality of convict life.
The first notable bushranger, African convict John Caesar, robbed settlers for food, kept a tempestuous alliance with Aboriginal resistance fighters during Pemulwuy's War. While other bushrangers would go on to fight alongside Indigenous Australians in frontier conflicts with the colonial authorities, the Government tried to bring an end to any such collaboration by rewarding Aborigines for returning convicts to custody. Aboriginal trackers would play a significant role in the hunt for bushrangers. Colonel Godfrey Mundy described convict bushrangers as "desperate, fearless. Edward Smith Hall, editor of early Sydney newspaper The Monitor, agreed that the convict system was a breeding-ground for bushrangers due to its savagery, with starvation and acts of torture being rampant. "Liberty or Death!" was the cry of convict bushrangers, in large numbers they roamed beyond Sydney, some hoping to reach China, believed to be connected by an overland route. Some bolters seized boats and set sail for foreign lands, but most were hunted down and brought back to Australia.
Others attempted to inspire an overhaul of the convict system, or sought revenge on their captors. This latter desire found expression in the convict ballad "Jim Jones at Botany Bay", in which Jones, the narrator, plans to join bushranger Jack Donahue and "gun the floggers down". Donahue was the most notorious of the early New South Wales bushrangers, terrorising settlements outside Sydney from 1827 until he was fatally shot by a trooper in 1830; that same year, west of the Blue Mountains, convict Ralph Entwistle sparked a bushranging insurgency known as the Bathurst Rebellion. He and his gang raided farms, liberating assigned convicts by force in the process, within a month, his personal army numbered 130 bushrangers. Following gun battles with vigilante posses, mounted policemen and soldiers of the 39th and 57th Regiment of Foot, he and nine of his men were captured and executed. Convict bushrangers were prevalent in the penal colony of Van Diemen's Land, established in 1803; the island's most powerful bushranger, the self-styled "Lieutenant Governor of the Woods", Michael Howe, led a gang of up to one hundred members "in what amounted to a civil war" with the colonial government.
His control over large swathes of the island prompted elite squatters from Hobart and Launceston to collude with him, for six months in 1815, Lieutenant-Governor Thomas Davey, fearing a convict uprising, declared martial law in an effort to s
Oxley is a town in Victoria, located on Snow Road, 13 kilometres south-east of Wangaratta, in the Rural City of Wangaratta. At the 2016 census, Oxley had a population of 631. Oxley derives its name from the Oxley Plains, which were named in 1824 by the explorers Hume and Hovell after John Oxley, the Surveyor-General of New South Wales. Oxley Post Office opened on 1 January 1870. An earlier office named; the township served as the administrative centre of Oxley Shire until 1936. Jones, Graham Memories of Oxley, Charquin Hill Publishing. Australian Places: Oxley Oxley, Victoria community website
Postcodes in Australia
Postcodes are used in Australia to more efficiently sort and route mail within the Australian postal system. Postcodes in Australia are placed at the end of the Australian address. Postcodes were introduced in Australia in 1967 by the Postmaster-General's Department and are now managed by Australia Post, are published in booklets available from post offices or online from the Australia Post website. Australian envelopes and postcards have four square boxes printed in orange at the bottom right for the postcode; these are used. Postcodes were introduced in Australia in 1967 by the Postmaster-General's Department to replace earlier postal sorting systems, such as Melbourne's letter and number codes and a similar system used in rural and regional New South Wales; the introduction of the postcodes coincided with the introduction of a large-scale mechanical mail sorting system in Australia, starting with the Sydney GPO. By 1968, 75% of mail was using postcodes, in the same year post office preferred-size envelopes were introduced, which came to be referred to as “standard envelopes”.
Postcode squares were introduced in June 1990 to enable Australia Post to use optical character recognition software in its mail sorting machines to automatically and more sort mail by postcodes. Australian postcodes consist of four digits, are written after the name of the city, suburb, or town, the state or territory: Mr John Smith 100 Flushcombe Road BLACKTOWN NSW 2148When writing an address by hand, a row of four boxes is pre-printed on the lower right hand corner of an envelope, the postcode may be written in the boxes. If addressing a letter from outside Australia, the postcode is recorded before'Australia'. Australian postcodes are sorting information, they are linked with one area. Due to post code rationalisation, they can be quite complex in country areas; the south-western Victoria 3221 postcode of the Geelong Mail Centre includes twenty places around Geelong with few people. This means that mail for these places is not sorted until it gets to Geelong; some postcodes cover large populations, while other postcodes have much smaller populations in urban areas.
Australian postcodes range from 0200 for the Australian National University to 9944 for Cannonvale, Queensland. Some towns and suburbs have two postcodes — one for street deliveries and another for post office boxes. For example, a street address in the Sydney suburb of Parramatta would be written like this: Mr John Smith 99 George Street PARRAMATTA NSW 2150But mail sent to a PO Box in Parramatta would be addressed: Mr John Smith PO Box 99 PARRAMATTA NSW 2124Many large businesses, government departments and other institutions receiving high volumes of mail had their own postcode as a Large Volume Receiver, e.g. the Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital has the postcode 4029, the Australian National University had the postcode 0200. More postcode ranges were made available for LVRs in the 1990s. Australia Post has been progressively discontinuing the LVR programme since 2006; the first one or two numbers show the state or territory that the postcode belongs to Sometimes near the state and territory borders, Australia Post finds it easier to send mail through a nearby post office, across the border: Some of the postcodes above may cover two or more states.
