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Golders Green

Golders Green is an area in the London Borough of Barnet in England. A smaller suburban linear settlement, near a farm and public grazing area green of medieval origins, dates to the early 19th century, its bulk forms a late 19th-century and early 20th-century suburb with a commercial crossroads. The rest is of build, it is centred 5.5 miles north west of Charing Cross on the intersection of Golders Green Road and Finchley Road. It was founded as a medieval hamlet in the large parish of Middlesex; the parish was superseded by Hendon Urban District in 1894 and by the Municipal Borough of Hendon in 1932, abolished in 1965. In the early 20th century it grew in response to the opening of a tube station of the London Underground, adjacent to the Golders Green Hippodrome, home to the BBC Concert Orchestra for many years; the area has a busy main shopping street, Golders Green Road. It is known for its large Jewish population as well as for being home to the largest Jewish kosher hub in the United Kingdom, which attracts many Jewish tourists.

The name Golders comes from a family named Godyere who lived in the area, Green alludes to the manorial common at a cross roads next to which the settlement was built. Golders Green has been a place in the manor of Hendon since around the 13th century; the earliest references to the name of the adjacent district of "Temple Fortune" is on a map. However this name reveals a much earlier history, it is that the name refers to the Knights of St John, who had land here. Fortune may be derived from a small settlement on the route from Hampstead to Hendon. Here a lane from Finchley, called Ducksetters Lane, intersected, it is that the settlement was the Bleccanham estate. By the end of the 18th century Temple Fortune Farm was established on the northern side of Farm Close; the building of Finchley Road replaced Ducksetters Lane as a route to Finchley, resulted in the development of a small hamlet. Hendon Park Row is of this period, consisted of around thirty small dwellings built by a George Stevens, which were, with two exceptions, demolished around 1956.

A small dame school and prayer house run by Anglican deaconesses existed in the 1890s and 1900s, developed to become St. Barnabas. Along Finchley Road were a number of villas, joined by the Royal Oak public house. By the end of the 19th century there were around 300 people living in the area, which included a laundry and a small hospital for children with skin diseases; the principal industry was brick making. In 1895 a Jewish cemetery was established adjacent to Hoop Lane, with the first burial in 1897. Golders Green Crematorium was opened in 1902. A significant moment in Temple Fortune's development into a suburban area occurred in 1907, when transport links were vastly improved by the opening of Golders Green Underground station. Although the area had been served by horse-drawn omnibuses and motor buses, the tram line of 1910, connecting Finchley Church End with Golders Green Station, led to the development of the area west of Finchley Road; the establishment of Hampstead Garden Suburb brought major changes to the area east of Finchley Road.

Temple Fortune Farm was demolished and along the front of the road the building of the Arcade and Gateway House established the Hampstead Garden Suburb's retail district. Both the Golders Green Hippodrome, former home of the BBC Concert Orchestra, the police station opened in 1913; the now-demolished Orpheum Theatre was intended to rival the Hippodrome in Golders Green. For local elections Golders Green ward covers the west of the area. Councillors are elected from across 21 wards. Nationally it votes for the MP for seat of Finchley and Golders Green, which encompasses the parts of the NW11 and NW2 postcode districts it contains; the same boundaries are used for the Golders Green, Childs Hill and Garden Suburb wards of the Metropolitan Police Service. The area is adjacent to the Heath Extensions part of Hampstead Heath. Golders Green is being referred to as a Jewish area, although the majority of residents are not Jewish. However, Jews do form a plurality of residents and it is that other Jews chose not to state their religion, or put down no religion.

Ethnically, the Golders Green ward was 64% white. Indians, Other Asians and Black Africans made up 5% each. 6% claimed'Any other ethnic group' There has been a prominent Jewish community in Golders Green since the early 20th century. The Jewish community took root after Hitler's rise to power, with the first German Jewish immigrants forming the Golders Green Beth Hamedrash. Soon after, Galician Jewish immigrants formed other synagogues. With it came the formation of Jewish schools such as Menorah before the onset of World War II. There are close to fifty Kosher restaurants and eateries under rabbinical supervision in Golders Green, more than 40 synagogues dotted throughout the area continuing into neighbouring Hendon, as well as 30 schools, many of them private; the Jewish community of Hendon and Golders Green is viewed as one, sharing the schooling system as well as rabbinical guidance. Golders Green is home to a growing Japanese and East Asian community with many families living in the district being catered for a notable number of restaurants and shops specialising in Japanese and ot

Camilo Sabio

Camilo Sabio is a public lawyer and past chairman of the Philippines' Presidential Commission on Good Government. He held the position of Secretary-General in the Philippine House of Representatives from 1992 to 1998 under Jose de Venecia. Sabio earned his Bachelor of Arts degree from Xavier University as valedictorian with a gold medal for academic excellence, he finished his Bachelor of Laws from the Ateneo de Manila University as valedictorian with gold medal for academic excellence. Joined the Law Firm of Feria, Manglapus & Associates, he was professor, Political Law, Constitutional Law, Administrative Law, International Law in the Ateneo de Manila Law School. Sabio was Davao delegate to the 1971 Constitutional Convention. For 20 years, he served as Chief Counsel of the Federation of Free Farmers and of the Federation of Free Workers, he served as Chief of Staff of the Presidential Assistant for Legal Affairs, Office of the President. He worked as Chief of Staff of the Senior Associate Justice Jose Y.

