World Wrestling Entertainment, Inc. d/b/a WWE, is an American integrated media and entertainment company, known for professional wrestling. WWE has branched out into other fields, including movies, real estate, various other business ventures; the WWE name refers to the professional wrestling promotion itself, founded by Jess McMahon and Toots Mondt in 1952 as the Capitol Wrestling Corporation. As of 2019, it is the largest wrestling promotion in the world, holding over 500 events a year, with the roster divided up into various globally traveling brands, is available to about 36 million viewers in more than 150 countries; the company's global headquarters is located in Stamford, with offices in major cities across the world. As in other professional wrestling promotions, WWE shows are not legitimate contests, but purely entertainment-based, featuring storyline-driven and choreographed matches, though matches include moves that can put performers at risk of injury if not performed correctly.
This was first publicly acknowledged by WWE's owner Vince McMahon in 1989 to avoid taxes from athletic commissions. Since the 1980s, WWE publicly has branded their product as sports entertainment, acknowledging the product's roots in competitive sport and dramatic theater; the company's majority owner is its chairman and CEO, Vince McMahon, who retains a 42% ownership of the company's outstanding stock and 83% of the voting power. The current entity, incorporated on February 21, 1980, was known as Titan Sports, Inc., founded that same year in South Yarmouth, Massachusetts. It acquired Capitol Wrestling Corporation Ltd. the holding company for the World Wrestling Federation, in 1982. Titan was renamed World Wrestling Federation, Inc. in 1998 World Wrestling Federation Entertainment, Inc. in 1999, the current World Wrestling Entertainment, Inc. in 2002. Since 2011, the company has branded itself as WWE though the company's legal name was not changed. WWE's origins can be traced back as far as 1952 when Roderick James "Jess" McMahon and Toots Mondt created the Capitol Wrestling Corporation Ltd. which joined the National Wrestling Alliance in 1953.
McMahon, a successful boxing promoter, began working with Tex Rickard in 1926. With the help of Rickard, he began promoting boxing and wrestling at the third Madison Square Garden, it was not the first time McMahon had promoted wrestling cards, as he had done so during the 1910s. In November 1954, McMahon died and Ray Fabiani, one of Mondt's associates, brought in McMahon's son Vincent James; the younger McMahon and Mondt were successful and soon controlled 70% of the NWA's booking due to their dominance in the populated Northeastern United States. In 1963, McMahon and Mondt had a dispute with the NWA over "Nature Boy" Buddy Rogers being booked to hold the NWA World Heavyweight Championship. Both men left the company in protest and formed the WWWF in the process, awarding Rogers the newly created WWWF World Heavyweight Championship in April of that year, he lost the championship to Bruno Sammartino a month on May 17, 1963, after suffering a heart attack a week before the match. Capitol operated the WWWF in a conservative manner compared to other pro wrestling territories: it ran its major arenas monthly rather than weekly or bi-weekly featuring a babyface champion wrestling various heels in programs that consisted of one to three matches.
After gaining a television program deal and hiring Lou Albano as a manager for Sammartino's heel opponents, the WWWF was doing sellout business by 1970. Mondt left Capitol in the late 1960s and although the WWWF had withdrawn from the NWA, Vince McMahon, Sr. re-joined in 1971. Capitol renamed the World Wide Wrestling Federation to the World Wrestling Federation in 1979. Vincent J. McMahon's son, Vincent K. McMahon, his wife Linda, established Titan Sports, Inc. in 1980 in South Yarmouth, Massachusetts. The company was incorporated on February 1980, in the Cape Cod Coliseum offices; the younger McMahon bought Capitol from his father in 1982 seizing control of the company. Seeking to make the WWF the premier wrestling promotion in the country, the world, he began an expansion process that fundamentally changed the wrestling business. At the annual meeting of the NWA in 1983, the McMahons and former Capitol employee Jim Barnett all withdrew from the organization. McMahon worked to get WWF programming on syndicated television all across the United States.
