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Gollum is a fictional character from J. R. R. Tolkien's legendarium, he was introduced in the 1937 fantasy novel The Hobbit, became an important character in its sequel, The Lord of the Rings. Gollum was a Stoor Hobbit of the River-folk. Known as Sméagol, he was corrupted by the One Ring and named Gollum after his habit of making "a horrible swallowing noise in his throat". Sméagol obtained the Ring by murdering his cousin Déagol. Gollum referred to the Ring as "my precious" or "precious", it extended his life far beyond natural limits. Centuries of the Ring's influence twisted Gollum's body and mind, and, by the time of the novels, he "loved and hated, as he loved and hated himself." Throughout the story, Gollum was torn between his lust for his desire to be free of it. Bilbo Baggins found the Ring and took it for his own, Gollum afterwards pursued it for the rest of his life. Gollum seized the Ring from Frodo Baggins at the Cracks of Doom in Orodruin in Mordor, but he fell into the fires of the volcano, where both he and the Ring were destroyed.

In Appendix F of The Lord of the Rings, the name Sméagol is said to be a "translation" of the actual Middle-earth name Trahald. Several critics speculate that Beowulf's Grendel could have been an inspiration for Gollum due to the many parallels between them – such as their affinity for water, their isolation from society, their bestial description. Tolkien accredited Beowulf as one of his "most valued sources"; the rhyming name of his relative "Déagol" is from Old English dēagol, meaning "secretive, hidden". In Tolkien's Red Book of Westmarch, the name "Déagol" is used as a translation of the "original" name in the author-invented language of Westron, "Nahald", which has the same meaning. Gollum was first introduced in The Hobbit as "a small, slimy creature" who lived on a small island in the centre of an underground lake at the roots of the Misty Mountains, he survived on cave fish, which he caught from his small boat, small goblins who strayed too far from the stronghold of the Great Goblin.

Over the years, his eyes adapted to the dark and became "lamp-like", shining with a sickly pale light. Bilbo Baggins stumbled upon Gollum's lair, having found the Ring in the network of goblin tunnels leading down to the lake. At his wits' end in the dark, Bilbo agreed to a riddle game with Gollum on the chance of being shown the way out of the mountains. In the first edition of The Hobbit, Gollum's size is not stated, he was characterized as being less bound to the Ring than in versions. To fit the concept of the ruling Ring that emerged during the writing of The Lord of the Rings, Tolkien revised editions of The Hobbit: The version of the story given in the first edition became the lie that Bilbo made up to justify his possession of the Ring to the Dwarves and Gandalf. In the new version, Gollum pretended that he would show Bilbo the way out if he lost the riddle-game, but he planned to use the Ring to kill and eat the hobbit. Discovering the Ring missing, he realized the answer to Bilbo's last riddle – "What have I got in my pocket?" – and flew into a rage.

Bilbo inadvertently discovered the Ring's power of invisibility as he fled, allowing him to follow Gollum undetected to a back entrance of the caves. Gollum was convinced that Bilbo knew the way out all along, hoped to intercept him near the entrance, lest the goblins apprehend Bilbo and find the Ring. Bilbo at first thought to kill Gollum in order to escape, but was overcome with pity, so leaped over him; as Bilbo escaped, Gollum cried out, "Thief, Thief! Baggins! We hates it, we hates it, we hates it forever!" The Fellowship of the Ring, the first volume of The Lord of the Rings, explains that Gollum's real name was Sméagol, he had once been a member of the secluded branch of the early Stoorish Hobbits. He spent the early years of his life with his extended family under his grandmother. On Sméagol's birthday, he and his relative Déagol went fishing in the Gladden Fields. There, Déagol found the Ring in the riverbed after being pulled into the water by a fish. Sméagol fell under the Ring's influence and demanded it as a birthday present.

Sméagol used the Ring for thieving and antagonizing his friends and relatives, who nicknamed him "Gollum" for the swallowing noise he made in his throat, until his grandmother disowned him. He wandered in the wilderness for a few years until he retreated to a deep cavern in the Misty Mountains; the Ring's malignant influence twisted his body and mind, prolonged his life well beyond its natural limits. Gollum left his cave in pursuit of Bilbo Baggins a few years after losing the Ring, but the trail was cold, he made his way to the edge of Mordor, where he met the monstrous spider Shelob and became her spy, worshiping her and bringing her food. He was captured by Sauron's forces and tortured, revealing to Sauron the names of "Baggins" and "the Shire", his testimony alerted the Dark Lord of Mordor to the existence and significance of Hobbits in general and the Baggins family in particular. He was freed, but was soon caught by Gandalf and Aragorn, who interrogated him about the Ring and placed him in the care of the Wood Elves of Mirkwood.

