Mission Valley, San Diego
Mission Valley is a wide river valley trending east-west in San Diego, through which the San Diego River flows to the Pacific Ocean. For planning purposes the city of San Diego divides it into two neighborhoods: Mission Valley East and Mission Valley West. Mission Valley was the site of the first Spanish settlement in California, established in 1769. Mission Valley serves as an important shopping and entertainment center for San Diego. Several condominiums and apartments can be found in the area; the San Diego River valley was called La Cañada de San Diego. Cañada in Spanish means ravine, or glen; the name was changed to Mission Valley in the 1860s in reference to Mission San Diego de Alcalá. The Mission Valley area was inhabited by Kumeyaay Indians for more than 10,000 years; the first Spanish settlement in present-day California was the Presidio of San Diego and Mission of San Diego de Alcalá, both established in 1769. The Presidio and Mission were located at the western end of Mission Valley, present day Old Town, where the valley opens out into the flood plain of the San Diego River.
In 1774 the Mission was moved to its present location at the eastern end of Mission Valley because of better access to fresh water for drinking and farming. Until the 1940s Mission Valley remained undeveloped, featuring dairy farms and other agricultural activities. After World War II the city’s expansion began to encroach on the valley; the last of the valley’s dairy farms closed in the early 1960s. Another early activity in Mission Valley was quarrying gravel from its walls. A large quarry on the north side of the valley was in operation for most of the 20th century; the quarry is now the site of the Civita mixed-use development. The development of Mission Valley began in 1953 when the first hotel was built in what is now Hotel Circle. In 1958, the city council rezoned 90 acres of the river valley to allow construction of San Diego’s first regional shopping center; the Mission Valley Center opened in 1961 and was followed by several other large regional shopping malls. In the late 1950s and early 1960s, the U.
S. 80 freeway was constructed through Mission Valley. Westgate Park, a baseball stadium for the then-minor-league San Diego Padres, was built in Mission Valley in 1957. In 1967 San Diego Stadium was opened and the Padres moved there, becoming a major league team the following year. Westgate Park was replaced by the Fashion Valley Mall. Mission Valley stretches as far west as Interstate 5 and as far east as Interstate 15; the exact boundary between Mission Valley East and West is State Route 163. Mission Valley is located in City Council District 7 and is represented by Councilmember Scott Sherman. Mission Valley serves as a path for Interstate 8 and is crossed at its mouth by Interstate 5. Both I-8 and I-5 serve as the major east-west and north-south routes for San Diego. At the Jack Schrade Interchange, Interstate 805 crosses Mission Valley and connects with Interstate 8. Interstate 15 and State Route 163 cross Mission Valley and connect with Interstate 8; the Green Line of the San Diego Trolley system runs through Mission Valley.
The main hub for buses is located at Mall. Other trolley stations in the valley are found at Morena/Linda Vista, Hazard Center, Mission Valley Center, Rio Vista, Fenton Parkway, SDCCU Stadium. Toward the eastern end of Mission Valley lies Mission San Diego de Alcalá, for which the valley is named. At the southwestern end overlooking the valley is Presidio Park. At the foot of Presidio Hill lies Old Town San Diego State Historic Park, the original site of the town of San Diego. All three attractions are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Three major shopping malls located in Mission Valley are Fashion Valley Mall, Hazard Center Mall and Westfield Mission Valley. Many other commercial developments can be found in the valley as well, including smaller shopping plazas, auto malls and vocational schools; the frontage roads parallel to Interstate 8 west of Highway 163 are named Hotel Circle North and Hotel Circle South, for the many hotels and motels located on them. The frontage roads east of Highway 163 are called Camino del Rio South.
