Gossypium is a genus of flowering plants in the tribe Gossypieae of the mallow family, Malvaceae from which cotton is harvested. It is native to subtropical regions of the Old and New Worlds. There are about 50 Gossypium species, making it the largest genus in the tribe Gossypieae, new species continue to be discovered; the name of the genus is derived from the Arabic word goz. Cotton is the primary natural fibre used by modern humans. Where cotton is cultivated it is a main protein source for animal feed. Cotton is thus of great importance for agriculture and trade for tropical and subtropical countries in Africa, South America and Asia; the genus Gossypium has long attracted the attention of scientists. The origin of the genus Gossypium is dated to around 5–10 million years ago. Gossypium species are distributed in arid to semiarid regions of the subtropics. Shrubs or shrub-like plants, the species of this genus are extraordinarily diverse in morphology and adaptation, ranging from fire-adapted, herbaceous perennials in Australia to trees in Mexico.
Cultivated cottons are perennial shrubs most grown as annuals. Plants are 1–2 m high in modern cropping systems, sometimes higher in traditional, multiannual cropping systems, now disappearing; the leaves are lobed, with three to five lobes. The seeds are contained in a capsule called a "boll", each seed surrounded by fibres of two types; these fibres are the more commercially interesting part of the plant and they are separated from the seed by a process called ginning. At the first ginning, the longer fibres, called staples, are removed and these are twisted together to form yarn for making thread and weaving into high quality textiles. At the second ginning, the shorter fibres, called "linters", are removed, these are woven into lower quality textiles. Commercial species of cotton plant are G. barbadense, G. arboreum and G. herbaceum. Many varieties of cotton have been developed by selective breeding and hybridization of these species. Experiments are ongoing to cross-breed various desirable traits of wild cotton species into the principal commercial species, such as resistance to insects and diseases, drought tolerance.
Cotton fibres occur in colours of white, brown and some mixing of these. Most wild cottons are diploid, but a group of five species from America and Pacific islands are tetraploid due to a single hybridization event around 1.5 to 2 million years ago. The tetraploid species are G. hirsutum, G. tomentosum, G. mustelinum, G. barbadense, G. darwinii. Gossypium arboreum L. – tree cotton Gossypium herbaceum L. – Levant cotton Gossypium raimondii Ulbr. – one of the putative progenitor species of tetraploid cotton, alongside G. arboreum Gossypium thurberi Tod. – Arizona wild cotton Gossypium barbadense L. – Creole cotton/Sea Island Cotton Gossypium darwinii G. Watt – Darwin's cotton Gossypium hirsutum L. – upland cotton Gossypium mustelinum Miers ex G. Watt Gossypium tomentosum Nutt. Ex Seem – Maʻo or Hawaiian cotton Gossypium australe F. Muell Gossypium sturtianum J. H. Willis – Sturt's desert rose Gossypioides brevilanatum J. B. Hutch. Gossypioides kirkii J. B. Hutch. Kokia drynarioides Lewton A public genome sequencing effort of cotton was initiated in 2007 by a consortium of public researchers.
They agreed on a strategy to sequence the genome of allotetraploid cotton. "Allotetraploid" means that the genomes of these cotton species comprise two distinct subgenomes, referred to as the At and Dt. The strategy is to sequence first the D-genome relative of allotetraploid cottons, G. raimondii, a wild South American cotton species, because of its smaller size due to less repetitive DNA. It has nearly one-third the number of bases of tetraploid cotton, each chromosome is only present once; the A genome of G. arboreum, the'Old-World' cotton species, would be sequenced next. Its genome is twice the size of G. raimondii's. Once both A and D genome sequences are assembled research could begin to sequence the actual genomes of tetraploid cultivated cotton varieties; this strategy is out of necessity. There would be no way to untangle the mess of AD sequences without comparing them to their diploid counterparts; the public sector effort continues with the goal to create a high-quality, draft genome sequence from reads generated by all sources.
