Godzilla (1954 film)
Godzilla is a 1954 Japanese kaiju film featuring Godzilla and distributed by Toho. It is the first film in the Godzilla Shōwa series; the film is directed with special effects by Eiji Tsuburaya. The film stars Akira Takarada, Momoko Kōchi, Akihiko Hirata, Takashi Shimura, with Haruo Nakajima and Katsumi Tezuka as the performers for Godzilla. Godzilla entered production. Tsuburaya opted for a giant octopus before the filmmakers decided on a dinosaur-inspired creature. Godzilla pioneered a form of special effects called suitmation, in which a stunt actor wearing a suit crushes a miniature set. Principal photography lasted special effects lasted 71 days. Godzilla was released in Nagoya on October 27, 1954, released throughout Japan on November 3, 1954, grossed ¥183 million during its initial theatrical run. In 1956, a re-edited "Americanized" version was released in the United States; the film spawned a multimedia franchise, being recognized by Guinness World Records as the longest running film franchise in history.
Godzilla has since become an international pop culture icon and the film has been credited for establishing the template for Tokusatsu. When the Japanese freighter Eiko-maru is destroyed near Odo Island, another ship – the Bingo-maru – is sent to investigate, only to meet the same fate with few survivors. A fishing boat from Odo is destroyed, with one survivor. Fishing catches mysteriously drop to zero, blamed by an elder on the ancient sea creature known as "Godzilla". Reporters arrive on Odo Island to further investigate. A villager tells one of the reporters; that evening, a storm strikes the island, destroying the reporters' helicopter, Godzilla, though briefly seen, destroys 17 homes, kills nine people and 20 of the villagers' livestock. Odo residents travel to Tokyo to demand disaster relief; the villagers' and reporters' evidence describes damage consistent with something large crushing the village. The government sends paleontologist Kyohei Yamane to lead an investigation on the island, where giant radioactive footprints and a trilobite are discovered.
The village alarm bell is rung and Yamane and the villagers rush to see the monster, retreating after seeing that it is a giant dinosaur. Yamane presents his findings in Tokyo, estimating that Godzilla is 50 metres tall and is evolved from an ancient sea creature becoming a terrestrial animal, he concludes that Godzilla has been disturbed from its deep underwater natural habitat by underwater hydrogen bomb testing. Debate ensues about notifying the public about the danger of the monster. Meanwhile, 17 ships are lost at sea. Ten frigates are dispatched to attempt to kill the monster using depth charges; the mission disappoints Yamane. Having survived the attack, officials appeal to Yamane for ideas to kill the monster, but Yamane tells them that Godzilla is unkillable, having survived H-bomb testing, must be studied. Yamane's daughter, decides to break off her arranged engagement to Yamane's colleague, Daisuke Serizawa, because of her love for Hideto Ogata, a salvage ship captain; when a reporter arrives and asks to interview Serizawa, Emiko escorts the reporter to Serizawa's home.
After Serizawa refuses to divulge his current work to the reporter, he gives Emiko a demonstration of his recent project on the condition she must keep it a secret. The demonstration horrifies her and she leaves without breaking off the engagement. Shortly after she returns home, Godzilla surfaces from attacks Shinagawa. After attacking a passing train, Godzilla returns to the ocean. After consulting with international experts, the Japanese Self-Defense Forces construct a 30-metre-tall, 50,000 volt electrified fence along the coast and deploy forces to stop and kill Godzilla. Yamane returns home, dismayed that there is no plan to study Godzilla for its resistance to radiation, where Emiko and Ogata await hoping to get his consent for them to wed; when Ogata disagrees with Yamane, arguing the threat Godzilla poses outweighs any potential benefits from studying the monster, Yamane tells him to leave. Godzilla resurfaces and breaks through the fence to Tokyo with its atomic breath, unleashing more destruction across the city.
