Gordian I was Roman Emperor for 21 days with his son Gordian II in 238, the Year of the Six Emperors. Caught up in a rebellion against the Emperor Maximinus Thrax, he was defeated by forces loyal to Maximinus, he committed suicide after the death of his son. Little is known about the early life and family background of Gordian I. There is no reliable evidence on his family origins, his family were of Equestrian rank. Gordian I was said to be related to prominent Senators of his time, his praenomen and nomen Marcus Antonius suggested that his paternal ancestors received Roman citizenship under the Triumvir Mark Antony, or one of his daughters, during the late Roman Republic. Gordian’s cognomen ‘Gordianus’ indicates that his family origins were from Anatolia, more Galatia or Cappadocia. According to the Augustan History, his mother was a Roman woman called Ulpia Gordiana and his father, the Senator Maecius Marullus. While modern historians have dismissed his father's name as false, there may be some truth behind the identity of his mother.
Gordian's family history can be guessed through inscriptions. The name Sempronianus in his name, for instance, may indicate a connection to his mother or grandmother. In Ankara, Turkey, a funeral inscription has been found that names a Sempronia Romana, daughter of a named Sempronius Aquila. Romana erected this undated funeral inscription to her husband. Gordian might have been related to the gens Sempronia. French historian Christian Settipani identified Gordian I's parents as Marcus Antonius, tr. pl. praet. Des. and wife Sempronia Romana, daughter of Titus Flavius Sempronius Aquila, Secretarius ab epistulis Graecis, wife Claudia, daughter of an unknown father and his wife Claudia Tisamenis, sister of Herodes Atticus. It appears in this family tree that the person, related to Herodes Atticus was Gordian I's mother or grandmother and not his wife. According to the Augustan History, the wife of Gordian I was a Roman woman called Fabia Orestilla, born circa 165, whom the Augustan History claims was a descendant of the Emperors Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius through her father Fulvus Antoninus.
Modern historians have dismissed her information as false. With his wife, Gordian I had at least two children: a son of the same name and a daughter, Antonia Gordiana, his wife died before 238 AD. Christian Settipani identified her parents as Marcus Annius Severus, a Suffect Consul, his wife Silvana, born circa 140 AD, the daughter of Lucius Plautius Lamia Silvanus and his wife Aurelia Fadilla, the daughter of Antoninus Pius and wife Annia Galeria Faustina or Faustina the Elder. Gordian climbed the Roman imperial hierarchy when he became part of the Roman Senate, his political career started late in his life and his early years were spent in rhetoric and literary studies. As a military man, Gordian commanded the Legio IV Scythica, he served as governor of Roman Britain in 216 AD and was a Suffect Consul sometime during the reign of Elagabalus. Inscriptions in Roman Britain bearing his name were erased suggesting some form of imperial displeasure during this role. While he gained unbounded popularity on account of the magnificent games and shows he produced as aedile, his prudent and retired life did not excite the suspicion of Caracalla, in whose honor he wrote a long epic poem called Antoninias.
Gordian retained his wealth and political clout during the chaotic times of the Severan dynasty which suggests a personal dislike for intrigue. Philostratus dedicated his work Lives of the Sophists to either him or his son, Gordian II. Fabia Orestilla was the great-granddaughter of Antoninus Pius and the wife of Gordian I, she married him in 192 and had two sons and a daughter. Orestilla is only mentioned in the Augustan History. In part because the Augustan History names the father-in-law of the oldest Gordian as "Annius Severus", modern historians do not believe that this is the name of his wife, dismiss this name and her information as false. An alternative theory many believe is that his wife was the granddaughter of Greek Sophist and tutor Herodes Atticus. During the reign of Alexander Severus, Gordian I, after serving his Suffect Consulship prior to 223, drew lots for the proconsular governorship of the province of Africa Proconsularis which he assumed in 237. However, prior to the commencement of his promagistrature, Maximinus Thrax killed Alexander Severus at Moguntiacum in Germania Inferior and assumed the throne.
Maximinus was not a popular emperor and universal discontent increased due to his oppressive rule. It culminated in a revolt in Africa in 238 AD; this was triggered by the actions of Maximinus’s procurator in Africa, who sought to extract the exorbitant taxes and fines to the extent of falsifying charges against the local aristocracy. A riot saw the death of the procurator, after which the people turned to Gordian and demanded that he accept the dangerous honor of the imperial throne. Gordian, after protesting that he was too old for the position yielded to the popular clamour and assumed both the purple and the cognomen Africanus on 22 March. According to Edward Gibbon: An iniquitous sentence had been pronounced against some opulent youths of, the execution of which would have stripped them of far the greater part of their patrimony. A respite of three days, obtained with difficulty from the rapacious tr
Konstantinos Manolas is a Greek professional footballer who plays as a centre back. Konstantinos Manolas began his football career in the youth teams of AEK Athens, made his professional debut in the 2011–2012 season for Thrasyvoulos. In 2013, he was signed by Levadiakos, played his first Greek Super League game for the club on 14 April 2013 in a 1–0 home loss against PAOK. After only two appearances he signed for Chania, he played for Chania for two seasons before moving yet again in 2015, this time for Super League club Kerkyra. In August 2015, Kerkyra was accused, subsequently found guilty, of committing irregularities in its change of ownership, its playing license was revoked by Superleague Greece and the club was relegated to Football League, taking the last position on the league table. As a result of this relegation, Manolas along with other players, signed for his former club Levadiakos a three-years contract for an undisclosed fee. On 5 August 2016 the son of AEK's legendary veteran and former manager Stelios Manolas, signed a three-season contract with the Greek Cup winners for an undisclosed fee.
