A midwife is a professional in midwifery. Their education and training equips them to recognise the variations of normal progress of labor, understand how to deal with deviations from normal, they may intervene in high risk situations such as breech births, twin births and births where the baby is in a posterior position, using non-invasive techniques. When a pregnant woman requires care beyond the midwife's scope of practice, they refer women to obstetricians or perinatologists, who are medical specialists in complications related to pregnancy and birth, including surgical and instrumental deliveries. In many parts of the world, these professions work in tandem to provide care to childbearing women. In others, only the midwife is available to provide care, in yet other countries many women elect to utilize obstetricians over midwives. Many developing countries are investing money and training for midwives, sometimes by upskilling those women practising as traditional birth attendants; some primary care services are lacking due to the shortage of money being funded for these resources.
According to the definition of the International Confederation of Midwives, adopted by the World Health Organization and the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics: A midwife is a person who has completed a midwifery education programme, recognised in the country where it is located and, based on the ICM Essential Competencies for Basic Midwifery Practice and the framework of the ICM Global Standards for Midwifery Education. The word derives from Old English mid, "with" and wif, "woman", thus meant "with-woman", that is, the person, with the mother at childbirth; the word is used to refer to both male and female midwives. The midwife is recognised as a responsible and accountable professional who works in partnership with women to give the necessary support and advice during pregnancy and the postpartum period, to conduct births on the midwife's own responsibility and to provide care for the newborn and the infant; this care includes preventative measures, the promotion of normal birth, the detection of complications in mother and child, the accessing of medical care or other appropriate assistance and the carrying out of emergency measures.
The midwife has an important task in health counselling and education, not only for the woman, but within the family and the community. This work should involve antenatal education and preparation for parenthood and may extend to women's health, sexual or reproductive health and child care. A midwife may practise in any setting including the home, hospitals, clinics or health units. Education and regulation The undergraduate midwifery programs are three-year full-time university programs leading to a bachelor's degree in midwifery with additional one-year full-time programs leading to an honours bachelor's degree in midwifery; the postgraduate midwifery programs lead to master's degrees in midwifery. There are postgraduate midwifery programs leading to a bachelor's degree or equivalent qualification in midwifery. Midwives in Australia must be registered with the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency in order to practice midwifery and use the title'midwife' or'registered midwife'. Practice Midwives work in a number of settings including hospitals, birthing centres, community centres and women's homes.
They may be employed by health services or organisations, or self-employed as practising midwives. All midwives are expected to work within a defined scope of practice and conform to ongoing regulatory requirements that ensure they are safe and autonomous practitioners. Professional associations/colleges Australian College of Midwives. Midwifery was reintroduced as a regulated profession in most of Canada's ten provinces in the 1990s. Prior to this legalization, some midwives had practiced in a legal "grey area" in some provinces. In 1981, a midwife in BC was charged with practicing without a medical license. After several decades of intensive political lobbying by midwives and consumers integrated and publicly funded midwifery is now part of the health system in the provinces of British Columbia, Alberta Saskatchewan, Ontario and Nova Scotia, in the Northwest Territories and Nunavut. In 2010, Midwifery legislation was proclaimed in Newfoundland and Labrador. Only Prince Edward Island and Yukon have no legislation in place for the practice of midwifery.
Education and regulation The undergraduate midwifery programs are four-year full-time university programs leading to bachelor's degrees in midwifery. In British Columbia, the program is offered at the University of British Columbia. Mount Royal University in Calgary, Alberta offers a Bachelor of Midwifery program. In Ontario, the Midwifery Education Program is offered by a consortium of McMaster University, Ryerson University and Laurentian University. In Manitoba the program is offered by University College of the North. In Quebec
Mates of State
Mates of State are an American indie pop duo, active since 1997. The group consists of the husband-and-wife team of Jason Hammel; as of 2015, the duo has released four EPs and seven full-length, studio albums. Their most recent album, was released on September 13, 2011. Gardner and Hammel first met in Lawrence, while both were involved in relationships with other people. Though they exchanged e-mails they did not get together until three months later, they played together in a four-piece rock band called Vosotros, in which they both sang and played guitar. Shortly after the couple moved to California in 1998, Gardner began teaching, Hammel applied to medical school, they both opted to devote their time to making music and touring together instead and got married in 2001. Gardner and Hammel lived together in San Francisco, in 2004 they moved to East Haven, Connecticut. In February 2007, they relocated to Stratford, Connecticut. Gardner and Hammel have two daughters, born in 2004, June Elizabeth, born in 2008.
