Governor of Jalisco
The following is a list of governors of the Mexican state of Jalisco from 1921. The current constitution indicates a term 6 years in length, which cannot be renewed under any circumstances, it stipulates the qualifications for becoming governor: a Mexican citizen by birth, at least 30 years of age, a resident of Jalisco for at least 5 years prior to election. Elections are held one year after presidential elections.: Basilio Badillo: Antonio Valadez Ramírez: Francisco Tolentino: José Guadalupe Zuno: Clemente Sepúlveda: Silvano González: Daniel Benitez: Margarito Ramírez: José María Cuellar: Ruperto García Alba: Ignacio Mora: Juan Robledo: Sebastián Allende: Everardo Copete: Silvano González: Marcelino García Barragán: Saturnino Coronado: José Jesús González Gallardo: Agustín Yáñez: Juan Preciado: José de Jesús Muñóz: Francisco Medina Ascencio: Alberto Orozco Romero: Flavio Romero de Velasco: Enrique Álvarez Castillo: Francisco Rodríguez Gómez: Guillermo Vidal: Carlos Rivera Acevedo: Alberto Cárdenas Jiménez: Francisco Javier Ramírez Acuña: Gerardo Octavio Solís Gómez: Emilio González Márquez: Aristóteles Sandoval: Enrique Alfaro Ramírez List of Mexican state governors
Governor of Aguascalientes
List of Governors of the Mexican state of Aguascalientes
Governor of Nuevo León
The Mexican state of Nuevo León has been governed by more than a hundred individuals in its history, who have had various titles and degrees of responsibility depending on the prevailing political regime of the time. Under the current regime, executive power rests in a governor, directly elected by the citizens, using a secret ballot, to a six-year term with no possibility of reelection; the position is open only to a Mexican citizen by birth, at least 30 years old with at least five years residency in Nuevo León. The governor's term finishes on October 3 six years later. Elections occur 3 years before/after presidential elections. Luis Carvajal y de la Cueva, 1580–1588 Diego de Montemayor, 1588–1610 Diego de Montemayor, 1610–1611 Diego Rodríguez, 1612–1614 Agustín de Zavala, 1614–1625 Martín de Zavala, 1625–1664 León de Alza, 1665–1667 Nicolás de Azcárraga, 1667–1676 Domingo de Prudena, 1676–1681 Blas de la Garza y Falcón, 1681 Domingo de Videgaray y Zarza, 1681 Francisco de la Calancha y Valenzuela, 1681 Blas de la Garza Falcón, 1681 Juan de Echeverría, 1681–1682 Diego de Villarreal, 1682–1683 Alonso de León, 1683–1684 Antonio de Echevérez y Subiza, 1684–1687 Francisco Cuervo de Valdés, 1687–1688 Pedro Fernández de la Ventosa, 1688–1693 Juan Pérez de Merino, 1693–1698 Juan Francisco de Vergara y Mendoza 1698–1703 Francisco Báez Treviño, 1703–1705 Gregorio de Salinas Varona, 1705–1707 Cipriano García de Pruneda, 1707–1708 Luis García de Pruneda 1708–1710 Francisco Mier y Torre, 1710–1714 Francisco Báez Treviño 1714–1718 Juan Ignacio Flores Mogollón 1718 Francisco de Barbadillo y Vitoria, 1719–1723 Juan José de Arriaga y Brambila, 1723–1725 Pedro de Sarabia Cortés, 1725–1729 Bernardino de Meneses Monroy y Mendoza, 1730–1731 Juan Antonio Fernández de Jáuregui y Urrutia, 1731–1740 Pedro del Barrio Junco y Espriella, 1740–1746 Vicente Bueno de Borbolla, 1746–1751 Pedro del Barrio Junco y Espriella, 1752–1757 Juan Manuel Muñoz de Villavicencio, 1757–1762 Carlos de Velasco, 1762–1764 Ignacio Ussel y Guimbarda, 1764–1772 Francisco de Echegaray, 1772–1773 Melchor Vidal de Lorca y Villena, 1773 Vicente González de Santianes, 1773–1788 Manuel Bahamonde y Villamil, 1788–1795 Simón de Herrera y Leyva, 1795–1810 Manuel de Santa María, 1810–1811 José Santiago Villarreal, 1811 Blas José Gómez de Castro, 1811–1813 Ramón Díaz Bustamante, 1813 José Antonio Mujica, 1814 Froilán de Mier y Noguera, 1815 Francisco Bruno Barreda, 1816 and 1818–1821 Bernardo Villamil, 1817–1818 Juan de Echandía 1822 Francisco de Mier y Noriega, 1823 José Antonio Rodríguez, 1824 José María Parás, 1825–1827 and 1848–1850 Manuel Gómez Castro, 1827–1829 and 1833 Joaquín García, 1829–1833 and 1837–1839 Manuel María de Llano, 1833–1834 and 1839–1845.
