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Governor of Hong Kong

The Governor of Hong Kong was the representative in Hong Kong of the British Crown from 1843 to 1997. In this capacity, the governor was president of the Executive Council and Commander-in-Chief of the British Forces Overseas Hong Kong; the governor's roles were defined in the Hong Kong Letters Royal Instructions. Upon the end of British rule and the transfer of Hong Kong to the People's Republic of China in 1997, most of the civil functions of this office went to the Chief Executive of Hong Kong, military functions went to the Commander of the People's Liberation Army Hong Kong Garrison. Authorities and duties of the governor were defined in the Hong Kong Letters Patent and Royal Instructions in 1843; the governor, appointed by the British monarch, exercised the executive branch of the Government of Hong Kong throughout British sovereignty and, with the exception of a brief experiment after World War II, no serious attempt was made to introduce representative government, until the final years of British rule.

The Governor of Hong Kong chaired the colonial cabinet, the Executive Council, until 1993, was the President of the Legislative Council. The governor appointed most, if not all, of the members of the colony's legislature, an advisory body until the first indirect election to LegCo was held in 1985. Both Councils were dominated by British expatriates, but this progressively gave way to local Hong Kong Chinese appointees in years; the Governors of Hong Kong were either professional diplomats or senior colonial officials, except for the last governor, Chris Patten, a career politician. In December 1996, the governor's salary was HK$3,036,000 per annum, tax-free, it was fixed at 125% of the Chief Secretary's salary. In the absence of the governor, the chief secretary became the acting governor of the colony; the chief secretaries were drawn from the Colonial Office or British military. One Royal Navy Vice Admiral served as administrator after World War II. Four Japanese military officers served as administrators during the Japanese occupation of Hong Kong in World War II.

The Governor of Hong Kong used a Daimler DS420 for day to day transport and a Rolls-Royce Phantom V landaulette for ceremonial occasions. Both vehicles were removed by the Royal Navy following the handover to China on 1 July 1997; the first governor, Sir Henry Pottinger, 1st Bt. resided in the Former French Mission Building from 1843 to 1846. It was used as the home of the Provisional Government after Japanese surrender from 1945 to 1946; the building now houses the Hong Kong Court of Final Appeal. His successor, Sir John Davis, 1st Bt. lived there before moving to Caine Road. Since the 4th governor, Sir John Bowring, the governors resided at Government House, excluding the period from 1941 to 1946. From 1941 to 1945 the Commandant of Japanese Forces as Military Governor of Hong Kong occupied Flagstaff House as their residence; the residence was returned to the Commander of British Forces following the end of World War II. Charles Elliot, first administrator Sir Henry Pottinger, first governor and first Irishman to serve in the role Sir John Francis Davis, first Sinologist to serve as governor Sir John Bowring, first Puritan to serve as governor Sir John Pope Hennessy, first Irish Catholic to serve as governor Sir Matthew Nathan, first Jew to serve as governor Sir Francis H. May, first police chief to serve as governor and first governor being to suffer an assassination attempt Sir Cecil Clementi, first Indian-born and Cantonese-speaking governor Sir Mark Young, first prisoner of war to serve as governor Takashi Sakai, first Japanese administrator to serve as governor Cecil Harcourt, first British military administrator to serve as governor Sir Murray MacLehose, first non-colonial officer to serve as governor.

Brayden Schnur

Brayden Schnur is a Canadian professional tennis player. Schnur reached a career-high ATP singles ranking of No. 92 in August 2019. He was a part of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill tennis team from January 2014 to May 2016. Schnur turned professional in July 2016 at the Rogers Cup. Schnur was born in Ontario, to Chris Schnur and Anne-Marie Nielsen, he first started playing tennis on public courts near his home in Pickering. Schnur left home at the age of 14 and moved to Bradenton, where he trained with Heath Turpin, he was part of Tennis Canada's National Training Centre from 2011 to 2013 under the guidance of Guillaume Marx. In April 2011, Schnur won the first title of his career on the Junior Circuit at the G5 in Burlington, he played his first professional tournament at the Futures in Indian Harbour Beach in June 2011 where he lost in qualifying. In February 2012, Schnur and fellow Canadian Hugo Di Feo won the doubles title at the G2 junior tournament in La Paz; the pair won the junior doubles title at the GB1 in Tulsa in October 2012.