Further attempts to kill the monster with tanks and fighter jets fail and Godzilla returns to the ocean. The day after and shelters are crowded with the maimed and the dead, with some survivors suffering radiation sickness. Distraught by the devastation, Emiko tells Ogata about Serizawa's research, a weapon called the "Oxygen Destroyer", which disintegrates oxygen atoms and the organisms die of a rotting asphyxiation. Emiko and Ogata go to Serizawa to convince him to use the Oxygen Destroyer but he refuses. After watching a program displaying the nation's current tragedy, Serizawa accepts their pleas; as Serizawa burns his notes, Emiko breaks down crying. A navy ship takes Serizawa to plant the device in Tokyo Bay. After finding Godzilla, Serizawa unloads the device and cuts off his air support, taking the secrets of the Oxygen Destroyer to his grave. Godzilla is destroyed but many mourn Serizawa's death. Yamane believes. In the film, Godzilla symbolizes nuclear holocaust from Japan's perspective and has since been culturally identified as a strong metaphor for nuclear weapons.
Producer Tomoyuki Tanaka stated that, "The theme of the film, from the beginning, was the terror of the bomb. Mankind had created the bomb, now nature was going to take revenge on mankind." Director Ishirō Honda filmed Godzilla's Tokyo rampag
The Godzilla franchise is a Japanese kaiju media franchise featuring Godzilla and created by Toho. It is recognized by Guinness World Records to be the longest continuously running movie franchise, having been in ongoing production from 1954 to the present day, with several hiatuses of varying lengths; the film franchise consists of 32 produced by Toho and three Hollywood films. The first film, was directed by Ishirō Honda and released by Toho in 1954 and became an influential classic of the genre, it featured social undertones relevant to Japan at the time. The original introduced an acclaimed music score by Akira Ifukube, reused in many of the films; the original introduced the work of special effects master Eiji Tsuburaya, who used miniatures and "suitmation" to convey the large scale of the monster and its destruction. For its North American release, the film was reworked as an adaptation and released in 1956 as Godzilla, King of the Monsters!. The adaptation featured new footage with Raymond Burr edited together with the original Japanese footage.
Toho was inspired to make the original Godzilla after the commercial success of the 1952 re-release of King Kong and the success of The Beast from 20,000 Fathoms. The success of the Godzilla series itself would go on to inspire other monster films worldwide; the popularity of the films has led to the franchise expanding to other media, such as television, music and video games. Godzilla has been one of the most recognizable symbols in Japanese pop culture worldwide, remains a well-known facet of Japanese films and was one of the first examples of the popular kaiju and tokusatsu subgenres in Japanese entertainment; the tone and themes vary per film. Several of the films have political themes, others have dark tones, complex internal mythology, or are simple action movies featuring aliens or other monsters, while others have simpler themes accessible to children. Godzilla's role varies from purely a destructive force to an ally of humans, or a protector of Japanese values, or a hero to children.
The name Godzilla is a romanization of the original Japanese name Gojira—which is a combination of two Japanese words: gorira, "gorilla", kujira, "whale". The word alludes to the size and aquatic origin of Godzilla; as developed by Toho, the monster is an offshoot of the combination of radioactivity and ancient dinosaur-like creatures and possessing special powers. The Godzilla film series is broken into several eras reflecting a characteristic style and corresponding to the same eras used to classify all kaiju eiga in Japan; the first two eras refer to the Japanese emperor during production: the Shōwa era and the Heisei era. The third is called the Millennium era as the emperor is the same but these films are considered to have a different style and storyline than the Heisei era. Over the series history, the films have reflected the political climate in Japan. In the original film, Godzilla was an allegory for the effects of the hydrogen bomb, the consequences that such weapons might have on Earth.
The radioactive contamination of the Japanese fishing boat Lucky Dragon No. 5 through the United States' Castle Bravo thermonuclear device test on Bikini Atoll on March 1, 1954, led to much press coverage in Japan preceding the release of the first movie in 1954. The Heisei and Millennium series have continued this concept; the initial series of movies is named for the Shōwa period in Japan. This Shōwa timeline spanned with Godzilla, to 1975, with Terror of Mechagodzilla. With the exceptions of Godzilla, Godzilla Raids Again, Mothra vs. Godzilla, Destroy all Monsters, Terror of Mechagodzilla, much of the Shōwa series monster-action was intentionally made comical and laughable for children, with Godzilla engaged in clownish slapstick wrestling with other monsters. Starting with Ghidorah the Three-Headed Monster, Godzilla began evolving into a friendlier, more playful antihero and, as years went by, it evolved into an anthropomorphic superhero. Ghidorah the Three-Headed Monster was significant for introducing Godzilla's archenemy and the main antagonist of the film series, King Ghidorah.
