Gossip Girl is an American teen drama television series based on the book series of the same name written by Cecily von Ziegesar. The series, created by Josh Schwartz and Stephanie Savage ran on The CW network for six seasons from September 19, 2007, to December 17, 2012. Narrated by the omniscient blogger "Gossip Girl", the series revolves around the lives of privileged upper-class adolescents living in Manhattan's Upper East Side; the series begins with the return of Upper East Side teenage "it girl" Serena van der Woodsen from a mysterious absence. She is reunited with her frenemy Blair Waldorf and her mother Lily, while she meets Dan Humphrey, an aspiring writer from Brooklyn. Other main characters are played by Chace Crawford, Ed Westwick, Taylor Momsen, Jessica Szohr, Matthew Settle and Kaylee DeFer; the success of Gossip Girl led to adaptations outside the United States. The show has received numerous award nominations; the CW renewed Gossip Girl for a sixth and final season on May 11, 2012.
The final season, consisting of 10 episodes, premiered on October 8, 2012 and ended on December 17, 2012. Blake Lively as Serena van der Woodsen, Blair's best friend, a student at the Constance Billard School for Girls. An it girl who receives media attention. Leighton Meester as Blair Waldorf, the Queen Bee of Constance Billard. Best friends with Serena and focused on status and academic achievement. Penn Badgley as Dan Humphrey, a student at St. Jude's School for Boys. Dan does not fit in with the UES teenagers as he lives in Brooklyn and is not a legacy student, but rather attends St. Jude's with a partial scholarship. Dan aspires to be a writer. Chace Crawford as Nate Archibald, a student at St. Jude's. Blair's the UES golden boy. Taylor Momsen as Jenny Humphrey, a student at Constance Billard's and Dan's younger sister. Jenny dreams of becoming a fashion designer, who begins as one of Blair's minions in order to gain status. Momsen was part of the show's main cast in seasons 1-4 and was a guest star in season 6.
Ed Westwick as a student at St. Jude's. Son of one of New York's most successful real estate moguls. Decadent and amoral, Chuck is interested in women and alcohol. Kelly Rutherford as Lily van der Serena's mother and a three-time divorcée. A former photographer, Lily has become one of the UES's most influential socialites. Matthew Settle as Rufus Humphrey and Jenny's father. Former rockstar as the lead singer for the band Lincoln Hawk, a 90s one-hit wonder, Rufus now owns a gallery in Brooklyn. Rufus shares a romantic history with Lily. Jessica Szohr as Vanessa Abrams, Dan's childhood best friend, home-schooled. Vanessa wants to become a documentary filmmaker. Szohr was a guest star in season six. Kaylee DeFer as Ivy Dickens, introduced to the van der Woodsens as their cousin Charlie Rhodes. DeFer was a recurring guest star in season 4 before being promoted to the main cast for seasons five and six. Connor Paolo as Eric van der Serena's younger brother. Both Serena and Eric are children from Lily's first marriage.
Zuzanna Szadkowski as Dorota Kishlovsky, the Waldorf's Polish housekeeper and Blair's closest confidante. Margaret Colin and Wallace Shawn as Eleanor Waldorf and Cyrus Rose, Blair's mother, a successful fashion designer, stepfather, an entertainment lawyer. Michelle Trachtenberg and Sebastian Stan as Georgina Sparks and Carter Baizen and troublesome acquaintances of the UES group. Robert John Burke as Bartholomew Bass, Chuck's father, one of New York's most successful real estate moguls Amanda Setton, Nicole Fiscella, Nan Zhang, Dreama Walker and Yin Chang as Penelope Shafai, Isabel Coates, Kati Farkas, Hazel Williams and Nelly Yuki, the clique of mean girls following Blair. Following a mysterious disappearance, Serena Van der Woodsen returns to the Upper East Side from boarding school to visit her suicidal brother, Eric. Blair Waldorf discovers Serena had slept with her boyfriend, Nate Archibald, the night of her disappearance. Meanwhile, Brooklynite Dan Humphrey and Serena begin dating while Nate struggles with his feelings for Blair.
Nate and Blair try to salvage their relationship, driving Blair to lose her virginity to Nate's best friend, Chuck Bass. Jenny Humphrey, Dan's sister, is trying to fit in to the Upper East Side by following around Blair and her friends. Vanessa Abrams, Dan's best friend, returns, it is revealed that Dan had confessed his love for Vanessa in the past, but the two move beyond this as friends. It is discovered that Lily Van der Woodsen, Serena's mother, Rufus Humphrey, Dan's father, have a romantic past and begin to rekindle their romance but decide to see other people in light of their children's romance. Blair and Nate break up, after having sex. Nate discovers Blair's affair. Throughout the season, Chuck tries to seduce Blair and the two somewhat come to terms with their feelings for each other. Georgina Sparks, past friend of Serena, pretending to be a woman named Sarah from Portland. Georgina's return reminds Serena of the real reason she left the Upper East Side: she was involved in a drug-related death and felt responsible for the situation.
