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Good Vibrations

"Good Vibrations" is a song by the American rock band the Beach Boys, composed by Brian Wilson with lyrics by Mike Love. Released on October 10, 1966, the single was an immediate critical and commercial hit, topping record charts in several countries including the US and UK. Characterized by its complex soundscapes, episodic structure and subversions of pop music formula, it was the costliest single recorded at the time of its release. "Good Vibrations" became acclaimed as one of the finest and most important works of the rock era. Produced by Wilson, the title derived from his fascination with cosmic vibrations, as his mother would tell him as a child that dogs sometimes bark at people in response to their "bad vibrations", he used the concept to suggest extrasensory perception, while Love's lyrics were inspired by the nascent Flower Power movement. It was written as it was recorded and in a similar fashion to other compositions from Wilson's Smile period; the song was issued as a standalone single backed with the Pet Sounds instrumental "Let's Go Away for Awhile".

"Good Vibrations" was to be included on Smile before the project's collapse and instead appeared on the substitute LP Smiley Smile. The making of "Good Vibrations" was unprecedented for any kind of recording. Building upon his approach for Pet Sounds, Wilson recorded a surplus of short, interchangeable musical fragments with his bandmates and a host of session musicians at four different Hollywood studios from February to September 1966, a process reflected in the song's several dramatic shifts in key, texture and mood. Over 90 hours of tape was consumed in the sessions, with the total cost of production estimated to be in the tens of thousands. Band publicist Derek Taylor dubbed the unusual work a "pocket symphony", it heralded a wave of pop experimentation and the onset of psychedelic and progressive rock, helped develop the use of the recording studio as an instrument. The track featured untried mixes of instruments, including jaw harp and Electro-Theremin, although the latter is not a true theremin, the song's success led to a renewed interest and sales of theremins and synthesizers.

"Good Vibrations" received a Grammy nomination for Best Vocal Group performance in 1966 and was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame in 1994. The song was voted number one in Mojo's "Top 100 Records of All Time" and number six on Rolling Stone's "500 Greatest Songs of All Time", it was included in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's "500 Songs that Shaped Rock and Roll". In years, the song has been cited as a forerunner to the Beatles' "A Day in the Life" and Queen's "Bohemian Rhapsody". A 1976 cover version by Todd Rundgren was released as a single, peaking at number 34 on the Billboard Hot 100; the Beach Boys followed up "Good Vibrations" with another single pieced from sections, "Heroes and Villains", but it was less successful. The Beach Boys' leader, Brian Wilson, was responsible for the musical composition and all of the arrangement for "Good Vibrations", his cousin and bandmate Mike Love contributed the song's lyrics and its bass vocalization in the chorus. During the recording sessions for the 1966 album Pet Sounds, Wilson began changing his writing process.

Rather than going to the studio with a completed song, he would record a track containing a series of chord changes he liked, take an acetate disc home, compose the song's melody and write its lyrics. For "Good Vibrations", Wilson said, "I had a lot of unfinished ideas, fragments of music I called'feels.' Each feel represented a mood or an emotion I'd felt, I planned to fit them together like a mosaic." Most of the song's structure and arrangement were written. Engineer Chuck Britz is quoted saying that Wilson considered the song to be "his whole life performance in one track". Wilson stated: "I was an energetic 23-year-old.... I said:'This is going to be better than "You've Lost That Lovin' Feelin'."'" Wilson said that the song was inspired by his mother: " used to tell me about vibrations. I didn't understand too much of what it meant when I was just a boy, it scared me, the word'vibrations.' She told me about dogs that would bark at people and not bark at others, that a dog would pick up vibrations from these people that you can't see, but you can feel."

Brian first enlisted Pet Sounds lyricist Tony Asher for help in putting words to the idea. When Brian presented the song on piano, Asher thought that it had an interesting premise with the potential for hit status, but could not fathom the end result due to Brian's primitive piano playing style. Asher remembers: "Brian was playing what amounts to the hook of the song:'Good, good, good vibrations.' He started telling me the story about his mother.... He said he’d always thought that it would be fun to write a song about vibes and picking them up from other people.... So as we started to work, he played this little rhythmic pattern—a riff on the piano, the thing that goes under the chorus." Wilson wanted to call the song "Good Vibes", but Asher advised that it was "lightweight use of the language", suggesting that "Good Vibrations" would sound less "trendy". The two proceeded to write a lyric for the verses to be discarded, in what was the most basic section of the song. From the start, Wilson envisioned a theremin for the track.