The films Son of Godzilla and All Monsters Attack were aimed at youthful audiences, featuring the appearance of Godzilla's son, Minilla. Godzilla vs. Mechagodzilla was notable for introducing Godzilla's robot duplicate and an antagonist of the film series, Mechagodzilla; the Shōwa period tied loosely in to a number of Toho-produced films in which Godzilla himself did not appear and saw the addition of many monsters into the Godzilla continuity, three of which originated in their own solo movies and another five appeared in their first films as either antagonistic or secondary characters. Haruo Nakajima portrayed Godzilla since 1954 until his retirement in 1972. However, other stunt actors portrayed the character in his absence, such as Katsumi Tezuka, Yū Sekida, Ryosaku Takasugi, Seiji Onaka, Shinji Takagi, Isao Zushi, Toru Kawai. Eiji Tsuburaya directed the special effects for the first six films of the series, his protege Sadamasa Arikawa took over the effects work for the next three films, while Teruyoshi Nakano directed the special effects for the last six films of the series.
Toho rebooted the series in 1984 with The Return of Godzilla, starting the second era of Godzilla films, known as the Heisei series. The Ret
Godzilla is a monster originating from a series of Japanese films of the same name. The character first appeared in Ishirō Honda's 1954 film Godzilla and became a worldwide pop culture icon, appearing in various media, including 32 films produced by Toho, three Hollywood films and numerous video games, comic books and television shows, it is dubbed the King of the Monsters, a phrase first used in Godzilla, King of the Monsters!, the Americanized version of the original film. Godzilla is depicted as an enormous, prehistoric sea monster awakened and empowered by nuclear radiation. With the nuclear bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the Lucky Dragon 5 incident still fresh in the Japanese consciousness, Godzilla was conceived as a metaphor for nuclear weapons; as the film series expanded, some stories took on less serious undertones, portraying Godzilla as an antihero, or a lesser threat who defends humanity. With the end of the Cold War, several post-1984 Godzilla films shifted the character's portrayal to themes including Japan's forgetfulness over its imperial past, natural disasters and the human condition.
Godzilla has been featured alongside many supporting characters. It has faced human opponents such as the JSDF, or other monsters, including King Ghidorah and Mechagodzilla. Godzilla sometimes has allies, such as Rodan and Anguirus, offspring, such as Minilla and Godzilla Junior. Godzilla has fought characters from other franchises in crossover media, such as the RKO Pictures/Universal Studios movie monster King Kong and the Marvel Comics characters S. H. I. E. L. D; the Fantastic Four and the Avengers. Gojira is a portmanteau of the Japanese words: gorira and kujira, fitting because in one planning stage, Godzilla was described as "a cross between a gorilla and a whale", alluding to its size and aquatic origin. One popular story is that "Gojira" was the nickname of a corpulent stagehand at Toho Studio. Kimi Honda, the widow of the director, dismissed this in a 1998 BBC documentary devoted to Godzilla, "The backstage boys at Toho loved to joke around with tall stories". Godzilla's name was written in ateji as Gojira, where the kanji are used for phonetic value and not for meaning.
The Japanese pronunciation of the name is. In the Hepburn romanization system, Godzilla's name is rendered as "Gojira", whereas in the Kunrei romanization system it is rendered as "Gozira". During the development of the American version of Godzilla Raids Again, Godzilla's name was changed to "Gigantis", a move initiated by producer Paul Schreibman, who wanted to create a character distinct from Godzilla. Within the context of the Japanese films, Godzilla's exact origins vary, but it is depicted as an enormous, prehistoric sea monster awakened and empowered by nuclear radiation. Although the specific details of Godzilla's appearance have varied over the years, the overall impression has remained consistent. Inspired by the fictional Rhedosaurus created by animator Ray Harryhausen for the film The Beast from 20,000 Fathoms, Godzilla's iconic character design was conceived as that of an amphibious reptilian monster based around the loose concept of a dinosaur with an erect standing posture, scaly skin, an anthropomorphic torso with muscular arms, lobed bony plates along its back and tail, a furrowed brow.