In July 2013, Schnur reached his first professional singles final at the Futures in Kelowna but was defeated in three sets by compatriot Philip Bester. A month at the Futures in Calgary, Schnur won the first professional singles of his career with a revenge victory over Bester. At the end of August 2013, he became the first Canadian man to win the G1 junior tournament in Repentigny. In November 2013, Schnur won his first pro doubles title with a win over Alex Llompart and Finn Tearney. At the Richmond Futures in June, Schnur made it to his second professional doubles final but lost to Rik de Voest and his partner. Two weeks at the Futures in Saskatoon, he captured the second pro doubles title of his career with a straight sets victory over Mousheg Hovhannisyan and Alexander Sarkissian. In July, Schnur reached the semifinals in doubles of the 2014 Challenger Banque Nationale de Granby. At the Rogers Cup in August, Schnur qualified for his first ATP main draw with wins over world No. 94 Matthew Ebden and 9th seed Yūichi Sugita.

He lost to world No. 51 Andreas Seppi in the first round. In August at the Futures in Calgary, Schnur captured the third doubles title of his career with Tar Heels teammate Jack Murray after defeating Dimitar Kutrovsky and Dennis Nevolo. In late October, Schnur captured the NCAA regional singles title, providing him with a bid into the 2014 National Indoor Championships in New York. Schnur went on to take the 2014 Singles National Indoor Championships. In June 2015 at the Richmond Futures, Schnur reached the third singles final of his career but fell in three sets to compatriot Philip Bester. In July, he was part of the Canadian team at the 2015 Pan American Games in Toronto where he made it to the quarterfinals in singles. In August at the 2015 Rogers Cup qualifying, Schnur upset world No. 98 Ruben Bemelmans in straight sets in the first round but was defeated by world No. 76 Lu Yen-hsun in the final round. Schnur captured his second pro singles title in September 2016 after defeating Tim van Rijthoven at the Calgary Futures.

In September 2016, he won the doubles title at the Niagara-on-the-Lake Futures with fellow Canadian Filip Peliwo and reached the final in singles. In December 2016, he won his third Futures singles title with a victory over JC Aragone in Tallahassee. Schnur won the fourth ITF singles title of his career in April 2017at the 25K in Little Rock with a victory over compatriot Philip Bester, he captured his second straight Futures title three weeks in Abuja, defeating Fabiano de Paula in the final. In January 2018, at his first tournament of the season, he reached the final of his first ATP Challenger at the 75K in Playford, but was defeated by Jason Kubler. In February 2019, the Canadian reached the singles final of the New York Open, where he lost to Reilly Opelka. After reaching the final, his ranking moved to a career-high 107 in the world. Schnur made the men's singles draw of a Grand Slam for the first time at Wimbledon, when he replaced Borna Coric as a lucky loser after the Croatian player withdrew with an injury.

Current through the 2019 New York Open. Official website Brayden Schnur at the Association of Tennis Professionals Brayden Schnur at the International Tennis Federation Brayden Schnur at the Davis Cup North Carolina Tar Heels profile


Udhao is a 2013 Bangladeshi film directed and written by Amit Ashraf. It is an award-winning film, released on September 28 on Star Cineplex and in October 4 commercially in around five cinemas; the film has brought home seven international grants. The casts of the film includes Shahed Ali and Shakil Ahmed in the role of two protagonists – Babu and Akbar – along with Animesh Aich, Ritu Sattar, Nawshaba Ahmed, Shaheen Akhtar Swarna, Saiful Islam and Ithila Islam. Cinematography of the film is quite brilliantly done with distant and close shots of rural areas and greenery. Moreover, in the story a subtle distinction of village and city are drawn, validated by cinematography too. No song is added to the film as a separate item. There are only two folk numbers by Fakir Laal Mia that the actors sometimes hum keeping natural flow of the plot. Visitors at the Cineplex welcomed the director and spoke of the production. "It was wonderful. Good story and good execution of the story," said popular singer Anusheh Anadil.

"Among the actors Shahed Ali in the role of Babu and Shakil Ahmed in the role of Akbar were brilliant," said Kollol Kumar, a visitor. The film is the debutant production of Kazi House Productions. Monir Ahmed as Akbar Rahman Shahed Ali as Babu Nawshaba Ahmed as Mita Animesh Aich as Raj Reetu Satter as Remi Rahman Shahin Akter Swarna as Runa Directed and written by Amit Ashraf Company credits: Kazi House Productions Dragonfly Sound Light House Rain Pictures "Creating an Unlikely Hero". Star Weekend Magazine; the Daily Star. 21 December 2012. "Udhao Amit Ashraf's valiant, debut effort". The Daily Star. "Udhao". The Daily Star. 5 October 2013. Udhao on IMDb Udhao: reality haunts - New Age UDHAO - The Daily Star

History of Meridian, Mississippi

The history of Meridian, Mississippi begins in the early 19th century before European-American settlement. Settled by the Choctaw Indians, the land was bought by the United States according to the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek in 1830; the city grew around the intersection of the Mobile and Ohio Railroad and the Southern Railway of Mississippi and developed a rail-based economy. Although much of the city was burned down in the Battle of Meridian during the American Civil War, the city was rebuilt and entered a "Golden Age." Between about 1890 and 1930, the city was the largest in Mississippi and a leading center for manufacturing in the Southern United States. After the decline of the railroading industry in the 1950s, the city's economy was devastated, resulting in a slow population decline; the population has continued to decline as the city has struggled to create a new, more modern economy based on newer industries. In the past 20 years or so, Meridian has attempted to revitalize the city's economy by attracting more business and industry to the city, most the downtown area.

