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Gordon Riots

The Gordon Riots of 1780 were several days of rioting in Great Britain motivated by anti-Catholic sentiment. They began with a large and orderly protest in London against the Papists Act of 1778, intended to reduce official discrimination against British Catholics enacted by the Popery Act 1698. Lord George Gordon, head of the Protestant Association, argued that the law would enable Catholics to join the British Army and become a dangerous threat; the protest led to widespread rioting and looting, including attacks on Newgate Prison and the Bank of England and was the most destructive in the history of London. Violence started on 2 June 1780, with the looting and burning of Catholic chapels in foreign embassies. Local magistrates did not issue the Riot Act. There was no repression until the Government sent in the Army, resulting in an estimated 300-700 deaths; the main violence lasted until 9 June 1780. The Riots came near the height of the American War of Independence, when Britain, with no large ally, was fighting American rebels and Spain.

Public opinion in middle-class and elite circles, repudiated anti-Catholicism and lower-class violence, rallied behind Lord North's government. Demands were made for a London police force. Painted on the wall of Newgate prison was the proclamation that the inmates had been freed by the authority of "His Majesty, King Mob"; the term "King Mob" afterwards denoted an fearsome proletariat. The stated intention of the Papists Act of 1778 was, as its preamble notes, to mitigate some of the official discrimination against Roman Catholics in the Kingdom of Great Britain, it absolved Catholics from taking the religious oath when joining the British Armed Forces as well as granting a few and limited liberties. There were strong expedient reasons for this change. British military forces at the time were stretched thinly in what had become a global American War of Independence, with conflicts ongoing with France and the new United States; the recruitment of Catholic people would be a significant help to address this shortfall of manpower.

The 1698 anti-Catholic laws had been ignored for many years and were enforced. Because of this, many leading Catholics were opposed to the repeal of the Act, fearing it would stir up anti-Catholic sentiment for little practical return, it was pointed out that large numbers of Catholics, recruited in Ireland and the Scottish Highlands, were serving in the military. In spite of this, the government decided to press ahead with the Bill, had it introduced in Parliament by Sir George Savile; the Protestant Association of London had the support of leading Calvinist religious figures, including Rowland Hill, Erasmus Middleton, John Rippon. Lord George Gordon became its President in 1779, in an effort to force the repeal of the Papists Act. An articulate propagandist, though eccentric, Gordon inflamed the mob with fears of Papism and a return to absolute monarchical rule, he implied that Catholics in the military would, given a chance, join forces with their co-religionists on the Continent and attack Britain.

He enjoyed popularity in Scotland where he took part in a successful campaign to prevent the same legislation from being introduced into Scots law, although the Act continued in force in England and Wales and in Ireland. The success in obstructing the law in Scotland led Gordon to believe he could enjoy similar success in the rest of Britain. Early in 1780 Gordon had several audiences with King George III but was unable to convince him of what he saw as the dangers of the Act. George III humoured Gordon, but grew irritated with him and refused any future audiences; the political climate deteriorated rapidly. On 29 May 1780, Gordon called a meeting of the Protestant Association, his followers subsequently marched on the House of Commons to deliver a petition demanding the repeal of the Act. After the first march to Parliament, further riots occurred involving groups whose grievances were nationalist, economic, or political, rather than religious. Aside from the issue of Catholic emancipation, it has been suggested that the driving force of the riots was Britain's poor economic situation: the loss of trade during the war had led to falling wages, rising prices, periodic unemployment.

As Rudé noted, there was no general attack on the Catholic community, "the victims of the riots" being distinguished by the fact they were "on the whole, persons of substance". Voting in parliamentary elections was restricted by a property threshold, so most Londoners were unable to vote and many hoped for reforms to make Parliament more representative of the people. However, Paul Monod has argued that "no matter how much one would like to interpret the Gordon Riots...as economically motivated, they remain fundamentally anti-Catholic in character". Shortly after the riots had broken out, the Duke of Richmond suggested that they were directly attributable to the passing of the Quebec Act six years before, a view, ridiculed by many of his colleagues. Another suggested cause was Britain's weakened international position, which had arisen from the country's isolation in Europe and the disappointing news coming from the ongoing war; some rioters were against the continuation of the war, many supported American independence, while others were angry that Britain's war effort was being mishandled by Lord North.