For the band, touring became a family affair, with both daughters going on the road with their parents. Gardner kept Band on the Diaper Run, that appeared on Babble.com. In its entries, she recounted their experiences of life on the road and the unique circumstance of touring with two young children in tow; the main instruments Mates of State used in their early recordings were drums and the electric organ. Both had started out playing the guitar, but they found they were experimenting more with the organ and drums in their practice space than with any other musical instruments. On recordings, the band moved away from the organ-dominated sound and incorporated additional instrumentation, beginning with the EP All Day and continuing on Bring It Back, their fourth studio album; the organ wasn't incorporated at all on their fifth album, "Re-Arrange Us."Mates of State songs are notable for their male/female vocal harmony, shifting rhythms, quirky song structure – most tracks comprised distinct disjointed movements.
Both members tend to sing with great intensity in the upper ranges of their voices, they simultaneously sing different, complementary melodies and lyrics. The band recorded one album on Omnibus Records before moving to Polyvinyl for their second and third full-length albums. In December 2005, the band signed with Barsuk Records and released two full-length albums and an EP of remixes on the label. On October 11, 2004, the band held a contest for fans to create their own video for "Goods," the first track on their All Day EP; the winning entry, directed by Jonathan Yi and Sam Goetz, became the official video for the song and was aired on MTV on June 12, 2005. It became available for download in the Media section of the band's official site; the band's fifth album, Re-Arrange Us, was released on May 20, 2008. For their tour in support of the album, Mates of State became a quartet by adding Lewis and Anton Patzner of Judgement Day as multi-instrumentalists to compliment the duo's sound on select songs.
On June 15, 2010, Mates of State released their sixth studio album, which consisted of their cover versions of songs recorded by other musical artists, including "Long Way Home" by Tom Waits and "Son Et Lumiere" by The Mars Volta. Music videos were shot for two of the songs: Nick Cave's "Love Letter" and Daniel Johnston's "True Love Will Find You in the End." The former was directed by Daniel Garcia and the latter was produced in conjunction with ABC News for its indie rock program, "Amplified."The band's most recent full-length album, was released on September 13, 2011. It came out on Barsuk, the same independent label that released two of the band's previous records, Bring It Back and Re-Arrange Us, it consisted of new original material. Mates of State have performed all over the globe. In the summer of 2001, they played shows with Superdrag and Beulah and in the year, opened for The Anniversary during the release tour for their album Your Majesty. In 2003, Mates of State toured with Palomar.
In 2005, Mates of State toured with Jimmy Eat World and Taking Back Sunday, performed at the Austin City Limits Music Festival in Austin, Texas. In 2006, Mates of State toured with Death Cab for Cutie. Mates of State provided support for We Are Scientists on their tour of the UK in November 2006. During February and March 2007, Mates of State toured as the house band for WBEZ Chicago's This American Life, hosted by Ira Glass. Tour locations included New York, Seattle and Minneapolis. Recordings of some of the band's performances during this tour were included in a 2008 episode titled "What I Learned from Television." On Earth Day in 2007, Mates of State headlined the Concert for a Green Earth in Westport, Connecticut. In 2008, the team appeared again at the Austin City Limits Music Festival, in addition to performing at Lollapalooza in Chicago, the All Points West Music & Arts Festival in Jersey City, the Pemberton Music Festival in Pemberton, BC. In 2009, they played at Diversafest in Tulsa and the Voodoo Fest in New Orleans on Halloween weekend.