AllMusic reviewer John Bush pointed out: "Radio listeners could pick up the link between the title and the electronic riffs sounding in the background of the chorus, but Wilson's use of the theremin added another delicious parallel—between the single's theme and its use of an instrument the player never touched." "Good Vibrations" does not technically feature a theremin, b

Alabama State University Historic District

The Alabama State University Historic District is a 26-acre historic district at the heart of the Alabama State University campus in Montgomery, Alabama. It contains eighteen contributing buildings, many of them in the Colonial Revival style, one site; the district was placed on the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage on August 25, 1994, the National Register of Historic Places on October 8, 1998. Alabama State University traces its beginnings to 1867, when former slaves Joey Pinch, Thomas Speed, Nickolas Dale, James Childs, Thomas Lee, John Freeman, Nathan Levert, David Harris, Alexander H. Curtis founded a school for African Americans in Marion, Alabama; this school, the Lincoln Normal School, was the direct predecessor for the State Normal School and University for the Education of Colored Teachers and Students, established in 1873 by the Alabama Legislature. In 1887 the school moved to Montgomery, renamed the Alabama Colored Peoples University. Classes were held at Beulah Baptist Church.

The name was changed to State Normal School of Colored Students in 1889, following legal wrangling regarding state funding. Land for a permanent campus at the current location was purchased in 1889, with the first permanent building, the wood-frame Tullibody Hall, erected in 1890; this Tullibody Hall burned in 1904 and was rebuilt in brick in 1906. Following the death of the first president, William Burns Paterson, in 1915, the school became organized as a four-year teacher training high school and junior college. In the 1920s additional land was purchased and the state appropriated $50,000 for the construction of dormitories and dining facilities; the school became a full four-year institution in 1928, had a name change to State Teachers College in 1929, conferred its first bachelor's degree in teacher education in 1931. The majority of buildings within the historic district date from this mid-20th century period, 1916 through 1945; the name of the university changed several more times over the next few decades: to Alabama State College for Negroes in 1948, Alabama State College in 1954, in 1969 assumed the current title of Alabama State University.

National Register of Historic Places listings in Montgomery County, Alabama Properties on the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage in Montgomery County, Alabama

Andra Franklin

Andra Bernard Franklin was an American football player, a running back in the National Football League from 1981 to 1984 for the Miami Dolphins. Franklin played collegiately at the University of Nebraska. From Anniston, Franklin played at Nebraska from 1977 through 1980, rushing for 1,738 yards and ten touchdowns, he was selected in the second round of the 1981 NFL Draft by the Dolphins, played under head coach Don Shula. Franklin led the Dolphins in rushing during the strike-shortened 1982 season, third overall in the NFL, with 701 yards in nine games; the Dolphins won the AFC title and met the Washington Redskins in Super Bowl XVII in January 1983 at the Rose Bowl in Pasadena, California. He appeared on the cover of Sports Illustrated after Miami's win over the San Diego Chargers in the AFC semifinals, his playing career was cut short by a knee injury, his last game was on September 9, 1984. Huskers.com – Andra Franklin Sports Reference – college football – Andra Franklin Career statistics and player information from NFL.com · Pro-Football-Reference Andra Franklin at Find a Grave

Bastille (Paris M├ętro)

Bastille is a station on Line 1, Line 5 and Line 8 of the Paris Métro. Located under the Place de la Bastille and near the former location of the Bastille, it is situated on the border of the 4th, 11th and 12th arrondissement; the station is located on Place de la Bastille, the platform being established: Line 1, south of the square, outside the Canal Saint-Martin. The Line 1 station opened as part of the first stage of the line between Porte de Vincennes and Porte Maillot on 19 July 1900, it derives its name from the Place de la Bastille, symbolic place of the French Revolution, where the old fortress of the Bastille was destroyed between 14 July 1789 and 14 July 1790. On 17 December 1906, the station of Line 5 was opened when the line was extended from Gare de Lyon to Lancry; the Line 8 platforms were opened on 5 May 1931 when the line was extended from Richelieu – Drouot to Porte de Charenton. During the 1960s, the platform of Line 5 were renovated in the Mouton-Duvernet style with two-tone orange-tinted ceramic tiles, a white painted vault and characteristic lighting strips.

Subsequently, they were equipped with seats Motte orange. The platforms of Line 1 have been upgraded as part of its full automation, they are the last to be equipped with landing doors, in April 2011, because of the technical difficulty that constituted the curve pronounced at their western end. It saw 13,172,392 passengers enter in 2018, which places its attendance at the 10th position of all metro stations; the station has nine accesses from Place de la Bastille: Boulevard Henri-IV. The access leading to the Rue de Lyon was decorated with a Hector Guimard designed entrance registered as a historic monument on 29 May 1978. However, it was moved to a metro station Boulevard Beaumarchais; the platforms of the three lines are of standard configuration. Two at each stop point, they are separated by the metro tracks in the centre; the platforms of Line 1 are particular for more than one reason, the station of this line is established on a tight curve and counter curve underground and part above ground.

