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Godavari River

The Godavari is India's second longest river after the Ganga. Its source is in Maharashtra, it flows east for 1,465 kilometres, draining the states of Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha,ultimately emptying into the Bay of Bengal through its extensive network of tributaries. Measuring up to 312,812 km2, it forms one of the largest river basins in the Indian subcontinent, with only the Ganga and Indus rivers having a larger drainage basin. In terms of length, catchment area and discharge, the Godavari is the largest in peninsular India, had been dubbed as the Vridha Ganga; the river has been revered in Hindu scriptures for many millennia and continues to harbour and nourish a rich cultural heritage. In the past few decades, the river has been barricaded by a number of barrages and dams, keeping a head of water which lowers evaporation, its broad river delta houses 729 persons/km2 – nearly twice the Indian average population density and has substantial risk of flooding, which in lower parts will be exacerbated as the global sea level rises.

The word Godavari means granting kine. Lores state; the name could be a Sanskritized form of the Telugu word goda, which means'limit' or'boundary,' as the river was the boundary between two regions of the Dakshinapatha. The Godavari originates in the Western Ghats of central India near Nashik in Maharashtra, 80 km from the Arabian Sea, it flows for 1,465 km, first eastwards across the Deccan Plateau turns southeast, entering the West Godavari district and East Godavari district of Andhra Pradesh, until it splits into two distributaries that widen into a large river delta at Sir Arthur Cotton Barrage in Rajamahendravaram and flow into the Bay of Bengal. The Godavari River has a coverage area of 312,812 km2, nearly one-tenth of the area of India and is greater than the areas of England and Ireland put together; the river basin is considered to be divided into 3 sections: Upper and Lower. These put together account for 24.2% of the total basin area. The rivers annual average water inflows are nearly 110 billion cubic metres.

Nearly 50% of the water availability is being harnessed. The water allocation from the river among the riparian states are governed by the Godavari Water Disputes Tribunal; the river has highest flood flows in India and experienced recorded flood of 3.6 million cusecs in the year 1986 and annual flood of 1.0 million cusecs is normal. In Maharashtra state where it takes origin, the river has an extensive course, the upper basin of which lies within the state, cumulatively draining an area as large as 152,199 km2 – about half the area of Maharashtra. Within Nashik District the river assumes a north-easterly course till it flows into the Gangapur Reservoir created by a dam of the same name; the reservoir along with the Kashypi Dam provides potable water to Nashik, one of the largest cities located on its banks. The river as it emerges through the dam, some 8 km upstream from Nashik, flows on a rocky bed undulated by a series of chasms and rocky ledges, resulting in the formation of two significant waterfalls – the Gangapur and the Someshwar waterfalls.

The latter, located at Someshwar is more popularly known as the Dudhsagar Waterfall. About 10 km east of Gangapur the river passes the town of Nashik where it collects its effluents in the form of the river Nasardi on its right bank. About 0.5 km south of Nashik, the river bends to the east, washing the base of a high cliff the site of a Mughal fort, but, now being eroded away by the action of floods. About 25 km below Nashik is the confluence of the Godavari and one of its tributaries, the Darna river; the stream occupies, for nine months in the year, a small space in a wide and gravelly bed, the greyish banks being 4 to 6 m high, topped with a deep layer of black soil. A few kilometres after its meeting with the Darna, the Godavari swerves to the north-east, before the Banganga, from the north-west, meets it on the left; the course of the main stream tends more decidedly south. At Nandur-Madhmeshwar, the Kadva, a second large affluent, brings considerable increase to the waters of the Godavari.

The river begins its southeasterly course characteristic of rivers of the Deccan Plateau. The river enters the Kopargaon taluka, Ahmednagar District. Within Ahmednagar District the river completes its short course, flowing alongside the town of Kopargaon and reaching Puntamba. Beyond this the river serves as a natural boundary between the following districts: Ahmednagar and Aurangabad: Along the boundary here, it receives its first major tributary the Pravara River, draining the former district; the confluence is located at Pravarasangam. By virtue of a sub-tributary of Pravara – Mandohol, which originates in Pune District – the basin impinges the Pune District; the river at Paithan has been impounded by the Jayakwadi Dam forming the NathSagar Reservoir. Kalsubai located in Godavari basin, is the highest peak in Maharashtra. Beed and Jalna Beed and Parbhani: Located along here is its merger with Sindphana, an important tributary which drains a large area within Beed; the sub-tributary river Bindusara forms a landmark at Beed.

