Edward Buzzell was an American film director whose credits include Child of Manhattan for Columbia Pictures, for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, the Marx Brothers films At the Circus and Go West, the musicals Best Foot Forward with Lucille Ball, Song of the Thin Man with Myrna Loy, Neptune's Daughter with Esther Williams, Easy to Wed, starring Van Johnson and Ball. Buzzell was born in Brooklyn, he appeared in vaudeville and on Broadway, was hired to star in the 1929 film version of George M. Cohan's Little Johnny Jones with Alice Day. Buzzell appeared in a few Vitaphone shorts, the two-strip Technicolor short The Devil's Cabaret as Satan's assistant, he wrote screenplays in the early 1930s and produced the popular The Milton Berle Show which premiered on television in 1948. In 1926, Buzzell married actress Ona Munson, who played Belle Watling in Gone with the Wind, they divorced in 1931. He married socialite Sara Clark on August 11, 1934, but the marriage only lasted five weeks before she left him, he married actress Lorraine Miller on December 10, 1949.
He died in Los Angeles in 1985 at the age of 89. As Actor Midnight Life Little Johnny Jones The Devil's Cabaret The Big Timer Virtue Edward Buzzell on IMDb
Leonard "Chico" Marx was an American comedian, musician and film star. He was a member of the Marx Brothers, his persona in the act was that of a charming, uneducated but crafty con artist of rural Italian origin, who wore shabby clothes and sported a curly-haired wig and Tyrolean hat. On screen, Chico is in alliance with Harpo as partners in crime, is frequently seen trying to con or outfox Groucho. Leonard was the oldest of the Marx Brothers to live past early childhood. In addition to his work as a performer, he played an important role in the management and development of the act in its early years, he was born on March 22, 1887. Billing himself as Chico, he used an Italian persona for his onstage character, his non-Italian-ness was referred to twice on film. In their second feature, Animal Crackers, he recognizes someone he knows to be a fish peddler impersonating a respected art collector: Ravelli: "How is it you got to be Roscoe W. Chandler?" Chandler: "Say, how did you get to be an Italian?"
Ravelli: "Never mind—whose confession is this?" In A Night at the Opera, which begins in Italy, his character, claims not to be Italian, eliciting a surprised look from Groucho: Driftwood: "Well, things seem to be getting better around the country." Fiorello: "I don't know, I'm a stranger here myself." A scene in the film Go West, in which Chico attempts to placate an Indian chief of whom Groucho has run afoul, has a line that plays a bit on Chico's lack of Italian nationality, but is more or less proper Marxian wordplay: S. Quentin Quayle: "Can you talk Indian?"Joe Panello: "I was born in Indianapolis!" There are moments, where Chico's characters appear to be genuinely Italian. Chico's character is assumed to be dim-witted, as he misunderstands words spoken by other characters. However, he gets the better of the same characters by extorting money from them, either by con or blackmail. Chico was a talented pianist, he started playing with only his right hand and fake playing with his left, as his teacher did so herself.
Chico acquired a better teacher and learned to play the piano correctly. As a young boy, he gained jobs playing piano to earn money for the Marx family. Sometimes Chico worked playing in two places at the same time, he would acquire the first job with his piano-playing skills, work for a few nights, substitute Harpo on one of the jobs. In the brothers' last film, Love Happy, Chico plays a piano and violin duet with'Mr. Lyons'. Lyons plays some ornate riffs on the violin. In a record album about the Marx Brothers, narrator Gary Owens stated that "although Chico's technique was limited, his repertoire was not." The opposite was true of Harpo, who could play only two tunes on the piano, which thwarted Chico's scam and resulted in both brothers' being fired. Groucho Marx once said. Instead, before performances he soaked his fingers in hot water, he was known for'shooting' the keys of the piano. He played passages with his thumb up and index finger straight, as part of the act. Other examples of his keyboard flamboyance are found in A Night at the Opera, where he played the piano for a group of delighted children, A Night in Casablanca, where he played a rendition of "The Beer Barrel Polka".
Chico became the unofficial manager of the Marx Brothers after their mother, died in 1929. As manager, he cut a deal to get the brothers a percentage of a film's gross receipts—the first of its kind in Hollywood. Furthermore, it was Chico's connection with Irving Thalberg of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer that led to Thalberg's signing the Brothers when they were in a career slump after Duck Soup, the last of their films for Paramount. For a while in the 1930s and 1940s, Chico led a big band. Singer Mel Tormé began his professional career singing with the Chico Marx Orchestra. Through the 1950s, Chico appeared on a variety of television anthology shows and some television commercials, most memorably with Harpo in "The Incredible Jewelry Robbery", a pantomime episode of General Electric Theater in 1959, his nickname was spelled Chicko. A typesetter accidentally dropped the "k" in his name and it became Chico, it was still pronounced "Chick-oh" although those who were unaware of its origin tended to pronounce it "Cheek-oh".
