Jean Alesi is a French racing driver of Italian origin. His father, was a mechanic from Alcamo, during his time in Formula One, Alesi was particularly good in the wet, and was a mercurial and passionate racer, whose emotions sometimes got the better of him. After leaving Formula One, from 2002 to 2006 Alesi raced in the DTM championship, winning some races and he raced in the Speedcar Series in 2008 and 2009, and raced at Le Mans in 2010. He raced in the Indianapolis 500 in 2012 and became the oldest professional driver to perform the rookie test for admission to the competition, for several years he was a commentator for the Italian TV show Pole Position. In 2006 Alesi was awarded Chevalier de la Légion d’honneur, giovanni Alesi was born Avignon, Vaucluse, to expatriate Sicilian parents. His father ran an automotive bodywork repair garage in the town, to avert this, they decided to change their names to Jean and José, respectively. In addition to spending time in the garage, Alesis father provided his first taste of motorsport, being a keen amateur competitor in rallying.
He won the 1987 French Formula 3 title before moving up to International Formula 3000 in 1988, the 1988 season was a disappointment, finishing tenth in the championship with two podium finishes, not helped by problems within the team. However, in 1989 he joined the Jordan Formula 3000 team, both crowns were after duels with his rival Érik Comas. In 1989 Alesi tied on points for the F3000 title with Comas and he raced in the Le Mans 24 hours in the same year, but a fire forced him to retire in the fourth hour of the race. Alesi debuted in the 1989 French Grand Prix at Paul Ricard in a Tyrrell-Ford, replacing Michele Alboreto and finishing fourth, Ken Tyrrell was sufficiently impressed to give him an eighteen-month contract. He drove most of the rest of the season for Tyrrell while continuing his successful Formula 3000 campaign, scoring again at the Italian. While Alesi was seen as a talent of the future, his start as a Formula One driver was somewhat fortuitous, prior to the 1989 French Grand Prix, Ken Tyrrell had signed a deal to run Camel cigarette sponsorship on his previously unsponsored cars.
However this caused problems for Michele Alboreto who was sponsored by rival cigarette brand Marlboro. The sponsorship clash forced Tyrrell to release Alboreto and find another driver, second place in the Monaco Grand Prix followed the second place gained in Phoenix, and by mid-season, top teams were clamouring for his services in 1991. A very confused situation erupted, with Tyrrell, the results dropped away during the rest of the 1990 season, and Alesi finished ninth in the championship, with 13 points. There were signs of Alesis talent such as the Italian Grand Prix at Monza where he qualified the under powered Tyrrell in 5th place less than a slower than Sennas pole time. At both the original and re-start, Alesi passed the more powerful V12 Ferrari of reigning World Champion Alain Prost for 3rd place, unfortunately however, this race showed his relative inexperience when on lap 5 he ended his race by spinning into the barriers at the Rettifilo chicane
Goodwood Circuit is a historic venue for both two- and four-wheeled motorsport in the United Kingdom. The 3.8 kilometres circuit is situated near Chichester, West Sussex, close to the south coast of England, on the estate of Goodwood House, and completely encircles Chichester/Goodwood Airport. This is the racing circuit dating from 1948, not to be confused with the separate hillclimb course located at Goodwood House, the racing circuit began life as the perimeter track of RAF Westhampnett airfield, which was constructed during World War II as a relief airfield for RAF Tangmere. The first race meeting took place on 18 September 1948, organised by the Junior Car Club and sanctioned by the Duke of Richmond, the winner of the first race was P. de F. C. Stirling Moss won the 500cc race, followed by Eric Brandon and Curly Dryden, the cars that raced in those events can be seen recreating the endurance races at the Goodwood Revival each year in the Sussex trophy and the Royal Automobile Club Tourist Trophy.
The accident that ended Stirling Mosss International career happened at St. Marys Corner in 1962, the car was a 30-foot-long Bristol Siddeley turbine-powered 4,500 hp streamliner, with a theoretical top speed of 450 to 500 miles per hour. The laps of Goodwood were effectively at tick-over speed, because the car had four degrees of steering lock. Goodwood saw its last race meeting for over 30 years in 1966, the last event was a club meeting organised by the British Automobile Racing Club on 2 July 1966. The circuit claimed the life of McLaren-founder Bruce McLaren in an accident on 2 June 1970. Goodwood is noted for its annual Festival of Speed and Goodwood Revival events, the Goodwood Festival of Speed is an annual hill climb, held in late June or early July not on the circuit, but in the nearby grounds of Goodwood House. It features historic and modern motor-racing vehicles, in 2010, the event had over 176,000 visitors over four days. Following the success of the Festival of Speed hill climb, racing returned to the Goodwood circuit in 1998, the Goodwood Revival is a three-day festival held each September for the types of cars and motorcycles that would have competed during the circuits original period, 1948–1966.