In many cases a mix of issues drove people to take part in the rioting. On 2 June 1780 a huge crowd, estimated at 40,000 to 60,000 strong and marched on the Houses of Parliament. Many carried flags and banners proclaiming "No Popery", most wore blue cockades which had become the symbol of their movement; as they marched

Untitled Web Series About a Space Traveler Who Can Also Travel Through Time

Untitled Web Series About a Space Traveler Who Can Also Travel Through Time known as Inspector Spacetime, is an adventure-sci-fi web series created by Travis Richey, based on the television comedy series Community. The series is based on a fictional series first mentioned during the episode "Biology 101" of Community. Inspector Spacetime is, by itself, a Doctor. UWSAASTWCATTT follows The Inspector, a character that can travel through time and space by way of a red BOOTH, a special space/timeship similar in some ways to the TARDIS. Reception for the series has been positive, with USA Today including it in their "Best of TV on the Web in 2012" list. A feature film based on the series, entitled The Inspector Chronicles, is in production; the series was pitched to NBC, who appeared uninterested. Richey began a Kickstarter campaign to fund the series, successful. After an animated teaser episode for the series was produced, NBC requested the production be cancelled. Richey continued with the series, but with references to the name'Inspector Spacetime' removed and the appearance of the character altered.

The series' name was changed to Untitled Web Series About a Space Traveler Who Can Also Travel Through Time. Season two began shooting in April 2013, with the announcement that Mayim Bialik would be joining the series as the voice of the time machine. In July 2013, it was announced that Star Trek: Voyager alum Robert Picardo would be joining the cast for season two, it has been announced that season 2, will instead be a feature film called the Inspector Chronicles: A Motion Picture about a Space Traveler who can travel through time. Sylvester McCoy has joined the cast as Uncle Roderick. A crowdfunding campaign at indiegogo.com was released to fund development of the film, it made $36,993, passing its goal, $25,000. Main cast as listed on the official website: Travis Richey as The Inspector Carrie Keranen as Piper Tate Eric Loya as Boyish the ExtraordinaryGuest stars include: Sylvester McCoy as Uncle Roderick Robert Picardo as Bernard Chase Masterson as Annabelle Wagner Mayim Bialik as B. O. O.

T. H. Nicholas Brendon as Chief Engineer Britman Rosearik Rikki Simons as T. A. R. V. I. S. Official website Untitled Web Series About a Space Traveler Who Can Also Travel Through Time on IMDb Sivart Productions Tumblr

Anton Eiselsberg

Anton Freiherr von Eiselsberg was an Austrian neuro surgeon. A student of Theodor Billroth, Eiselsberg served as professor of medicine at Utrecht University and at University of Königsberg before being appointed head of the First Department of Surgery at the University of Vienna, he was one of the founders of neurosurgery, co-founder of the Austrian Cancer Society in 1910, an honorary member of the Austrian Academy of Sciences. It was his initiative that lead to the creation of the world-first emergency surgery station in Vienna increasing the effectiveness of medical intervention after accidents. Eiselsberg was awarded the second Lister Medal in 1927 for his contributions to surgical science; as part of the award, he was invited to give the Lister Memorial Lecture at the Royal College of Surgeons of England in July 1927. He himself died during the early days of World War II in an accident caused by the collision of two trains in the vicinity of St. Valentin, Lower Austria, on 25 October 1939.

He was one of the greatest surgeons and clinical researchers of his time. Billroth described him as "my best student." In 1909 he founded. Eiselsberg and Hochenegg are considered "fathers of the emergency rooms". Die Werkstatt des Chirurgen. 1912. Die Hypophyse. Vienna, 1930. Lebensweg eines Chirurgen. Vienna, Tyrolia, 1938. 1903: Councillor 1905: Honorary Membership of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh 1927: Lister Medal of the Royal College of Surgeons of England 1931: Honorary citizen of the City of Vienna 1932: Honorary Member of the Austrian Academy of Sciences 1932: Austrian Cross of Honour for Science and Art, 1st class Seven honorary doctorates Komturkreuzes of the Austrian Order of Merit Paul. "Our surgical heritage. Anton von Eiselsberg". Zentralblatt für Chirurgie. 107: 418–21. PMID 7048805. Rutkow. "The letters of William Halsted and Anton von Eiselsberg: a special friendship". Archives of Surgery. 115: 993–1001. Doi:10.1001/archsurg.1980.01380080083019. PMID 6994682. Michler. "The letters from Jacques-Louis Reverdin and Theodore Kocher to Eiselsberg.