In 2010, they appeared on the children's television show Yo Gabba Gabba in New York. Beginning in 2010, the band toured with backing musicians Kenji Shinagawa on guitar and John Panos on trumpet, both graduates of the University of Miami. On February 16, 2012, the band began a 9-day
Margaret Moran Cho is an American stand-up comedian, fashion designer and singer-songwriter. Cho is best known for her stand-up routines, through which she critiques social and political problems regarding race and sexuality, she rose to prominence after creating and starring in the ABC sitcom All-American Girl, became an established stand-up comic in the subsequent years. She has had endeavors in fashion and music, has her own clothing line. Cho has frequently supported LGBT rights and has won awards for her humanitarian efforts on behalf of women, Asian Americans, the LGBT community; as an actress, she has acted in such roles as Charlene Lee in It's My Party and John Travolta's FBI colleague in the action movie Face/Off. Cho was part of the cast of the TV series Drop Dead Diva on Lifetime Television, in which she appeared as Teri Lee, a paralegal assistant. In 2012 she was nominated for an Emmy Award for her guest starring role as Dictator Kim Jong-il on 30 Rock. Cho was born into a Korean family in California.
She grew up in a racially diverse neighborhood in the 1970s and 1980s, which she described as a community of "old hippies, ex-druggies, burn-outs from the 1960s, drag queens, Chinese people, Koreans. To say it was a melting pot — that's the least of it, it was a confusing, wonderful time." Cho's parents, Young-Hie and Seung-Hoon Cho, ran Paperback Traffic, a bookstore on Polk Street at California Street in San Francisco. Her father writes a newspaper column in Seoul, South Korea; as a child, Cho was bullied, saying that "I was hurt because I was different, so sharing my experience of being beaten and hated and called ugly and fat and queer and foreign and perverse and gluttonous and lazy and filthy and dishonest and yet all the while remaining invisible heals me, heals others when they hear it — those who are suffering right now."Between the ages of five and twelve, Cho was "sexually molested by a family friend". She skipped class and got bad grades in ninth and tenth grades, resulting in her expulsion from Lowell High School.
Cho said she was "raped continuously through my teenage years", that when she told someone else about it and her classmates found out, she received hostile remarks justifying it, including accusations of being "so ugly and fat" that only a crazy person would have sex with her. After Cho expressed an interest in performance, she auditioned and was accepted into the San Francisco School of the Arts, a San Francisco public high school for the arts. While at the school, she became involved with the school's improvisational comedy group alongside actors Sam Rockwell and Aisha Tyler. At age 15, she worked as a phone sex operator, she worked as a dominatrix. After graduating from high school, Cho attended San Francisco State University. After doing several shows in a club adjacent to her parents's bookstore, Cho launched a stand-up career and spent several years developing her material in clubs. Cho's career began to build after appearances on university campuses. In 1992, she appeared on the unsuccessful Golden Girls spin-off The Golden Palace in a small role.
In 1994, Cho won the American Comedy Award for Best Female Comedian. In 2010, on The View, she discussed her nervousness about doing The Golden Palace and thanked the late Rue McClanahan for her help with rehearsing, she secured a coveted spot as opening act for Jerry Seinfeld. That same year, ABC aired a sitcom based on Cho's stand-up routine; the show, titled All-American Girl, was promoted as the first show prominently featuring an East Asian family, although the short lived sitcom Mr. T and Tina, which had starred Noriyuki "Pat" Morita as Mr. T. preceded it by nearly two decades. Cho has expressed subsequent regret for much of what transpired during the production of the show, specifically: After network executives executive producer Gail Berman, criticized her appearance and the roundness of her face, Cho starved herself for several weeks, her rapid weight loss, done to modify her appearance by the time the pilot episode was filmed, caused kidney failure. The show suffered criticism from within the U.
