Oxnard is a city in Ventura County, United States. Located along the coast of Southern California, it is the most populous city in Ventura County and the 19th most populous city in California. Incorporated in 1903, the city lies 60 miles west of downtown Los Angeles and is part of the larger Greater Los Angeles area, it is located at the western edge of the fertile Oxnard Plain, sitting adjacent to an agricultural center of strawberries and lima beans. Oxnard is a major transportation hub in Southern California, with Amtrak, Union Pacific, Metrolink and Intercalifornias stopping in Oxnard. Oxnard has a small regional airport called Oxnard Airport; the population of Oxnard is 207,906. Oxnard is the most populous city in the Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area, listed as one of the wealthiest areas in America, with most of its residents making well above the average national income. Before the arrival of Europeans, the area, now Oxnard was inhabited by Chumash Native Americans.
The first European to encounter the area was Portuguese explorer João Rodrigues Cabrilho, who claimed it for Spain in 1542. During the mission period, it was serviced by the Mission San Buenaventura, established in 1782. Ranching began to take hold among Californio settlers, who lost their regional influence when California became a US state in 1850. At about the same time, the area was settled by American farmers, who cultivated barley and lima beans. Henry T. Oxnard, founder of today's Moorhead, Minnesota-based American Crystal Sugar Company who operated a successful sugar beet factory with his three brothers in Chino, was enticed to build a $2 million factory on the plain inland from Port Hueneme. Shortly after the 1897 beet campaign, a new town emerged, now commemorated on the National Register of Historic Places as the Henry T. Oxnard Historic District. Oxnard intended to name the settlement after the Greek word for "sugar", but frustrated by bureaucracy, named it after himself. Given the growth of the town of Oxnard, in the spring of 1898, a railroad station was built to service the plant, which attracted a population of Chinese and Mexican laborers and enough commerce to merit the designation of a town.
The Oxnard brothers, who never lived in their namesake city, sold both the Chino and the giant red-brick Oxnard factory in 1899 for nearly $4 million. The Oxnard factory with its landmark twin smokestacks operated from August 19, 1899 until October 26, 1959. Factory operations were interrupted in the Oxnard Strike of 1903. Oxnard was incorporated as a California city on June 30, 1903, the public library was opened in 1907. Prior to and during World War II, the naval bases of Point Mugu and Port Hueneme were established in the area to take advantage of the only major navigable port on California's coast between the Port of Los Angeles and San Francisco Bay, the bases in turn encouraged the development of the defense-based aerospace and communications industries. In the mid-20th century Oxnard grew and developed the areas outside the downtown with homes, retail, a new harbor named Channel Islands Harbor. Martin V. Smith became the most influential developer in the history of Oxnard during this time.
Smith's first enterprise in 1941 was the Colonial House Restaurant and the Wagon Wheel Junction in 1947. He was involved in the development of the high-rise towers at the Topa Financial Plaza, the Channel Islands Harbor, Casa Sirena Resort, the Esplanade Shopping Mall, Fisherman's Wharf, the Carriage Square Shopping Center, the Maritime Museum, many other major hotel and retail projects. In June 2004, the Oxnard Police Department and the Ventura County Sheriff imposed a gang injunction over a 6.6-square-mile area of the central district of the city, in order to restrict gang activity. The injunction was upheld in the Ventura County Superior Court and made a permanent law in 2005. A similar injunction was imposed in September 2006 over a 4.26-square-mile area of the south side of the city. Oxnard is located on an area with fertile soil. With its beaches, wetlands and the Santa Clara River, the area contains a number of important biological communities. Native plant communities include: coastal sage scrub, California Annual Grassland, Coastal Dune Scrub species.