Historic aircraft help to complete the vintage feel, in 2008, a crowd of 68,000 people attended the event on the main Sunday -9,000 more than in 2007. The track is now used for races, track days. Nearly everyone dresses up in vintage outfit from mods and rockers to racing drivers, in 2009, the Mongol Rally, a charity fundraising car rally to Mongolia, moved its starting point from Hyde Park, London to Goodwood. Entrants are on show to the public in the paddock before beginning the rally with a lap of the circuit. The National Finals of the Greenpower schools electric car racing takes place at Goodwood each year. The Greenpower challenge is a series of electric vehicle endurance races for schools
The Bristol 400 luxury car is the first automotive product of the British Bristol Aeroplane Company. After World War II, BAC decided to diversify and formed a car division, BAC subsequently acquired a licence from Frazer Nash to build BMW models. Bristol chose to base its first model on the best features of two outstanding pre-war BMWs, namely the 328s engine, and the 326s frame and these were covered with a neat mainly steel body but with aluminium bonnet and boot skins and inspired by the BMW 327s. The Bristol 400 featured a modified version of BMWs six-cylinder pushrod engine of 1,971 cc. In order to maintain a hemispherical combustion chamber, the valves had to be positioned at an angle to the head. In order to both sets of valves from a single camshaft, the Bristol engine used a system of rods, followers. Owners soon found that setting and maintaining the numerous clearances in the system was difficult, the gearbox was a four-speed manual with synchromesh on the upper three ratios and a freewheel on first.
This feature was very welcome on warmer climate export markets, where the door windows provided only marginal ventilation to the passengers. It featured a lengthy 2895 mm wheelbase and a very BMW-like grille at the front of its long bonnet. The passenger area was short, with the spare tyre mounted inside the boot on the first cars. Bristol Owners Club - Bristol Type 400 -2 litre Saloon Buying a Six-Cylinder Bristol jel450. com Bristol 2 litre engined cars
Giacomo Agostini is an Italian multi-time world champion Grand Prix motorcycle road racer. Nicknamed Ago, with an record of 122 Grand Prix wins and 15 World Championships titles. Of these,68 wins and 8 titles came in the 500cc class, Agostini was born in Brescia, Lombardy, to father Aurelio Agostini and mother Maria Vittoria. His family was from Lovere, where his father was employed in the town council. Eventually his father came to terms with his racing and he won the 1963 Italian 175cc championship aboard a Morini and he got his break when Morini factory rider, Tarquinio Provini left the team to ride for Benelli. Count Alfonso Morini hired the young Agostini to ride for him, in 1964, Agostini would win the Italian 350cc title and proved his ability by finishing fourth in the Italian Grand Prix at Monza. These results caught the eye of Count Domenico Agusta who signed Agostini to ride for his MV Agusta squad as Mike Hailwoods teammate, Agostini fought a season-long battle with Hondas Jim Redman for the 1965 350cc world championship.
He seemed to have the title won when he led the round in Japan at Suzuka when his bike failed him. At the end of the 1965 season, Hailwood left to join Honda as he had tired of working for the difficult Count Agusta, with Agostini now the top MV Agusta rider, he responded by winning the 500cc title seven years in succession for the Italian factory. He would win the 350cc title seven times in succession and won 10 Isle of Man TTs, in 1967 he battled Hailwood in one of the most dramatic seasons in Grand Prix history. Each rider had 5 victories before the championship was decided in Agostinis favor at the last race of the season. Agostini dropped a bombshell on the Grand Prix world when he announced he would never race at the Isle of Man TT, after the death of his close friend. He considered the 37 mile circuit unsafe for world championship competition, at the time, the TT was the most prestigious race on the motorcycling calendar. Other top riders joined his boycott of the event and by 1977, Agostini surprised the racing world when he announced that he would leave MV Agusta to ride for Yamaha in 1974 season.