A study on the discovery of deficiency symptoms following total extirpation of the thyroid gland". Gesnerus. 27: 169–84. PMID 4927249. Schmid. "On the 100th birthday of Professor Anton von EISELSBERG". Wiener medizinische Wochenschrift. 110: 923–4. PMID 13747908. Works by or about Anton Eiselsberg at Internet Archive aeiou.at Article on Eiselsberg in Ärztewoche Austrian Cancer Society Van-Swieten Society

Internal Revenue Code section 409A

Section 409A of the Internal Revenue Code regulates nonqualified deferred compensation paid by a "service recipient" to a "service provider" by imposing a 20% excise tax when certain design or operational rules contained in the section are violated. Service recipients are employers, but those who hire independent contractors are service recipients. Service providers include executives, general employees, some independent contractors and board members, as well as entities that provide services. Section 409A was added to the Internal Revenue Code, effective January 1, 2005, under Section 885 of the American Jobs Creation Act of 2004; the effects of Section 409A are far-reaching, because of the exceptionally broad definition of "deferral of compensation." Section 409A was enacted, in part, in response to the practice of Enron executives accelerating the payments under their deferred compensation plans in order to access the money before the company went bankrupt, in part in response to a history of perceived tax-timing abuse due to limited enforcement of the constructive receipt tax doctrine.

Section 409A provides that "non-qualified deferred compensation" must comply with various rules regarding the timing of deferrals and distributions. Under regulations issued by the IRS, Section 409A applies whenever there is a "deferral of compensation," which occurs whenever an employee has a binding right during a taxable year to compensation, or may be payable in a taxable year. There are various exceptions, excluding from the Section 409A rules compensation that would otherwise fall within this definition, including: qualified plans like the pension and 401 plans, welfare benefits including vacation leave, sick leave, disability pay, or death benefit plan. Other exceptions include those for "short-term deferrals", certain stock option and stock appreciation rights and certain separation pay plans. Section 409A makes deferral of compensation; the term "plan" includes any agreement, program, or other arrangement, including an agreement, program, or other arrangement that applies to one person or individual.

Section 409A specifies that unless any deferred compensation falls into a specified set of "qualified deferred compensation" categories, the IRS will automatically consider it unqualified deferred compensation. The qualified deferred compensation categories are: Qualified employer plans Certain foreign plans Section 457 plans Certain welfare benefits Stock options Section 409A's timing restrictions fall into three main categories: restrictions on the timing of distributions restrictions against the acceleration of benefits restrictions on the timing of deferral electionsDistributions under a nonqualified deferred compensation plan can only be payable upon one of six circumstances: the employee's separation from service the employee's becoming disabled the employee's death a fixed time or schedule specified under the plan a change in ownership or effective control of the corporation, or a change in the ownership of a substantial portion of the assets of the corporation the occurrence of an unforeseeable emergencyIn addition, Section 409A provides that with respect to certain "key employees" of publicly traded corporations, distributions upon separation from service must be delayed by an additional six months following separation.

Key employees are the top 50 employees with pay above $150,000. The rules restricting the timing of elections as to the time or form of payment under a nonqualified deferred compensation plan fall into two categories: initial deferral elections subsequent deferral electionsAs a general rule, initial deferral elections must be made no than the close of the employee's taxable year preceding the service year; the term "initial deferral elections" includes all decisions, whether made by the employee or employer, as to the time or form of payment under the plan. Once the initial deferral election is made, a change to the time or form of payment under the plan can only be made under the rules governing subsequent deferral elections. Section 409A assigns compliance-failure penalties to the recipient of deferred compensation and not to the company offering the compensation; the sanctions for non-compliance can be severe. The specific penalties written into law are: all compensation deferred for the taxable year and all preceding taxable years becomes includible in gross income for the taxable year to the extent the compensation is not subject to a "substantial risk of forfeiture" and has not been included in gross income accrued interest on the taxable amount an additional penalty of 20% of the deferred compensation, required to be included in gross income One area of concern in early drafts of 409A was the impact on companies with stock, not tradeable on an established securities market and these companies' employees.

As of 2014 8.5 million American workers held stock options. Since options vest and become taxable more than 1 year after they are granted, it would seem that 409A would apply to this as a form of deferred compensation. However, 409A does not apply to incentive stock options and non-qualified stock options granted at fair market value. However, if a company issues options to a service provider at a valuation below fair market value, section 409A will apply; the fair market value of an option on common stock

Dennis Acres, Missouri

Dennis Acres is a village in Newton County, United States. The population was 76 at the 2010 census. Dennis Acres is located at 37°2′51″N 94°30′14″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.05 square miles, all land. As of the census of 2010, there were 76 people, 27 households, 18 families living in the village; the population density was 1,520.0 inhabitants per square mile. There were 31 housing units at an average density of 620.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 76.3% White, 1.3% Native American, 1.3% Pacific Islander, 14.5% from other races, 6.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 18.4% of the population. There were 27 households of which 44.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.1% were married couples living together, 11.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.4% had a male householder with no wife present, 33.3% were non-families. 22.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.

The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.44. The median age in the village was 26.3 years. 26.3% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the village was 51.3 % female. As of the census of 2000, there were 68 people, 27 households, 12 families living in the village; the population density was 1,455.7 people per square mile. There were 29 housing units at an average density of 620.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 70.59% White, 11.76% Native American, 10.29% from other races, 7.35% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 16.18% of the population. There were 27 households out of which 29.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.3% were married couples living together, 11.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 51.9% were non-families. 33.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.54.