This angered other promoters and disrupted the well-established boundaries of the different wrestling promotions ending the territory system, in use since the founding of the NWA in the 1940s. In addition, the company used income generated by advertising, television deals, tape sales to secure talent from rival promoters. In an interview with Sports Illustrated, McMahon noted: In the old days, there were wrestling fiefdoms all over the country, each with its own little lord in charge; each little lord respected the rights of his neighboring little lord. No takeovers or raids were allowed. There were maybe 30 of these tiny kingdoms in the U. S. and if I hadn't bought out my dad, there would still be 30 of them and struggling. I, of course, had no allegiance to those little lords. McMahon gained significant traction when he hired American Wrestling Association talent Hulk Hogan, who had achieved popularity outside of wrestling, notably for his appearance in the film Rocky III. McMahon signed Roddy Piper as Hogan's rival, shortly afterward Jesse Ventura as an announcer.
Other wrestlers joined the roster, such as Jimmy Snuka, Don Muraco
Masami Odate is a Japanese professional wrestler, better known by her ring name Io Shirai. She is signed to WWE, where she is assigned to the NXT brand, she is best known for her time in World Wonder Ring Stardom, where she was a former two-time Wonder of Stardom Champion and a six-time Artist of Stardom Champion, while being a former two-time World of Stardom Champion and a one-time Goddess of Stardom, High Speed and SWA World Champion. She was recognized as the "ace" of Stardom, was the recipient of the 2015, 2016 and 2017 Tokyo Sports Joshi Puroresu Grand Prizes. Making her debut in March 2007, she spent several years working as a tag team wrestler, teaming with her older sister Mio, with whom she would wrestle for various promotions across Japan and Mexico, winning the TLW World Young Women's Tag Team Championship in the process. In June 2010, she and her sister came together with Kana to form the Triple Tails stable, which would last for fifteen months, before Io broke out of the group and embarked on her singles career in Stardom.
Io became one of the promotion's top stars, in April 2013, she won the promotion's top title, the World of Stardom Championship, which she would hold for over fifteen months. Io worked for Stardom from the promotions inception in 2011 until June 2018, when she resigned from the promotion and signed with WWE. Odate made her professional wrestling debut on March 4, 2007, alongside her older sister, with the two adopting the ring names Io and Mio Shirai, respectively. In their debut match, the Io sisters teamed with Toshie Uematsu to face the trio of Erika Ura, Nozomi Takesako and Yuri Urai. At the time of her debut, Io was only 16 years old. After graduating, she started working full-time as a professional wrestler. Starting their careers as freelancers, the Shirai sisters represented Team Makehen, a stable made up of wrestlers trained by Tomohiko Hashimoto, in several independent promotions during their first year in the business, including Ibuki, Pro Wrestling Wave, JWP Joshi Puroresu, Sendai Girls' Pro Wrestling.
On October 19, 2008, Shirai and Mio made their debuts for one of Japan's largest professional wrestling promotions, All Japan Pro Wrestling, wrestling in a match, where they defeated the team of Kyoko Kimura and Mikado. From January to March 2009, the Shirais made several appearances for another large promotion not known for female wrestling, Pro Wrestling Zero1. On April 29, the Shirai sisters won their first championship by defeating Moeka Haruhi and Tomoka Nakagawa in a tournament final to become the first TLW World Young Women's Tag Team Champions. Despite its name, the championship was promoted by Pro Wrestling Wave. On July 12, Io received her first singles title opportunity, when she unsuccessfully challenged Misaki Ohata for the JWP Junior and Princess of Pro-Wrestling Championships at Ibuki #30. From July to November, the Shirais spent four months working for the Ice Ribbon promotion. On November 12, 2009, the Shirais entered Pro Wrestling Wave's Captain's Fall Six Person Tag Team Tournament, teaming with Gami, but the trio was defeated in their first round match by Ran Yu-Yu, Ryo Mizunami and Toshie Uematsu.