S. East Asian community over its perception of stereotyping. Producers told Cho at different times during production both that she was "too Asian" and that she was "not Asian enough." At one point during the course of the show, producers hired a coach to teach Cho how to "be more Asian." Much of the humor was broad and coarse, at times, stereotypical portrayals of her close Korean relatives and gay book-shop customers were employed. The show was canceled after suffering from poor ratings and the effect of major content changes over the course of its single season. After the show's 1995 cancellation, Cho became addicted to drugs and alcohol; as detailed in her 2002 autobiography, I'm the One That I Want, in 1995, her substance abuse was evident during a performance in Monroe, where she was booed off the stage by 800 college students after going on the stage drunk. Though her career and personal life were challenging after the cancellation of the show, Cho sobered up, refocused her energy, developed new material.
She hosted. In 1997, she had a supporting role in the thriller film Face/Off starring Nicolas Cage and John Travolta, playing the role of Wanda, one of the fellow FBI agents of Travolta's primary character. In 1999, she wrote about her struggles with the show in her first on
The Blood Brothers (band)
The Blood Brothers were an American post-hardcore band from 1997-2007, formed in Eastside Seattle. The quintet has released five albums to date, as well as numerous side projects on behalf of the members, they reunited for a series of shows surrounding and including FYF Fest in 2014. Singer Jordan Blilie and Johnny Whitney and drummer Mark Gajadhar formed the band from a previous musical endeavor, a band called Vade that they were involved with when they were 15 years old. Joining with bassist Morgan Henderson and guitarist Devin Welch the following year, the Blood Brothers were born in August 1997; the band recorded their first 7" record for $200 in a basement the following year. After replacing Welch with guitarist Cody Votolato, the current lineup was complete; the band left on their first tour after Votolato graduated from high school. Music website Punknews.org reported that the band was going on hiatus, though they had reported the situation as a breakup. The news story linked to a forum post by Three One G owner Justin Pearson, replying to a post about the breakup of Some Girls.
He only stated "the blood bros broke up." The band broke up in June 2007, but kept the information from the public until November 2007. Rumors of the disbandment can be traced as far back as July; the Blood Brothers were expected to make an announcement about their future in early 2008, but instead announced the breakup on November 8, 2007: Dear Friends, After 10 years of making music as The Blood Brothers, we have made the collective decision that our time together has come to an end. We feel fortunate to have spent such a memorable and amazing part of our lives with each other. At this point, however, we feel. We'd like to express our sincerest thanks and gratitude to all the bands we've played with, individuals who have helped us make our records, fans who have come to our shows and picked up our music throughout the years. Your friendship and love hold such a profoundly special place in each of our hearts. We hope. Thank you and take care, we'll miss all of you. Love, The Blood Brothers In a December 2008 interview with Seattle newspaper The Stranger, Blilie gave the following reason for the band's breakup: I can't point to one defining event....
It was harder for us to find that middle ground where all of us were happy. People weren't being in a band. I couldn't imagine trying to work on another record with that band. We drifted apart, as people do, as people grow into different individuals and have different ideas of where they want to be in their lives and what they want to be doing with music; as different as we were, we all shared a similar vision as far as. If something is no longer bringing you joy, it's time to make a change, it was announced on October 19, 2009 that Epitaph Records would be re-issuing the band's last four full-length albums with added b-sides, live tracks and remixes. The Blood Brothers is seen as a post-hardcore band and incorporate elements from a number of genres including experimental, noise, avant-garde, dance; the band is notable for having the unique dueling vocals of Johnny Whitney and Jordan Blilie. The style of guitar playing showcased by Votolato has changed over time, most notably between the heavy, discordant sound of...