On his first outing for the Japanese factory, he won the prestigious Daytona 200 and he went on to claim the 1974 350cc World Championship but injuries and mechanical problems kept him from winning the 500cc crown. He rebounded and won the 1975 500cc title, marking the first time a two-stroke machine won the premier class, the 1975 championship would be the last world title for the 33-year-old Italian. In 1976, he rode both Yamaha and MV bikes in the 500cc class, yet raced only once in the 350cc to win in Assen. For the challenging Nürburgring, he chose the 500cc MV Agusta and took it to victory and he retired from motorcycle competition after finishing 6th in the 1977 season in which he raced in 750cc endurance races for Yamaha
Damon Graham Devereux Hill, OBE is a British former racing driver. He is the son of Graham Hill, along with Nico Rosberg and he started racing on motorbikes in 1981, and after minor success moved on to single-seater racing cars. But although he progressed steadily up the ranks to the International Formula 3000 championship by 1989, Hill became a test driver for the Formula One title-winning Williams team in 1992. He was promoted to the Williams race team the year after Riccardo Patreses departure. During the mid-1990s, Hill was Michael Schumachers main rival for the Formula One Drivers Championship and their collision at the 1994 Australian Grand Prix gave Schumacher his first title by a single point. Hill became champion in 1996 with eight wins, but was dropped by Williams for the following season and he went on to drive for the less competitive Arrows and Jordan teams, and in 1998 gave Jordan their first win. Hill retired from racing after the 1999 season and he has since launched several businesses and has made appearances playing the guitar with celebrity bands.
In 2006, he became president of the British Racing Drivers Club, Hill stepped down from the position in 2011 and was succeeded by Derek Warwick. He presided over the securing of a 17-year contract for Silverstone to hold Formula One races, Hill currently works as part of the Sky Sports F1 broadcasting team. Hill was born in Hampstead, London, to Graham and Bette Hill, Graham Hill was a racing driver in the international Formula One series. He won the drivers championship in 1962 and 1968 and became a well-known personality in the United Kingdom. Graham Hills career provided a comfortable living, by 1975 the family lived in a 25-room country mansion in Hertfordshire and Damon attended the independent The Haberdashers Askes Boys School. The death of his father in a crash in 1975 left the 15-year-old Hill, his mother. Hill worked as a labourer and a courier to support his further education. Hill is married to Susan George and they have four children, Joshua, Oliver was born with Downs syndrome and Hill and Georgie are both patrons of the Downs Syndrome Association.
In 2008, Hill became the first patron of St. Josephs Specialist School and College, Joshua started racing in 2008, competing in the British Formula Renault Championship in 2011. On 9 July 2013 Joshua announced his retirement from motor racing, Hill started his motorsport career in motorcycle racing in 1981. He used the simple, easily identifiable helmet design as his father
The terminology can be used to describe forms of competition of two-wheeled motorised vehicles under the banner of motorcycle racing, and includes off-road racing such as motocross. Four- wheeled motorsport competition is governed by the Fédération Internationale de lAutomobile. In 1894, a French newspaper organised a race from Paris to Rouen and back, in 1900, the Gordon Bennett Cup was established. Closed circuit racing arose as open road racing, on roads, was banned. Brooklands was the first dedicated motor racing track in the United Kingdom, following World War I, European countries organised Grand Prix races over closed courses. In the United States, dirt track racing became popular, after World War II, the Grand Prix circuit became more formally organised. In the United States, stock car racing and drag racing became firmly established, motorsports ultimately became divided by types of motor vehicles into racing events, and their appropriate organisations. Open-wheel racing is a set of classes of vehicles, with their wheels outside of.
However, in North America, the IndyCar series is their pinnacle open-wheeled racing series, more recently, new open-wheeled series have been created, originating in Europe, which omit the Formula moniker, such as GP2 and GP3. Former Formula series include Formula 5000 and Formula Two, the formula regulations contain a very strict set of rules which govern vehicle power and size. In the United States, Indy Car is a class of single seat paved track racing and its premier race is the Indianapolis 500. Enclosed wheel racing is a set of classes of vehicles, where the wheels are primarily enclosed inside the bodywork of the vehicle, sports car racing is a set of classes of vehicles, over a closed course track, including sports cars, and specialised racing types. The premiere race is the 24 Hours of Le Mans which takes place annually in France during the month of June, sports car racing rules and specifications differentiate in North America from established international sanctioning bodies. Stock car racing is a set of vehicles, that race over a speedway track, while once stock cars, the vehicles are now purpose built, but resemble the body design and shape of production cars. NASCAR was organised in 1947, to flat track oval racing of production cars.