Juan Nepomuceno de la Garza y Evía, 1835–1837 and 1845–1846 José María Ortega, 1841 Pedro de Ampudia, 1846 and 1853–1854 Pedro José García, 1850–1851 Agapito García Dávila, 1851–1853 Mariano Morret, 1854 Jerónimo Cardona, 1854–1855 Santiago Vidaurri, 1855–1859 and 1860–1864 José Silvestre Aramberri, 1859 Jesús María Benítez y Pinillos, 1864 Mariano Escobedo, 1865 Simón de la Garza Melo, 1865 Mariano Escobedo, 1866 Manuel Z. Gómez, 1866–1867 Jerónimo Treviño, 1867–1869 Simón de la Garza Melo, 1869 Lázaro Garza Ayala, 1869 José Eleuterio González, 1870 Jerónimo Treviño.
Governor of Baja California
The Governor of Baja California represents the executive branch of the government of the state of Baja California, per the state's constitution. The official title is "Free and Sovereign State of Baja California", the position is democratically elected for a period of 6 years, is not re-electable; the governor's term begins November 1 of the year of the election and finishes October 31, six years later. The present state of Baja California had its origin in 1888, when President Porfirio Díaz, decreed the division of the Federal Territory of Baja California into two districts, the north and the south; the capital and most of the population of the old territory had been in the south, closer to the area's maritime passage. The north was isolated by the sea and by the desert. Toward end of the 19th century this began to change, with more and more development, it became necessary to divide the territory into two districts; the initial capital of the North District was the port of Ensenada, each one of the two districts remained governed by a political leader appointed by the territory, although they continued being territorial a single unit.
The constitution of 1917 maintained the existence of the Federal Territory divided into two districts, but changed the denomination of the Chief Executive into Governors, maintaining this division until 1931 when two independent Districts were formed from the Federal Territories. In 1952 the north territory became the State Free and Sovereign of Baja California; the individuals that have occupied the governorship of the State of Baja California, in its different denominations, have been the following:: Luis E. Torres: Agustín Sanginés: Abraham Arroniz: Celso Vega: Miguel Mayol: Jacinto Barrera: Manuel Gordillo Escudero: Carlos R. Ptanick: José Dolores Espinoza: Miguel V. Gómez: Francisco N. Vásquez: David Zárate: Esteban Cantú Jiménez: Esteban Cantú Jiménez: Luis M. Salazar: Manuel Balarezo: Epigmenio Ibarra Jr.: Lucas B. Rodríguez: José Inocente Lugo: Abelardo L. Rodríguez: José María Tapia Freyding: Arturo M. Bernal Navarrete: Carlos Trejo y Lerdo de Tejada: Carlos Trejo y Lerdo de Tejada: Agustín Olachea: Arturo M. Elías: Agustín Olachea: Gildardo Magaña: Gabriel Gavira: Rafael Navarro Cortina: Rodolfo Sánchez Taboada: Juan Felipe Rico Islas: Alberto V. Aldrete: Alfonso García González: Braulio Maldonado Sandez: Eligio Esquivel Méndez: Gustavo Aubanel Vallejo: Raúl Sánchez Díaz Martell: Milton Castellanos Everardo: Roberto de la Madrid: Xicoténcatl Leyva Mortera: Oscar Baylón Chacón: Ernesto Ruffo Appel: Héctor Terán Terán: Alejandro González Alcocer: Eugenio Elorduy Walther: José Guadalupe Osuna Millán: Francisco Vega de Lamadrid Biographies of the Governors of Baja California
Governor of Sinaloa
List of governors of the Mexican state of Sinaloa: List of governors of Sinaloa
Governor of San Luis Potosí