Burn, Piano Island and the minimalist lead lines of Crimes, where the energy of the drums and vocals tends to make up for the lack of thick distortion. Whitney's voice is accepted to have evolved from the slurred, venomous drawl on This Adultery Is Ripe to the high-pitched squeals heard on Crimes, while Blilie's voice has grown more distinctive while maintaining the same low, robust ferocity; the band has cited Drive Like Jehu, Gang of Four and Antioch Arrow, among others, as influences. The Blood Brothers' last album, Young Machetes, was released on October 10, 2006, with Fugazi member Guy Picciotto co-producing it. Several members of the band have been or are involved in other projects: Johnny Whitney and Mark Gajadhar released an album "Chandeliers in the Savannah" in 2005 under the name Neon Blonde after the release of "Crimes", 2004. An EP was released earlier in 2005. Along with members of The Locust and Yeah Yeah Yeahs, Jordan Blilie and Cody Votolato formed Head Wound City shortly after the release of Crimes and released a self-titled EP.
The band regrouped and released an album'A New Wave of Violence' on 13th May 2016. In 2007, Johnny Whitney and Cody Votolato joined with Jay Clark to start Jaguar Love; the band's first release was a limited edition self-titled EP, released June 3 that year. On December 29, 2007 they announced; the record, Take Me To The Sea, was released August 19, 2008. Their second album, Hologram Jams, was released March 2, 2010. Johnny Whitney, along with Devin Welch and Hannah Blilie, played in The Vogue, which evolved into Soiled Doves after the departure of their keyboardist; the Vogue released an album in 2000, As Brass As Satin. Soiled Doves released in album in Soiled Life. Johnny Whitney, along with his wife Amy Carlsen, started a clothing company called Crystal City Clothing. To date, they have produced shirts for Panic! at the Disco and Rocky Votolato. They produced a majority of the merchandise designs for The Blood Brothers for seve
Sleater-Kinney is an American rock band that formed in Olympia, Washington, in 1994. The band's lineup features Corin Tucker, Carrie Brownstein, Janet Weiss. Sleater-Kinney is a key part of the American indie rock scene; the band is known for its feminist and left-leaning politics. The band released 7 studio albums between 1994 and 2005: Sleater-Kinney, Call the Doctor, Dig Me Out, The Hot Rock, All Hands on the Bad One, One Beat and The Woods, they devoted themselves to solo projects. They reunited in 2014 and released No Cities to Love on January 20, 2015, Live In Paris in January 2017. Critics Greil Marcus and Robert Christgau have each praised Sleater-Kinney as one of the essential rock groups of the early 2000s. Marcus named Sleater-Kinney America's best rock band in 2001. Tom Breihan of Stereogum called them the greatest rock band of the past two decades in 2015. Sleater-Kinney was formed in early 1994 in Olympia, Washington, by Corin Tucker and Carrie Brownstein; the group's name is derived in Lacey, Washington.
One of the band's early practice spaces was near Sleater Kinney Road. Tucker was in the influential riot grrrl band Heavens to Betsy, while Brownstein was in the band Excuse 17, they played at gigs together and formed Sleater-Kinney as a side-project from their respective bands. When Heavens to Betsy and Excuse 17 disbanded, Sleater-Kinney became their primary focus. Janet Weiss of Quasi is the band's longest lasting and current drummer, though Sleater-Kinney has had other drummers, including Lora Macfarlane, Misty Farrell, Toni Gogin. Upon Tucker's graduation from The Evergreen State College and then-girlfriend Brownstein took a trip to Australia in early 1994, their last day there, they stayed up all night recording what would become their self-titled debut album. It was released the following spring, they followed this with Call the Doctor and Dig Me Out, became critical darlings as a result. Produced by John Goodmanson and recorded at John and Stu’s Place in Seattle, the record was influenced by both classic rock ‘n’ roll and the band’s usual punk predecessors.