Daytona Beach and Road Course was founded where land speed records were set on the beach, touring car racing is a set of vehicles, modified street cars, that race over closed purpose built race tracks and street courses. Motorsport was an event at the 1900 Summer Olympics
Peter Geoffrey Brock, AM, otherwise known as Peter Perfect, The King of the Mountain, or simply Brocky, was one of Australias best-known and most successful motor racing drivers. Brock was most often associated with Holden for almost 40 years, although he raced vehicles of other manufacturers including BMW, Volvo and Peugeot. Brocks business activities included the Holden Dealer Team that produced Brocks racing machines as well as a number of modified high-performance road versions of his racing cars, Brock was born at the Epworth Hospital, Victoria, the son of Geoff and Ruth Brock. The family lived in the town of Hurstbridge and Brock continued to live there throughout his life. He attended Eltham High School in Eltham Victoria His first car was an Austin 7 that he bought for £5 and he claimed that his driving skill improved at this point of his life because the car did not have brakes. Brock was drafted into the Australian Army in 1965 and spent his two years of National Service stationed at the Blamey Barracks near Wagga Wagga in New South Wales, during his time in the army, Brock was against the Federal Governments plan to send conscripts to Vietnam.
Brock was in the Medical Corps where he served as an ambulance driver. According to his brother Lewis and his mates used to race the ambulances around the base. Although they did not know each other at the time, stationed at the Barracks from 1965-1967 was a young Dick Johnson who from the 1980s would go on to be one of Brocks chief touring car rivals. It was while on leave from the army in 1966 that Brock first visited Bathurst to watch the 500-mile production car race that was to become the Bathurst 1000. It was after watching the race that he decided that he wanted to become a driver when he left the army. His brother Phil became a driver, and co-drove with his brother in the Bathurst 1000 on two occasions. During his early career Brock raced some wild and woolly creations including the famous blue 6-cylinder Holden-powered Austin A30, Brock rose to public attention in touring car racing. He won the Bathurst 500 for the first time in 1972, Brock would win the event a total of nine times between 1972 and 1987, a feat that has not been equalled.
Brock had tried to set the lap record on the lap of the 1978 race. In 32 starts at Bathurst he claimed pole position a record six times, Brock sat on pole for the 1997 V8 Supercars race but the time was set by his co-driver Mark Skaife. His record at this race earned him the popular nickname King of the Mountain, Peter Brock won the second Bathurst 24 Hour race in 2003 driving a 7. 0L V8 powered Holden Monaro 427C for Garry Rogers Motorsport. Brock won the race, which not the Bathurst 1000, he regarded as his 10th Bathurst win driving alongside V8 Supercar drivers Greg Murphy, Jason Bright
David Marshall Coulthard, MBE, known as DC, is a British former Formula One racing driver turned presenter and journalist. He was runner-up in the 2001 Formula One World Drivers Championship, Coulthard began karting at the age of eleven and achieved early success before progressing to car racing in the British Formula Ford Championship and the Formula 3000 series. He first drove in Formula One with Williams F1 in the 1994 season succeeding the late Ayrton Senna, the following year he won his first Grand Prix in Portugal, and for the 1996 season he moved to McLaren. After winning two races in the 1997 season, he finished 3rd in the World Drivers Championship in the 1998 season and he won five races throughout 1999 and 2000 before finishing 2nd in the Drivers Championship to Michael Schumacher in 2001. Two more victories followed between 2002 and 2003 before he left McLaren at the end of 2004 and he moved to Red Bull in 2005 and secured their first podium a year later. Coulthard retired from Formula One racing at the end of 2008, after retiring from Formula One Coulthard continued working with Red Bull as a consultant and joined the BBC as a commentator and pundit for their coverage of Formula One.
He returned to motorsports in 2010 joining Mücke Motorsport in the Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters. Coulthard has participated in the Race of Champions, finishing runner-up in the Drivers Cup in 2008, since 2016 he has worked as a commentator and analyst for Channel 4 after they took over the BBC’s terrestrial television rights. Coulthard was born on 27 March 1971 in Twynholm, Kirkcudbrightshire and his family was connected to motor racing, his grandfather competed in the Monte Carlo Rally and his father drove karts, becoming Scottish National Champion. From an early age motorsport was where his interest lay, listing Formula One World Champions Jim Clark, Nigel Mansell, Coulthard was educated at Kirkcudbright Academy, achieving eight O Grades. Coulthard began karting when his father presented him with his first kart for his eleventh birthday, Coulthard graded each race he entered on a scale of 1 to 10, with an additional column headlined Performance. He gave credit to David Leslie and junior for allowing his career to develop, in 1990, Coulthard travelled to Belgium to compete in the EFDA Nations Cup for Great Britain and was partnered with Nicky Hart, where they finished 9th.