Native to the region is the endangered Ventura Marsh Milkvetch, the last self-sustaining population is in Oxnard in the center of a approved high-end housing development. The city of Oxnard is home to over 20 miles of scenic uncrowded coastline; the beaches in Oxnard are large and the sand is exceptionally soft. The sand dunes in Oxnard, which were once much more extensive, have been used to recreate Middle-Eastern desert dunes in many movies, the first being The Sheik with Rudolph Valentino. There are few rocks or driftwood piles at most beaches, but Oxnard is known to have dangerous rip-currents at certain beaches. Oxnard has good surfing at many of its beaches. Beaches in Oxnard include: Ormond Beach, Silver Strand Beach, Hollywood Beach, Hollywood-by-the-Sea, Mandalay Beach, Oxnard Beach Park, Oxnard Shores, 5th Street Beach, Mandalay State Beach, McGrath State Beach and Rivermouth Beach; the Santa Clara River separates Ventura. Tributaries to this river include Sespe Creek, Piru Creek, Castaic Creek.
Oxnard is on a tectonically active plate, since most of Coastal California is near the boundaries between the Pacific a
Metrolink is a commuter rail system in Southern California consisting of seven lines and 62 stations operating on 534 miles of rail network. The system operates in Los Angeles, Riverside, San Bernardino, Ventura counties, as well as to Oceanside in San Diego County, it connects with the Los Angeles County Metro Rail and Metro Busway system, the San Diego Coaster commuter rail and Sprinter light rail services, with Amtrak's Pacific Surfliner, Coast Starlight, Southwest Chief, Sunset Limited intercity rail services. The system, founded in 1991 as the Southern California Regional Rail Authority and adopting "Metrolink" as its moniker, started operation in 1992. Average weekday ridership was 39,838 as of 2017. In addition to suburban communities and cities, Metrolink serves several points of interest such as Downtown Los Angeles, Hollywood Burbank Airport, California State University, Los Angeles, Angel Stadium of Anaheim, the San Clemente Pier. Special service has been extended to the Pomona Fairplex, the Ventura County Fairgrounds, the Auto Club Speedway for certain events.
Metrolink's fare structure is based on a flat fee for boarding the train and an additional cost for distance with fares being calculated in 25-cent increments between stations. Metrolink tickets are valid fare for most connecting trains. Fare increases occur annually in July, to coincide with increased fuel and labor expenses, have averaged between 3.5% and 5% per year. The oil price increases since 2003 are to blame for increasing fares, as Metrolink trains are powered by diesel fuel; the member agencies of the SCRRA purchased 175 miles of track, maintenance yards, stations and other property from Southern Pacific for $450 million in 1990. The rights to use Los Angeles Union Station were purchased from Union Pacific, the station's owner at the time, for $17 million in the same year; the Authority was formally founded in 1991. Amtrak began operation of the Ventura, Santa Clarita, San Bernardino lines on October 26, 1992 under contract to the SCRRA. In 1993, service was expanded to include the Orange County Lines.
The Inland Empire-Orange County Line opened in 1995. In 1995, more trains on the Orange County service were funded; the 91 Line opened in 2002. From July 2004, Metrolink fares were changed from zone based to one based on distance. In 2005 a five-year operational contract was awarded to Connex Railroad/Veolia Transport. In 2005, the Orange County Transportation Authority approved a plan to increase frequencies to 76 trains daily on the Orange County and Inland Empire-Orange County Lines by 2009, funding for increased Metrolink service was included in the renewal of the Measure M sales tax for transportation approved by voters in November 2006. A proposed station in Yorba Linda was canceled in 2005 due to local opposition. In July 2008, it was announced. Following the 2008 Chatsworth train collision in which 25 people died and 135 were injured a number of safety measures were taken. In 2010, the first of 117 energy absorbing passenger carriages were received by the operator. Amtrak regained the contract to operate Metrolink beginning in July 2010.