On 29 November 2016, he made his debut with the club as a starter in a Greek Cup 2–2 away draw against Anagennisi Karditsa. On 29 August 2017, he mutually solved his contract with AEK, returned to his former club Levadiakos On 24 October 2017, he made his debut with the club in a Greek Cup game against Aiginiakos. On 13 February 2018, after only one game played with Levadiakos, he solved his contract signing with Second League club Lokomotiv until the summer of 2019 for an undisclosed fee. On 11 August 2018, he moved to newly promoted side Aittitos Spata on a free transfer, he is the son of Stelios Manolas. His cousin, Kostas plays for Napoli. Aoxania.gr
Minky Worden is an American human rights advocate and author. She serves as Director of Global Initiatives at Human Rights Watch, she has been an adjunct associate professor at Columbia University’s School of International and Social Affairs since 2013. A native of Tennessee, Worden is a graduate of Vanderbilt University where she majored in Political Science and History, she speaks German. Worden joined Human Rights Watch in 1998; as its Director of Global Initiatives, she develops and implements international outreach and advocacy campaigns. She served as Human Rights Watch's Media Director, working with the world’s journalists to help them cover crises, human rights abuses and political developments in some 90 countries worldwide. Worden speaks and writes extensively on the topics of political prisoners, women’s rights, human rights and sports, she lived and worked in Hong Kong as an adviser to Democratic Party of Hong Kong chairman Martin Lee and worked at the U. S. Department of Justice in Washington, D.
C. as a speechwriter for U. S. Attorney General Dick Thornburgh and in the Executive Office for U. S. Attorneys. Worden is editor of China's Great Leap: The Beijing Games and Olympian Human Rights Challenges and The Unfinished Revolution: Voices from the Global Fight for Women's Rights, she was co-editor with Kenneth Roth and Amy Bernstein of Torture: Does It Make Us Safer? Is It Ever OK?: A Human Rights Perspective. The Unfinished Revolution: Voices from the Global Fight for Women's Rights Foreword by Christiane Amanpour; this book outlines the global challenge to secure basic rights for girls. Writers from around the world tackle some of the toughest questions about improving the lives of women, explain why we need fresh approaches for the most vexing and durable abuses. China's Great Leap: The Beijing Games and Olympian Human Rights Challenges Foreword by Nicholas Kristof. China's Great Leap examines three decades of reform in the People's Republic of China in the context of the 2008 Olympic Games.
With contributions from Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Liu Xiaobo and other reformists, the book spotlights key areas for human rights reform that could represent a possible great leap forward for the people of China. Torture The question of cruel and unusual treatment has taken on new urgency in the United States and around the world. Torture features twelve essays by leading thinkers and experts ranging over history and continents, offering a nuanced, up-to-the-minute exploration of this wrenching topic. Worden has written dozens of articles for news outlets, including: "Saudi Sports Reforms Give Girls in the Kingdom a Running Start." The New York Times. September 7, 2017. "She Conquered Everest: Now She's Tackling Laws That Keep Women Out of Sport." CNN. May 11, 2017. "Beach Volleyball and Women's Rights in Iran?" CNN. February 4, 2016. "Human Rights and the 2022 Olympics". The New York Times. January 19, 2015. "Raising the Bar: Mega-Sporting Events and Human Rights". Human Rights Watch World Report 2015.
"Minky Worden: Russia's Anti-Gay Laws Threaten the Olympics' Character". The Washington Post. November 22, 2013. "The Olympics’ Leadership Mess". The New York Times. August 8, 2013. "In Saudi Arabia, Women Are Confined by Technology". The Washington Post. December 24, 2012. "The View From the Empire State Building". MSNBC. October 20, 2003. "Hong Kong's Brave Struggle for Democracy." The Asian Wall Street Journal. July 2, 1998; the Overseas Press Club, elected Associate Board of Governors Member Asia Catalyst, Board Member The International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran, Board Chair Platon’s The People’s Portfolio, Board Chair The Human Trafficking Legal Center, Board Council on Foreign Relations, Member Council on Foreign Relations, Term Member Advisory Committee Seven Stories Press, Advisory Board Member Worden is married to L. Gordon Crovitz, a media executive and advisor to media and technology companies, a former publisher of The Wall Street Journal, they have three sons. At age 50, she completed her first Olympic triathlon