The river beyond, near the village Sonpeth, flows into Parbhani. In Parbhani District, River Godavari flows through Gangakhed taluka; as mentioned above, the Godavari is called Dakshinganga so the c

Faustina (empress)

Faustina was an Empress of the Roman Empire and third wife of Emperor Constantius II. The main source for her biography is the account of historian Ammianus Marcellinus, her origins and other names are unknown. Constantius married her in Antioch in 361, after the death of his second wife, Eusebia in 360. Ammianus reports that the marriage took place while Constantius was wintering in Antioch, taking a break from the ongoing Roman–Persian Wars. "At that same time Constantius took to wife Faustina, having long since lost Eusebia". She was pregnant when Constantius died on 3 November 361 and gave birth to their posthumous daughter, Flavia Maxima Constantia, the only child of the emperor. Constantia married Emperor Gratian. On 28 September 365 Faustina was present when Procopius received the insignia of the imperial rites in Constantinople. Faustina and her little daughter's presence suggested that Procopius was the rightful heir of the Constantinian dynasty, still held in reverence. Ammianus considers that Procopius having Faustina and Constantia by his side increased the loyalty of the people to his cause: "Valens called forth his troops and joining with him Lupicinus and a strong force of auxiliaries, he hastened to Pessinus a town of Phrygia, now of Galatia.

Having safely garrisoned this place in order to suffer no surprise in those parts, he marched along the foot of the lofty mountain called Olympus, over rocky paths, towards Lycia, planning to attack Gomoarius, while he loitered there half asleep. But he was met with general and obstinate resistance, for this reason in particular — that his enemy both on the march and when they were in battle array, carried about with him in a litter the little daughter of Constantius, her mother Faustina. After the Battle of Thyatira and the fall of Procopius in 366, Faustina passes out of sight, her profile in the "Prosopography"

Berlekamp–Massey algorithm

The Berlekamp–Massey algorithm is an algorithm that will find the shortest linear feedback shift register for a given binary output sequence. The algorithm will find the minimal polynomial of a linearly recurrent sequence in an arbitrary field; the field requirement means that the Berlekamp–Massey algorithm requires all non-zero elements to have a multiplicative inverse. Reeds and Sloane offer an extension to handle a ring. Elwyn Berlekamp invented an algorithm for decoding Bose–Chaudhuri–Hocquenghem codes. James Massey recognized its application to linear feedback shift registers and simplified the algorithm. Massey termed the algorithm the LFSR Synthesis Algorithm, but it is now known as the Berlekamp–Massey algorithm; the Berlekamp–Massey algorithm is an alternative to the Reed–Solomon Peterson decoder for solving the set of linear equations. It can be summarized as finding the coefficients Λj of a polynomial Λ so that for all positions i in an input stream S: S i + ν + Λ 1 S i + ν − 1 + ⋯ + Λ ν − 1 S i + 1 + Λ ν S i = 0.

In the code examples below, C is a potential instance of Λ. The error locator polynomial C for L errors is defined as: C = C L x L + C L − 1 x L − 1 + ⋯ + C 2 x 2 + C 1 x + 1 or reversed: C = 1 + C 1 x + C 2 x 2 + ⋯ + C L − 1 x L − 1 + C L x L; the goal of the algorithm is to determine the minimal degree L and C which results in all syndromes S n + C 1 S n − 1 + ⋯ + C L S n − L being equal to 0: S n + C 1 S n − 1 + ⋯ + C L S n − L = 0, L ≤ n ≤ N − 1. Algorithm: C is initialized to 1, L is the current number of assumed errors, initialized to zero. N is the total number of syndromes. N is used as the main iterator and to index the syndromes from 0 to N−1. B is a copy of the last C since L was updated and initialized to 1. B is a copy of the last discrepancy d since L was updated and initialized to 1. M is the number of iterations since L, B, b were updated and initialized to 1; each iteration of the algorithm calculates a discrepancy d. At iteration k this would be: d ← S k + C 1 S k − 1 + ⋯ + C L S k − L.