The public-sector effort has generated Sanger reads of BACs, plasmids, as well as 454 reads. These types of reads will be instrumental in assembling an initial draft of the D genome. In 2010, two companies, completed enough Illumina sequencing to cover the D genome of G. raimondii about 50x. They announced; this public relations effort gave them some recognition for sequencing the cot
Dogma 19 is a movement in DIY music production developed in the late 2010s by interdisciplinary artists and members of The Unilalia Group, an independent label based in Washington state. It is an adaptation of the logic and principle behind Dogme 95, a Danish filmmaking movement, this time applied to the arena of the voice as opposed to the moving image. Characterized early on as "strange Ugly Mane-esque satirical seriousness", music coming from The Unilalia Group has always demonstrated a low-budget approach to pushing creative and stylistic boundaries in the studio of the vocalist. Dogma 19 represents a conventionalization of this approach, ready for distribution. Dogma 19 is a critical reaction to the advent of social media and its transformation of the art world, consumption patterns, the palette of the consumer. Pulled directly from its manifesto: "The purpose of Dogma 19 is to cultivate a new authenticity in the workrooms and studios of the vocalist in particular – the advent of clout culture and its copy and paste styles of expression have contributed to a decline of artistry in exchange for cultural assimilation.
Public channels become flooded with oversaturated, duplicative content while access points are consolidated. Multimedia conglomerates and subsidiary labels alike project baseless archetypes, coded messages, manufactured associations which in turn shape the cultural palette of today's consumer – entertainment has conquered creativity as capital drives the art world, irrespective of medium." A set of rules and restrictions were developed to rejuvenate the creative process. Dogma 19 seeks to purify the creative process of the vocalist by forbidding the use of expensive and otherwise spectacular special effects, pitch correction and other technical gimmicks, it is a challenge, a test, a ritualization of the vocalist's approach designed to raise talent and ingenuity to the forefront of the audience's concerns. Listeners are brought closer to their attention no longer distracted by overproduction. Dogma 19 records are characterized by a conformation to the following rules: All writing and recording must be done alone, in isolation.
Ghostwriters, writing in groups, or anything remotely similar is forbidden. Vocalist must only use GarageBand. External plugins are forbidden. Built-in plugin use limited to Pitch Shifter, Fuzz-Wah and Channel EQ only. Any use of autotune, quantizers, or anything similar is forbidden. Vocalist must do all engineering by themselves. All outside assistance is forbidden. All instrumentation must be externally licensed. Vocalist must record in same space they sleep in: all professional studios are forbidden. Features are forbidden, no exceptions. Records must be conceptual narrative works. Lo-fi genre records are not acceptable. Budget must not exceed $500. To Unilalia: Official Trailer The Highway
The Dominican Republic is divided into thirty–one provincias, while the national capital, Santo Domingo, is contained within its own Distrito Nacional. The division of the country into provinces is enacted by law; the latter is Law 5220 on the Territorial Division of the Dominican Republic, issued 1959 and amended to create new provinces and lower-level administrative units. The provinces are the first–level administrative subdivisions of the country; the headquarters of the central government's regional offices are found in the capital cities of provinces. The president appoints an administrative governor for each province but not for the Distrito Nacional; the provinces are divided into municipalities, which are the second–level political and administrative subdivisions of the country. The Distrito Nacional was created in 1936. Prior to this, the Distrito National was the old Santo Domingo Province, in existence since the country's independence in 1844, it is not to be confused with the new Santo Domingo Province split off from it in 2001.
While it is similar to a province in many ways, the Distrito Nacional differs in its lack of an administrative governor and consisting only of one municipality, Santo Domingo, the city council and mayor which are in charge of its administration. The provinces are constituencies for the elections to the bicameral National Congress; each province elects one member of the Senate and a guaranteed minimum of two members of the Chamber of Deputies. The following is a table of their capital cities; the population figures are from the 2014 population estimate. Geography of the Dominican Republic Demographics of Dominican Republic ISO_3166-2:DO Oficina Nacional de Estadística. Official statistics portal of the Dominican Republic. Blog of the Dominican Republic, news and music
Pandwa is one of the administrative community development block of Palamu district, Jharkhand state, India. The Pandwa block has 8,985 households with aggregate population of 46,957; the block has about 34 villages. Pandwa a Taluka/Block, close to Medininager Palamu, is located 18 km from Medininagar. Pandwa is a part of Chhatarpur. Pandwa is located in north of Daltonganj, it is well connected by NH 98. Pandwa mod is one of the main landmark in this place; this is one of the junction point of Palamu district. One junction goes towards Lamipatra. Second junction goes towards Bihar through Amba and Hariharganj. Third junction goes towards Garwa towards NH75, it is well covered by Vodafone, Uninor, Reliance, BSNL, Idea, Airtel 3G, like cellular networks. ATM facility is available here for SBI near Pandwa Branch. Pandwa mandal/Block consists of 8 Panchayats; the following are the list of Panchayats in the Block: There are about 34 villages in Pandwa block, which you can browse from villages list below. Languages spoken here include Asuri, an Austroasiatic language spoken by 17,000 in India in the southern part of Palamu.
