The Golden Age of Radio known as the old-time radio era, was an era of radio programming in the United States during which radio was the dominant electronic home entertainment medium. It began with the birth of commercial radio broadcasting in the early 1920s and lasted through the 1950s, when television superseded radio as the medium of choice for scripted programming and dramatic shows. Radio was the first broadcast medium, people tuned-in to their favorite radio programs, families gathered to listen to the home radio in the evening. According to a 1947 C. E. Hooper survey, 82 out of 100 Americans were found to be radio listeners. A variety of new entertainment formats and genres were created for the new medium, many of which migrated to television: radio plays, mystery serials, soap operas, quiz shows, talent shows and evening variety hours, situation comedies, play-by-play sports, children's shows, cooking shows, more. In the 1950s television superseded radio as the most popular broadcast medium, commercial radio programming has shifted to narrower formats of news, talk and music.
Religious broadcasters, listener-supported public radio and college stations provide their own distinctive formats. During the first 3 decades of radio, from 1887 to about 1920, the technology of transmitting sound was undeveloped. Radio communication was by radiotelegraphy. At the receiver these sounded like beeps, requiring an operator who knew Morse code to translate them back to text; this type of radio was used for person-to-person text communication for commercial and military purposes and hobbyists. The broadcasts of live drama, comedy and news that characterize the Golden Age of Radio had a precedent in the Théâtrophone, commercially introduced in Paris in 1890 and available as late as 1932, it allowed subscribers to eavesdrop on live stage performances and hear news reports by means of a network of telephone lines. The development of radio eliminated the wires and subscription charges from this concept. Between 1900 and 1920 the first technology for transmitting sound by radio was developed, AM, AM broadcasting sprang up around 1920.
On Christmas Eve 1906, Reginald Fessenden is said to have broadcast the first radio program, consisting of some violin playing and passages from the Bible. While Fessenden's role as an inventor and early radio experimenter is not in dispute, several contemporary radio researchers have questioned whether the Christmas Eve broadcast took place, or whether the date was, in fact, several weeks earlier; the first apparent published reference to the event was made in 1928 by H. P. Davis, Vice President of Westinghouse, in a lecture given at Harvard University. In 1932 Fessenden cited the Christmas Eve 1906 broadcast event in a letter he wrote to Vice President S. M. Kinter of Westinghouse. Fessenden's wife Helen recounts the broadcast in her book Fessenden: Builder of Tomorrows, eight years after Fessenden's death; the issue of whether the 1906 Fessenden broadcast happened is discussed in Donna Halper's article "In Search of the Truth About Fessenden" and in James O'Neal's essays. An annotated argument supporting Fessenden as the world's first radio broadcaster was offered in 2006 by Dr. John S. Belrose, Radioscientist Emeritus at the Communications Research Centre Canada, in his essay "Fessenden's 1906 Christmas Eve broadcast."It was not until after the Titanic catastrophe in 1912 that radio for mass communication came into vogue, inspired first by the work of amateur radio operators.
Radio was important during World War I as it was vital for air and naval operations. World War I brought about major developments in radio, superseding the Morse code of the wireless telegraph with the vocal communication of the wireless telephone, through advancements in vacuum tube technology and the introduction of the transceiver. After the war, numerous radio stations were born in the United States and set the standard for radio programs; the first radio news program was broadcast on August 1920, on the station 8MK in Detroit. This was followed in 1920 with the first commercial radio station in the United States, KDKA, being established in Pittsburgh; the first regular entertainment programs were broadcast in 1922, on March 10, Variety carried the front-page headline: "Radio Sweeping Country: 1,000,000 Sets in Use." A highlight of this time was the first Rose Bowl being broadcast on January 1, 1923, on the Los Angeles station KHJ. Several radio networks broadcast in the United States, their distribution made the golden age of radio possible.
The networks declined in the early 1960s. As of November 14, 2013, Mutual, ABC and NBC's radio assets now reside with Cumulus Media's Westwood One division through numerous mergers and acquisitions since the mid-1980s, with ABC maintaining a limited radio ownership presence. CBS's radio license assets were folded into Entercom in 2017, with CBS shareholders acquiring a stake in that company as part of the reorganization. NBC, CBS and ABC now produce content for radio through their television divisions.
