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Goals Against Average is a statistic used in field hockey, ice hockey, lacrosse and water polo, the mean of goals allowed per game by a goaltender/goalkeeper. GAA is analogous to a baseball pitcher. In Japanese, the same translation is used for both ERA, because of this. For ice hockey, the goals against average statistic is the number of goals a goaltender allows per 60 minutes of playing time, it is calculated by taking the number of goals against, multiply that by 60 and dividing by the number of minutes played. When calculating GAA, overtime goals and time on ice are included, whereas empty net and shootout goals are not, it is given to two decimal places. The top goaltenders in the National Hockey League have a GAA of about 1.85-2.10, although the measure of a good GAA changes as different playing styles come and go. The top goaltenders in the National Lacrosse League however have a GAA of about 10.00, the top 2005 Western Lacrosse Association goaltenders had a GAA of about 9.00. At their best, elite NCAA water polo goalies have a GAA between 3.00 and 5.00.

Since the statistic is dependent on the team playing in front of a goalie, save percentage is considered a more accurate measure of a goaltender's skill in ice hockey and lacrosse, as it takes into account the number of shots the goaltender has faced. In soccer, since it is considered a part of the goalkeeper's job to coach defenders on proper positioning to prevent opponents' shots, GAA is more used to evaluate goalkeepers than save percentage

Richard Klophaus is a German economist and professor for business administration and logistics at the University of Applied Sciences, Worms. He studied at the Toronto School of Business. After earning his Ph. D. in 1995 he worked for the German Lufthansa AG. Following this he was professor at Trier University of Applied Sciences for nine years. Klophaus was visiting professor at the Center for Transportation Studies of the University of British Columbia and was offered professorships in Trier and Saarbrücken. Since 2009 he is professor for business administration and logistics at the University of Applied Sciences Worms tourism/transport department. In addition to his professorship he is board member and spokesman for the Zentrums für Recht und Wirtschaft des Luftverkehrs. Klophaus works on business administrative issues concerning air transport, he is a member of the editorial boards of "International Journal of Revenue Management", of the Deutschen Verkehrswissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft, of the German Aviation Research Society, of the "Aktionsgemeinschaft luft- und raumfahrtorientierter Unternehmen in Deutschland", of the "Arbeitsgruppe Flugplatzkonversion des Landes Rheinland-Pfalz", of the Air Transport Research Society, of the World Conference on Transport Research Society, he is partner of the "Interessengemeinschaft der Regionalflughäfen", as well as Fellow of the Network for Aviation Research and Policy in the Netherlands.

He has three children. Literature by and about Richard Klophaus in the German National Library catalogue Official website University of Applied Sciences, Worms Publication liste at the Official website University of Applied Sciences, Worms

Blood 148 is a First Nations reserve in Alberta, Canada. It is inhabited by the Blood First Nation and was established under the provisions of Treaty 7; this reserve is managed from the town of Stand Off on its northwest border and encompasses the majority of lands bounded by the cities of Fort MacLeod and Cardston. It is traversed by Alberta Highway 2, Highway 5 and Highway 509; the St Mary River and the Belly River are major rivers draining the lands. At 1,413.87 km2, this is the largest reserve in Canada, the third most populous after Six Nations and Akwesasne. On June 12, 2019 Federal Courts awarded an additional 162.5 sq mi of unspecified lands to bring its total area to 708.4 sq mi. It is located between the Cities of Fort MacLeod and Lethbridge and the Town of Cardston, bordering the Municipal District of Willow Creek No. 26 to the northwest, the Lethbridge County to the northeast and Cardston County to the east and southwest. In 2006, Blood 148 had a population of 4,177 living in 1,250 dwellings, an 8.4% increase from 2001.

The Alberta Government lists Blood 148 population at 4,713 in 2018. Prior to the June 12, 2019 award the Indian reserve land area was 1,413.87 km2 with population density of 3.0/km2. As of December 2013, the Blood 435 band, based on reserves 148 & 148A, had a total registered population of 11,791 per AANDC sources. Under the British North America Act, legislative authority over Indian reserves is placed with the national parliament and the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development; the reserve is governed by a tribal council led by Chief Roy Fox. Blood Tribe Councillors Dorothy First Rider Floyd Big Head Kyla Crow Martin Heavy Head Joanne Lemieux Robin Little Bear Kirby Many Fingers Hank Shade Lance Tailfeathers Tim Tailfeathers Marcel Weasel Head Franklyn White Quills Beverly Hungry Wolf, writer List of Indian reserves in Alberta Blood Tribe Map of Blood 148 at Statcan