SDCCU Stadium, home of the San Diego State University Aztecs football team, is located in Mission Valley East near the I-8/I-15 interchange. At the outlet of Mission Valley lie SeaWorld, Mission Bay, other San Diego attractions. Media related to Mission Valley, San Diego at Wikimedia Commons Old Town-Mission Valley travel guide from Wikivoyage
Ocean Beach, San Diego
Ocean Beach is a beachfront neighborhood of San Diego, California. Ocean Beach lies on the Pacific Ocean at the estuary of the San Diego River, at the western terminus of Interstate 8. Located about 7 miles northwest of Downtown San Diego, it sits south of Mission Bay and Mission Beach and directly north of Point Loma; the O. B. community planning area comprises about 1 square mile, bounded on the north by the San Diego River, on the west by the Pacific Ocean, on the east by Froude St. Seaside St. and West Point Loma Boulevard, on the south by Adair Street. The beach's initial name was Mussel Beach, for the mussels available there, its current name, Ocean Beach, was given in 1887 by developers Billy Albert E. Higgins; the pair built the Cliff House, a resort hotel, subdivided the area into lots. To promote their subdivision and Higgins organized various activities, including mussel roasts and concerts. Despite their efforts, the development did not do well, because it was two and a half hours by carriage from downtown San Diego.
They rented a locomotive. The Ocean Beach Railroad, launched in April 1888, was a casualty of the economic decline. Passengers could take a ferry from San Diego to Roseville in Point Loma to ride the train to the Cliff House. Higgins committed suicide, a fire started by a fallen chandelier burnt down the Cliff House in 1898. Carlson sold the Ocean Beach tract to an Eastern financier. Carlson and Higgins were not the first to file a subdivision map in Ocean Beach, they filed with the city on May 28, 1887, but on April 22 of that year J. M. DePuy filed "DePuy's Subdivision" on 15 blocks in the northern portion of O. B. One of the earliest residents of Ocean Beach was D. C. Collier, who bought oceanfront property there in 1887 when he was just 16, he became one of the "fathers" of Ocean Beach, laying out streets, promoting sales, building the Point Loma Railroad in 1909 to connect Ocean Beach with the rest of San Diego. By 1910 there were 100 houses in Ocean Beach, compared to just 18 two years earlier.
According to historian Ruth Held, Collier's rail line "made OB possible." He built Ocean Beach Elementary School and donated park land to the city. Most of that land became Correia Middle School, a YMCA and a church; the northern end of Ocean Beach was dominated in the early 20th century by the Wonderland Amusement Park, which opened on July 4, 1913 and was constructed on eight oceanfront acres at Voltaire and Abbott streets. It boasted a large roller coaster, dance pavilion, roller skating rink, merry-go-round, children's playground, a petting zoo with a variety of animals including 500 monkeys, 22,000 lights outlining the buildings. However, Wonderland went bankrupt in 1915 due to competition from the Panama-California Exposition in Balboa Park and was sold at auction, it closed in 1916. The name "Wonderland" lives on in some Ocean Beach business names as well as the title of a documentary series on KPBS television hosted by Ocean Beach native Noah Tafolla. In 1915, John D. Spreckels and his Bayshore Railway Company built a 1,500 feet wooden bridge connecting Ocean Beach with Mission Beach.
The company used the bridge for a trolley, part of the San Diego Class 1 Streetcars, which connected OB with Downtown San Diego and encouraged the development of both Ocean Beach and Mission Beach. The bridge was demolished in January 1951, thereby cutting off through traffic to Ocean Beach from the Mission Beach and Pacific Beach communities; the small cottages, single-family homes and two-storied apartments in the residential areas, were filled with college students from several local colleges, joined by a good number of sailors and middle-class families. Some of the bungalows built as tourist accommodations atop the cliffs on either side of Niagara Avenue are still in use as businesses and homes. With the dredging and development of Mission Bay and the dismantling of the Ocean Beach-Mission Beach bridge, O. B. became geographically isolated from the rest of San Diego and the other beach communities, until the construction of Interstate 8 in 1967. The westernmost segment of I-8 from Interstate 5 to the terminus in Ocean Beach is labeled the "Ocean Beach Freeway".