In the village, the population was spread out with 30.9% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 33.8% from 25 to 44, 11.8% from 45 to 64, 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 106.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.8 males. The median income for a household in the village was $28,125, the median income for a family was $28,750. Males had a median income of $28,333 versus $13,750 for females; the per capita income for the village was $8,709. There were 11.1% of families and 17.1% of the population living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and none of those over 64. Https://web.archive.org/web/20131013222920/http://2010.census.gov/2010census/popmap/

Konica Minolta Maxxum 7D

The Maxxum 7D, labelled Dynax 7D in Europe/Hong Kong and α-7 Digital in Japan and named "DG-7D", is a 6.1 megapixel digital single-lens reflex camera, or DSLR, produced by Konica Minolta. It was the top model of their DSLR range; the 7D was first announced on 2004-02-12 at the PMA show, with full details released just before the 2004 photokina show on 2004-09-15. The production camera was released in late 2004. Production ceased when Konica Minolta announced their exit from the camera business in January 2006. Regardless of its high specification and innovative feature set, it came with a high price tag; the 7D was available as body only, but with a kit lens. Like the Nikon 18-70 kit lens found with many Nikon DSLRs, this lens was regarded as of high enough quality to do justice to the sensor within the body, unlike the cheap zoom kit lenses found with many DSLRs. In 2006 Sony acquired the Konica-Minolta camera business although remaining inventory continued to be sold, alongside the K-M based Sony α100.

On release, the camera retailed for around £1000 GBP. The 7D features a Magnesium alloy body, plastic in the rear, external controls; the body includes external controls for exposure compensation, flash compensation, focus mode, shooting mode, exposure mode, drive mode, metering mode, white balance, focal area, ISO, two dials that are used to control shutter speed and F-stop. Presence of the external controls for most functions encourage experimentation without having to traverse through menus; the 7D's 2.5-inch LCD doubles as the control LCD. Rather than having a second, status LCD located elsewhere like some Canon and Nikon DSLRs, it displays information such as exposure settings, shutter speed, battery life, other miscellaneous recording information; the LCD, when acting as the control LCD rotates 90° based on the rotation of the camera to keep all of the information shown upright. The Konica Minolta Maxxum/Dynax 5D and 7D both come with Konica Minolta's Anti-Shake Technology. A major difference between Konica Minolta's Anti-Shake and Canon's image stabilization is that the operation is done in the camera itself rather than inside the lens, thus making the effects usable regardless of the lens attached.

In Canon's IS the lens has a floating element, used to redirect the frame based on outside movement. In Konica Minolta's AS, the CCD is on a floating plane controlled by two actuators that work based on detected outside movement and create an inverse movement, thereby keeping the CCD in line with the image; the factory firmware that the 7Ds shipped with included a few performance related camera issues which affected initial reviews. The next build of firmware gave such a great improvement in camera performance that DPReview revised their initial review of the 7D to retract a couple of the main negative points, citing true USB 2.0 speeds up to 25Mbit/s, blinking highlights in the camera's built-in playback mode, the addition of a remote storage function in the transfer modes, faster times when writing to the CF memory cards. It did have one problem which appeared to afflict all of the 7Ds at one point in their working lives: the development of "first frame black" aka "error 58" in which after a period of not being used, the first frame turned up dark.

Sony for a while fixed this problem, so did some private camera shops, however the parts which caused the problem are no longer available. First Frame Blank is a simple process of turning off and back on, though it can lead to blank frames all the time. Another significant problem is misalignment of the sensor, where the sensor is stuck at one of the positions it can take up to counteract camera shake or it fails often due to one of the piezo actuators which'shake' the sensor. There is a chugging sound. Repairs for this are still available at a few specialist centers. In July 2005, Konica Minolta announced a partnership with Sony to research and develop camera technologies; the following March, Konica Minolta announced its withdrawal from the camera business altogether and transferred all of its camera assets to Sony as of March 2006. Sony's line of Alpha DSLR cameras built upon the digital Maxxum line, keeping many of the features that made the Maxxum 7D and 5D popular, most notably the built-in Anti-Shake technology.

All Sony DSLR cameras came to support the Minolta α mount lens system which makes newer Sony-built lenses compatible with Maxxum bodies and Maxxum lenses compatible with newer Sony bodies. List of Minolta products Minolta A-mount system Media related to Konica Minolta Dynax 7D at Wikimedia Commons DPReview reviews the Dynax/Maxxum 7D Search function for images posted to flickr.com taken with Dynax/Maxxum 7D A personal review of the Maxxum 7D