Art director Akira Watanabe combined attributes of a Tyrannosaurus, an Iguanodon, a Stegosaurus and an alligator to form a sort of blended chimera, inspired by illustrations from an issue of Life magazine. To emphasise the monster's relationship with the atomic bomb, its skin texture was inspired by the keloid scars seen on survivors in Hiroshima; the basic design has a reptilian visage, a robust build, an upright posture, a long tail and three rows of serrated plates along the back. In the original film, the plates were added for purely aesthetic purposes, in order to further differentiate Godzilla from any other living or extinct creature. Godzilla is sometimes depicted as green in comics and movie posters, but the costumes used in the movies were painted charcoal grey with bone-white dorsal plates up until the film Godzilla 2000. Godzilla's signature weapon is its "atomic heat beam", nuclear energy that it generates inside of its body and unleashes from its jaws in the form of a blue or red radioactive beam.
Toho's special effects department has used various techniques to render the beam, from physical gas-powered flames to hand-drawn or computer-generated fire. Godzilla is shown to possess immense physical muscularity. Haruo Nakajima, the actor who played Godzilla in the original films, was a black belt in judo and used his expertise to choreograph the battle sequences. Godzilla can breathe underwater and is described in the original film by the character Dr. Yamane as a transitional form between a marine and a terrestrial reptile. Godzilla is shown to have great vitality: it is immune to conventional weaponry thanks to its rugged hide and ability to regenerate and as a result of surviving a nuclear explosion, it cannot be destroyed by anything less powerful. Various films, television shows and games have depicted Godzilla with additional powers, such as an atomic pulse, precognition, fireballs, an electric bite, superhuman speed, eye beams and flight. Godzilla's allegiance and motivations have changed from film to film to suit the needs of the story.
Although Godzilla does not like humans, it will fight alongside humanity against common threats. However, it makes no special effort to protect human life or prope
Akira Takarada is a Japanese film actor, most known in the west for his roles in the Godzilla film series. Takarada was born in Japan-occupied Korea, lived for a time in Harbin, China, his father worked as an engineer on the South Manchuria Railway. After the war, he remained in Harbin, he is able to speak Mandarin Chinese and English. Takarada moved to Japan with his family in 1948, he joined Toho as part of their "New Face" program in April 1953. In his film debut, he had a small role in And Then the Liberty Bell Rang, a biography of the educator Fukuzawa Yukichi, his big break came. He became a popular actor at Toho for charismatic, sophisticated character, he continued his association with the Godzilla series in Mothra vs. Godzilla, Invasion of Astro-Monster, Godzilla vs. the Sea Monster. He returned to the series in 1992 with Godzilla vs. Mothra and appeared again in Godzilla: Final Wars. Other Toho science-fiction/special-effects films in which he appeared include Half Human, The Last War, King Kong Escapes, Latitude Zero.
Toho prepared a musical production of Gone with the Wind with Broadway composer-lyricist Harold Rome for its new Teigeki theater in 1970. Entitled Scarlett, Takarada was scheduled to play the role of Rhett Butler. However, injuries sustained in an accident in which he fell off a bulldozer while filming prevented him from participating in this stage production. Takarada made a guest appearance at the fan convention G-Fest XVII in 2010, once more at G-Fest XIX in July 2012. On March 27, 2013, Takarada posed for publicity photographs with director Gareth Edwards on the set of the Legendary/Warner Bros Godzilla reboot, suggesting a cameo of sorts in the new movie, his scenes were filmed, but cut from the movie. He is still listed in the movie credits. Shiratori Reiko de Gozaimasu! Tokugawa Yoshinobu Watashi no Aozora Shōtoku Taishi Rokkā no Hanako-san Saka no Ue no Kumo Carnation Keisei Saimin no Otoko Part 3 The Ambushers Doctor Dolittle Murderers' Row Aladdin The Return of Jafar Disney's House of Mouse Disney's The Great Mouse Detective Star Wars Rebels Season 3 Adventure of Tokyo Disney Sea ~Losing of Jewel's Secret Kingdom Hearts Kingdom Hearts II My Fair Lady South Pacific Tokyo Disneyland attraction: Country Bear Jamboree "AKIRA TAKARADA".