Average weekday ridership for the fourth quarter of 2009 was 38,400. In 2010, to save money in the face of funding cuts, the Metrolink board voted to reduce mid-day service on the Inland Empire–Orange County Line, as well as weekend service on both the Orange County and Inland Empire–Orange County lines. Average weekday ridership was 41,000 during May 2011. A survey found that 90% of users during a typical weekday in 2009 would have driven alone or carpooled and that the system replaced an estimated 25,000 vehicle trips. During a weekend closure of Interstate 405 in July 2011, the system recorded its highest-ever weekend ridership of 20,000 boardings, 50% higher than the same weekend in 2010 and 10% higher than the previous weekend ridership record which occurred during U2 360° Tour in June 2011. Ridership continued to rise in 2012, when average weekday ridership reached 42,265. Although 2013 annual boardings were 12.07 million, ridership dropped to 11.74 million by fall 2014, contrary to projections.
Blaming the decrease on the worst recession since World War II, Metrolink said it found itself caught between cutting service and boosting fares, both of which would further decrease ridership. Metrolink began offering mobile ticketing in early 2016; the Riverside County Transportation Commission extended the 91 Line southeast 24 miles to Perris, using the existing San Jacinto Branch Line, which it purchased in 1993. Initial plans were for construction/renovation of the line to begin in 2012, but these were delayed by a lawsuit filed by homeowners in the affected area, who challenged the RCTC's environmental report; the lawsuit was settled in late July 2013. Construction on the $248.3 million extension began in October 2013. In mid-February 2016, the extension's opening was planned in March of that year; the extension opened in June 2016
Kern Transit Kern Regional Transit, is the operator of mass transportation in Kern County, California. It provides inter-regional transportation, connecting outlying regions with the city of Bakersfield, it provides inter-city transportation within specific regions. Kern Transit is operated by the Kern County Department of Roads; the agency was founded in 1981. Its headquarters are located in Bakersfield. In January 2017, operation of Kern Transit was taken over by National Express Transit. Bakersfield is the central hub for the inter-regional routes. Buses stop at the Downtown Transit Center, or the Bakersfield Amtrak Station, located downtown, or both. Bus bays are used at the Amtrak Station. Buses instead park in front of it. Depending on the route, Kern Regional Transit makes additional stops in Bakersfield, but are used either to board or discharge passengers. Additional hubs are located in Frazier Park, Lake Isabella, Mojave. Passengers transfer from inter-regional routes to inter-city routes.
Many of these routes were requested and funded by local governments, instead of operating their own transit system. Some local governments have funded their own public transportation system, instead of relying on Kern Regional Transit; these include Arvin and Taft. In addition and Wasco provide their own Dial-a-ride service, which serves their communities; because of the variety of distances traveled, fares vary widely. As of 2011, a one-way trip can cost between $0.75 on the Mojave-Ridgecrest Route, to $5.00 on the East Kern Express. Operating days vary depending on the route. Most of the long distance inter-regional routes run 7 days a week. Shorter regional routes run 1, 2, or 3 days a week. However, some run 7 days a week; because of the wide variety of demand for service in various areas, Kern Regional Transit uses a variety of vehicles. The fleet consists of 40-foot, 30-foot, 21-foot buses which are used on scheduled routes depending on the number of riders. All buses are equipped with wheelchair ramps, offer bicycle racks.
A portion of the fleet runs on compressed natural gas. The paint scheme is white, on all sides. On the sides, a small "Kern Regional Transit" logo is directly in front of "Regional Transit", with the slogan "...your county connection" directly behind. Changeable signs, which list the destination city, left side of the bus; the maintenance facility is located on Victor Street, just south of Olive Drive in Northwest Bakersfield. It contains parking for the entire fleet, bus wash, cleaning facilities; the facility does not contain the headquarters for the agency. That is located in the Public Services Building on "M" Street. Kerntransit.org
Saticoy is an unincorporated community in Ventura County, United States. The name comes from the Chumash village named Sa'aqtik'oy; the settlement was laid out in 1887 along the railroad line, being built from Los Angeles through the Santa Clara River Valley to the town of San Buenaventura. Although the town was 10 miles distant at that time, the City of Ventura grew so the community is now just outside the city limits. For statistical purposes, the United States Census Bureau has defined Saticoy as a census-designated place; the census definition of the area does not correspond to the local understanding of the historical area of the community. The commercial district known as Old Town Saticoy is surrounded by a residential neighborhood with a population of just over one thousand. Two historic buildings attest to the important role Saticoy once held in the local agricultural economy: Walnut Growers Association Warehouse, Saticoy Bean Warehouse; the historic setting, stable residential population and access to major highways make this community unique in Ventura County.