For example, postcode 2620 covers both a locality in NSW as well as a locality in the ACT, postcode 0872 covers a number of localities across WA, SA, NT and QLD. Three locations straddle the NSW-Queensland border. Jervis Bay Territory, once an exclave of the ACT but now a separate territory, is geographically located on the coast of NSW, it is just south of the towns of Huskisson, with which it shares a postcode. Mail to the Jervis Bay Territory is still addressed to the ACT; the numbers used to show the state on each radio callsign in Australia are the same number as the first number for postcodes in that state, e.g. 2xx in New South Wales, 3xx in Victoria, etc. Radio callsigns pre-date postcodes in Australia by more than forty years. Australia's external territories are included in Australia Post's postcode system. While these territories do not belong to any state, they are addressed as such for mail sorting: Three scientific bases in Antarctica operated by the Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions share a postcode with the isolated sub-Antarctic island of Macquarie Island: Each state's capital city ends with three zeroes, while territorial capital cities end with two zeroes.
Capital city postcodes were the lowest postcodes in their state or territory range, before new ranges for LVRs and PO Boxes were made available. The last number can be changed from "0" to "1" to get the postcode for General Post Office boxes in any capital city: While the first number of a postcode shows the state or territory, the second number shows a region within the state. However, postcodes with the same second number are not always next to each other; as an example, postcodes in the range 2200–2299 are split between the southern suburbs of Sydney and the Central Coast of New South Wales. Postcodes with a second number of "0" or "1" are always located within the metropolitan area of the state's capital city. Postcodes with higher secon
Peechelba is a small town in north eastern Victoria, Australia. The town is located in the Rural City of Wangaratta and the Shire of Moira local government area between Wangaratta and Yarrawonga and 277 kilometres north west of the state capital, Melbourne. At the 2011 census and the surrounding area had a population of 345; the town is home to a nature reserve, not far from the Ovens River. Peechelba Post Office opened on 2 September 1880 to the north of the township now, was renamed Bundalong South in 1883 when a new Peechelba office opened; this closed in 1889. In 1890 Peechelba Town office opened, closing in 1969. To serve soldier settlers in the area, a branch railway was opened to Peechelba East on 31 October 1927, from Bowser station on the main North East railway line; the line was closed on 8 December 1986. The bushranger Daniel "Mad Dog" Morgan bailed up the occupants of Peechelba Station, the MacPhersons, on the evening of 8 April 1865. On the pretence of attending to a crying child, a nursemaid, Alice Macdonald, escaped through a window and raised the alarm.
Police soon surrounded the main homestead. Jack Quinlan, a stockman at the station and fatally wounded Morgan, who died at about 1.45 p.m. on 9 April 1865. Locks were cut from his hair, his body was publicly displayed at Wangaratta, his beard was flayed from his face as a souvenir, his head severed, to be forwarded to the professor of anatomy at the University of Melbourne, he was buried on 14 April in Wangaratta cemetery. Tom Prior, Bill Wannan, H. Nunn, A Pictorial History of Bushrangers, Sydney, 1968. Media related to Peechelba, Victoria at Wikimedia Commons
Whitfield is an agricultural township in the King Valley in north-eastern Victoria. The township is west of the flood-prone King River and has State Forest to its west and east. Agriculture extends along several stream valleys. At the 2011 census and the surrounding area had a population of 421. Pastoral runs were established in the area in the 1840s but population was small until the 1870s, the Post Office opening on 1 May 1874 as Upper King River and being renamed Whitfield in 1889; the name Whitfield is believed to come from the name of a pastoral run Whitefields. In the early 1900s Whitfield was the site of a Government experimental farm growing tobacco and hops. After World War II many European immigrants grew tobacco; the township is close to nearby Cheshunt and the localities of Rose River and Dandongadale. Local places of interest include Paradise Falls, Mount Cobbler, Power's Lookout, Lake William Hovell and Wabonga Plateau. Waterfalls, mountain streams and views of the Alps are features of the Wabonga Plateau-Mount Cobbler area of the Alpine National Park.
There are places of interest for day visitors as well as those staying longer. Bushwalking, 4WD touring and camping are offered in the area. Mount Cobbler and the Wabonga Plateau area of the Alpine National Park are approached from Whitfield. From Melbourne, Whitfield can be reached via the Hume Highway to Wangaratta or via the Maroondah Highway to Mansfield and via Tolmie. Roads from Benalla and Myrtleford. Whitfield has a number of facilities as the principal town of the upper King Valley, it has Cafe Whitty, police station, golf course and caravan park. It is home of the King Valley football team competing in the Ovens and King Football League. Tragedy struck the township when the only general store in town was destroyed in a fire early in 2013. General store facilities and postal services are now being provided by the general store 5 km further up the Upper King Valley in nearby Cheshunt until the Whitfield store can be rebuilt. There is Melbourne's tourist railway Puffing Billy. In 1897 the Victorian Railways accepted the tender from the Baldwin Locomotive Works, Philadelphia, U.
S. A. for narrow-gauge locomotives of the ‘A’ Class, the first two to be received were placed on the Whitfield/Wangaratta line construction project. Thus the line has the distinction of being the first narrow-gauge line to be built in Victoria; some of the whistle stop name-boards such as Angleside, Dwyer and Jarrott can still be seen. There is now a bus service that has replaced the old train system, still taking the same route in and out of Wangaratta; the bus runs on Monday and Friday. Geoscience Australia Place names search: Whitfield
Springhurst is a town in north-eastern Victoria, Australia. The town is in the Rural City of Wangaratta local government area, 280 kilometres north east of the state capital. At the 2016 census and the surrounding area had a population of 348. Sport The North East Windsport Club sail “Land Yachts” called Blokarts at their sailing site in the Springhurst Reserve. Springhurst railway station