Under pressure from the US government, the Choctaw Native Americans agreed to removal from all lands east of the Mississippi River under the terms of the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek in 1830. Although many Choctaws moved to present-day Oklahoma, a significant number chose to stay in their homeland, citing Article XIV of the treaty. Today, most Choctaws, who are part of the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians, live on several Indian Reservations located throughout the state; the largest reservation is located in MS, 35 miles northwest of the city. After the treaty was ratified, European-American settlers began to move into the region. In 1831, only a year after the treaty was signed, a Virginian named Richard McLemore became the first settler of Meridian after receiving a federal land grant of about 2,000 acres. McLemore owned most of the land in the area, his plantation home was the only notable residence in the vicinity at the time. To attract more settlers to the region and develop the area, McLemore began offering free land to newcomers.

In 1833, Benjamin Graham received a land grant of 82 acres in the area now known as Valley Road. Another pioneer named James Trussell bought some land from W. C. Trussell, who had purchased the land while it was still part of the Mississippi Territory. By 1833, enough people had migrated to the area to warrant the creation of a county government. In 1853, around the time that construction of the Mobile and Ohio Railroad began in the area, most of Richard McLemore's land was bought by Lewis A. Ragsdale, a lawyer from Alabama, John T. Ball, a merchant from Kemper County. Both men sought to make a profit from the planned crossing of the Mobile and Ohio with the Vicksburg and Montgomery Railroad, but Ragsdale beat Ball to the area by a few days. Ragsdale's bought the McLemore Farm, east of present-day 27th Avenue and included much of what would become the central business district. Ball purchased only 80 acres west of 27th Avenue. McLemore and his family moved north out of the city, Ragsdale moved into McLemore's log home, turning it into a tavern.

Ragsdale and Ball, now known as the founders of the city, began to compete with each other by laying out lots for new development on their respective land sections. The competition intensified over the desired name for the settlement. Ball believed the word "meridian" was synonymous to "junction," so he, along with the industrial citizens of the city, preferred that name, but the agrarian population of the city preferred "Sowashee," which means "mad river" in a Native American language and is the name of a nearby creek. Ragsdale wanted to name the new settlement Ragsdale City after himself. Ball soon erected a small wooden station house and coerced the owners of the Mobile and Ohio Railroad to grant depot privileges to the site; the owners agreed, provided the station was constructed according to their specifications and was furnished at the community's expense. For nearly two years, the site was treated as a mere flag station and denied ordinary station accommodations while the expense of station maintenance fell on Ball himself.

The competition continued between Ball. Each day the sign on the station house would be changed, alternating between Sowashee. Instead of compromising, the two founders began to lay out city streets with differing plans. One day one of them would drive stakes in line with his plan, the next day, the other would pull up his rival's stakes and drive some of his own. Ball laid his streets parallel to the railroad, Ragsdale chose to use true compass headings; the competition is still evident today in the angles. The intersecting area has been described as "having been formed by some giant who playfully gathered up a handful of triangles and dropped them at the junction of two railroads."Eventually the continued development of the railroads led to an influx of railroad workers who overruled the others in the city and left "Meridian" on the station permanently, the town was incorporated as Meridian on February 10, 1860. Meanwhile, the Vicksburg and Montgomery Railroad continued to progress eastward out of Jackson, Mississippi.

It appeared that Ball and Ragsdale had incorrectly anticipated the location of the railroad junction. The railroad was planning to cross the Mobile and Ohio Railroad at Enterprise, but railroad administration could not obtain cooperation from Enterprise officials. Businessmen in Meridian were more than eager for this economic opportunity an

The Man with the Blue Guitar

The Man With the Blue Guitar is a poem published in 1937 by Wallace Stevens. It cantos; the poem has been discussed as taking the form of an imaginary conversation with the subject of Pablo Picasso's 1904 painting The Old Guitarist, which Stevens may have viewed when it was exhibited at the Wadsworth Atheneum in Hartford, Connecticut, in 1934. But Stevens insisted. In a letter dated July 1, 1953, to Professor Renato Poggioli, who had translated his poem into Italian, Stevens wrote: "I had no particular painting of Picasso's in mind and though it might help to sell the book to have one of his paintings on the cover, I don't think we ought to reproduce anything of Picasso's."Paul Mariani, a biographer of Stevens, presented a counterpoint to these objections raised by Stevens concerning the origin of this poem stating, "Despite his denying it, Stevens does seem to have a particular painting in mind here: Picasso's 1903 The Old Guitarist, which portrays an old man with white hair and beard sitting distorted and cross-legged as he plays his guitar.