South towards the Santa Clara River is a sizable industrial area located on both sides of Los Angeles Avenue. The historic building that housed the Farmers & Merchants Bank of Santa Paula, Saticoy Branch, stands at a quiet intersection that used to be at the center of a vibrant community; the earliest known human inhabitants of the vicinity were the Oak Grove People. Some ancient mealing stones of this prehistoric tribe were found near Saticoy in 1932 and traced back to about 3000 B. C. In about the early 15th century, the Chumash tribe inhabited the area, they milled the acorns. Sa'aqtik'oy was one of the largest settlements of the Chumash region, which extended from Point Conception to Santa Monica and back into the foothills as far as the Coast Range; the natural underground springs located in the area made Saticoy a prime location for the tribe to hold their yearly meetings. In 1769, the Spanish Portola expedition, first recorded European visitors to inland areas of California, came down the valley from the previous night's encampment near today's Santa Paula and camped in the vicinity of Saticoy on August 13.
Fray Juan Crespi, a Franciscan missionary traveling with the expedition, noted that the party traveled about 6–7 miles that day and camped near a native village "composed of twenty houses made of grass, in a spherical form, like a half orange, with a vent at the top by which the light enters and the smoke goes out.". Saticoy lies within the vast 17,773-acre Rancho Santa Paula y Saticoy granted to Manuel Jimeno Casarin on April 28, 1840 by the Mexican government. In November 1861, Jefferson L. Crane settled at the site of the Chumash village, other Americans followed soon after. Saticoy, 8 miles from Ventura, had a school as early as 1868. W. D. F. Richards, considered the founder of Saticoy, arrived in 1868, bought 650 acres of land, he followed many experiments in farming. The Saticoy Post Office was established in 1873 by the U. S. Post Office Department, one of seventeen post offices operating in the county in 1890. R. G. Surdam was listed on the 1880 census for Saticoy with the occupation of real estate agent.
He is known as the founder of the towns of Ojai and Bardsdale and for working with Thomas Bard to build the Hueneme wharf. The streets and lots in the unincorporated present day "Old Town" were laid out in September 1887 on both sides of the newly opened "Southern Pacific Branch Line: Saugus to Santa Barbara." An area west of Wells Road for which another map entitled "Town of Saticoy" was filed as a competing subdivision to benefit from the new railroad. Through the 1800s and early 1900s little development occurred in West Saticoy but the "Old Town" area flourished as a small center of the region’s citrus and other produce production. Rail passenger service stopped in 1934; the community of West Saticoy did develop a small community just west of the "School Lot" as shown on the map. Saticoy School was built on the lot in 1900; the school is now called ATLAS Elementary: Academy of Technology and Leadership at Saticoy and is part of the Ventura Unified School District. This alternative townsite, on the other side of the Brown Barranca from the railroad station, was located on the main road to San Buenaventura.
That distant town, incorporated in 1866, has grown so that all of Saticoy, except for "Old Town," has been annexed into the City of Ventura. There have been many bridges across the Santa Clara River at Saticoy, they were washed out due to abundant rainfall and flooding. The most notable washout, was due to the flood wave of water caused by the collapse of the St. Francis Dam, in northwest Los Angeles County, which occurred two and a half minutes before midnight on March 12, 1928; the bridge was washed out again in the flood of 1969, cars were rerouted through the riverbed east of the bridge while it was under repair. Cabrillo Village was a 32-acre farm laborer camp built in the 1930s. A lengthy confrontation in the 1970s ensued when the growers wanted to raze the cramped, rundown homes for development; the confrontation ended in 1976, when 82 farmworker families, advised by affordable housing advocate Rodney Fernandez, pitched in and bought their deteriorating cottages from the Saticoy Lemon Assn.