If d is zero, the algorithm assumes that C and L are correct for the moment, increments m, continues. If d is not zero, the algorithm adjusts C so that a recalculation of d would be zero: C ← C − x m B; the xm term shifts B. If the previous update of L occurred on iteration j m = k − j, a recalculated discrepancy would be: d ← S k + C 1 S k − 1 + ⋯ −; this would change a recalculated discrepancy to: d = d − b = d − d = 0. The algorithm needs to increase L as needed. If L equals the actual number of errors during the iteration process, the discrepancies will become zero before n becomes greater than or equal to 2L. Otherwise L is updated and algorithm will update B, b, increase L, reset m =

Versailles, Illinois

Versailles is a village in Brown County, United States. The population was 478 at the 2010 census; the village's name is pronounced differently from the French city of the same name: vər-SAYLZ. Versailles is located at 39°53′2″N 90°39′27″W. According to the 2010 census, Versailles has a total area of 0.935 square miles, of which 0.93 square miles is land and 0.005 square miles is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 567 people, 241 households, 156 families residing in the village; the population density was 614.7 people per square mile. There were 259 housing units at an average density of 280.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 99.65% White, 0.18% African American, 0.18% from two or more races. There were 241 households out of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.9% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.9% were non-families. 31.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.

The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.97. In the village, the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 24.5% from 25 to 44, 25.4% from 45 to 64, 16.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.5 males. The median income for a household in the village was $32,813, the median income for a family was $42,083. Males had a median income of $31,000 versus $26,250 for females; the per capita income for the village was $14,876. About 12.2% of families and 12.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.0% of those under age 18 and 20.5% of those age 65 or over. Francis LaJoie, born in Versailles, 1895 Bill Roy, skeet shooting Olympian and world champion.

Capital Shoppers

Capital Shoppers Limited known as Capital Shoppers, is a Ugandan supermarket chain. The Head Office of Capital Shoppers is located along Dastur Street, Kampala Central Division, in the city's central business district, adjacent to Nakasero Farmers' Market; the coordinates of Capital Shoppers Headquarters are:0°18'40.5"N, 32°34'45.0"E. The supermarket chain operates four supermarkets in Uganda. Capital Shoppers is the largest locally owned supermarket chain in the country. Founded in 1997, the family-owned store chain has a customer-royalty program that offers 4% rebate on purchases, the highest in the industry in Uganda; as of August 2014 the supermarket chain maintains branches at the following locations: Central Kampala: Dastur Street, Nakasero Hill, Kampala Nakawa Branch: Port Bell Road, Kampala Ntinda Branch: Capital Shoppers Mall, Ntinda Road, Ntinda and Garden City Branch: Garden City Mall, Kampala. Capital Shoppers is a wholly Ugandan held company; as of November 2016, Ugandan media reports indicated that the supermarket chain is owned by Mr. and Mrs. Ngabirano.

Supermarkets Kicking Local Bakeries Out of Business

1929 WAFL season

The 1929 WAFL season was the 45th season of the West Australian Football League in its various incarnations. East Fremantle proved the outstanding team, won the second of what would become seven successive minor premierships and four successive flags. Subiaco denied a Perth club bolstered by the return as coach of Jack Leckie – who had masterminded their pre-war successes including their only premiership to that point – its first finals appearance since 1920 with a convincing last round win. Claremont-Cottesloe won more games than in its first three seasons combined and a brilliant mid-season burst looked to assure it of a finals berth before a September fade-out – but the Great Depression and the financial power of several wealthy VFL clubs prevented the Tigers sustaining this improvement. Following the death in a truck accident of champion coach Phil Matson, an upheaval off the field during the summer, the retirement of numerous top players of their 1920s dynasty such as Bonny Campbell, Val Sparrow, “Paddy” Hebbard, Jim O'Meara and Jack Walsh, former powerhouse East Perth suffered its first wooden spoon since 1913 and lost a club record fifteen consecutive matches.

The Royals were affected by injuries to remaining key players Owens and Fletcher, who missed several games and were never fit. Sol Lawn of South Fremantle beat the record of Bonny Campbell for most goals in a WAFL season, finishing with ninety-six. A Awarded retrospectively in 1997 after losing on casting vote.b The other competing clubs’ first 20-goal scores were: Perth – 25.24 v Subiaco in 1904. North Fremantle kicked its only 20-goal score of 25.24 against Subiaco as early as 1902, whilst West Perth was to score its first in 1933. Official WAFL website West Australian Football League 1929