He descended into Moria. Gollum began following the Fellowship of the Ring in Moria, only to b

Pablo Fernández Santos

Pablo Fernández Santos is a Spanish politician, procurator in the Cortes of Castile and León and member of Podemos. Pablo Fernández graduated in Law by the Complutense University of Madrid, he has worked as a self-employer. In 2014 he began his militancy in Podemos, being elected representative to the Citizen Council of the party. In February 2015, he was elected as Secretary-General of Podemos in Castile and León by the party’s bases being designated in April as presidential candidate of the Junta of Castile and León and obtaining in the regional elections of May representation of all provinces, except for Soria, in the Cortes of Castile and León. In May 2017, he was reelected Secretary-General of Podemos-Castile and León


The Rhünda called the Rhündabach, is a 12.9 kilometres long, eastern tributary of the River Schwalm in the Schwalm-Eder-Kreis, North Hesse, Germany. The Rhünda rises in the northern foothills of the Knüllgebirge, its source is in the village of Dickershausen, part of the town of Homberg, at 327.5 metres above sea level. The Rhünda flows northeastward through Sipperhausen and after turns away from the Stöpplingskopf, towards north-northwest. In this direction it flows through parallel to the Bundesautobahn 7 to the east, Ostheim flows west past the Geschellenberg hill and just to the east of the town of Mosheim; the river meets a small stream close to Hilgershausen flows southwest down to Helmshausen. After passing a mill, two basalt quarries, the Rhünda reaches the Felsberg district of Rhünda, after it crosses under Bundesstraße 253, just before reaching the Main–Weser Railway at about 159 metres above sea level. There it opens into the River Schwalm, which, in turn, just after passing again under the railway line, flows in the River Eder.

The tributaries of the Rhünda are all, orographically, on the left. They are: Hohlgraben, between Ostheim and Mosheim, length 8.65 km, basin size 3,955 km2 Tiefenbach, between Hilgershausen and Helmshausen, length 5.2 km, basin size 4,917 km2 ) Frasenbach, at Helmshausen In 1956, a severe storm caused the Rhünda to wash away its bank near the town of Rhünda, close to the present-day sports area. About 80 centimetres down a villager found a 12,000 years-old skull of a human, now known as The Rhünda Skull. List of rivers of Hesse

IQ Aurigae

IQ Aurigae is a single, variable star in the northern constellation of Auriga. It is visible to the naked eye as a dim, white-hued star with an apparent visual magnitude that fluctuates around 5.38. The star is located at a distance of about 470 light years from the Sun based on parallax, is drifting further away with a radial velocity of +28.6 km/s. This is a magnetic Ap star with a stellar classification of A0pSi, it is known as a silicon star, having a strong line of singly ionized silicon, may be helium deficient as the lines of helium are weaker than expected. The star is an Alpha2 Canum Venaticorum-type variable, ranging in magnitude from 5.35 down to 5.43 with a rotationally-modulated period of 2.4660 days. It is an X-ray source with a high luminosity of 4×1029 erg s−1, which may be caused by a combination of shocks in the stellar wind and magnetic reconnection occurring well above the stellar surface; the star has been observed to flare, during which the X-ray emission rose to 3.2×1031 erg s−1.

IQ Aurigae is 6.3 million years old and is spinning with a projected rotational velocity of 49 km/s, giving it a rotation period of 2.47 days. It has nearly four times the mass of 2.6 times the Sun's radius. The star is radiating 263 times the luminosity of the Sun from its active photosphere at an effective temperature of 14,454 K. HR 1732 Image IQ Aurigae

Ross Antony

Ross Antony Catterall. He is a graduate of the Guildford School of Acting, he rose to fame as a member of the R&B/Pop group Bro'Sis. Since the group disbanded in 2006, Antony has maintained a profile as a TV personality in Germany, culminating in his 2008 winning of Ich bin ein Star – Holt mich hier raus!, the German version of I'm a Celebrity... Get Me Out of Here!. Antony came from a family of artists, was performing on stage from the age of 3, receiving singing and dancing lessons from an early age. After leaving school, he secured a 3-year education at the Guildford School of Acting, where he earned his diploma, he went on to appear in lots of pantomimes and musicals across England. In 1997 he made his debut on the German stage, with the world premiere of the musical Catharine, in Aachen. In Germany, he played many main roles, including "Claude" in the musical Hair, "Joseph" in Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat, "Tabaluga" in Tabaluga and Lilli. Since 2006, Antony has been in a civil partnership with the opera singer Paul Reeves, the couple live together in Siegburg.