However, the trio earned their way back into the tournament by defeating Misaki Ohata, Moeka Haruhi and Yumi Ohka in a consolation match that same day. On November 25, the Shirais and Gami first defeated Bullfight Sora and Kaoru in the semifinals and Ayumi Kurihara and Shuu Shibutani in the finals to win the tournament, with Io, as the captain, scoring the deciding pinfall over Shibutani. On December 23, the Shirais lost the TLW World Young Women's Tag Team Championship to Misaki Ohata and Moeka Haruhi. On May 30, 2010, Io entered. After three wins and one loss, Shirai finished tied at the top of her block, but was on August 10 eliminated from the tournament, after being defeated in a tiebreaker match by Ryo Mizunami. On June 19, 2010, the Io sisters formed the Triple Tails stable with fellow freelancer Kana, defeating Ayumi Kurihara, Hikaru Shida and Yoshiko Tamura in their first match together at a NEO Japan Ladies Pro Wrestling event; as a result, the Shirais received a shot Kurihara's and Tamura's NEO Tag Team Championship on July 4, but were defeated by the defending champions.
On August 1, Io teamed with Kana for another shot at title, but they were again defeated by Kurihara and Tamura. Triple Tails returned to its winning ways on August 29, by defeating Asami Kawasaki, Hikaru Shida and Nagisa Nozaki in a six-woman tag team match. On December 19, Triple Tails made its debut as a unit for Pro Wrestling Wave, defeating Cherry and Tomoka Nakagawa in a six-woman tag team main event. On January 29, 2011, the Ios made their debuts for Smash, when the Triple Tails stable attacked Yusuke Kodama and Makoto after their matches, with the trio being both times chased out of the ring by Tajiri. On February 13, Triple Tails produced its first own event, where the Shirai sisters wrestled male tag team Momo no Seishun Tag in a losing effort. On February 25, the Shirais made their Smash in-ring debuts at Smash.14, where they teamed with Kana to defeat Ken Ohka and Yoshiaki Yago in an intergender six person tag team match. In March, Triple Tails took part in Osaka Pro Wrestling's Spring Samba Series, going undefeated in six person tag team matches for the duration of the tour.
On April 30 at Smash.16, Triple Tails was defeated in a six-woman tag team match by Makoto and Syuri. On May 3 at Smash.17, the Shirai sisters were defeated in a tag team match by Hikaru Shida and Syuri. Tripl
WrestleMania VI was the sixth WrestleMania professional wrestling pay-per-view event produced by the World Wrestling Federation and the first to be held outside of the United States. It took place on April 1, 1990, at the SkyDome in Toronto, Canada, with an announced attendance of 67,678 – a record for the Skydome. Aside from its record-breaking attendance, the event is arguably best remembered for "The Ultimate Challenge" – the main event match which saw Hulk Hogan vs; the Ultimate Warrior, in which both championship titles were on the line. On February 3, 1990, a week after Hogan and Warrior crossed paths in the 1990 Royal Rumble match, Hogan put forth "The Ultimate Challenge" to Warrior, had to know whether Hulkamania or the power of Warrior was the strongest force in the WWF. On February 10, the match was announced as the main event of WrestleMania VI by WWF President Jack Tunney. On February 24, Tunney announced that both the WWF World Heavyweight Championship and Intercontinental Heavyweight Championship would be on the line for the first-time during the match.
At WrestleMania VI, Warrior won his sole WWF World Heavyweight Championship. At WrestleMania VI, Brutus Beefcake was the first person to pin Mr. Perfect in a televised match, thus ending Perfect's lengthy undefeated streak on television. Robert Goulet sang a rendition of O Canada before the event. Future multi-time world champions Edge and Christian were in attendance, as were Lance Storm and Renee Young. Diamond Dallas Page had a cameo on the show driving Rhythm and Blues and Jimmy Hart to the ring in his pink Cadillac. Actor Stephen Amell, who would go on to compete in a match at SummerSlam in 2015, was in attendance. Mary Tyler Moore was sitting at ringside, there was a backstage segment with Steve Allen and The Bolsheviks. Columnist Rona Barrett interviewed Miss Elizabeth at the event; because Intercontinental Heavyweight Champion The Ultimate Warrior defeated Hulk Hogan to win the WWF World Heavyweight Championship, Warrior was stripped of the Intercontinental Heavyweight Championship, as the rules prohibited any wrestler from holding onto more than one singles belt simultaneously.