Numerous radio recordings from the 1940s exist where announcers and fellow actors mispronounce the nickname, but Chico felt it was unnecessary to correct them. As late as the 1950s, Groucho was happy to use the wrong pronunciation for comedic effect. A guest on You Bet Your Life told the quizmaster she grew up around Chico and Groucho responded, "I grew up around Chico my
Diana Lewis was an American film actress and an Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer contract player. The daughter of vaudeville performers, Lewis was born in New Jersey, she attended Fairfax High School in West Hollywood. Lewis began her film career in It's a Gift and worked over the next few years in minor roles, her more notable films include It's a Gift, Gold Diggers in Paris, Go West, Johnny Eager. She was the love interest of Andy Hardy as Daphne Fowler in Andy Hardy Meets Debutante. Lewis met actor William Powell, 27 years her senior, at MGM in 1940, they married after a courtship of just 3 weeks, she retired from acting in 1943. The couple remained together for 44 years until Powell's death at age 91 in 1984. Lewis died from pancreatic cancer in Rancho Mirage, aged 77, she was interred at Cathedral City's Desert Memorial Park in Riverside County, alongside Powell, her stepson, William David Powell. Lewis was an active supporter of women's golf and the LPGA; the LPGA's William and Mousie Powell Award is named in honor of the Powells.
In 2000, a Golden Palm Star on the Palm Springs, Walk of Stars was dedicated to her. Diana Lewis on IMDb
Variety is a weekly American entertainment trade magazine and website owned by Penske Media Corporation. It was founded by Sime Silverman in New York in 1905 as a weekly newspaper reporting on theater and vaudeville. In 1933 it added Daily Variety, based in Los Angeles. Variety.com features breaking entertainment news, box office results, cover stories, photo galleries and more, plus a credits database, production charts and calendar, with archive content dating back to 1905. Variety has been published since December 16, 1905, when it was launched by Sime Silverman as a weekly periodical covering theater and vaudeville with its headquarters in New York City. Sime was fired by The Morning Telegraph in 1905 for panning an act which had taken out an advert for $50, said that it looked like he would have to start his own paper in order to be able to tell the truth. With a loan of $1,500 from his father-in-law, he launched Variety as editor. In addition to Sime's former employer The Morning Telegraph, other major competitors on launch were The New York Clipper and the New York Dramatic Mirror.
The original cover design, similar to the current design, was sketched by Edgar M. Miller, a scenic painter, who refused payment; the front cover contained pictures of the original editorial staff, who were Alfred Greason, Epes W Sargeant and Joshua Lowe, as well as Sime. The first issue contained a review by Sime's son Sidne known as Skigie, claimed to be the youngest critic in the world at seven years old. In 1922, Sime acquired The New York Clipper, reporting on the stage and other entertainment since 1853 and folded it two years merging some of its features into Variety. In 1922, Sime launched the Times Square Daily, which he referred to as "the world's worst daily" and soon scrapped. During that period, Variety staffers worked on all three papers. After the launch of The Hollywood Reporter in 1930, which Variety sued for alleged plagiarism in 1932, Sime launched Daily Variety in 1933, based in Hollywood, with Arthur Ungar as the editor, it replaced Variety Bulletin, issued in Hollywood on Fridays.
Daily Variety was published every day other than Sunday but on Monday to Friday. Ungar was editor until 1950, followed by Joe Schoenfeld and Thomas M. Pryor, succeeded by his son Pete; the Daily and the Weekly were run as independent newspapers, with the Daily concentrating on Hollywood news and the Weekly on U. S. and International coverage. Sime Silverman had passed on the editorship of the Weekly Variety to Abel Green as his replacement in 1931. Green remained as editor from 1931 until his death in 1973. Sime's son Sidne succeeded him as publisher of both publications. Following his death from tuberculosis in 1950, his only son Syd Silverman, was the sole heir to what was Variety Inc. Young Syd's legal guardian Harold Erichs oversaw Variety Inc. until 1956. After that date Syd Silverman managed the company as publisher of both the Weekly Variety in New York and the Daily Variety in Hollywood, until the sale of both papers in 1987 to Cahners Publishing for $64 million, he remained as publisher until 1990 when he was succeeded on Weekly Variety by Gerard A. Byrne and on Daily Variety by Sime's great grandson, Michael Silverman.