As well as this, the two of them ran a Bed and Breakfast in Wallingford, named "Little Gables". On 26 May 2014, he announced via his Facebook page that the two of them had adopted a child, which they'd both fought a long time for. In December 2017, Antony and Reeves married. 1992: Soloist, Bridgnorth Endowed School 1992: Grease, Bridgnorth Endowed School 1994: Dick Whittington, Guildford School of Acting 1994: Chicago, Guildford School of Acting 1994: Calamity Jane, Yvonne Arnaud Theatre 1994: Jack the Ripper, Bridgnorth Endowed School 1995: Cabaret, Guildford School of Acting 1995: Trial by Jury, Guildford School of Acting 1995: Troilus and Cressida, Guildford School of Acting 1995: A Chorus Line, Millfield Theatre with Amanda-Jane Manning as "", Directed By Bonnie Lythgoe 1996–1997: Cinderella, Marlowe Theatre 1996–1997: La Cage aux Folles, Nationwide tour 1996–1997: Carousel and Leisure Centre Bridgnorth 1997–1999: Joseph, Coliseum Theatre 1999–2000: Mozart!, Vienna 2000: Dance to Win: Workshop for Miami Nights, Düsseldorf 2000–2001: Tabaluga and Lilli, CentrO Oberhausen 2001: Hair, Bremen 2005: Elisabeth, SI-Centrum Stuttgart 2006: Saturday Night Fever, Frankfurt Old Opera Nadja Otterbach, Ross Antony: The Inside Me – Das Leben eines Popstars.

Machtwortverlag, Dessau 2007, ISBN 978-3-86761-000-1. Ross Antony on IMDb Official Website of Ross Antony Official Website from The Inside Me Ross Antony at common artist's homepage of Paul Reeves and Ross Antony

Ida Quaiatti

Ida Quaiatti was an Italian lyric soprano known for her performances in the work of Giacomo Puccini. Born in Split, Quaiatti studied music at the conservatory in Trieste, making her operatic debut in that city as Frasquita in Carmen in 1907. Two years she sang the title role in Madama Butterfly in Ascoli Piceno, soon thereafter performed in La bohème at the Teatro Sociale in Bergamo. In 1912 she won plaudits for her performance of Amilcare Ponchielli's Lina in Cremona. During her career she would go on to sing in such works as Falstaff of Giuseppe Verdi, she would perform in most of the major Italian houses. In 1913 she created the role of Mimi in the premiere of Mimi Pinson, the revised version of Ruggiero Leoncavallo's La bohème, in Palermo. Quaiatti made her Metropolitan Opera debut, under the name "Ida Cajatti", as Musetta in a performance of Puccini's La bohème on November 19, 1915. Other performers in the cast included Frances Alda, Enrico Caruso, Antonio Scotti. One reviewer described her voice as "light", spoke unfavorably of her performance.

She went on to sing fifteen performances with the Metropolitan over the course of the season. Most were as Musetta. A review called her performance in the latter role "hardly satisfactory, as her voice was unsteady and her lapses from the pitch frequent." Other reviews of her season were more favorable. These performances were her only ones with the company. During World War I Quaiatti sang in Italy, appearing in Turin, Rome and Naples, where she performed Tosca opposite the Cavaradossi of Beniamino Gigli at the Teatro San Carlo. In 1917, in Rome, she created the title role in the world premiere of Renzo Bianchi's Gismonda, appearing alongside Edoardo Garbin and Domenico Viglione Borghese, she went on to sing at Covent Garden in London, where she debuted in 1920 as Puccini's Manon Lescaut, at theaters in Budapest, Mexico and Chile. Puccini, having heard her in a performance of La bohème, requested that she sing Giorgetta in the premiere of the revised Il tabarro at the Teatro della Pergola in Florence in 1919.

She finished her career with performances of Minnie in La fanciulla del West, her last assumption of the role coming at the Khedivial Opera House in Cairo in 1932. Quaiatti died in Venice. A biography of the soprano by her daughter was published in 1968