The Governor of San Luis Potosí exercises the role of the executive branch of government in the Mexican state of San Luis Potosí, per the Political Constitution of the Free and Sovereign State of San Luis Potosí. The official title is Gobernador Constitucional del Estado Libre y Soberano de San Luis Potosí; the governor is democratically elected for a term of six years, cannot be re-elected. The term begins of September 26 in the year of the election and terminates on September 25, six years later; the state of San Luis Potosí was established in 1824 as one of the original states of the Mexican federation, has thus survived all the varying historic systems of the Mexican government. At a certain point in history, San Luis Potosí was a "Department", as such, the title of the executive varied as well. Gobernadores Constitucionales Carlos Díez Gutiérrez 1877-1898 Blas Escontría Bustamante 1898-1902 Blas Escontría Bustamante 1902-1905 José María Espinosa y Cuevas 1908-1910 José María Espinosa y Cuevas 1910-1911 Rafael Cepeda 1911-1913 Juan G. Barragán Rodríguez 1917-1919 Severino Martínez Gómez 1919-1920 Rafael Nieto Compéan 1920-1923 Aurelio Manrique De Lara 1923-1925 Abel Cano Villa 1925-1927 Saturnino Cedillo Martínez 1927-1931 Ildefonso Turrubiartes 1931-1935 Mateo Fernández Netro 1935-1938 Reynaldo Pérez Gallardo 1939-1941 Gonzalo Natividad Santos Rivera 1943-1949 Ismael Salas Penieres 1949-1955 Manuel Álvarez 1955-1958 Manuel López Dávila 1961-1967 Antonio Rocha Cordero 1967-1973 Guillermo Fonseca Álvarez 1973-1979 Carlos Jonguitud Barrios 1979-1985 Florencio Salazar Martínez 1985-1987 Fausto Zapata Loredo 1991 Horacio Sánchez Unzueta 1993-1997 Fernando Silva Nieto 1997-2003 Jesús Marcelo de los Santos Fraga 2003-2009 Fernando Toranzo Fernández 2009-2015 Juan Manuel Carreras 2015-2021Gobernadores Interinos Juan Flores Ayala 1897-1897 José María Aguirre y Fierro 1906-1906 Arnulfo Pedroza 1911-1911 José Encarnación Ipiña 1911-1911 Antonio F. Alonso 1912-1912 Cayetano García 1912-1912 Francisco Romero 1912-1912 Eulalio Gutiérrez Ortiz 1913-1914 José Refugio Velazco 1914-1914 Pablo González Garza 1914-1914 Ricardo Muñoz 1914-1914 Herminio Álvarez 1914-1915 Adolfo Flores 1915-1915 Emiliano G. Sarabia y M. 1915-1915 Gabriel Garavia Castro 1915-1915 José Carlos Kaperowitz 1915-1915 Vicente Dávila Aguirre 1915-1916 Federico Chapoy 1916-1917 Nicasio Sánchez Salazar 1916-1918 Antonio Vives 1917-1917 Rafael Castillo Vega 1917-1917 Severino Martínez Gómez 1918-1919 Manuel I.
Vildósola 1919-1919 Mariano Flores 1919-1919 Rafael Segura 1919-1919 José Santos Alonso 1920-1920 Pedro Moctezuma 1920-1920 Rafael Curiel 1920-1920 Pedro Martínez Noriega 1920-1921 Ángel Silva 1921-1921 Gabriel Martínez 1921-1921 Gonzalo Natividad Santos Rivera 1921-1921 José Fraga 1921-1921 José Santos Alonso 1921-1921 Gabriel Macías 1921-1922 Alfredo E. Garza 1922-1922 Ángel Silva 1922-1922 Manuel Rodríguez 1922-1922 Pío Mendoza 1922-1922 Santiago Rincón Gallardo 1922-1922 Gabriel Macías 1923-1923 Jorge Prieto Laurents 1923-1923 Lorenzo Nieto Pro 1923-1923 Graciano Sánchez Romo 1924-1924 Hilario Hermosillo 1924-1924 Octaviano Rangel 1924-1924 Ricardo Aldape 1924-1925 Hilario Hermosillo 1925-1925 Rafael Chávez 1925-1925 Rutiló Alamilla 1926-1926 Marcelino Zúñiga 1927-1927 Timoteo B. Guerrero 1927-1927 Eugenio Jiménez 1928-1928 Timoteo B. Guerrero 1928-1928 Eugenio Jiménez 1929-1929 Vicente Segura 1929-1929 Eugenio Jiménez 1930-1930 Baldomero Zapata 1931-1931 Ignacio Cuellar 1931-1931 Luis M. Lárraga 1931-1931 Aureliano G. Anaya 1934-1934 Benigno Sandoval 1934-1934 Rubén Solís 1935-1935 Arturo Leija 1937-1937 José Pilar García 1938-1938 Miguel Álvarez Acosta 1938-1938 Benito C.