Surfing was introduced to San Diego at Ocean Beach in 1916 when a local lifeguard borrowed a board from Duke Kahanamoku. By 1966, the sport was sufficiently established that the World Surfing Championship was held in O. B. Nat Young was named world surfing champion. Ocean Beach was once known as the Haight-Ashbury of San Diego; the community became an attraction for hippies, who became accepted by many local business establishments. The Black headshop opened on Newport Avenue, as well as the Ocean Beach People's Organic Food Market. Beginning in the early 1970s, local development and land interests pressed for the development of Ocean Beach's oceanfront, with plans for tourist-oriented resorts, hotels and a marina outlined in the Ocean Beach Precise Plan. With the passage of a 30-foot height limit in 1972 and the re-writing of the Precise Plan, the development plans for the waterfront were abandoned. Ocean Beach contains the Ocean Beach Cottage Emerging Historic District consisting of various Craftsman bungalows and other structures built from 1887–1931.
There are a number of other individual San Diego Historic Landmarks in Ocea
Downtown San Diego
Downtown San Diego is the city center of San Diego, the eighth largest city in the United States. In 2010, the Centre City area had a population of more than 28,000. Downtown San Diego serves as the cultural and financial center and central business district of San Diego, with more than 4,000 businesses and nine districts; the downtown area is the home of the San Diego Symphony and the San Diego Opera as well as multiple theaters and several museums. The San Diego Convention Center and Petco Park, home of the San Diego Padres, are located downtown. Downtown San Diego houses the major local headquarters of the city, county and federal governments; the city of San Diego was focused on Old Town near the Presidio, several miles north of current Downtown. The location was not ideal. In 1849 Lt. Andrew B. Gray, a surveyor working with the boundary commission to establish the boundaries of the new state of California, suggested that an area closer to San Diego Bay would be a better location for a city because it would be better for trade.
He proposed the idea to William Heath Davis. The partners under Davis's leadership purchased 160 acres of land in, they built a wharf and warehouse. Several people built houses there, including the still-standing William Heath Davis House, now a museum. John Judson Ames wrote a prospectus for a newspaper, the San Diego Herald in December 1850, soliciting advertisements and subscriptions from the towns-people. However, New Town did not do well due to a lack of fresh water, a financial depression in 1851, opposition from the established settlements in Old Town and La Playa. In 1867, Alonzo Horton purchased 800 acres of pueblo lands in the current Downtown area, in 1869 he added Davis’s 160 acres to his holdings. Davis’s wharf had fallen to pieces by but Horton realized the area was still ideal for a harbor, he built a new wharf at the end of Fifth Avenue in 1869. He vigorously sold property and gave away land to promote development of the area, fueling the first of San Diego’s many real estate speculation booms.
People flocked to the area, known as New Town, because of its better access to shipping. In 1871 government records were moved to a new county courthouse in New Town. By the 1880s New Town had eclipsed Old Town as the heart of the growing city. In 1885 the transcontinental railroad reached San Diego; the Santa Fe railway station opened downtown in 1887. In 1886 the city’s first electric lights and first streetcars were established in New Town. In 1912 the Spreckels Theater opened downtown, the first modern commercial playhouse west of the Mississippi. A new commercial pier, the Broadway Pier, was built by the city in 1913. In the 1910s, Downtown became one of the many San Diego neighborhoods connected by the Class 1 streetcars and an extensive San Diego public transit system, spurred by the Panama-California Exposition of 1915 and built by John D. Spreckels; these streetcars became a fixture of the neighborhood until their retirement in 1939. In 1964 the multi-story City Hall and Community Concourse were dedicated on a four-block-square property at 202 C Street.
Recent mayors and city councils have discussed building a replacement city hall, but no replacement plan has been approved. In the 1960s, Centre City began to fall into a state of disrepute. Major businesses and stores moved from downtown to suburban shopping malls. Downtown became known as a hangout for homeless sailors on liberty. Tattoo parlors and strip clubs were predominant forms of business. Trash littered the Gaslamp Quarter, many 19th century Victorian houses were rundown, there were few buildings of significant size. Despite this, low- and mid-rise buildings were beginning construction. In 1975, redevelopment plans were created for Downtown. In 1985, Downtown underwent more redevelopment with the completion of Horton Plaza, the Gaslamp Quarter revival, the completion of the San Diego Convention Center. Petco Park, a baseball ballpark used by the San Diego Padres, opened in 2004. In the 1860s, the first Chinese moved to Downtown. In the 1870s, the Chinese were the primary fishermen in the area.