Syd became chairman of both publications. In 1953, Army Archerd's "Just for Variety" column appeared on page two of Daily Variety and swiftly became popular in Hollywood. Archerd broke countless exclusive stories, reporting from film sets, announcing pending deals, giving news of star-related hospitalizations and births; the column appeared daily for 52 years until September 1, 2005. On December 7, 1988, the editor, Roger Watkins and oversaw the transition to four-color print. Upon its launch, the new-look Variety measured one inch shorter with a washed-out color on the front; the old front-page box advertisement was replaced by a strip advertisement, along with the first photos published in Variety since Sime gave up using them in the old format in 1920: they depicted Sime and Syd. For twenty years from 1989 its editor-in-chief was Peter Bart only of the weekly New York edition, with Michael Silverman running the Daily in Hollywood. Bart had worked at Paramount Pictures and The New York Times.
In April 2009, Bart moved to the position of "vice president and editorial director", characterized online as "Boffo No More: Bart Up and Out at Variety". From mid 2009 to 2013, Timothy M. Gray oversaw the publication as Editor-in-Chief, after over 30 years of various reporter and editor positions in the newsroom. In October 2012, Reed Business Information, the periodical's owner, sold the publication to Penske Media Corporation. PMC is the owner of Deadline Hollywood, which since the 2007–2008 Writers Guild of America strike has been considered Variety's largest competitor in online showbiz news. In October 2012, Jay Penske, Chairman and CEO of PMC, announced that the website's paywall would come down, the print publication would stay, he would invest more into Variety's digital platform in a townhall. In March 2013, Variety owner Jay Penske appointed three co-editors to oversee different parts of the publication's industry coverage; the decision was made to stop printing Daily Variety with the last printed edition published on March 19, 2013 with the headline "Variety A
Julius Henry "Groucho" Marx was an American comedian, stage, film and television star. A master of quick wit, he is considered one of America's greatest comedians, he made 13 feature films with his siblings the Marx Brothers. He had a successful solo career, most notably as the host of the radio and television game show You Bet Your Life, his distinctive appearance, carried over from his days in vaudeville, included quirks such as an exaggerated stooped posture, cigar, a thick greasepaint mustache and eyebrows. These exaggerated features resulted in the creation of one of the world's most recognizable and ubiquitous novelty disguises, known as Groucho glasses: a one-piece mask consisting of horn-rimmed glasses, a large plastic nose, bushy eyebrows and mustache. Julius Marx was born on October 1890, in Manhattan, New York. Marx stated that he was born in a room above a butcher's shop on East 78th Street, "Between Lexington & 3rd", as he told Dick Cavett in a 1969 television interview; the Marx children grew up on East 93rd Street off Lexington Avenue in a neighborhood now known as Carnegie Hill on the Upper East Side of the borough of Manhattan.
The turn-of-the-century building that his brother Harpo in his memoir Harpo Speaks called "the first real home they knew", was populated with European immigrants artisans. Just across the street were the oldest brownstones in the area, owned by people such as the well-connected Loew Brothers and William Orth; the Marx family lived there "for about 14 years", Groucho told Cavett. Marx's family was Jewish. Groucho's mother was Miene "Minnie" Schoenberg, whose family came from Dornum in northern Germany when she was 16 years old, his father was Simon "Sam" Marx, who changed his name from Marrix, was called "Frenchie" by his sons throughout his life, because he and his family came from Alsace in France. Minnie's brother was Al Schoenberg, who shortened his name to Al Shean when he went into show business as half of Gallagher and Shean, a noted vaudeville act of the early 20th century. According to Groucho, when Shean visited, he would throw the local waifs a few coins so that when he knocked at the door he would be surrounded by adoring fans.
Marx and his brothers respected his opinions and asked him on several occasions to write some material for them. Minnie Marx did not have an entertainment industry career but had intense ambition for her sons to go on the stage like their uncle. While pushing her eldest son Leonard in piano lessons, she found that Julius had a pleasant soprano voice and the ability to remain on key. Julius's early career goal was to become a doctor, but the family's need for income forced him out of school at the age of twelve. By that time, young Julius had become a voracious reader fond of Horatio Alger. Marx would continue to overcome his lack of formal education by becoming well-read. After a few stabs at entry-level office work and jobs suitable for adolescents, Julius took to the stage as a boy singer with the Gene Leroy Trio, debuting at the Ramona Theatre in Grand Rapids, MI, on July 16, 1905. Marx reputedly claimed that he was "hopelessly average" as a vaudevillian, but this was typical Marx, wisecracking in his true form.