From Dig Me Out onwards, the band's drummer was Janet Weiss. Their next few albums pushed the band towards mainstream listeners; the group opened for Pearl Jam at many North American shows beginning in 2003, the band cited the experience of playing to large arenas as part of the inspiration and motivation for the music found on their seventh album, The Woods. The Woods was released in 2005, was a departure from the sound of their previous albums. In its place, The Woods featured a denser distorted sound that drew on classic rock as its inspiration. In 2006 they helped to curate an edition of the British All Tomorrow's Parties festival, they contributed to the Burn to Shine project, appearing on Volume 3, playing "Modern Girl". On June 27, 2006, the band announced an indefinite hiatus, stating there were "no plans for future tours or recordings." Sleater-Kinney's last major public show at this time was at the 2006 Lollapalooza music festival. The band's last appearance prior to the hiatus was at the Crystal Ballroom in Portland, Oregon, on August 12, 2006.
No explanation for the hiatus was given. Upon the dissolution of Sleater-Kinney in 2006, Weiss joined Quasi bandmate Joanna Bolme in Stephen Malkmus and the Jicks, she performed on Real Emotional Trash in 2008 and the 2011 release Mirror Traffic. She left the band prior to the tour for the latter album. In April 2010 Tucker announced she was recording a solo album for Kill Rock Stars to be released in October 2010. Working along with Tucker on her solo album was Unwound's Sara Lund and Golden Bears'/Circus Lupus Seth Lorinczi. According to Tucker, the album would be a "middle-aged mom record"; the album, entitled 1,000 Years was released on October 5, 2010, to positive reception by music critics. Tucker toured on both U. S. coasts to support the 1,000 Years album, in addition to dates in other parts of the country. The band's second album, titled Kill My Blues, was released on September 18, 2012; this album was supported by a US tour. In September 2010, Brownstein revealed her latest project was the band Wild Flag, with Janet Weiss, Mary Timony of Helium, Rebecca Cole of The Minders."
Their Self-titled eponymous debut album was released on September 2011, on Merge Records. By 2014, the band was no longer active. In an interview, Brownstein stated, "We had a fun run… but all the logistics started seeming not quite worth it." In January 2011, Brownstein's television project Portlandia premiered on IFC, has aired a new season annually every year until its series finale in March of 2018. In October 2014, it was revealed the band had recorded a new album, No Cities to Love released on January 20, 2015; the members of Sleater-Kinney announced a 2015 tour covering North America and western Europe. In 2014, the band released the vinyl box set of their previous releases as Start Together, it was reviewed by BUST Magazine, where writer Claire McKinzie stated, "With their feminist, left-leaning lyrics, Sleater-Kinney’s relevance today is obvious. While some singers back away from being labeled "feminist," Sleater-Kinney exists to redirect society's perception of the word."In January 2017 the band released their first live album, Live in Paris, recorded at La Cigale on March 20, 2015.
As of January 2018, the band was said to b
Deborah Ann Harry is an American singer, songwriter and actress, known as the lead singer of the new wave band Blondie. Her recordings with the band reached the number-one charts place in the United States and the United Kingdom on many occasions through 1979 to 1981. Blondie's song "Rapture" is considered the first rap song to chart at number one in the US. Harry achieved success as a solo artist before re-forming Blondie in the late 1990s, her acting career includes credits in over television programs. Debbie Harry was born Angela Trimble on July 1, 1945, in Florida. At the age of three months, she was adopted by Richard Smith Harry and Catherine, gift shop proprietors in Hawthorne, New Jersey, renamed her Deborah Ann Harry. Harry learned of her adoption at four years old and in the late 1980s, located her birth mother, a concert pianist, who chose to not establish a relationship with her. Harry attended Hawthorne High School, graduating in 1963, she graduated from Centenary College in Hackettstown, New Jersey, with an Associate of Arts degree in 1965.
