45th Academy Awards

The 45th Academy Awards were presented Tuesday, March 27, 1973, at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles, honoring the best films of 1972. The ceremonies were presided over by Carol Burnett, Michael Caine, Charlton Heston, Rock Hudson; the ceremony was marked by Marlon Brando's boycott of the Oscars and his sending of Sacheen Littlefeather to explain why he would not show up to collect his Best Actor award for The Godfather, by Charlie Chaplin's only competitive Oscar win for Best Original Dramatic Score for his 20-year-old film Limelight, eligible because it did not screen in Los Angeles until 1972. Chaplin had received honorary Academy Awards in 1929 and 1972. Cabaret, Bob Fosse's adaptation of the Broadway stage musical, set a record for the most Oscars won without winning Best Picture. Best Picture winner The Godfather received only three Academy Awards; this year was the first time. This was the first year when all the Oscar winners were brought out on stage at the end of the ceremony.

Winners are listed first in boldface. L. B. Abbott and A. D. Flowers for the visual effects of The Poseidon Adventure Charles S. Boren Edward G. Robinson It was announced, on February 12, 1973, that The Godfather received 11 nominations, more than any other film that year; this was reduced to 10 nominations after a new vote by the Academy's music branch, following a controversy over whether Nino Rota's score for The Godfather was eligible for the nomination it received. For the re-balloting, members of the music branch chose from six films: The Godfather and the five films, on the shortlist for best original dramatic score but did not get nominated. John Addison's score for Sleuth won this new vote, thus replaced Rota's score on the official list of nominees; the controversy arose, according to Academy President Daniel Taradash, because the love theme in The Godfather had been used by Rota in Fortunella, an Italian movie from several years earlier. The nominations in the category of Best Original Song were not announced in February with the rest of the nominations because of "a mixup in balloting".

It was reported that the Academy had been considering whether Curtis Mayfield's song "Freddie's Dead" from the film Super Fly should be eligible. The song was ruled ineligible for a nomination. Academy governor John Green was quoted as saying: "Times have changed. In the old days Hollywood made 30 or 40 musicals a year, there were plenty of songs to choose from. Now there are hardly any, most of the eligible songs are themes. Both the lyric and the music must be heard on the sound track to be eligible." The following individuals, listed in order of appearance, presented awards or performed musical numbers. 30th Golden Globe Awards 1972 in film 15th Grammy Awards 24th Primetime Emmy Awards 25th Primetime Emmy Awards 26th British Academy Film Awards 27th Tony Awards

Richard Eve

Richard Eve FRGS was a solicitor and notary in Aldershot in Hampshire in the 19th century and a prominent Freemason, the Grand Treasurer of the United Grand Lodge of England in 1889, the Chairman of the Royal Masonic School for Boys. He defended Ahmed ‘Urabi in Cairo when he was tried by the restored Khedivate on 3 December 1882 following the ‘Urabi Revolt which had led to the Anglo-Egyptian War. Eve was born in Bromsgrove Street in Kidderminster, the youngest son of Ann and John Eve, the foreman in a local carpet factory. After leaving school Eve was articled to a solicitors' office in Leamington Spa in 1846, he joined Brecknock Lodge No. 936 in Brecon in Wales in 1861 during a short period there. He set up his own small solicitor's office in Aldershot at the time the British Army was expanding its presence in the area. Here he joined Panmure Lodge No 723. Over the next 15 years his Aldershot legal practice expanded and he became a prominent local citizen, entering politics and serving on various local authorities and becoming Lord of the Manor of Farnborough in Hampshire and a County Councillor for Hampshire.

He defended Ahmed ‘Urabi in Cairo when he was tried by the restored Khedivate on 3 December 1882 following the ‘Urabi Revolt which had led to the Anglo-Egyptian War. Eve stood unsuccessfully as a Liberal candidate for Parliament five times, once contesting the Kidderminster constituency. At the same time he further developed his interest in Freemasonry, joining the Grand Master’s Lodge No. 1 in London in 1884. Eve was appointed as Treasurer of Supreme Grand Chapter in 1887 and Grand Treasurer of the United Grand Lodge of England in 1889. Eve was Chairman of the Royal Masonic School for Boys management board from 1891 until his death in 1900. In 1899 a Lodge was formed, linked to the Boys’ School. A history of the Lodge states that it "had its origin in the wish of many admirers of Richard Eve to perpetuate his name as a worthy citizen of London and as a sterling worker in the Masonic cause."Richard Eve was taken ill in London where he had gone for the laying of a foundation stone for the Boys’ School, died at 11 Nottingham Place in Marylebone of a seizure a few days on 7 July 1900.

He was buried in Aldershot Cemetery where a large granite memorial of the figure of Charity and a child adorns his grave. He never married, his estate of £34,199 6s 8d was left to fellow solicitors and the Cottage Hospital in Aldershot; the Masonic funeral was reported in The Freemason on 21 July 1900. “Bro Eve had found in life manifold points of sympathetic contact with his fellows and on this day his friends rose up from all parts of England to pay a last tribute of respect to his memory... It was a inspiring sight -- this long procession of black-coated men; the great body of Masons marched in twos in front of the carriage. There were about 100 of them, all wearing the customary white gloves and carrying their sprigs of acacia.” A 29 foot tall monumental drinking fountain to Eve's memory was unveiled in Brinton Park in Kidderminster in 1902. This was raised by "Admiring friends to keep his memory green in his native town which he ardently loved." The monument is faced with glazed Doulton tiles in green and bronze and a portrait of Eve in profile.

Richard Eve at Find a Grave