An eight-man tournament, conducted on the WWF's syndicated Superstars, was held, with Mr. Perfect winning the title by defeating Tito Santana in the finals; when Brutus "The Barber" Beefcake defeated Mr Perfect at Wrestlemania VI, it was billed as Perfect's first pinfall loss in the WWF. However, in reality Perfect had been cleanly pinned by The Ultimate Warrior in a match less than 2 weeks prior to WrestleMania at Madison Square Garden; as new WWF World Heavyweight Champion, The Ultimate Warrior would be a successful main event draw, with his main rival being "Ravishing" Rick Rude – a wrestler he had fought during much of 1989 over the Intercontinental Heavyweight Championship – during the spring and summer of 1990. Meanwhile, Hogan wrestled several matches in Japan shortly after WrestleMania VI but soon began feuding with the 470-pound Earthquake, with that feud heating up when Earthquake sneak-attacked Hogan on The Brother Love Show in May. Announcers explained that Hogan's injuries from the attack and the loss to Warrior both took such a huge toll on his fighting spirit that he wanted to retire, viewers were persuaded to write Hogan to encourage him to return.
Hogan would return by SummerSlam in August 1990 and got revenge on Earthquake, dominating him in matches that continued into early 1991. Following the Colossal Connection's WWF Tag Team Championship loss to Demolition, manager Bobby "the Brain" Heenan began yelling at Andre the Giant in the ring, blaming him for the loss and slapping him in the face. Andre knocked Heenan out of the ring. Although he toured Japan in April, this would prove to be Andre's last televised match in the WWF as real-life health problems with acromegaly were continuing to take their toll. Andre returned to the WWF late in 1990 for several non-wrestling appearances that continued into 1991. Meanwhile, Demolition began a slow heel turn during the late spring and early summer of 1990, adding a third member Crush to the team; this was due to Bill Eadie desiring to take a lesser active role in wrestling, Crush and Smash would soon become the primary defenders of the belt. This was Jesse Ventura's last stint as color commentator at a WWF pay-per-view event.
He continued his role as on-air color commentator for Superstars through August 1990, at which time he left the company. At the 1998 edition of their annual Halloween Havoc pay-per-view event, the WWF's now-defunct rival promotion World Championship Wrestling pitted Hogan against Warrior once again. Hogan won with outside assistance; the contest has garnered a legacy as one of the worst bouts in history, being vilified by critics, then-WCW president Eric Bischoff, former company announcer Gene Okerlund. Bischoff has disputed the rumor that he hired Warrior to give Hogan an opportunity to avenge his WrestleMania VI loss; the event received mixed-to-positive reviews, though most reviewers praised the main event between Hogan and Warrior. Jason Powell was among the reviewers who praised the main event, calling it "A amazing match considering the limitations of both men Warrior". However, he went on to say, "The overall WrestleMania 6 card was softer than WrestleMania 5 card, but it was a better show that WrestleManias 1, 2, 4".
The Hulk Hogan-Ultimate War
Glossary of professional wrestling terms
Professional wrestling has accrued a considerable nomenclature throughout its existence. Much of it stems from the industry's origins in the days of circuses. In the past, professional wrestlers used such terms in the presence of fans so as not to reveal the worked nature of the business. In recent years, widespread discussion on the Internet has popularized these terms. Many of the terms refer to the financial aspects of professional wrestling in addition to in-ring terms. A-show A wrestling event where a company's biggest draws wrestle. Compare B-show and C-show. A-team A group of a wrestling promotion's top stars who wrestle at an A-show. Compare B-team. Abort To discontinue a feud, angle, or gimmick due to a lack of fan interest without explanation. Ace A term only used in Japanese puroresu for a wrestler designated as the face of the promotion. Not the same as the top champion. Examples of aces include Hayabusa in Frontier Martial-Arts Wrestling, Hiroshi Tanahashi in New Japan Pro Wrestling and Suwama in All Japan Pro Wrestling.
Agent Also producer. A management employee a former wrestler, who helps wrestlers set up matches, plan storylines, give criticisms on matches, relay instructions from the bookers. Agents act as a liaison between wrestlers and higher-level management and sometimes may help in training younger wrestlers, they are referred to by WWE as "producers". Alliance A cooperative relationship developed between two or more wrestlers, whether wrestling as a tag team or in individual matches. Differentiates from a stable and a faction as the wrestlers are not packaged together, but are presented as a group of individuals working together for a common short term goal. Alliances are formed for the specific purpose of retaining titles between the members of the alliance, or to counter a specific foe or group of foes; the formation of an alliance can be a storyline of its own. Angle A fictional storyline. An angle begins when one wrestler attacks another, which results in revenge. An angle may be as small as a vendetta that lasts for years.