Before beginning her singing career, she moved to New York City in the late 1960s, worked there as a secretary at BBC Radio's office for one year. She was a waitress at Max's Kansas City, a go-go dancer in a Union City, New Jersey discothèque, a Playboy Bunny. In the late 1960s, Harry began her musical career as a backing singer for the folk rock group The Wind in the Willows, which released an eponymous album in 1968 on Capitol Records. In 1974, Harry joined the Stilettoes with Amanda Jones. Shortly thereafter, the band added guitarist Chris Stein. After leaving the Stilettoes and Stein formed Angel and the Snake with Tish Bellomo and Snooky Bellomo. Shortly thereafter and Stein formed Blondie, named after the catcall men directed at Harry after she bleached her hair blonde; the band became regulars at Max's Kansas City and CBGB in New York City. With her distinctive photogenic features and two-tone bleached-blonde hair, Harry became a punk icon. In June 1979, Blondie was featured on the cover of Rolling Stone.
Harry's persona, combining cool sexuality with streetwise style, became so associated with the group's name that many came to believe "Blondie" was the singer's name. The difference between the individual Harry and the band Blondie was emphasized by a "Blondie is a group" button campaign by the band in 1979. Blondie released their debut album in 1976, their second album, Plastic Letters, garnered some success outside the United States, but their third album, Parallel Lines, was a worldwide hit and catapulted the group to international success. It included the global hit single "Heart of Glass". Riding the crest of disco's domination, the track made #1 in the US and sold nearly two million copies, it reached #1 in the UK and was the second highest-selling single of 1979. The band's success continued with the release of the platinum-selling Eat to the Beat album in 1979. Autoamerican was released in 1980. Blondie had further #1 hits with "Call Me", "Atomic", "The Tide Is High", "Rapture". During this time, both Harry and Stein befriended graffiti artist Fab Five Freddy, who introduced them to the emerging hip-hop scene in the Bronx.
Freddy is mentioned in "Rapture" and makes an appearance in the video. Through him they were able to connect with Grandmaster Flash. Harry was immortalised by Andy Warhol in 1980, who produced a number of artworks of her image from a single photoshoot at the Factory; the artist created a small series of four acrylic and silkscreen ink on canvas portraits of the star in different colours, as well as Polaroids and a small number of rare silver gelatin prints from the shoot. Stein was present that day to capture Warhol photographing Harry in a series of his own photographs, exhibited in 2013 in London, her collaboration and friendship with Warhol continued and she was his first guest on the MTV show, Andy Warhol’s Fifteen Minutes. The first episode opened with Harry announcing the theme: "Sex, Vegetables and Sisters."Harry said of her relationship with Warhol, "I think the best thing taught me was always to be open to new things, new music, new style, new bands, new technology and just go with it.
Never get mired in the past and always accept new things whatever age you are." In 1981, Harry issued a press release to clarify that her name was not "Debbie Blondie" or "Debbie Harry" but rather Deborah Harry, though Harry described her character in the band as being named "Blondie", as in this quote from the No Exit tour book:Hi, it's Deb. You know. I was always Blondie. People always called me Blondie since I was a little kid. What I realized is that at some point I became Dirty Harry. I couldn't be Blondie anymore, so I became Dirty Harry. After a year-long hiatus, Blondie released their sixth studio album, The Hunter; the album was not as successful as their previous works, a world tour was cut short due to slow ticket sales. It was around this time that Stein fell ill with the rare autoimmune disease pemphigus, his illness, along with internal struggles, caused the band to split up. In 1997, Blondie began working together again for the first time in 15 years; the four original members began sessions for what would become Blondie's seventh studio album, No Exit.
Portland is the largest and most populous city in the U. S. state of Oregon and the seat of Multnomah County. It is a major port in the Willamette Valley region of the Pacific Northwest, at the confluence of the Willamette and Columbia rivers; as of 2017, Portland had an estimated population of 647,805, making it the 26th-largest city in the United States, the second-most populous in the Pacific Northwest. 2.4 million people live in the Portland metropolitan statistical area, making it the 25th most populous MSA in the United States. Its Combined Statistical Area ranks 18th-largest with a population of around 3.2 million. 60% of Oregon's population resides within the Portland metropolitan area. Named after Portland, the Oregon settlement began to be populated in the 1830s near the end of the Oregon Trail, its water access provided convenient transportation of goods, the timber industry was a major force in the city's early economy. At the turn of the 20th century, the city had a reputation as one of the most dangerous port cities in the world, a hub for organized crime and racketeering.