Beginning in the 1880s, a large number of Chinese began to move to San Diego, establishing a concentration. At its peak, about a thousand Chinese were faced with discrimination; the concentration became known as Chinatown, an effort to demolish the area due to the Panama-California Exposition was attempted but the area continued on until World War II. Beginning in the early 1900s, Filipinos began to move to San Diego, settled in and near Chinatown. In 1995, the Asian Pacific Thematic Historic District, was created to preserve the remaining structures that remained from the era when Chinatown existed. While a few of the buildings remain, there no longer exist a significant concentration of Chinese Americans in the former neighborhood. Located in Central San Diego, Downtown San Diego is delimited by San Diego Bay to the west and southwest, Bankers Hill and Balboa Park to the north, Sherman Heights and Golden Hill to the east, Barrio Logan and Logan Heights to the southeast. San Diego International Airport is just northwest of downtown.
Columbia, the west district of downtown. Lo
Del Mar Mesa, San Diego
Del Mar Mesa is a semi-rural residential community of 2,042 acres located in northern San Diego, California. The majority of the community was developed in the 2000's. Over 900 acres is preserved open space protected habitat; the community has 10 miles of hiking and riding trails. Minimum lot size is half acre. Del Mar Mesa is a part of District 1, represented by Councilmember Barbara Bry on the San Diego City Council. A number of artifacts, including pottery dating back 9,000 to 10,000 years ago, were found in this community and are being studied by the San Diego Archaeological Center. Del Mar Mesa is bordered: to the north by Pacific Highlands Ranch. State Route 56 is north of this community. In the eastern part of the community, a large portion of land is conserved for open space under the City's Multiple Species Conservation Program. Eucalyptus groves in the community were planted around farmsteads in the 1800s. According to January 2006 estimates by the San Diego Association of Governments, there were 525 people and 227 households residing in the neighborhood, which increased 1246.2% from 39 people in 2000.
The estimated racial makeup was 68.7% White, 15.2% Asian & Pacific Islander, 12.0% Hispanic, 4.0% from other races, 0.8% American Indian, 0.2% African American. The median age is 37.8 with 29.1% under the age of 18 and 9.3% over the age of 65. The estimated median household income was $139,630; the City of San Diego: Del Mar Mesa Community Profile SANDAG: Del Mar Mesa 2006 demographs SANDAG: Del Mar Mesa 2030 forecast demographs Friends of Del Mar Mesa Scout BSA Troop 667 Scout BSA Troop 1667
Carmel Valley, San Diego
Carmel Valley is an affluent suburban planned community in the north-western corner of San Diego, United States. The community is composed of commercial offices, residential units and retail stores and restaurants; this is not to be confused with Carmel Valley Village, an unincorporated community in Monterey County, California. Carmel Valley is one of the newer neighborhoods of the City of California; the community was formed by the City of San Diego on February 1, 1975. The construction began in 1983; the name Carmel Valley comes from the Carmelite Sisters of Mercy, who established a dairy farm and monastery in the area c. 1905. Although the area was known locally as Carmel Valley, in 1974 the area was given the institutional name North City West in the master plan; the name Carmel Valley was readopted in the early 1990s. Carmel Valley is bordered to the north by the North City Future Urbanizing Area and Pacific Highlands Ranch. Nearby is the Torrey Pines State Natural Reserve, where one of two stands of the endangered Torrey Pine is found to occur.