Complete Index to World Film. Retrieved 2010-01-29. Akira Takarada on IMDb Ryfle, Steve. "Akira Takarada: Mr. Handsome". Japan's favorite mon-star: the unauthorized biography of "The Big G". Miami: ECW Press. Pp. 94–95. ISBN 1-55022-348-8. 宝田明 たからだ・あきら. Allcinema.net. Retrieved 2010-01-29. 宝田明. Japanese Movie Database. Archived from the original on 6 February 2010. Retrieved 2010-01-29. 宝田明. Kinema Junpo. Retrieved 2010-01-29
A meteoroid is a small rocky or metallic body in outer space. Meteoroids are smaller than asteroids, range in size from small grains to one-meter-wide objects. Objects smaller than this are classified as micrometeoroids or space dust. Most are fragments from comets or asteroids, whereas others are collision impact debris ejected from bodies such as the Moon or Mars; when a meteoroid, comet, or asteroid enters Earth's atmosphere at a speed in excess of 20 km/s, aerodynamic heating of that object produces a streak of light, both from the glowing object and the trail of glowing particles that it leaves in its wake. This phenomenon is called a meteor or "shooting star". A series of many meteors appearing seconds or minutes apart and appearing to originate from the same fixed point in the sky is called a meteor shower. If that object withstands ablation from its passage through the atmosphere as a meteor and impacts with the ground, it is called a meteorite. An estimated 25 million meteoroids and other space debris enter Earth's atmosphere each day, which results in an estimated 15,000 tonnes of that material entering the atmosphere each year.
In 1961, the International Astronomical Union defined a meteoroid as "a solid object moving in interplanetary space, of a size smaller than an asteroid and larger than an atom". In 1995, Beech and Steel, writing in the Quarterly Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society, proposed a new definition where a meteoroid would be between 100 µm and 10 m across. In 2010, following the discovery of asteroids below 10 m in size and Grossman proposed a revision of the previous definition of meteoroid to objects between 10 µm and one meter in diameter in order to maintain the distinction. According to Rubin and Grossman, the minimum size of an asteroid is given by what can be discovered from Earth-bound telescopes, so the distinction between meteoroid and asteroid is fuzzy; some of the smallest asteroids discovered are 2008 TS26 with H = 33.2 and 2011 CQ1 with H = 32.1 both with an estimated size of one m. In April 2017, the IAU adopted an official revision of its definition, limiting size to between 30 µm and one meter in diameter, but allowing for a deviation for any object causing a meteor.
Objects smaller than meteoroids are classified as micrometeoroids and interplanetary dust. The Minor Planet Center does not use the term "meteoroid". All meteoroids contain extraterrestrial nickel and iron, they have three main classifications: iron and stony-iron. Some stone meteoroids are called chondrites. Stony meteoroids without these features are called "achondrites", which are formed from extraterrestrial igneous activity; the composition of meteoroids can be inferred as they pass through Earth's atmosphere from their trajectories and the light spectra of the resulting meteor. Their effects on radio signals give information useful for daytime meteors, which are otherwise difficult to observe. From these trajectory measurements, meteoroids have been found to have many different orbits, some clustering in streams associated with a parent comet, others sporadic. Debris from meteoroid streams may be scattered into other orbits; the light spectra, combined with trajectory and light curve measurements, have yielded various compositions and densities, ranging from fragile snowball-like objects with density about a quarter that of ice, to nickel-iron rich dense rocks.
The study of meteorites gives insights into the composition of non-ephemeral meteoroids. Most meteoroids come from the asteroid belt, having been perturbed by the gravitational influences of planets, but others are particles from comets, giving rise to meteor showers; some meteoroids are fragments from bodies such as Mars or our moon, that have been thrown into space by an impact. Meteoroids travel around the Sun at various velocities; the fastest move at about 42 km/s through space in the vicinity of Earth's orbit. This is escape velocity from the Sun, equal to the square root of two times Earth's speed, is the upper speed limit of objects in the vicinity of Earth, unless they come from interstellar space. Earth travels at about 29.6 km/s, so when meteoroids meet the atmosphere head-on the combined speed may reach about 71 km/s. Meteoroids moving through Earth's orbital space average about 20 km/s. On January 17, 2013 at 05:21 PST, a one meter-sized comet from the Oort cloud entered Earth atmosphere over California and Nevada.