By 1909, Minnie Marx had assembled her sons into an undistinguished vaudeville singing group billed as "The Four Nightingales". The brothers Julius and Arthur and another boy singer, Lou Levy, traveled the U. S. vaudeville circuits to little fanfare. After exhausting their prospects in the East, the family moved to La Grange, Illinois, to play the Midwest. After a dispiriting performance in Nacogdoches, Julius and Arthur began cracking jokes onstage for their own amusement. Much to their surprise, the audience liked them better as comedians than as singers, they modified the then-popular Gus Edwards comedy skit "School Days" and renamed it "Fun In Hi Skule". The Marx Brothers would perform variations on this routine for the next seven years. For a time in vaudeville, all the brothers performed using ethnic accents. Leonard, the oldest, developed the Italian accent he used as Chico Marx to convince some roving bullies that he was Italian, not Jewish. Arthur, the next oldest, donned a curly red wig and became "Patsy Brannigan", a stereotypical Irish character.
His discomfort when speaking on stage led to his uncle Al Shean's suggestion that he stop speaking altogether and play the role in mime. Julius Marx's character from "Fun In Hi Skule" was an ethnic German, so Julius played him with a German accent. After the sinking of the RMS Lusitania in 1915, public anti-German sentiment was widespread, Marx's German character was booed, so he dropped the accent and developed the fast-talking wise-guy character that became his trademark; the Marx Brothers became the biggest comedic stars of the Palace Theatre in New York, which billed itself as the "Valhalla of Vaudeville". Brother Chico's deal-making skills resulted in three hit plays on Broadway. No other comedy routine had so infected the Broadway circuit. All of this stage work predated their Hollywood career. By the time the Marxes made their first movie, they were major stars with honed skills. Groucho Marx started his career in vaudeville in 1905 when he joined up with an act called The Leroy Trio, he was asked to join the group as a singer, along with fellow vaudeville actor Johnny Morris, by a man named Robin Leroy.
Through this act, Groucho got his first taste of life as a vaudeville performer. In 1909, Groucho and his brothers had become a gro
John Carroll (actor)
John Carroll was an American actor and singer. Carroll was born in Louisiana, he performed in several small roles in films under his birth name until 1935, when he first used the name John Carroll in Hi, Gaucho! He appeared in several Western films in the 1930s, including the role of Zorro in Zorro Rides Again in 1937, he was the male lead in the Marx Brothers' Western comedy Go West in 1940. His best known role was as Woody Jason in the 1942 movie Flying Tigers with John Wayne, he was notable as a Cajun soldier, aptly nicknamed "Wolf", in the 1945 comedy A Letter for Evie. He interrupted his movie career during World War II and served as a U. S. Army Air Corps pilot in North Africa, he broke his back in a crash. He resumed his acting career. John Carroll was a well-established actor and his wife Lucille was a casting director at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. In 1948, the famous movie actress Marilyn Monroe moved into their house, they helped support her and financially during her difficult transition period.
Their support was essential in her success as an actress. Carroll worked through the mid-1950s, but his career began to fade in the latter half of the decade, he did play a memorable role in the 1957 Budd Boetticher western Decision at Sundown as Tate Kimbrough, the evil nemesis of Randolph Scott's character. His last roles were in Ride in a Pink Car in 1974 and in Orson Welles' The Other Side of the Wind, released in 2018, that he joined in 1975. Carroll was married twice. Carroll died at the age of 72, in Hollywood, California. John Carroll on IMDb John Carroll at Find a Grave
Walter Woolf King
Walter Woolf King was an American film and stage actor and singer. Born in San Francisco, California in 1899, King started singing for a living at a young age and performed in churches, he made his Broadway debut in 1919, became a well-known baritone in operettas and musical comedies. King billed himself as Walter Woolf and Walter King early in his career settling on a combination of all three names, Walter Woolf King, in the mid-1930s. In 1936, King was host of the Flying Red Horse Tavern on CBS radio. King began his film career in musicals but moved into supporting roles, he is best remembered today for his villainous roles in two films starring the Marx Brothers: A Night at the Opera and Go West. He appeared with Laurel & Hardy in Swiss Miss. King made several appearances on radio and became an actors agent. During the 1950s and 1960s, he acted in supporting roles in television and films, his final appearance was in the 1977 TV movie One in a Million: The Ron LeFlore Story. King died in Beverly Hills, California in 1984.
Walter Woolf King on IMDb Walter Woolf King at the Internet Broadway Database