Ready for This is an Australian teen-oriented television drama series that premiered on ABC3 on 5 October 2015. It follows five Indigenous teenagers who venture across the country to Sydney to pursue their dreams. Majeda Beatty as Ava Ban Christian Byers as Reece Scott Madeleine Madden as Zoe Preston Aaron L. McGrath as Levi Mackay Liam Talty as Dylan Brockman Leonie Whyman as Lily Carney Lasarus Ratuere as Mick Christine Anu as Vee The 14-part series is written by Liz Doran, Jon Bell, Guila Sandler, Josh Mapleston, Kirsten Dunphy, Kirsty Fisher, Leah Purcell, Steven McGregor and Greg Waters. A joint venture between Werner Film Productions and Blackfella Films, it was produced by Big Chance Films for the ABC, in association with Screen Australia and Screen NSW, with international sales by the Australian Children's Television Foundation; the series is produced by Joanna Werner and Miranda Dear and executive produced by Joanna Werner, Darren Dale, ABC's commissioning editor Simon Hopkinson and the ACTF's Bernadette O'Mahony.
Executive producer Darren Dale said: "A concept forged through mutual admiration and respect, Werner Film Productions and Blackfella Films are delighted to be producing Ready For This for the ABC through our joint venture Big Chance Films. This aspirational series highlights the challenges and adventures of elite teens brought together in pursuit of their dreams. "Ready For This is the collaboration of two exceptional Australian producers and we're thrilled to bring this landmark new drama to our ABC3 audience. After the success of Dance Academy and Nowhere Boys, our audience is ready to be captivated by these exciting new characters and storylines," said ABC TV’s Head of Children's Television, Deirdre Brennan. Ready for This on IMDb
Zdenko Muf is a Serbian football manager and former player. Born in Smederevska Palanka, Muf started out at his local club Mladost Goša, before moving to Radnički Beograd still as a junior, he spent five years at the club, making his First League of FR Yugoslavia debut in the 1992–93 season. Alongside his teammate Vladan Milojević, Muf moved abroad in the summer of 1993, signing with Greek club PAS Giannina, he was the Beta Ethniki top scorer with 29 goals from 33 appearances in the 1993–94 season. Subsequently, together with Milojević, Muf was transferred to Kalamata, helping the club win promotion to the top flight in 1995, he made his Alpha Ethniki debut in the 1995–96 season, before being loaned out to his former club PAS Giannina. In the summer of 1996, Muf joined Segunda División side Badajoz, he failed to make an impact at the club, before moving back to Greece for a six-month spell at Panelefsiniakos. In the summer of 1997, Muf moved to Mexican side Estudiantes Tecos, he spent the following four years at the club.
Muf played for Club León in the Invierno 2001, before returning to Estudiantes Tecos. In the summer of 2002, Muf joined his former club PAS Giannina, he left the club in the spring of 2003, as they struggled financially. After returning to his homeland, Muf subsequently decided to retire from active play due to a lack of motivation and satisfying offers, he is a real idol for the fans of PAS Giannina in Greece. After several years hiatus, Muf became manager of GFK Jasenica 1911, being in charge of the club between 2011 and 2013, he led Mladi Radnik from July 2013 to April 2014, before returning to GFK Jasenica 1911. Zdenko Muf at BDFutbol Zdenko Muf – Liga MX stats at MedioTiempo.com His goals for Tecos at Youtube His goals for PAS Giannina at Youtube
Jenean Michelle Hampton served as the 57th Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky from 2015 to 2019. Hampton was the running mate of gubernatorial candidate Matt Bevin in the 2015 election. A Republican, Hampton was the first African-American to hold statewide office in Kentucky history and the third African-American woman to have served as lieutenant governor of a U. S. state. Jenean Michelle Hampton was born on May 12, 1958 and raised in Detroit, one of four daughters born to Donald and Marie Hampton, her parents divorced when she was seven years old, leaving her mother to raise Hampton and her sisters on her own. Hampton's mother struggled. After Hampton graduated from high school, she worked for five years in the automotive industry in order to help pay for her college education, she earned an Industrial Engineering degree from Wayne State University in 1985. She earned a Master of Business Administration degree from the University of Rochester. Hampton served in the United States Air Force for seven years as a computer systems officer attaining the rank of Captain.