Feria. He was Secretary General, concurrently Chief Counsel and Chief Parliamentarian of the House of Representatives. In the 1998 elections, Sabio ran for the position of Vice President as a running mate of lottery company manager Manuel Morato under the Partido Bansang Marangal, he however lost to Senator Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. He served as president of the Philippine Constitutional Association from 1998 to 2002, he was appointed by President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo as chairman of the PCGG in 2005 when its previous chairperson, Haydee Yorac died of ovarian cancer and took his oath May 2, 2005. In 2012, the Office of the Obudsman found Sabio guilty of grave misconduct for attempting to influence his younger brother, Court of Appeals Associate Justice Jose Sabio Jr. in the GSIS-Meralco bribery case. In June 2017, Camilo Sabio was found guilty of two counts of graft by the Sandiganbayan First Division and sentenced to 12 to 20 years imprisonment for alleged anomalous lease of vehicles in 2007 and 2009.

In September 2017, the National Bureau of Investigation arrested Sabio over charges of graft, malversation of funds and corrupt practices. Philippine Commission on Good Government

Crest-tailed mulgara

The crest-tailed mulgara, is a small to medium-sized Australian carnivorous marsupial and a member of the family Dasyuridae which includes quolls, the numbat, Tasmanian devil and extinct thylacine. The crest-tailed mulgara is among a group of native predatory mammals or mesopredators endemic to arid Australia; the crest-tailed mulgara is a small to medium-sized mammal with sandy coloured fur on the upper parts leading to a darker grey on the under parts and inner limbs. The species is sexually dimorphic with adult males weighing 100 g to 185 g and females weighing 65 g to 120 g. Head-body length of 125–230 mm and tail length is between 75–125 mm. Identification between the two species within the genus Dasycercus has proven difficult with the crest-tailed mulgara confused with the brush-tailed mulgara or ampurta. Tail morphology is a primary identifying feature between the two species; the crest-tailed mulgara has a crest of fine black hairs along the dorsal edge of the tail creating a fin-like crest and hair length tapering towards the tip.

In contrast the brush-tailed mulgara tail hair is not crested, black hair starts half way along the upper surface of the tail and dorsal hair length remains consistent. Nipple count differs between the two species and is another distinguishing feature; the female crest-tailed mulgara has eight nipples compared to the brush-tailed mulgara who only has six. There has been taxonomic confusion within the genus Dasycercus described by Peters in 1875. Four named forms of carnivorous marsupials have been assigned to this genus. Kreft,1867, first described Chaetocercus cristicauda in 1877. A second form, Phascogale blythi was described by Waite, 1904, followed by a third form, Phascogale hillieri described by Thomas,1905. Jones 1923, described two species of mulgara Dasycercus cristicauda and D. hillieri. But decades on, William Ride’s'A Guide to the Native Mammals of Australia' published in 1970 referred only to a single species, Dasycercus cristicauda, in 1988 Mahoney and Ride placed all three species in the synonymy of D. cristicauda.

A fourth species, Dasyuroides byrnei, described by Spencer, 1896, was included by Mahoney and Ride however a lack of consensus resulted in its exclusion to the genus Dasycercus. In 1995 Woolley described two sub-species, D. cristicauda cristicauda and D. cristicauda hillieri, which were confirmed to be two species using mitochondrial gene sequencing by Adams and Armstrong in 2000. Woolley resolved the taxonomic and nomenclatural issues in 2005 and the species was re-named to two genetically distinct forms, D. cristicauda D. hillieri or the Ampurta and D. blythi named D. cristicauda or the Mulgara. The crest-tailed mulgara inhabits areas of arid Australia, it has been recorded in the southern Simpson Desert near the tri-state border and in the Tirari and Strzelecki Deserts of South Australia and the western Lake Eyre region. The species’ geographic range was much larger incorporating areas from Ooldea on the eastern edge of the Nullarbor Plain and the Musgrave Ranges in South Australia, Sandringham Station in Queensland and from the Canning Stock Route and near Rawlinna on the Nullarbor Plain in Western Australia.

Owl pellet examinations showed presence of crest-tailed mulgara near the southern and south-eastern margins of the Strzelecki dunefield/sandplain, in the Flinders Ranges and at Mutawintji National Park in far-western New South Wales. Due to the levels of taxonomic uncertainty, misidentification may have led to an overestimated distribution when based on older records; this has created difficulties in assessing and interpreting temporal changes within its historic distribution. The crest-tailed mulgara inhabits crests and slopes of sand ridges, or around salt lakes in inland Australia. During the day it shelters in burrows which are located at the base of sandhill canegrass clumps or Nitre bush growing around the edges of salt lakes. Burrow site suitability, food resources and the fire age of the vegetation community may be a factor influencing their distribution; the crest-tail mulgara is an opportunistic or non-specialist carnivore, eating a range of insects and rodents but includes reptiles and small marsupials.

It forages along the dune flanks with forays down onto the swales. The crest-tailed mulgara reaches sexual maturity in the first year. Reproduction occurs between winter and early summer raising up to eight young in a litter. Independent young are found in spring and early summer The following are the federal and international listings for the crest-tailed mulgara; the mulgara was presumed extirpated in New South Wales for more than a century, but was re-discovered in 2017 in Sturt National Park north-west of Tibooburra. Under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999: Listed as Vulnerable. IUCN: Listed as Near Threatened. WA: Listed as P4. NGO: Listed as Near Threatened. NSW: Listed as Extinct, April 2018. NT: Listed as Vulnerable, 2012. QLD: Listed as Vulnerable, September 2017. SA: Listed as Endangered, June 2011; the crest-tailed mulgara is sensitive to predation by the European red fox and feral cat, changes to fire regimes together with environmental degradation and habitat homogenization attributed to grazing from livestock and intr