The area is located in the hills. While many people in the area are now referring to the entire 92130 zip code as Carmel Valley, the actual boundaries of the community remain unchanged from the original community plan; the remainder of the 92130 zip code is filled by the surrounding communities of Del Mar Mesa, Pacific Highlands Ranch, Torrey Hills. Torrey Highlands, the easternmost section of Del Mar Mesa, is considered to be a part of Carmel Valley and the boundary between Carmel Valley and Rancho Peñasquitos. According to the San Diego County Assessor's Office's 2006 estimates, there were 42,047 people residing in the neighborhood, a 49.2% increase from 2000. The racial makeup of the neighborhood was 70.6% White, 18.0% Asian & Pacific Islander, 7.0% Hispanic, 3.4% from other races, 0.89% African American, 0.001% American Indian. The neighborhood is diverse in age with 30.2% under 18 and 6.5% over 65. The median age was 36.6. There were 2.7 persons per household. The annual median household income was $120,886.
According to the United States Census Bureau, as accessed from the American FactFinder website, the total population of the 92130 area code in the 2010 census was 48,940 with a 5-year estimate of 51,757 in 2016. There are low crime rates and a small homeless population within the community. Carmel Valley has an overlay of various school districts. For the elementary schools, the northern section is part of the Solana Beach School District; the southern section is managed by the Del Mar Union School District. Overlaying the entire community, the San Dieguito Union High School District manages the middle schools and high schools; some Carmel Valley residents attend schools in the bordering communities of Pacific Highlands Ranch, Torrey Hills, Torrey Pines. Carmel Valley schools are known for rigorous academics. Ashley Falls Carmel Creek Carmel Del Mar Del Mar Pines Ocean Air Sage Canyon Solana Highlands Solana Pacific Solana Ranch Sycamore Ridge; the headquarters of Neurocrine Biosciences and ICW Group Insurance Companies are located in this neighborhood.
Mixed-use development One Paseo had its soft opening in March 2019. Carmel Valley San Diego Community Site Carmel Valley community Information SANDAG: Carmel Valley 2000 demographics SANDAG: Carmel Valley 2030 forecast demographs City of San Diego: Carmel Valley community profile City of San Diego: Carmel Valley land use map Del Mar Regional Chamber of Commerce, serves Carmel ValleySchool Districts San Dieguito Union High School District Del Mar Union School District Solana Beach School District Karen Billing. Thriving Carmel Valley turns 30 this year: Residents remember the beginning. Del Mar Times, 1/7/2013
Torrey Pines, San Diego
Torrey Pines is a residential community of 2,600 acres in the northern coastal area of San Diego, California. Torrey Pines is bordered to the north by the city of Del Mar, to the south by La Jolla, to the east by Interstate 5, Carmel Valley, Torrey Hills, the Los Peñasquitos Canyon Reserve, Mira Mesa. 42 percent of the community is parks and open spaces, 24 percent is residential, 17 percent is transportation, 15 percent is industrial, 1 percent is schools, 1 percent is commercial. Del Mar Terraces and the Del Mar Heights are neighborhoods within this community. According to January 2013 estimates by the San Diego Association of Governments, there were 6,652 people and 2,889 households residing in the neighborhood; the estimated racial makeup was 81.5% White, 8.6% Asian & Pacific Islander, 5.7% Hispanic, 3.4% from other races, 0.8% African American, 0.1% American Indian. The median age is 46.6 with 20.4 % under the age of 21.7 % age 65 and older. The estimated median household income was $176,362.
The Del Mar Union School District serves two elementary schools in Del Mar Heights neighborhood, Del Mar Hills Academy and Del Mar Heights Elementary. "2050 Regional Growth Forecast: Torrey Pines Community Planning Area". San Diego Association of Governments. Archived from the original on 7 February 2012
Burlingame, San Diego
Burlingame is a neighborhood in San Diego, bordered by North Park to the north and east, by South Park to the south, is located within the boundaries of the Greater North Park Community Planning Area. Burlingame is a historic district recognized by the City of San Diego for its Craftsman Bungalow, Tudor Revival, Mission Revival, Spanish Colonial Revival, Prairie School, Art Deco and California Ranch architectural styles as well as properties that are hybrids of several styles