It is not uncommon to see an angle become retconned due to it not getting over with the fans, or if one of the wrestlers involved in the angle is fired. Apter mag An old-style professional wrestling magazine; the term refers to the magazines at one time connected to journalist Bill Apter, such as Pro Wrestling Illustrated. B-show A wrestling event featuring the middle and lower-level talent of a wrestling promotion. Sometimes includes well-known wrestlers making a return or finishing up their career. Compare A-show and C-show. B-team The group of wrestlers on a B-show; the B-team will wrestle at a venue the same night wrestlers on the A-team are wrestling in a different event, although a promotion will sometimes schedule an event with B-team wrestlers to test a new market. Compare A-team. Babyface See face. Beat down An angle in which a wrestler or other performer is the recipient of a one-sided beating by a group of wrestlers. Blading Also juicing and getting color. A wrestler intentionally cutting themselves to provoke bleeding to sell the opponent's offense.
Blind tag 1. A tag made in a tag team match where the wrestler on the apron tags his partner unbeknownst to them or without their consent. 2. A tag where the tagger's opponent is unaware a tag has occurred, leaving them open to a blindside attack. Most occurs when the partner in the ring is thrown against the ropes or backed into their own corner. Blown spot See missed spot. Blow off The final match in a feud. While the involved wrestlers move onto new feuds, sometimes it is the final match in the promotion for one or more of the wrestlers. Blow up To become exhausted during a match. Book Also booking. To determine and schedule the events of a wrestling card; the person in charge of setting up matches and writing angles is a "booker". It is the wrestling equivalent of a screenwriter. A booker can be described as someone who recruits and hires talent to work in a particular promotion; the United States District Court for the Southern District of Iowa defined a booker in 1956 as " any person who, for a fee or commission, arranges with a promoter or promoters for the performance of wrestlers in professional wrestling exhibitions".
Booking is the term a wrestler uses to describe a scheduled match or appearance on a wrestling show. Botch Something which does not go as planned due to a mistake. Bret's rope The second rope of a wrestling ring, the middle rope. Broadway Also going broadway. A match that ends in a time limit draw. Bump To fall on the mat or ground. A flat back bump is a bump in which a wrestler lands solidly on their back with high impact, spread over as much surface as possible. A "phantom bump" occurs when a referee takes a bump without a plausible reason. Burial Also buried; the worked lowering of a wrestler's status in the eyes of the fans. The opposite of a push, it is the act of a promoter or booker causing a wrestler to lose popularity and credibility through means such as forcing them to lose in squash matches, losing continuously, allowing opponents to no-sell or kick out of said wrestler's finisher, or forcing them to participate in unentertaining or degrading storylines. A burial is used a form of punishment due to real-life backstage disagreements between the wrestler and the booker, the wrestler falling out of favor with the company, or sometimes to demote an unpopular performer or gimmick.
Business Professional wrestling. Bust
Hardcore wrestling is a form of professional wrestling where disqualifications, count-outs, all other different rules do not apply. Taking place in usual or unusual environments, hardcore wrestling matches allow the use of numerous items, including ladders, chairs, barbed wire, light tubes, baseball bats, golf clubs, axes, crowbars, wrenches and other improvised weapons used as foreign objects. Although hardcore wrestling is a staple of most wrestling promotions, where they are used at the climaxes of feuds, some promotions specialize in hardcore wrestling, with many matches performed in this manner. Hardcore wrestling was first acknowledged as a major wrestling style in Japan with promotions such as Frontier Martial-Arts Wrestling and W*ING, it became successful in America with Extreme Championship Wrestling. The World Wrestling Federation/Entertainment capitalized on the success and introduced the WWF Hardcore Championship in the 1990s; the WWF soon began to turn the matches into comedy skits, illustrating the ridiculousness they involved.