Problems erupt between Serena, as Serena tries to hide her secret from him. However, the incident is resolved with Serena being absolved of her guilt, Georgina leaves. Dan and Serena decide to end their relationship. Meanwhile, Lily accepts a marriage proposal from Bart Bass, despite her feelings for Rufus, the season ends with a Bass wedding and Blair waiting for Ch
Fernhill is a heritage-listed former chicken hatchery, plant nursery, guest house, residence, stone mason's yard and piggery and now residence and horse stud located at 1041 Mulgoa Road, in the western Sydney suburb of Mulgoa in the City of Penrith local government area of New South Wales, Australia. Completed in c. 1840 as a residence for Captain William Cox and family, the house was completed in the Old Colonial Greek Revival style with its design attributed to either Mortimer Lewis, John Verge or Francis Clarke. The property is owned, it was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999. Set on 690 hectares, Fernhill was built as a much grander residence with associated gardens following Cox's earlier construction of The Cottage, that dated from c. 1810. Following Cox's death in 1837, Fernhill was completed under the supervision of one of his sons, Edward; the traditional owners of the land now occupied by Cox's Cottage were the Mulgowie people, who became known as the "Mulgoa tribe".
There is a reference to an attack on the Cox property by Aboriginal people in 1814. The Mulgoa valley has played an important part in the history of the development of New South Wales. From 1810 Mulgoa was a key area of settlement in the colony; the first land grant was made by Governor Macquarie to Lieutenant William Cox, a colonial magistrate who promptly registered the property in the parish records in the name of his infant son, Edward. Cox's Cottage is part of early colonial land grants and purchases to members of the Cox family in the Mulgoa Valley, south of Penrith totalling some 1,522 hectares; the first of the grants, of 12 hectares, made in 1809 to the infant Edward Cox and confirmed by Governor Macquarie the following year, became known as Fernhills or Fernhill. Fernhill estate is located principally on the first land grant made in the Mulgoa Valley dating back to 1809; the name Fern Hills seems to have been given it as early as 1810. Lieutenant William Cox is best known for supervising the construction of the first road over the Blue Mountains in the second half of 1814.
He sailed to New South Wales on the Minerva in 1799. During his 37 years of residence in the early colony, he made a substantial and enduring contribution to its progress in the fields of public administration and agricultural development; the Cox family were remarkable "garden" people. During the middle years of the 19th century, William Cox Sr. was near Windsor. Another son, settled in Van Dieman's Land, where he built his own magnificent Clarendon. Around all these houses the Cox families created beautiful gardens. For some time the property of 134 hectares was managed jointly with that of William Cox by the overseer James King with occasional help from Cox's sons, George and Edward.c. 1825 Edward Cox established his separate estate at Fernhill. In 1827 he married the family lived at The Cottage, Mulgoa for many years. By the late 1830s Fernhill was one of the principal estates in the Mulgoa Valley and included The Cottage site to the east. At this time it was one of five properties that had expanded to occupy the entire Mulgoa Valley.
In 1842 Edward Cox began building the sandstone house. It was planned on a large and sophistocated scale and in the Greek Revival style by colonial architect Mortimer Lewis; the house was completed in 1843 and Edward and Jane Cox moved in then. Above the door is a date of 1842; the architect of Fernhill is not known with any certainty. The house bears features suggestive of the work of John Verge; the less-well known architect, Francis Clarke, was working in the area at the time of Fernhill's construction and the house may have been designed by him. Lewis' private commissions show a dependence on published sources, identified in recent year by architectural historian James Broadbent. Fernhill and Tomago boast separate entrance and garden fronts at right angles to each other, the garden fronts marked by bay windows, their plans are adapted from the British architect William Wilkins' design for "Oxberton House", Nottinghamshire, as published by George Richardson in the New Vitruvius Britannicus. Elements of the house suggesting the involvement of Mortimer Lewis are: narrow "slit" side light windows flanking the front door.
The house appears to have been designed as a two storey building. The recession of the 1840s is said to be the reason for its unfinished state. Twenty Irish stone masons were brought out to Australia under the bounty system of immigration for the specific purpose of building the Fernhill house, using sandstone quarried from the local hills. Edward Cox and his family lived in the house from 1843 until his death in 1868, when the property passed to his eldest son, Edward King Cox; the surviving stable at the rear is said to be built in 1839 and is of the same period
John Lowe was an English footballer who played on the right-wing for Ripley Town, Sheffield Wednesday, Bolton Wanderers, Port Vale, Oldham Athletic, Rotherham United. Lowe played for Ripley Town, Sheffield Wednesday and Bolton Wanderers, before joining Port Vale in May 1923, he scored twice in 32 appearances in the 1923–24 campaign. He became an ever-present during the 1924–25 and 1925–26 seasons, making 128 consecutive appearances between April 1924 and March 1927, as Vale posted two consecutive eighth-place finishes in the Second Division, his run came to the end as he sprained an ankle, though he did score eight goals in 45 games as the "Valiants" finished eighth for a third consecutive time in 1926–27. He lost his first team place in September 1927 and featured just nine times in the 1927–28 season, before he was handed a free transfer in May 1928, he went on to play for Oldham Athletic and Rotherham United – he made just the one appearance for the "Millers", in a 2–1 Third Division North win over Rochdale at Spotland on 21 September 1929 – before returning to his hometown club Ripley, where he became a committee member.