After the city's economy experienced an industrial boom during World War II, its hard-edged reputation began to dissipate. Beginning in the 1960s, Portland became noted for its growing progressive political values, earning it a reputation as a bastion of counterculture; the city operates with a commission-based government guided by a mayor and four commissioners as well as Metro, the only directly elected metropolitan planning organization in the United States. The city government is notable for its land-use investment in public transportation. Portland is recognized as one of the world's most environmentally conscious cities because of its high walkability, large community of bicyclists, farm-to-table dining, expansive network of public transportation options, over 10,000 acres of public parks, its climate is marked by cool, rainy winters. This climate is ideal for growing roses, Portland has been called the "City of Roses" for over a century. During the prehistoric period, the land that would become Portland was flooded after the collapse of glacial dams from Lake Missoula, in what would become Montana.
These massive floods occurred during the last ice age and filled the Willamette Valley with 300 to 400 feet of water. Before American pioneers began arriving in the 1800s, the land was inhabited for many centuries by two bands of indigenous Chinook people—the Multnomah and the Clackamas; the Chinook people occupying the land were first documented in 1805 by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark. Before its European settlement, the Portland Basin of the lower Columbia River and Willamette River valleys had been one of the most densely populated regions on the Pacific Coast. Large numbers of pioneer settlers began arriving in the Willamette Valley in the 1830s via the Oregon Trail, though life was centered in nearby Oregon City. In the early 1840s a new settlement emerged ten miles from the mouth of the Willamette River halfway between Oregon City and Fort Vancouver; this community was referred to as "Stumptown" and "The Clearing" because of the many trees cut down to allow for its growth. In 1843 William Overton saw potential in the new settlement but lacked the funds to file an official land claim.
For 25 cents, Overton agreed to share half of the 640-acre site with Asa Lovejoy of Boston. In 1845 Overton sold his remaining half of the claim to Francis W. Pettygrove of Maine. Both Pettygrove and Lovejoy wished to rename "The Clearing" after their respective hometowns; this controversy was settled with a coin toss that Pettygrove won in a series of two out of three tosses, thereby providing Portland with its namesake. The coin used for this decision, now known as the Portland Penny, is on display in the headquarters of the Oregon Historical Society. At the time of its incorporation on February 8, 1851, Portland had over 800 inhabitants, a steam sawmill, a log cabin hotel, a newspaper, the Weekly Oregonian. A major fire swept through downtown in August 1873, destroying twenty blocks on the west side of the Willamette along Yamhill and Morrison Streets, causing $1.3 million in damage. By 1879, the population had grown to 17,500 and by 1890 it had grown to 46,385. In 1888, the city built the first steel bridge built on the West Coast.
Portland's access to the Pacific Ocean via the Willamette and Columbia rivers, as well as its easy access to the agricultural Tualatin Valley via the "Great Plank Road", provided the pioneer city with an advantage over other nearby ports, it grew quickly. Portland remained the major port in the Pacific Northwest for much of the 19th century, until the 1890s, when Seattle's deepwater harbor was connected to the rest of the mainland by rail, affording an inland route without the treacherous navigation of the Columbia River; the city had its own Japantown, for one, the lumber industry became a prominent economic presence, due to the area's large population of Douglas Firs, Western Hemlocks, Red Cedars, Big Leaf Maple trees. Portland developed a reputation early in its history as a gritty port town; some historians have described the city's early establishment as being a "scion of New England. In 1889, The Oregonian called Portland "the most filthy city in the Northern States", due to the unsanitary sewers and gutters, and, at the turn of the 20th century, it was considered one of the most dangerous port cities in the world.
The city housed a large number of saloons