During the year, Coulthard was selected by Vauxhall Motorsport to race in an appearance in the British Touring Car Championship at Brands Hatch. He did not return to the series after suffering a leg injury in a Formula Vauxhall race at Spa-Francorchamps, for 1991, Coulthard signed with Paul Stewart Racing to compete in the British Formula 3 series, taking five victories and finishing second in the Championship behind Rubens Barrichello. Coulthard won the Macau Grand Prix and the Masters of Formula Three and he traveled to the Fuji Speedway to compete in the annual Formula Three Fuji Cup, taking pole position and finished second behind Jordi Gené. In 1992, he moved to the International Formula 3000 series, for 1993, Coulthard joined Pacific Racing, taking one victory and finishing third in the series. He entered the 24 Hours of Le Mans alongside John Nielsen, the trio won the GT Class, although they were disqualified for a technical infringement. He moved to the Vortex team in 1994, which received investment from a private investor, in his first and only race for the team held at Silverstone, Coulthard finished third
Derek Bell (racing driver)
He raced in Formula One for the Ferrari, Wheatcroft, McLaren and Tecno teams. He has been described by fellow racer Hans-Joachim Stuck as one of the most liked drivers of his generation and he won his first race in the Lotus at Goodwood in March of that year. He graduated to Formula Three in the year racing a Lotus 31 and in 1966 switched to a Lotus 41 scoring his first victory. In 1967 he enjoyed seven wins and he contested the 1969 Tasman Series in a 2.4 Dino Ferrari and was second at Lakeside to Amon and Rindt at Warwick Farm. In 1969 he raced the four-wheel-drive McLaren M9A in its only race at the British Grand Prix at Silverstone. Bell took part in the filming of Le Mans starring Steve McQueen, and he and his family lived with the McQueen family during the filming, Bell had a lucky escape during the making of the film. The Ferrari 512 he was driving suddenly caught fire whilst getting into position for a take and he managed to get out of the car just before it was engulfed in flames and suffered minor burns.
Although the car was damaged, it was rebuilt and is still racing at historic meets. Bell finished second in the 1970 European Formula Two Championship, driving a Brabham BT30 for Wheatcroft Racing, in 1972 he got a drive in the Tecno Formula One team, along with Nanni Galli. He had a few further drives for Surtees in 1974 and finished 11th in the 1974 German Grand Prix. Enjoying single seaters more than sports cars he accepted drives in F5000/Libre British Shellsport series and F5000 in 1976-7 the Penske PC7 March and odd F5000 drives in the US and Australia. Bell is best known for winning Le Mans 24 hours race five times, in 1975,1981,1982,1986 and 1987, making him the most successful British driver in the race to date. He was teamed with the Belgian Jacky Ickx in 1975, racing the Gulf Mirage GR8, again in 1981, racing a Porsche 936, the Bell/Ickx partnership is considered as one of the most famous pairings in motorsport history. Bell went on to win the 1986 and 1987 Le Mans teamed with Hans-Joachim Stuck and his first Le Mans was in 1970 in a works entered Ferrari 512, with co-driver Ronnie Peterson, his last in 1996 racing a McLaren F1 GTR.
Bell achieved his highest ever speed at Le Mans at the 1971 Le Mans 24 hours April test day, Bell won the World Sportscar Championship title twice in 1985 and 1986 and the 24 Hours of Daytona three times in 1986,1987 and 1989. He won the 1973 Silverstone RAC Tourist Trophy racing a BMW3. 0CSL with Harald Ertl. In 1984 he won the Nürburgring 1000km with Stefan Bellof, racing a Porsche 956 and he is one of two drivers to win the Spa 1000km on both the original and current circuits, the other being Jacky Ickx. Bell was hired as chairman for the Spectre R42 super car project between 1996 and its demise in 1997, in 2001 he was hired to consult for the Bentley Speed 8 programme, helping Bentley to win Le Mans two years later
In North America, road racing is motor racing held on a paved closed circuit with both left and right turns. Road racing is therefore distinct from both off-road racing and oval racing, the latter is common in North America and involves turning in only one direction. Road racing may be on purpose-built race tracks or on circuits, such as closed-off airport runways and public roads. A roval is a road course incorporating parts of a track and its infield. Some officially-sanctioned races are held on roads, that are closed for the duration of the event. This form of racing was banned in Great Britain in 1925 due to an accident at the Kop Hill Climb. The North West 200 and Ulster Grand Prix races are popular, the ban in Great Britain does not extend to the Isle of Man and Northern Ireland. Sometimes the term real road racing is used to distinguish this form of racing from that which takes place on purpose-built paved circuits. Global road-racing series such as Formula One, FIA WEC and MotoGP are almost always conducted on dedicated tracks, such as Spa-Francorchamps, Monza.