The western end of the line 1 platforms have the sharpest curve used by passenger trains on the Métro, with a radius of only 40 metres. The line 1 platforms, at 123 metres long, are longer than the average Métro platform length; the latter part overlooks the Canal Saint-Martin that, at this point, passes from being underground to open air. The tracks and platforms are sloped; the ceiling of the subterranean part, built on the surface of the ground, consists of a metal deck, the silver beams are supported by vertical walls. The decoration of these walls and spandrels is "cultural" evoking the French Revolution thanks to a unique ceramics created by Liliane Belembert and Odile Jacquot in May 1989. Part of this fresco was replaced by a plastic display on automation of the line on the occasion of this operation; the open-air part of the platform towards Château de Vincennes has floor-to-ceiling windows offering a view of the Saint-Martin canal opening onto the port of Arsenal. Bevelled white ceramic tiles cover only the outlets of the corridors.

The name of the station is written in Parisine typeface on enamelled plates. The platforms, equipped with glass edge doors, are devoid of seats; the platforms of Line 5 have an elliptical vault. The decoration is the style used for the majority of metro stations; the lighting strips are white and rounded in the Gaudin style of l'Operation Espace Métro 2000, the white ceramic tiles are covered the walls, the vault, the spandrels and the outlets of the corridors. The advertising frames are of white ceramics and the name of the station is written in Parisine typeface on enamelled plates; the seats, style Akiko, are burgundy. Foundations of one of the counterscarp walls of the old Bastille prison, discovered during the construction of the line in 1905, are visible on the platform in the direction of Bobigny-Pablo Picasso. Metal lines drawn on the ground mark the contours of the building on the two platforms; the station exhibits various views of the ancient fortress. The platforms of Line 8 are underground under an elliptical vault.

They are furnished in the Andreu-Motte style with two orange luminous ramps and outlets in the corridors treated with flat brown tiles and Motte orange seats. These arrangements are married with the flat white ceramic tiles that cover the walls and spandrels, making this station one of the few to have the Andreu-Motte preserved style. Advertising frames are metallic and the name of the station is Parisine typeface on enamelled plates; the station is distinguished however by the lower part of its walls which are vertical and not elliptical. The station is served by lines 29, 69, 76, 86, 87 and 91 of the RATP Bus Network as well as the OpenTour tourist line. At night, it is served by lines N02, N11, N16 and N144 of the Noctilien bus network. Place de la Bastille, the location of the Bastille, stormed on 14 July 1789 Opéra Bastille, opera house Promenade Plantée, a 4.5-kilometre long elevated garden along the abandoned railway which led to the former Gare de La Bastill

Mary Hughes (British author)

Mary Hughes, née Mary Robson, was a British children's and Christian literature author. She was born in Newcastle and began writing children's books in 1811, her first works, including Aunt Mary's Tales for the Entertainment and Improvement of Little Girls: Addressed to her Nieces, written in 1811, followed by Aunt Mary's Tales for the Entertainment and Improvement of Little Boys: Addressed to her Nephews in 1813, The Ornaments Discovered in 1815, were all popular novels in England, so much so that they were published abroad in the United States unbeknownst to Hughes. She wrote several pamphlets for the Christian Tract Society, becoming a member for life in 1813, she married Thomas Hughes, from Dundee, Scotland, in 1817 and the year after emigrated to Philadelphia. When Mary Hughes arrived, she found that "the popularity of her books preceded her" and "commenced a school for young ladies" with the help of philanthropist John Vaughan Esq. On the subject of the nameless school, Sarah Josepha Buell Hale, author of Woman’s Record, states, “... it is believed few undertakings rose more in popularity, as many of the mothers of the present generation, in the most distinguished families in the city, can testify.”Hughes was a frequent contributor to the publisher Lindsay and Blakiston.