Hardcore contrasts with traditional mat-based wrestling, where solid technical skills are preferred over hardcore's stuntworks, sweat and severe shock value. As professional wrestling entered the mid 20th century and performers looked for ways to heighten audience excitement. Blood, while taboo, was found to be a significant draw, the advent of the now-cliché "no holds barred" match marked the beginning of what is now known as hardcore wrestling. Methods were devised for wrestlers to make themselves bleed purposefully as part of their performance. Wrestlers such as "Wild Bull" Curry, "Classy" Freddie Blassie, Dory Funk, Sr. and Giant Baba were among those who introduced the bloody brawling style which caught on in Japan and the American South. New match types were devised that resembled street fighting, such as matches which were held in a cage, Texas Deathmatches which incorporated weapons, Lights Out matches which were'unsanctioned' and took place after the rest of the scheduled card, once the house lights had been turned off to signify the end of the event.
The National Wrestling Alliance had Brass knuckles championships in the Texas and Florida territories, dating from the 1950s.. Brawling continued to grow in popularity in America through the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s; the Detroit territory was home to The Sheik, Abdullah the Butcher and Bobo Brazil, featured long, bloody brawls. The Puerto Rico territory featured Carlos Colón, The Invader and Abdullah, introduced fire as an element of violence; the Memphis territory featured Jerry Lawler, Terry Funk, Eddie Gilbert and Bill Dundee and introduced the empty arena match and fighting among the crowd into the concession stands, improvising attacks with whatever appliances could be found. More specialties such as ladder matches, scaffold matches and Dog Collar matches were introduced; the NWA instituted a World Brass Knuckles Championship, active in the Tennessee territory from 1978 to 1980. In 1989, Frontier Martial-Arts Wrestling was founded in Japan, the first promotion dedicated to the wild brawling style.
In the early 1990s, the Puerto Rican promoter Victor Quiñones arrived in Japan, being invited to FMW as the special manager. FMW escalated the violence to legitimately dangerous new levels, with barbed wire ropes, timed C4 explosives, exploding wire ropes, and'land mines', known as "deathmatch"; the federation featured many future North American stars, became popular worldwide. Soon after, in the United States, two independent promotions had brief but significant runs, serving as prototypes for Extreme Championship Wrestling; the Philadelphia-based Tri-State Wrestling Alliance held occasional supercards that featured big name stars among their own local talent, showcased wild bloody main event brawls with Abdullah the Butcher, The Sheik, Jesse James Sr. and others. The National Wrestling Federation was based in New York state. Both TWA and NWF featured Larry DC Drake, who engaged in a long blood feud; the two promotions ended about the same time, National Wrestling Alliance Eastern Championship Wrestling took their place, with many of the same wrestlers and venues.
Eddie Gilbert was the initial booker, was replaced a few months by Paul Heyman. After splitting off from the NWA, the company changed its name to Extreme Championship Wrestling, became the leading independent hardcore wrestling federation in North America. ECW coined the term'hardcore wrestling', but its usage there was different than it is used today. In ECW,'hardcore' referred to a strong work ethic, high levels of effort, dedication to the fans, lack of fluff or filler, their level of violence equaled that of the Japanese promotions. A new gimmick, breaking wooden tables, was introduced to ECW through nephew of The Sheik. Sabu had developed a gimmick of throwing himself through a propped-up table in Japan in order to entertain the crowd and get his character over as a wild and insane man, he started to put opponents through tables, a safe spot which looked and sounded devastating. He brought it with him to ECW; the table spot became a staple of ECW events, has become so commonplace that it is now incorporated into otherwise non-hardcore matches in every promotion.
In Japan, hardcore promotions sprang up around the country, including Wrestling International New Generations
Terry Gene Bollea, better known by his ring name as Hulk Hogan, is an American retired pro wrestler, television personality and musician. According to IGN, Hogan is "the most recognized wrestling star worldwide and the most popular wrestler of the 1980s", he enjoyed considerable mainstream popularity between 1984 and 1993 as a heroic character in the World Wrestling Federation, which continued during the mid 1990s in World Championship Wrestling. In 1996, he became a villain. Hogan headlined multiple editions of the premier annual events of the WWF and WCW, WrestleMania and Starrcade. Aside from those promotions, he has notably performed for the American Wrestling Association, New Japan Pro-Wrestling and Total Nonstop Action Wrestling. Hogan is a thirteen-time world champion: a one-time IWGP Heavyweight Championship in its early version, a six-time WWF World Heavyweight Champion/WWF Champion and a six-time WCW World Heavyweight Champion, his first WCW World Heavyweight Championship reign is the longest in history, while his first WWF Championship reign is the third-longest ever.