Expansion of these series has resulted in dedicated tracks being built in Qatar in the Middle East, Sepang in Malaysia, events for many types of motorized vehicles are held at road racing tracks. There was a tradition of road racing on real streets in North America. The terms definition has shifted over time, with the dominance of Oval racing. A permanent, purpose-built, road racing circuit, is described as a natural or proper road course in the U. S. After a few decades of such events three sons of Barron Collier—Barron and Samuel—founded the Automobile Racing Club of America in 1933 and that organization became the Sports Car Club of America in 1944. Throughout its history, American race car drivers such as Briggs Cunningham, Lake Underwood, Carroll Shelby, the Road Racing Drivers Club was formed and invited members by nomination alone. Its presidents have been, Walt Hansgen, Dolph Vilardi, John Gorden Benett, Robert Grossman, Lake Underwood, Mark Donohue, Bob Sharp, Skip Barber, Dave Ammen, Bob Akin, Brian Redman, and Bobby Rahal.
Additionally, racing over public streets is making something of a comeback, other famous street circuits in North America include events held in Saint Petersburg, Montreal, Québec, Detroit and Toronto, Ontario. More recently, the Edmonton Indy is held on the runways of Edmonton City Centre Airport in Edmonton, Oval track Roval Dragstrip Traditional Road Racing 944 Cup
A chicane is an artificial feature creating extra turns in a road, used in motor racing and on streets to slow traffic for safety. For example, one form of chicane is a short, shallow S-shaped turn, requiring the driver to turn left and right again to stay on the road. Chicane comes from the French verb chicaner, which means to quibble or to prevent justice, on modern racing circuits, chicanes are usually located after long straights, making them a prime location for overtaking. They can be placed tactically by circuit designers to prevent vehicles from reaching speeds deemed to be unsafe, a prime example of this is the Tamburello chicane at Imola, which was placed after Ayrton Sennas death at the original corner. At Le Mans, chicanes were placed alongside the 6‑km Mulsanne Straight in order to slow down Le Mans Prototypes, some tracks, such as the Yas Marina Circuit in Abu Dhabi, feature optional chicanes. Faster cars will take the chicane, but slower cars may avoid the chicane because they are not capable of reaching high speeds on the straights.
Such chicanes are used at Watkins Glen International and Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya, another example is the Tsukuba Circuit in Japan. A chicane was added after Turn 7, creating a right turn and this chicane is used only for motorcycles. It was implemented to divert motorcycles from taking Turn 8, which is a high speed long sweeping left corner, Turn 8 was deemed to be unsafe for motorcycles, as immediately following this is a slow right hairpin corner. This means riders may still have been leaning to the left when being expected to begin braking for Turns 9 and 10, the term is used in other types of racing, including bobsleigh and dogleg, to indicate a similar shift in the course or track. Mobile chicane and moving chicane are terms used to disparage slower drivers. In some cases they may not move out of the way quickly enough to allow competitors in higher positions past and this can cost competitors valuable time and championship points. This same term, applied to traffic calming, can refer to the usage of devices to create a chicane configuration.
The Yas Marina Circuits chicanes have become a subject of debate, for example, some of Formula Ones top drivers feel that the chicane after the back straight disrupts the flow of races and impedes overtaking maneuvers. McLaren Team Principal Martin Whitmarsh feels that placing high speed corners after straights is a better option than using chicanes, chicanes are a type of horizontal deflection used in traffic calming schemes to reduce the speed of traffic. Drivers are expected to speed to negotiate the lateral displacement in the vehicle path. Limited accident data for chicane schemes indicate changes in injury accidents, a pedestrian chicane is a kind of permanent fence used at a railway crossing to slow pedestrians down and to force them to observe both directions before crossing the railway tracks. While passing the chicane, one has to turn to the left and to the right, a similar arrangement is sometimes used at the entrances of parks to impede bicycle or car access