It was the first time that U. S. farmworkers had purchased the camp they lived in." The first cooperative housing association in Ventura County was formed and the 154 apartments and houses in the village are owned by the cooperative. In 1989 Cabrillo Village was selected as a finalist for the Rudy Bruner Award for Urban Exc
Ventura College is a California-state funded community college located in Ventura, California, USA. Established in 1925, the college has a 112-acre campus with an enrollment of 13,763 students; the college is part of the Ventura County Community College District. Ventura College was established as the first college in Ventura County in 1925, when a junior college department was added at Ventura Union High School. In 1929, the Ventura High School District adopted the four-four plan of secondary education, providing four years of junior high school and four years of high school/junior college; the next year, Ventura Junior College, as the senior four-year school was known, was moved to a new campus at Main and Catalina Streets in Ventura, the present location of Ventura High School. In 1952, responding to recommendations from a commissioned study concerning population growth and building needs, the Ventura High School District adopted a 3-3-2 organization, with three years of junior high school, three years of high school and two years of higher education.
Ventura Junior College became Ventura College, a two-year institution for the freshman and sophomore years of college. In 1955, the college moved to its present 112 acres hillside campus at 4667 Telegraph Road in the eastern part of Ventura – so close to the ocean that there is a clear view of the Channel Islands from several spots on campus. In 1962, the voters of Ventura County authorized the formation of a community college district separate from any other public school entity. In 1974, the college began offering classes in Fillmore to serve the Santa Clara River Valley’s predominantly Hispanic population. In 1980, the East Campus moved to its current location on Dean Drive in Santa Paula. In addition to the East Campus, Ventura College utilizes classrooms at Fillmore High School, uses the facilities at other community locations. Ventura County voters went to the polls in March 2002 and voted to authorize a $356 million general obligation bond to renovate and expand all three campuses and the district training facilities for police and sheriff’s officers.
The first Ventura College building constructed using bond funds was the Library and Learning Resources Center, which opened in January 2005. The remodeled Student Services Center opened in April 2008, the Sportsplex in 2009; the Advanced Technology Center, General Purposes Classroom Building and the Health Sciences Center buildings are under construction, as is the training facility for sheriff officers. The Performing Arts Complex and the buildings housing the college’s technical programs are currently under renovation. Ventura College serves a diverse student body through non-credit offerings; the college offers associate of arts or associate of science degrees in thirty-three majors. Students are able to obtain an associate of arts degree in general studies, using one of three patterns to obtain the required units. In addition, the college offers certificates of achievement in thirty-five career and technical education fields, proficiency awards in twenty-six fields; the college’s Community Education program offers hundreds of classes three times a year to those interested in learning about music, writing, cooking, financial planning, languages and a myriad of other topics in a non-competitive, not-for-credit environment.
The Ventura County Community College District has grown to include two additional colleges, Moorpark College and Oxnard College, collectively serving more than 36,000 students per semester. The District Administrative Center offices are located on Stanley Avenue in Ventura. Ventura College is the home of the Ventura College Promise, the largest grant program of its kind in the nation at a community college. Sponsored by the Ventura College Foundation, the "promise" is that all recent Ventura County high school graduates, regardless of family income, the number of units taken, or high school grade point average, will have their enrollment fees covered during their first year of attendance at Ventura College; this same promise is extended to students who have completed their GED requirements or who have completed the coursework for high school but have not yet passed their exit exam. To qualify, the Ventura County applicant must identify an educational goal. In addition, the student must apply for the Ventura College Promise and be enrolled in Ventura College after high school completion.