Hogan was the first wrestler to win consecutive Royal Rumbles, in 1990 and 1991, was inducted into the WWE Hall of Fame class of 2005, by Sylvester Stallone. Pro Wrestling Illustrated recognizes Hogan as twelve-time world champion, because it never recognised the IWGP Title as a world championship. Instead, WCW recognized that belt as a world title. During and after wrestling, Hogan had an extensive acting career, beginning with his 1982 antagonist role in Rocky III, he has starred in several movies and three television shows, as well as in Right Guard commercials and the video game, Hulk Hogan's Main Event. He was the frontman for The Wrestling Boot Band, whose sole record, Hulk Rules, reached #12 on the Billboard Top Kid Audio chart in 1995. Terry Eugene Bollea was born in Augusta, Georgia, on August 11, 1953, the son of construction foreman Pietro "Peter" Bollea and homemaker and dance teacher Ruth V. Bollea, he is of French, Italian and Scottish descent. When he was one and a half years old, his family moved to Florida.
As a boy, he was a pitcher in Little League Baseball. He attracted scouts from the New York Yankees and the Cincinnati Reds, but an injury ended his baseball career, he began watching professional wrestling at 16 years old. While in high school, he revered Dusty Rhodes, he attended cards at the Tampa Sportatorium, it was at one of those wrestling cards where he first turned his attention towards Superstar Billy Graham and looked to him for inspiration. Hogan was a musician, spending a decade playing fretless bass guitar in several Florida-based rock bands, he went on to study at the University of South Florida. After music gigs began to get in the way of his time in college, Hogan decided to drop out of the University of South Florida before receiving a degree. Hogan and two local musicians formed a band called Ruckus in 1976; the band soon became popular in the Tampa Bay region. During his spare time, Hogan worked out at Hector's Gym in the Tampa Bay area, where he began lifting. Many of the wrestlers who were competing in the Florida region visited the bars where Ruckus was performing.
Among those attending his performances were Jack and Gerald Brisco, two brothers who wrestled together as a tag team in the Florida region. Impressed by Hogan's physical stature, the Brisco brothers asked Hiro Matsuda—the man who trained wrestlers working for Championship Wrestling from Florida —to make him a potential trainee. In 1976, the two brothers asked Hogan to try wrestling. Hogan agreed. At first, Mike Graham, the son of CWF promoter Eddie Graham, refused to put Hogan in the ring. However, after Hogan quit Ruckus and started telling people in town that he was going to be a wrestler, Graham agreed to accept the Brisco Brothers' request. In mid-1977, after training for more than a year with Matsuda, the Brisco brothers dropped by Matsuda's gym to see Hogan. During this visit, Jack Brisco handed Hogan a pair of wrestling boots and informed him that he was scheduled to wrestle his first match the following week. In his professional wrestling debut, Eddie Graham booked him against Brian Blair in Fort Myers, Florida on August 10, 1977 in CWF.
A short time Bollea donned a mask and assumed the persona of "The Super Destroyer", a hooded character first played by Don Jardine and subsequently used by other wrestlers. Hogan could no longer work with Hiro Matsuda, whom he felt was an overbearing trainer, left CWF. After declining an offer to wrestle for the Kansas City circuit, Hogan took a hiatus from wrestling and managed The Anchor club, a private club in Cocoa Beach, for a man named Whitey Bridges. Whitey and Hogan became close friends, decided to open a gym together. Soon after, Hogan's friend Ed Leslie came to Cocoa Beach to help Hogan and Bridges manage both the Anchor Club and the Whitey and Terry's Olympic Gym. On his spare time, he and Leslie worked out in the gym together, eventua
Professional wrestling double-team maneuvers
In professional wrestling double-team maneuvers are executed by multiple wrestlers instead of one and are used by tag teams in tag team matches. Many of these maneuvers are combination of two throws. Most moves are known by the names; these names become popular and are used regardless of the wrestler performing the technique. Moves are listed under general categories whenever possible; these moves involve one wrestler performing the move to an opponent. An ally of the attacker will do something to make the move more effective. For example, a wrestler could perform a DDT on an opponent. However, an ally could lift the opponent' feet off the ground first, making it an Aided DDT, a much more effective variation of the move. An aided brainbuster sees one wrestler help another wrestler perform a brainbuster by putting their own weight behind the move to increase its impact; this move sees an opponent rest with his upper body on the ropes and his feet on one of the attacking wrestler's shoulders while the other wrestler charges at his partner, leapfrogging over him/her and straddling the opponent's lower back.