2 RK High School- RK middle school A small market called as Pandwa bazaar is situated in middle of the block which 1 km away from Pandwa block administrative building. Common shops like kirana, general store, cloth shop, fashion stores, jewelry stores, medicine stores etc. exists here in huge number. A police station is situated at the heart of Pandwa block; this police station is one of the important police station in Palamu district. Two Banks are situated nearby Pandwa Bazaar, they are State Bank of Palamu kshetriya Gramin Bank. SBI Bank has 24 hr ATM facility. Chhatarpur Assembly Palamu Loksabha constituency Jharkhand Legislative Assembly Jharkhand Palamu Blocks of Palamu district Details of Pandwa block Details of villages under Pandwa block
Now That's What I Call Disco or Now Disco is a triple-disc compilation album, released in the United Kingdom on 26 August 2013. It includes 62 classic hits from the disco era. Chic - Good Times The Jacksons - Shake Your Body Sister Sledge - We Are Family The Trammps - Disco Inferno Earth, Wind & Fire - Boogie Wonderland Donna Summer - I Feel Love Diana Ross - Upside Down Village People - Y. M. C. A. Kool & the Gang - Celebration Boney M. - Rasputin Gloria Gaynor - I Will Survive ABBA - Dancing Queen Tavares - More Than A Woman Ottawan - D. I. S. C. O; the Ritchie Family - The Best Disco in Town KC & the Sunshine Band - Get Down Tonight Shalamar - A Night to Remember Lipps Inc. - Funkytown Evelyn "Champagne" King - Shame Candi Staton - Young Hearts Run Free Rose Royce - Is It Love You're After Sister Sledge - He's the Greatest Dancer KC & the Sunshine Band - That's the Way Donna Summer - Hot Stuff Diana Ross - I'm Coming Out Rufus & Chaka Khan - Ain't Nobody Labelle - Lady Marmalade Gibson Brothers - Cuba Village People - In the Navy Kool & the Gang - Ladies' Night The Real Thing - Can You Feel the Force?
The Gap Band - Oops Up Side Your Head Heatwave - Boogie Nights Michael Zager Band - Let's All Chant The Hues Corporation - Rock the Boat Barry White - You're the First, the Last, My Everything George McCrae - Rock Your Baby Van McCoy & The Soul City Symphony - The Hustle The Whispers - And the Beat Goes On McFadden & Whitehead - Ain't No Stoppin' Us Now Narada Michael Walden - I Shoulda Loved Ya Stacy Lattisaw - Jump to the Beat The Jacksons - Blame It on the Boogie Chic - Le Freak Rose Royce - Car Wash Earth, Wind & Fire - September Odyssey - Native New Yorker Sheila B. Devotion - Spacer Sylvester - You Make Me Feel A Taste Of Honey - Boogie Oogie Oogie Silver Convention - Get Up And Boogie Yvonne Elliman - If I Can't Have You Anita Ward - Ring My Bell Cheryl Lynn - Got to Be Real Alicia Bridges - I Love the Nightlife Chaka Khan - I'm Every Woman Thelma Houston - Don't Leave Me This Way Yarbrough & Peoples - Don't Stop The Music Dan Hartman - Relight My Fire Patrice Rushen - Forget Me Nots Quincy Jones featuring Dune - Ai No Corrida Cerrone - Supernature Two Man Sound - Que Tal America Now That's What I Call Disco
Yuki Chikudate is a Japanese-American musician. She was the main keyboardist of the dream pop band Asobi Seksu. In 2001, she founded the dream pop band Asobi Seksu with guitarist James Hanna, bassist Glenn Waldman and drummer Keith Hopkin; the band released their debut album in 2004. The following album, Citrus was released after a lineup change; the band released Hush and Fluorescence in 2009 and 2011 after a second lineup change. In 2013, the band announced an indefinite hiatus. In May 2009, Chikudate released the "Sampo" single with Pocket, featuring remixes by Mux Mool, Blue Eyes, Craig Wedren. Chikudate was born in Japan to an Okinawan mother, has stated that apart from her mother, most of her maternal relatives reside in Okinawa. In her early childhood, she moved to Southern California with her parents and spent her childhood there. At age 16, she moved to New York by herself, leaving behind her family