The Ventura College Promise is designed to remove the economic barriers to education for graduating high school seniors, to improve the college-going rate, to enhance the quality of the local workforce. Cohort studies have shown that students who are enrolled in the Promise program enroll in more units, complete more units, complete more semesters, return to school for their second year at a higher rate than their non-Promise counterparts. Total Enrollment: 13,763 Student Body: Student Gender Female:7,546 Male: 6,164 Unknown: 53 Student Ethnicity African American/Black: 514 Asian/Filipino/Pacific Islander: 914 Hispanic: 6,367 Native American: 181 White: 5,065 Other: 752 Student Age <18: 514 18-19: 3,699 20-21: 2,866 22-24: 2,020 25-29: 1,718 30-34: 851 35-39: 544 40-49: 900 50-64: 579 65+: 84 Unknown
Antelope Valley Transit Authority
Antelope Valley Transit Authority is the transit agency serving the cities of Palmdale and Northern Los Angeles County. Antelope Valley Transit Authority is operated under contract by Transdev, is affiliated with and offers connecting services with Metro and Metrolink; the cities of Palmdale and Lancaster and the Los Angeles County Department of Public Works jointly created the Antelope Valley Transit Authority in 1992 to meet the growing need for public transportation in the Antelope Valley. AVTA began local transit service on July 1, 1992 with three types of services: Transit and Dial-A-Ride. A fourth service, Access Services, was created in 1996 to provide the disabled with a local complementary paratransit service in line with the Americans with Disabilities Act. AVTA openedd a larger facility in 2004 to accommodate increased demand. On March 17, 2017, the system suffered a temporary strike by its drivers; the dispute was between the driver's union the system operator Transdev. After making their statement, the drivers elected to return to service by March 19 while negotiations between the parties continued.
However the drivers went on strike again, May 3 was the third walkout. As the dispute continued, drivers were locked out on August 22. AVTA has tripled the number of passenger trips in just over a decade of operation. To keep up with the increased need for transit services, AVTA opened a new, larger maintenance facility in Lancaster. AVTA pays for a much higher share of its costs through fares compared to other transit systems in Los Angeles County. AVTA offers some of its customers an innovative program designed to assist those in need, as well as a program to show appreciation to our armed forces, AVTA permits seniors and passengers who have a disability, with proper ID, to utilize its local bus system for free, during regular business hours. Pam Holland, spokesperson for AVTA, says, "This program offers those in need, a hand up, in their everyday life, some of which can't afford a car, let alone bus fare, now have the freedom, to use our system throughout the Antelope Valley, going grocery shopping, paying their bills, or going to their doctor's appointment for free on our local fixed routes, we are happy to offer this service, as well as, letting our military ride the local transit system for free as well, in appreciation of their sacrifice to our country."
In 2017, AVTA became the first transit agency in the United States to operate a 60-foot, articulated electric bus. The Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors recognized AVTA as an “Efficient Transit System”; the California Transit Association gave a “Transit Innovation Award” to AVTA in 1998 and a “Transit Image Award” in 1999. Commuter Services provides service to and from to major places of employment outside of the Antelope Valley. Commuter Services service is only operated Monday - Friday. Official website
Ojai is a city in Ventura County in the U. S. state of California. Located in the Ojai Valley, it is east of Santa Barbara; the valley is about 10 miles long by 3 miles wide, surrounded by mountains. The population was 7,461 at the 2010 census, down from 7,862 at the 2000 census. Ojai is a tourism destination known for its boutique hotels, recreation opportunities, spiritual retreats and farmers' market of local organic agriculture, it has small businesses specializing in local and ecologically friendly art and home improvement—such as galleries and a solar power company. Chain stores are prohibited by Ojai city law to encourage local small business development and keep the town unique; the origin of the name Ojai has been known as derived from an Indigenous word meaning nest, though the specific Indigenous nation is not identified. The city's self-styled nickname is "Shangri-La" referencing the natural environment of this health and spirituality-focused region as well as the mystical sanctuary of 1937 film adaption of James Hilton's novel Lost Horizon.