The National Popular Alliance or ANAPO was a political party in Colombia. It was founded in 1961 as a movement by the ex-president Gustavo Rojas Pinilla and was disbanded in 1998. Many ANAPO leaders and militants joined the Independent Democratic Pole coalition. Anapo's political platform has been labeled as left-wing. Nonetheless, Anapo made it clear that they differ from Communists regarding the rights of private property; the party's political height grew during the mid-to-late 1960s and the beginning of its decline came in 1970, after what is perceived as its zenith by historians. It was founded in 1964 by a group of politicians led by Gustavo Rojas Pinilla, who left the Conservative Party of Colombia; the year of 1970 saw the electoral defeat of its presidential candidate, the former dictator General Gustavo Rojas Pinilla, at the hands of the Conservative candidate of the National Front, Misael Pastrana Borrero, after a close April 19 election which ANAPO and several prominent figures of Colombian public opinion condemned as fraudulent at the time.
The accusation has been maintained by ANAPO and most opposition parties since. Polls have shown that subsequently it has become a fact accepted by the political mainstream in Colombia as of 2005 due to the gradual surfacing and historical evaluation of supporting evidence and testimonies. ANAPO tried to declare the elections illegitimate, both by calling for a citizen protest or uprising, by demanding that Colombia's Electoral Court abstain from supporting the official result; the Court recognized Misael Pastrana as president elect. ANAPO's reaction created alarm in many National Front politicians and media outlets, who supported the announced result. President Carlos Lleras Restrepo vehemently denied the charges of fraud and argued that his responsibility was to hand over power to the recognized winning candidate; the government declared a state of siege in order to try to stop riots from erupting, signs of which appeared in Bogotá but in some other regions of the country. In 1972, a group of National Congress deputies from the ANAPO formed a splinter group called Broad Colombian Movement which soon joined the left-wing National Union of Opposition.
In 1974, the 19th of April Movement, a Colombian guerrilla group, came into the public scene and claimed that its struggle was a reaction to what it called the illegitimacy of the 1970 elections, the nation's bipartisan political system, the National Front agreement that had supported them. The M-19 hoped to incorporate ANAPO leaders and party members as its political representatives, but many, including ANAPO chief Maria Eugenia Rojas rejected any attempt to establish such an association. After the political reform of 2003, it disappeared joining a coalition of leftist parties known as Polo Democrático Independiente that became the political party Polo Democrático Alternativo in 2005
More William is the second William collection in the much acclaimed Just William series by Richmal Crompton. It is a sequel to the book Just William; the book was first published in 1922, with a current edition published in 2005 by Macmillan Children's books. Like most of the William books it has no continuous narrative, but consists of separate independent short-stories; the stories are as follows: A Busy DayWilliam is given a book entitled Things a Boy Can Do and annoys his entire household by trying to carry out its instructions. Rice-Mould In order to impress the little girl next door, William attempts to steal cream blancmange from the household kitchen. William's BurglarWilliam befriends a mysterious stranger who claims to be a war veteran, but, quite a criminal; the Knight at ArmsA Quixote-esque tale in which "Sir William" and his faithful "squire" Ginger set out to rescue a "damsel in distress". William's HobbyWilliam takes up taxidermy as a hobby; the RivalsWilliam has a rival for the affections of Joan.
The GhostWilliam arranges a "psychic experience" for his cousin Mildred. The May KingWilliam is chosen as attendant to the May Queen in a school pageant, but he has bigger ambitions; the RevengeWilliam takes revenge on his family by pretending to run away from home. The HelperWilliam "helps" the removal men when his family moves house. William and the SmugglerMr. Brown goes to the seaside for a "rest cure" but has to endure William's company; the Reform of WilliamWilliam is inspired to lead a better life, but decides not to start just yet! William and the Ancient SoulsA grown-up friend of William has his life made unendurable by a new neighbour. William's Christmas EveWilliam and Joan deliver a Christmas feast to a poor family. More William - free download from manybooks.net More William public domain audiobook at LibriVox
The Royal Swedish Academy of Music, founded in 1771 by King Gustav III, is one of the Royal Academies in Sweden. The Academy is an independent organization, which acts to promote the artistic, scientific and cultural development of music. Fredrik Wetterqvist is director of the Academy; the Academy consists of 170 Swedish members belonging to various spheres of the music industry and has a research committee, operational since 1980s. They are involved in research on Gustavian music drama, music archeology, future developments in musical life and music in a multicultural society; the Academy publishes various biographies, debate books, analytical writings, etc. and has been offering music students scholarships and various prizes for outstanding contributions in the field. Royal College of Music, Stockholm Royal Swedish Opera Music of Sweden List of Swedes in music The Royal Swedish Academy of Music - Official site Joseph Martin Kraus A page dedicated to Joseph Martin Kraus - "Swedish Mozart", with a list of further links