Flores 1940-1940 Celedonio E. Terrazas 1940-1940 David González 1940-1940 Luis Aguilera 1940-1940 Rafael Santos Lazcano 1940-1940 Felipe Cardiel Reyes 1941-1941 Hilario Hermosillo 1941-1941 José Ma. Escobedo 1941-1941 Agustín Olivo Monsiváis 1958-1959 Teófilo Torres Corzo 1992-1993Gobernadores Substitutos Juan Flores Ayala 1897-1897 Blas Escontría Bustamante 1898-1898 Joaquín Arguinzoniz 1900-1900 José María Espinosa y Cuevas 1906-1906 Francisco A. Noyola 1909-1909 Rafael Cepeda 1911-1911 Agustín García Hernández 1913-1913 Arturo A. Amaya 1914-1914 Camilo Lozano 1914-1914 Mariano Palau 1914-1914 Francisco Martínez De La Vega 1959-1961 Leopoldino Ortiz Santos 1987-1991 San Luis Potosí Gobierno
Abraham González (governor)
Abraham González de Hermosillo y Casavantes was the provisional and constitutional governor of the Mexican state of Chihuahua during the early period of the Mexican Revolution. He was the political mentor to the revolutionary Pancho Villa, whom he had met and befriended before the revolution. González was born on his family's estates in Guerrero Municipality, Chihuahua, he was a member of one of the richest and best-educated families in the state. He was educated at the University of Notre Dame, in Notre Dame, Indiana, his paternal line is from Teocaltiche, Jalisco belonging to the González de Hermosillo y Gómez Rendón family with Y-DNA matches with other González de Hermosillo families of Jalisco. As with Francisco Madero, the scion of one of the richest landowning families in Coahuila and educated abroad, Abraham González had suffered under the favoritism of Porfirio Díaz's political system. In Chihuahua, the dominant political clique was the Terrazas-Creel family, which had vast land holdings and strong political connections to Díaz.
González "was unable to hold out against the competition of the large haciendas those belonging to the Terrazas-Creel clan." After Madero wrote his book, The Presidential Succession of 1910 and the political movement of elites against Díaz's election grew, González became the head of the Anti-Re-electionist Club in Chihuahua. González was one of the main leaders of the Maderista Junta Revolucionaria Mexicana, the movement which opposed the re-election of dictator Porfirio Díaz in 1910. González was president of the Benito Juárez Anti-Re-electionist Club and met with Francisco Madero in Chihuahua. At the time, Madero had not yet chosen his running mate, when González asked who he preferred, Madero said Francisco Vázquez Gómez. González declared for Vázquez Gómez; when Madero issued his Plan de San Luis Potosí, calling for rebellion against Díaz after the fraudulent 1910 election, he counted on González, among others, to rise up. During the early phases of the Revolution, González was appointed provisional governor of the State of Chihuahua on October 1910 by Francisco Madero.
After the success of the Madero revolution in 1911, González was appointed interim governor in June 1911 pending elections. He was elected governor in his own right in August 1911. In October 1911, González obtained a leave of absence, approved by the Chihuahua legislature, from the office of governor so that he could serve on Madero’s cabinet in Mexico City. On November 6, 1911, he was sworn in as the Minister of Internal Affairs; as one of the Madero cabinet ministers who had served in the revolution against Díaz, González was a target of the conservative press. He served in this capacity until February 1912, when he returned to Chihuahua due to the seriousness of the Pascual Orozco rebellion against Madero, he served as governor of the state until his arrest and murder by officials of the Victoriano Huerta regime in March 1913. After the assassination of President Francisco I. Madero and Vice-President José María Pino Suárez during La decena trágica, González was forced to resign from his post as governor and arrested on February 25, 1913, on orders of General Antonio Rábago, a subordinate of Victoriano Huerta.
During González's incarceration, he was held in the same complex in the Federal Palace of Chihuahua that had housed Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla prior to his execution a century before, during the war for Mexico's independence. On 7 March, he was taken aboard a train on the pretense of being transferred to Mexico City, he was removed from the train and murdered in Bachimba Canyon, about 40 miles south of Chihuahua, Chihuahua on direct orders from Huerta. Who had been responsible for ordering the murders of Madero and Pino Suárez in order to assume power, his nephew, Colonel Fernando González y González and Pancho Villa recovered González's remains and gave him a hero's funeral in the city of Chihuahua. He is buried in the Rotunda of Illustrious Chihuahuans under the Angel of Liberty monument in the Plaza Mayor in Chihuahua City. Almada, Francisco R. La revolución en el estado de Chihuahua. 2 vols. Mexico City: Talleres Gráficos de la Nación 1965. Almada, Francisco R. Vida, Proceso, y Muerte de Abraham González.
Mexico City: Talles Gráficos de la Nación 1967. Beezley, William H. "Revolutionary Governor: Abraham González and the Mexican Revolution in Chihuahua, 1909-1913." PhD dissertation, University of Nebraska 1968. Katz, Friedrich; the Secret War in Mexico. Chicago: University of Chicago Press 1981. Osorio Zúñiga, Rubén, "Abraham González Casavantes" in Encyclopedia of Mexico, vol. 1, pp. 606–607. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn 1997. Conmemoran aniversario luctuoso de Abraham González Two articles on his life