SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Golden Type

The Golden Type is a serif font designed by artist William Morris for his fine book printing project, the Kelmscott Press, in 1890. It is an "old-style" serif font, based on type designed by engraver and printer Nicolas Jenson in Venice around 1470, it is named for the Golden Legend, intended to be the first book printed using it. The original design has neither an italic nor a bold weight, as neither of these existed in Jenson's time. Morris's aim in the Kelmscott Press was to revive the style of early printing and medieval manuscripts, the design accordingly is a profound rejection of the harsh, industrial aesthetic of the contemporary Didone typefaces used at the time in general-purpose printing, of the pallid "modernised old style" designs popular in books. Instead, the design has a heavy "colour" on the page; the design is a loose revival, somewhat bolder than Jenson's original engraving, giving it something of the appearance of medieval blackletter writing, it has been criticised for ponderousness due to this heavy appearance.

Morris decided not to use the long s and some ligatures found in early printing but discarded since, feeling that they made texts hard to read. To prepare the design, Morris commissioned enlarged photographs of Jenson's books from the artist Emery Walker, from which he prepared drawings; the design was cut into metal in a single size by Edward Prince and cast by the company of Morris's friend Talbot Baines Reed. The Golden Type sparked a trend of other typefaces in a similar style commissioned for fine book printing in Britain, including that of the Doves Press, co-founded by Walker. Several of these typefaces were cut by Prince. Other early copies were made in America. Many similar Jenson revivals, including Cloister Old Style, the Doves Type, Adobe Jenson and Hightower Text have been created since, most more faithful to Jenson's original work, it influenced some of the work of Frederic Goudy. The Golden Type has been digitised by ITC; the original punches and matrices, along with all of Morris's other typefaces, survive in the collection of Cambridge University Press.

Fonts In Use

Karambar Lake

Karambar Lake known as Qurumbar Lake, is a high altitude lake located in the extreme north of Broghil, a valley in Chitral District of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan. It is one of the highest biologically active lakes on earth; the lake is known as Qurumbar lake in some references and alternately is spelled as Karomber or Karamber. The lake is located in the extreme north of Broghil, a valley in Chitral District of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa; the approximate length of the lake is 3.9 kilometers, width is 2 kilometres and, average depth is 52 meters. Karambar Lake is the deepest lake in the valley with a maximum and mean depth of 55m and 17.08m and is spread over a surface area of 263.44 hectares and discharges into Karambar valley of Boroghil and into Immit Ishkoman of District Ghizer. Water clarity level is 13.75, the highest value recorded in the literature of lakes in Pakistan. List of lakes of Pakistan

Ackim Musenge

Ackim Musenge is a former Zambian footballer and coach. Renowned for his exceptional defensive ability and versatility, Musenge is rated as one of the finest defenders to have played for the Zambia national team, which he captained at the 1978 African Cup of Nations in Ghana, he coached Mufulira Wanderers and several other club sides. Musenge was born on 7 October 1949 in Mufulira, his father Diamond Musenge was a carpenter. He was the first born in a family of seven, his brother Japhen played for Wanderers. He attended Mufulira Mine School and Kantanshi Secondary School. At the age of 15 Musenge joined Zambian Division II side Butondo Western Tigers, one of the teams sponsored by Mufulira Division of Roan Copper Mines, he formed part of the first Zambia School’s national team, coached by John Green and managed by King George High School teacher Glyn Peters. During his time with Zambia Schools, Musenge played in high-profile friendly matches against English youth teams such as West Ham United, Ipswich Town and Derby County youth teams.

At Tigers, Musenge who started off as an attacking midfielder and played on the right wing, was a regular goal scorer. In 1966, he went on to become captain. In 1969, he scored 18 goals in all competitions. In the early'70s, Samuel "Zoom" Ndhlovu, Wanderers' coach but would double as Tigers coach from time to time since they shared the same sponsor, noticed some defensive qualities in Musenge's play and converted him into a defender to shore up a leaky defence. In April 1975, Musenge was transferred to Wanderers along with Gerald Mungule; this was a controversial move in that Tigers alleged that they were being victimised by mine management who ordered them to surrender the three players to Wanderers who in turn gave Tigers three reserve players. Tigers officials protested to the Football Association of Zambia to no avail, labelled mine management "pro-Wanderers. Many have pointed to this forced transfer of Tigers' best players as what led to the decline in the team's fortunes, his transition to Wanderers was seamless as Musenge held his own in a successful team which had a bevy of stars.

He made his debut on 20 April 1975 in a league match at Shinde Stadium against Ndola United which Wanderers won 2–0. His versatility was such that he could play right across the backline and that made him popular with fans, he settled in the centre-back position and was a good reader of the game, unbeatable in the air and always calm. His first piece silverware was the 1975 Independence Cup when Wanderers beat Green Buffaloes 2–1. In December of that same year, confusion reigned when Buffaloes registered'Ackim Musenge' for the following years' East and Central African Club championship and Wanderers were up in arms, accusing Buffaloes of poaching their player, it turned out that the player registered by Buffaloes was an 18-year-old cousin of the Wanderers star, who coincidentally shared the same name with him. Musenge won two league titles in 1976 and 1978 and was runner-up in 1975 and 1977 both times to Green Buffaloes, he won the Heroes & Unity Cup in 1976, 2 Charity Shields in 1976 and 1977 and was a three-time winner of the Champion of Champions trophy in 1976, 1977 and 1978.

One of the most disciplined players around, Musenge was appointed Wanderers captain in 1977, the same year in which he was named captain of the national team. In 1979, Musenge suffered a broken leg at that years' CECAFA tournament in a 2–2 draw with Tanzania, which would keep him out of action for more than a season, he attempted a comeback in 1981 but a nagging knee injury forced him to quit for good after being operated on. Musenge was first called to the national team by John Green as a 19-year-old in 1968 and made his debut when Zambia played a friendly match against Tanzania on 24 October 1968, in preparation for a World Cup qualifier against Sudan. Due to the superb pairing of Dickson Makwaza and Dick Chama at the heart of Zambia's defence, Musenge would spend some time as a squad player without seeing much action. In a CAN 1972 qualifier in Kinshasa in June 1971 which Zambia lost 3–0, Musenge replaced midfielder Richard Stephenson as a second-half substitute and when he did cement a regular spot in the team, it was as a left-back.

He was in the team that beat Morocco 4–0 in October 1973 in a World Cup qualifier and was in the Zambian team that defeated Nigeria 7–4 in aggregate after a 5–1 first leg victory in Lusaka, to qualify to CAN 1974. He featured at the tournament in March 1974 where Zambia reached the final only to lose to Zaire after a replay. After the retirement of first Makwaza and Chama in the mid-'70s, Musenge assumed the central defence position and was named captain in January 1977, he led Zambia to the CAN 1978. Musenge fractured his leg in November 1979 at that years' CECAFA tournament and this ended his national team career. After a long lay-off, he attempted a comeback in October 1981 but a knee injury, which required an operation brought down the curtain on his playing career. Musenge began coaching at a young age, he was player-coach during his time at Butondo as they did not have a coach so the players trained themselves and used the expertise of Ndhlovu from time to time. After his career-ending injury, Musenge returned to Butondo as a coach and was appointed Wanderers assistant coach to Ndhlovu in 1983.

He coached the Zambia U-16 team in 1984 which featured a young Charles Musonda. The team fell by the wayside one match short of the World Youth Cup finals in China. Musenge attended a coaching course in East Germany in 1985 and when Ndhlovu was promoted to oversee all min