Chumash Indians were the early inhabitants of the valley. They called it Ojai, which derives from the Ventureño Chumash word ʼawhaý meaning "moon"; the area became part of the Rancho Ojai Mexican land grant made to Fernando Tico in 1837, he established a cattle ranch. Tico sold it in 1853 without much success to prospectors searching for oil. By 1864, the area was settled; the town was laid out in 1874 by real estate developer R. G. Surdam and named Nordhoff, California, in honor of the writer Charles Nordhoff. Leading up to and during World War I, American sentiment became anti-German. Across the United States and German-sounding place names were changed; as part of this trend, Nordhoff was renamed Ojai in 1917. The public high school in Ojai is still named Nordhoff High School; the public junior high school, named "Matilija" served as Nordhoff Union High School and still features large tiles with the initials "NUHS" on the steps of the athletic field. The Ventura and Ojai Valley Railroad connected Ojai to the national rail network near Ventura station in 1898.
A nine-day Pineapple Express with rainfall intensity reaching 6.2 inches per per day caused floods destroying the rail line in January 1969. The former rail line was converted to the Ojai Valley Trail in 1989; the main turning point in the development of the city was the coming of Edward Libbey, early owner of the Libbey Glass Company. He saw the valley and fell in love, thinking up many plans for expansion and beautification of the existing rustic town. A fire destroyed much of the original western-style downtown Nordhoff/Ojai in 1917. Afterwards Libbey helped design and build a new downtown more in line with the contemporary taste for Spanish Colonial Revival style architecture; the projects included a Spanish-style arcade along the main street, a bell-tower reminiscent of the famous campanile of the Basilica Menor de San Francisco de Asis in Havana, a pergola opposite the arcade. To thank Libbey for his gifts to the town, the citizens proposed a celebration to take place on March 2 of each year.
Libbey declined their offer to call it "Libbey Day", instead suggested "Ojai Day". The celebration still takes place each year in October; the arcade and bell tower still stand, have come to serve as symbols of the city and the surrounding valley. Libbey's pergola was destroyed after being damaged in an explosion, it was rebuilt in the early 2000s to complete the architectural continuity of the downtown area. The Taormina neighborhood was established as the first historic district in the city in 2016; the housing development was built in the style of French architecture of Normandy in the 1960s and 1970s by members of the Theosophy movement adjacent to the Krotona Institute of Theosophy. Taormina's founder, theosophist Ruth Wilson, envisioned the development as a retirement community for fellow theosophists but in the early 1980s a court ruling required the community to be open to residents of all faiths and backgrounds. Ojai is situated in north of Ventura and east of Santa Barbara; the city is 745 feet above sea level and is bordering the Los Padres National Forest to the north.
It is 15 miles inland from the Pacific Ocean coast. The Ventura River flows into the Pacific Ocean at the city of Ventura; the Ventura River was once known for its steelhead fishing before Matilija Dam and Lake Casitas were constructed, eliminating habitat for this trout species. Nordhoff Ridge, the western extension of the Topatopa Mountains, towers over the north side of the valley at more than 5,000 feet. Sulphur Mountain creates the southern ranges bounding the Ojai Valley, a little under 3,000 feet in elevation; the Sulphur and Topatopa Mountains are part of the Transverse Ranges system. The Ojai Valley and the surrounding mountains are wooded with oak trees; the climate of Ojai is Mediterranean, characterized by hot, dry summers exceeding 100 °F or 37.8 °C on ten afternoons, mild winters, with lows at night below freezing on 23 mornings. During dry spells with continental air, morning temperatures can due to Ojai's valley location drop well below most of Southern California, with the record being 13 °F on January 6 and 7 of 1913.
In contrast, Ojai is far enough from the sea to minimise marine cooling, hot days can occur during summer, with the record being 119 °F on June 16, 1917 – when it fell as low as 65 °F in the morning due to clear skies and dry air. As is typical for much of coastal southern California