The object had a retrograde orbit with perihelion at 0.98 ± 0.03 AU. It approached from the direction of the constellation Virgo, collided head-on with Earth's atmosphere at 72 ± 6 km/s vapourising more than 100 km above ground over a period of several seconds; when meteoroids intersect with Earth's atmosphere at night, they are to become visible as meteors. If meteoroids survive the entry through the atmosphere and reach Earth's surface, they are called meteorites. Meteorites are transformed in chemistry by the heat of entry and force of impact. A noted 4-metre asteroid, 2008 TC3, was observed in space on a collision course with Earth on 6 October 2008 and entered Earth's atmosphere the next day, striking a remote area of nor
Lake Okutama is in Tokyo and Yamanashi Prefectures in Japan. Lying above the Ogōchi Dam, it is known as the Ogōchi Reservoir. Lake Okutama is an important source of drinking water for Tokyo; the lake occupies part of the town of Okutama in Nishitama District and the village of Tabayama in Kitatsuru District, Yamanashi. The Taba River feeds Lake Okutama at its western end. From the southwest, the Kosuge River flows into the lake; the Tama River drains the lake at the eastern end. The surroundings are famous for cherry blossoms in the spring. Dam height: 149 m Dam length: 353 m Greatest depth: 142 m Mean depth: 43.6 m Circumference when full: 45.37 km Altitude of surface when full: 526.5 m Area of surface when full: 4.25 km² Capacity: 185,400,000 m³ Completion: 1957 Displaced: 945 households.
Kazuki Ōmori is a Japanese film director and screenwriter. Born in Osaka, Ōmori studied at Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine and holds a license to practice medicine. While in school, he began making films independently, with Kuraku naru made matenai!, which featured Seijun Suzuki, receiving high praise. His script "Orenji rōdo kyūkō" won the 3rd Kido Award for screenplays in 1977, the next year he was able to film that in his professional debut. Several of his films, such as the 1980 Hipokuratesu-tachi, feature doctors or rely on his knowledge of medicine, he has worked in a variety of genres, including suspense films and most famously abroad, several contributions to the Heisei Godzilla series.Ōmori participated in the formation of Director's Company in 1982, an independent production company founded by nine directors, including Kiyoshi Kurosawa, Sōgo Ishii, Shinji Sōmai, Kazuhiko Hasegawa. In 2000, he became a professor at Osaka Electro-Communication University, in 2005, a professor at Osaka University of Arts.
He was a special guest at G-Fest XIII in 2006. Kuraku naru-made matenai! Orenji Rodo kyuko Kaze no uta o kike Disciples of Hippocrates Sukanpin walk Koisuru onnatachi Totto Channel Sayonara no onnatachi Hana no furu gogo Godzilla vs. Biollante Boku ga byoki ni natta wake Mangetsu: Mr. Moonlight Godzilla vs. King Ghidorah Keisho sakazuki Shoot Dai shitsuren Kinkyu yobidashi - Emajenshi koru Waga kokoro no ginga tetsudo: Miyazawa Kenji monogatari Dorimu sutajiamu June Bride The Boy Who Saw the Wind Hakata Movie: Chinchiromai Saiaku Hashire! Ichiro T. R. Y. Super Star Fleet Sazer-X the Movie: Fight! Star Soldiers Kuraku naru-made matenai! Orenji Rodo kyuko Kaze no uta o kike Hipokuratesu-tachi Take It Easy Koisuru onnatachi Totto Channel Sayonara no onnatachi Yojo no jidai Hana no furu gogo Godzilla vs. Biollante Boku ga byoki ni natta wake Mangetsu: Mr. Moonlight Godzilla vs. King Ghidorah Godzilla vs. Mothra Kinkyu yobidashi - Emajenshi koru Godzilla vs. Destoroyah June Bride Kaze o mita shonen Hakata Movie: Chinchiromai Hashire!
Ichiro Official website Kazuki Omori on IMDb Kazuki Omori at the Japanese Movie Database