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Golden age of American animation

The golden age of American animation was a period in the history of U. S. animation that began with the popularization of sound cartoons in 1928 and ended throughout the late 1950s to 1960s, where theatrical animated shorts began losing popularity to the newer medium of television animation, produced on cheaper budgets and in a more limited animation style by companies such as Hanna-Barbera, UPA, DePatie-Freleng. Many popular characters emerged from this period, including Disney's Mickey Mouse, Minnie Mouse, Donald Duck, Daisy Duck, Pluto. Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, Porky Pig, Sylvester the Cat, Elmer Fudd. Feature-length animation began during this period, most notably with Disney's "Walt-era" films, spanning from Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs in 1937 to The Jungle Book in 1967. Animation began on television during this period, with the first animated series airing on television in 1949. Walt Disney had decided to become a newspaper cartoonist drawing political caricatures and comic strips; however nobody would hire Disney, so his older brother Roy, working as a banker at the time, got him a job at the Pesmen-Rubin Art Studio where he created advertisements for newspapers and movie theaters.

Here he met fellow cartoonist Ub Iwerks, the two became friends and in January 1920, when their time at the studio expired they decided to open up their own advertising agency together called Iwerks-Disney Commercial Artists. The business however got off to a rough start and Walt temporarily left for the Kansas City Film and Ad Co. to raise money for the fleeting company and Iwerks soon followed as he was unable to run the business alone. While working here he made commercials for local theaters using crude cut-out animation. Disney decided to become an animator, he borrowed a camera from work and rented a book from the local library called Animated Cartoons: How They Are Made, Their Origin and Development by Edwin G. Lutz and decided that cel animation would produce better quality and decided to open up his own animation studio. Disney teamed up with Fred Harman and made their first film, The Little Artist, nothing more than an artist taking a cigarette break at his work desk. Harman soon dropped out of the venture, but Disney was able to strike a deal with local theater owner Frank L. Newman and animated a cartoon all by himself entitled Newman Laugh-O-Grams screened in February 1921.

Walt quit his job at the film and ad company and incorporated Laugh-O-Gram Films in May 1922, hired former advertising colleagues as unpaid "students" of animation including Ub Iwerks and Fred Harman's brother, Hugh Harman. Throughout 1922 the Disney company produced a series of "modernized" adaptations of fairy tales including Little Red Riding Hood, The Four Musicians of Bremen and the Beanstalk, Jack the Giant Killer and the Three Bears, Puss in Boots and Tommy Tucker's Tooth, the latter being a live-action film about dental hygiene. None of these films turned a profit; the last film made by the Disney company was a short called Alice's Wonderland. Loosely inspired by Lewis Carroll's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland; the film was never complete however as the studio went bankrupt in the summer of 1923. Upon the closure of Laugh-O-Grams, Walt Disney worked as a freelance filmmaker before selling his camera for a one-way ticket to Los Angeles. Once arriving he moved in with his Uncle Robert and his brother Roy, recovering at a nearby government hospital from tuberculosis he had suffered during the war.

After failing to get a job as a director of live-action films he sent the unfinished Alice's Wonderland reel to short-subjects distributor Margaret J. Winkler of Winkler Pictures in New York. Winkler was distributing both the Felix the Cat and Out of the Inkwell cartoons at the time, but the Fleischer brothers were about to leave to set up their own distribution company, Red Seal Films, Felix producer Pat Sullivan was fighting with Winkler. Once Walt Disney received the notice on October 15, he convinced Roy to leave the hospital and help him set-up his business; the next day, on October 16, 1923, Disney Bros. Cartoon Studio opened its doors at a small rented office two blocks away from his uncle's house with Roy managing business and Walt handling creative affairs, he convinced Virginia Davis's parents which caused the first official Alice short, Alice's Day at Sea, to be released on January 1, 1924. Ub Iwerks was re-hired in February 1925 and the quality of animation on the Alice series improved.

Around that time, Davis was replaced with Maggie Gay and the cartoons started to focus less on the live-action scenes and more the animated scenes those featuring Alice's pet sidekick Julius, who bore an uncanny resemblance to Felix the Cat. In February 1926, Disney built a larger studio at 2719 Hyperion Avenue and changed the name of the company to Walt Disney Cartoons. In November 1923, Winkler married Charles Mintz and handed over the business to him when she fe

Antoni Stanisław Czetwertyński-Światopełk

Prince Antoni Stanisław Czetwertyński-Światopełk was a nobleman and politician in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. He was one of the Polish magnates who took the side of the Russian Empire, a member of many Sejms, including the ones of 1772 and 1775, the partition Sejm, he was a member of the commission negotiation the First Partition of Poland, an opponent of the Constitution of May 3, a participant of the Confederation of Targowica. He was awarded the Order of Saint Stanislaw in 1785, he was the Castellan of Przemyśl from 1790. In the aftermath of the Warsaw Uprising during the Kościuszko Uprising, he was imprisoned by the Polish revolutionaries. On 28 June 1794, an angry mob stormed the prison, he was hanged together with other people declared traitors, like bishop Ignacy Jakub Massalski, his family was smuggled to St. Petersburg, where his daughter Marie became a mistress of Alexander I of Russia. Światopełk is one of the figures immortalized in Jan Matejko's 1891 painting, Constitution of May 3, 1791

Bellevue Place Education Trust

Bellevue Place Education Trust is a British organisation formed in 2012 to operate primary Free Schools in London and South East. It is jointly operated by Place Group; the Free Schools are financed on a non-profit basis via a master funding agreement with the Department for Education. In 2012, Bellevue Place Education Trust was formed as a partnership between Bellevue Education and Place Group, it is a "private company limited by guarantee" The following year the trust opened its first state-funded free school, Rutherford House in Balham. It was reported to be partnering with philosopher AC Grayling on another free school project, but that bid was unsuccessful; the trust opened two more free schools in 2014: Braywick Court School in Maidenhead and Whitehall Park School in Islington. In 2014 the Bellevue Place Education Trust obtained Government "pre-approval" to open four more free schools in London in 2015: Richmond Bridge Primary, Kilburn Grange, Halley House, Watling Park. However, the trust was unable to secure a site in the Richmond Bridge area, so the proposed Richmond Bridge Primary School was renamed to Deer Park School.

The establishment of Whitehall Park on the former site of Ashmount School was controversial, being opposed by the local council and some local residents, criticised over the cost of refurbishing the school building. The proposed location of Deer Park School led to opposition from some local residents who question the suitability of the chosen site; the site chosen for Braywick Court School was controversial with some of its local residents. Official website