In The Mother's Birthday, a Lindsay and Blakiston publisher advertisement writes, "Mrs. Hughs is well-known as one of our most popular contributors..." and "We are glad to see a lady of Mrs. Hughs' abilities so usefully employed." After 21 years of running the school, in 1839, Mary Hughes and her husband Thomas retired to a farm in Doylestown, Bucks County, Pennsylvania

Hartree Centre

The Hartree Centre is a high performance computing, data analytics and artificial intelligence research facility focused on industry-led challenges. It was formed in 2012 at Daresbury Laboratory on the Sci-Tech Daresbury science and innovation campus in Cheshire, UK; the Hartree Centre is part of the Science and Technology Facilities Council which itself is part of United Kingdom Research and Innovation. The Hartree Centre takes its name from physicist Douglas Rayner Hartree, it was formed in 2012 with £37.5 million government funding for research into supercomputing. The centre’s purpose is to provide UK industry and academia with access to advanced high performance computing technologies and training to boost UK economic growth and "to develop technologies such as batteries for mobile phones". In 2014, the centre was allocated an additional £19 million for research into energy efficient computing and big data, such as that which will be generated by the Square Kilometre Array. In the 2014 Autumn Statement, government announced a further investment of £115 million for the centre over five years, to fund future scientific discovery in research areas including cognitive computing and big data analytics.

This was part of the Northern Powerhouse strategy to boost economic growth in the North of England. In 2014, the Hartree Centre became an official Intel Parallel Computing Centre; the Hartree Centre is a base for one of the IBM Research teams in the UK and the University of Liverpool Virtual Engineering Centre. According to the Annual Report from 2017-2018, the Hartree Centre was funded with £115.5mm for the financial year ending 31 March 2018.[ The Hartree Centre hosts a number of supercomputing platforms including: Scafell Pike, a Bull Sequana X1000 Lenovo NeXtScale Lenovo System x iDataPlex system IBM POWER8 + NVLink + Tesla P100 IBM POWER8 + Nvidia K80In 2017, Scafell Pike became the first Bull Sequana X1000 to be installed in the UK. The centre houses large scale GPFS storage and experimental technologies such as a Maxeler FPGA system, ARM 64-bit platform, a ClusterVision-built novel cooling demonstrator based on mineral oil, Intel Xeon Phi co-processing technologies; the Hartree Centre hosted supercomputer Blue Joule, an IBM Blue Gene/Q.

In June 2012, the year of its installation at Daresbury Laboratory, the TOP500 project ranked Blue Joule as the most powerful non-distributed computing system in the UK and 13th in the world. In 2016, Blue Joule was upcycled into the DiRAC facility at the Institute for Computational Cosmology, Durham University. In 2012, the centre was awarded government funding to strengthen UK competitiveness in areas including big data and energy efficient computing. Energy efficient computing is becoming an influential research topic for the future sustainability of high performance computing, the Hartree Centre is carrying out research which takes a holistic view of parallel computing systems, including the optimisation of software to make it run more efficiently, low power architectures, data storage, cooling methods and other factors. In 2015 Lenovo entered into partnership with the centre to develop energy efficient computing solutions using an ARM-based server prototype; the Hartree Centre works with academic researchers and companies in a wide range of industries, on projects including software development and optimisation, big data analytics, collaborative R&D and training.

As of 2013, the Hartree Centre had a long-term partnership with Unilever to develop their R&D processes and make better use of high performance computing computer aided formulation. One of the research projects undertaken resulted in an “app” that focuses on ease of use to put complex supercomputing tools in the hands of chemists; the tool is claimed to enable product experimentation that would take a week to be carried out in 40 minutes. In 2014 the centre ran a competition in partnership with the Open Data Institute and IBM. Entrepreneurs were allowed to submit their concepts to use publicly available open data for commercial applications; the winning ideas were given time on the Hartree Centre machines with IBM data scientists to prove their concept was commercially viable. One winning company, UK SME Democrata, has created a tool through the project, which analyses and maps open data from a variety of archaeological and land based sources to help large construction and infrastructure companies and projects to predict risk and avoid disturbing sites of historical significance.

The tool uses two components of IBM Hadoop data repositories. In June 2015, Minister for Universities and Science Jo Johnson announced a renewed partnership between the Hartree Centre and IBM which provides the centre with access to £200 million worth of IBM's data-centric and cognitive computing technologies and expertise, including IBM Watson. In May 2016, the Hartree Centre announced a collaboration with Alder Hey Children's Hospital to create the UK's first "cognitive hospital", using the IBM Watson cognitive computing platform to improve the patient journey and experience; the project won "Most Innovative Collaboration" at the North West Coast Research and Innovation Awards 2017. The Alder Play app was launched and made available to the public in December 2017, featuring the Ask Oli chat feature in beta. From 2016 to 2019 the centre was one of five partners in the LCR 4.0 project to accelerate Industry 4.0 technologies into SMEs in the Liverpool City Region. The project's success was recognised locally and nationally and named by the Financial Times as one of Europe's 100 Digital Champions.

In June 2019, the Industrial Digitalisation Accelerator was launched, a collaboration with Siemens and Atos enabling businesses to access and integrate Industry 4.0 technologies in a low-risk envir