Any double-team move in which one wrestler helps another to perform a neckbreaker by twisting/forcing the opponent down to the mat harder while a neckbreaker is performed. Another version of an aided neckbreaker, known as an elevated neckbreaker, sees one member of the attacking tag team get the opponent up into an elevated position to allow a wrestler to perform a neckbreaker from a greater height; this is a normal whiplash, but instead of having the opponent held in the air with the aid of the ring rope, he or she is kept in the elevated position by another wrestler. This wrestler is facing the first wrestler; when the whiplash is performed, the extra wrestler will twist himself or herself down to the mat and land on top of the opponent. The move is known as the "Magic Killer" or the "Tornado-Plex" used by Travis Tomko and A. J. Styles by Tomko and Giant Bernard; the move was used by Bernard and Karl Anderson, the latter of whom went on to use it with Doc/Luke Gallows. A wheelbarrow facebuster can be combined with many DDT variations.
While one wrestler holds an opponent in a wheelbarrow clutch the second wrestler applies a front facelock and DDT's his opponent while the other wrestler drops to a sitting position impacting the opponents face to the mat, finishing the wheelbarrow facebuster. Any double-team move in which one wrestler help another to perform a piledriver on an opponent by pushing down on the opponent’s foot for more impact. In a variation of the move, the second wrestler jumps off the turnbuckle while pushing the opponent’s feet downward for more damage, this is well known as a spike piledriver. Known as a spike powerbomb, this is any double-team move in which one wrestler help another to perform a powerbomb, either by aiding the wrestler to get the opponent up on to their shoulders or by pulling down on the opponent as they get dropped down, to force them into the mat harder. A three-man variation popularized by The Shield; the double team powerbomb is known as Old school Powerbomb while the three man variation is known as Triple Powerbomb.
In this version one partner sits on the top rope facing the ring, the second partner stands behind the opponent. The second partner puts his head under one of the opponent's arms and lifts him into the air placing him on the first partners shoulders, from there the first partner stands up and jumps forward powerbombing the opponent from the second rope down to the ring; the Dudley Boyz made this move famous by putting their adversaries through tables. This move starts with both partners on either the right or left side of an opponent, lying prone on the mat, face-up, with one partner in front of the other and both of them facing away from the opponent; the one closest to the opponent picks up the other partner, facing away from him/her, makes a 180° turn before dropping the partner on the opponent. The wrestler can lift his partner in a variety of ways before dropping him on the opponent. Another variation starts with both partners on either the right or left side of an opponent, lying prone on the mat, face-up, with one partner from the opponent.
The one closest to the opponent performs a military press on the other partner and before throwing them, while the other opponent performs a 360° Splash. Known as double suplex, a double-team move in which one wrestler help another to perform a suplex by putting their own weight behind the move to increase its impact; this move sees one wrestler wrap a forward-facing opponent's legs around his/her waist and apply a gutwrench hold to lift the opponent up off the ground. His partner steps in front of both wrestlers and grabs either the opponent's arms or shoulders and yanks them upward, just as the first attacker throws himself and the victim backwards in a wheelbarrow suplex; this increases the momentum with which the victim is thrown backwards on his upper back and head. This move sees one wrestler grab his/her partner's body while the partner is wrapping his legs around the opponents neck the partner swings and executes a headscissors takedown; this was the finishing move of the tag team known as Glory.
Hercules would take an opponent and sit him on the top turnbuckle near his partne