During Operation Desert Storm, she was deployed to Saudi Arabia. While stationed in Saudi Arabia, Hampton was responsible for radar software used in tracking enemy planes and in search and rescue missions. Hampton spent 19 years working in the corrugated packaging industry reaching the position of plant manager. A Republican, Hampton first sought political office in 2014; that year, she unsuccessfully challenged State Representative Jody Richards. Hampton has been active in the Tea Party Movement. Hampton was selected by Matt Bevin as his running mate for Governor of Kentucky in 2015. On November 3, 2015, Bevin and Hampton defeated the Democratic ticket of Attorney General Jack Conway and State Representative Sannie Overly in the 2015 Kentucky gubernatorial election. Bevin and Hampton were sworn in to their respective posts on December 8, 2015. Hampton is the first African-American to hold statewide office in Kentucky history and the third black woman to serve as lieutenant governor of a U. S. state.
She is the 57th Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky. Bevin did not select Hampton as his running mate in his 2019 re-election bid, her term expired in December 2019. After Bevin lost the general election, Hampton stated that she had voted for Libertarian nominee John Hicks instead of Bevin. Hampton lives in Kentucky, she is married to Colonel Dr. Doyle Isaak, a retired U. S. Air Force officer, she is a licensed amateur radio operator. Hampton is a member of the Civil Air Patrol, holding the grade of lieutenant colonel. List of African-American Republicans List of female lieutenant governors in the United States Appearances on C-SPAN
The wavy step or trails error is a die error, found on some United States minted coins beginning in 1986. The anomaly occurs during the die making by the single-squeeze hubbing process. While the exact cause of "trails/wavy steps" is not known, it is believed to be caused by movement of the die against the hub during the single squeeze hubbing process. Similarities exist between this anomaly and the doubled die, the major difference is that a doubled die is a duplication of a design element, while a "trail" die is an extension of a design element. In 1986 The Annual Report of the Director of the Mint for financial year 1986, states that the mint had been experimenting with a new single-squeeze hubbing system. In the year 1996, the mint announced at the opening of the Denver Mint's die shop that the cent and dime dies would be made from this process, it took until 1999 to include the rest of the denominational coins' dies to be produced by this method. While the purpose of the single-squeeze hubbing process's creation was to eliminate the doubled die error, not only has it failed to do so, but it has produced this die anomaly whose properties are similar in nature.
This anomaly, known as "wavy steps" or "trails", is considered a variety type error since it is found on every coin that the particular affected die produces. The die anomaly, "trails", began to occur in the year 1986, shortly after the mint began experimenting with the single-squeeze hubbing process and persists to this year, 2011. To date, over 1,200 examples of dies affected with this anomaly have been found on cents, dimes and dollars; the first wavy step die. It was not until 2003 that this die variety gained popularity when another die, a 2003 Lincoln cent, was discovered and written about in Coin World magazine, it was only a matter of time that more of these varieties began to be uncovered. It wasn't until the year 2003; the phrase "trail" die was first thought of in the year 2000, when Ken Potter observed lines trailing off some of the design elements of a wavy step die. Comparison of other dies that carried both "wavy steps" and "trails" showed that the lines from both anomalies traveled in the same exact direction.
From this, it was ascertained that these anomalies were one and the same thing with the only difference being the direction that the lines took. Traildies.com Coin World
Colonel General Sherali Mirzo is the current Minister of Defense of Tajikistan. He held this office since November 2013, succeeding Sherali Khayrulloyev. Mirzo was born in 1967 in the Moskovskiy district in the Khatlon Region in the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic, he graduated from the Perm High Military Command Academy and armed forces after independence in 1994. During the Tajik civil war, he commanded the troops of the Vose' District, he spent four years studying at the Military Academy of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Russia. From 2005–2006, he served as Tajikistan’s deputy minister of defense before being moving to the State Committee for National Security which succeeded the KGB of the Tajik SSR. On October 3, 2013 by order of a presidential decree he was appointed Minister of Defense by President Emomali Rahmon, he succeeded Sherali Khayrulloyev who resigned as Minister of Defense due to "health reasons"