If Picasso attempted to portray the world of poverty and abject misery, it was because, his own plight as a struggling young artist in Barcelona, where he painted many pictures including this one, of the poor. The painting is entirely done in monochromatic blues and blue-blacks, except for the guitar itself, painted in a warmer brown; the man is blind but, no longer seeing the world around him, he sees more into the reality within."In the poem, an unnamed "they" says, of the titular man, "you do not play things as they are", sparking a prolonged meditation on the nature of art and imagination. Stevens began writing the poem in December 1936, not long after his completion of the poetry collection Owl's Clover in the spring of that year; the Man With the Blue Guitar became one of his most successful long poems, William Carlos Williams wrote at the time that he considered it one of Stevens's best works. Michael Tippett based his guitar sonata, The Blue Guitar, on selected stanzas: 19, 30, 31, from the poem, John Banville's 2015 novel The Blue Guitar draws its title and epigraph from the poem.

Dean Koontz uses lines from the poem as a password in his 2017 book The Silent Corner

Toby Orenstein

Toby Barbara Orenstein née Press is an American theatrical director and educator. She has two honorable mentions for the Tony Honors for Excellence in Theatre. Orenstein was inducted into the Maryland Women's Hall of Fame in 2008. Selected by Eleanor Roosevelt for her federal education project in the Harlem, Orenstein taught Dramaturgy to students in a local public school in the late 1950s. In 1972, at the request of pioneering businessman and philanthropist James Rouse, Orenstein founded the non-profit Columbia Center for Theatrical Arts through which, the nationally acclaimed theatre troupe the Young Columbians was created for the United States Bicentennial. Orenstein established the award-winning Toby's Dinner Theatre in 1975, her commitment to the performing arts is considered legendary. Alongside her work in theatre, Orenstein is a community and social activist, is the president of the board of directors for the Columbia Center for Theatrical Arts, she raises funds for scholarships and community programs including over ten years of producing Labor of Love to raise money for the AIDS Alliance of Howard County.

Orenstein has chaired and directed the Howard County Arts Gala for the Arts Council, participated in the events for the Carson Scholars Fund, directed and produced plays for United Service Organizations and the United States Armed Forces stationed overseas. In 2014, Orenstein was honored with the Leadership Award for Accessibility by the Howard County Commission on Disabilities. Orenstein was born New York City, to Mildred and Sam Press; as a child, Orenstein had an innate proclivity towards drama leading to her first role was as a pilgrim in a kindergarten play. This interest in drama continued through Primary school where she directed shows in school and on the playground with her classmates. Orenstein auditioned for the selective High School of Performing Arts in New York City. Onlookers of the audition described her delivery of a monologue as coming from "the gut." After the initial excitement of the acceptance, Orenstein developed a dislike of the school's "lacking support system." Orenstein says of her time at the Performing Arts school, “ cut-throat competitive, not at all a nurturing environment.”

Subsequently, Orenstein transferred to a local Bronx high school in the middle of her junior year where she where she won best actress and directed the senior show. Upon graduation with a B. F. A. in theatre and a minor in education from Columbia University, Orenstein was selected as one of twelve teachers for Eleanor Roosevelt's federal education project in Harlem, New York called the All Day Neighborhood School Project. Having seen her teach at the Burn Brae Dinner Theatre in Burtonsville, Maryland, in 1972 James Rouse asked Orenstein to move to Columbia, where she became the founder and director of the Columbia Center for Theatrical Arts, a non-profit 501 organization, funded, in part, by the National Endowment for the Arts, the Maryland State Arts Council, the Howard County Arts Council. In 1975, she created the Young Columbians, a dynamic performance troupe of young people aged 8–21, its graduates include several Broadway actors and, most notably, former Howard County resident Edward Norton, an acclaimed actor and Academy Award nominee.

Other notable alumni of the Young Columbians include Steve Blanchard, Caroline Bowman, Grace Davina, Ric Ryder. Performance venues include the White House, Wolf Trap, Walt Disney World, The John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, Merriweather Post Pavilion, The Fillmore, Lake Kittamaqundi, The Ellipse, House of the Temple, the Washington D. C. Temple, others. Since 1979, Orenstein is the Artistic Director and owner of Toby's Dinner Theatre in Columbia, Maryland. Orenstein is married to economist Harold Orenstein. Together they have two children: a son, a daughter, Mindy, they reside in Maryland. High School of Performing Arts Bronx High School Cortland State Teachers' College B. F. A. in Theatre with a minor in education from Columbia University 1985: Voted Columbian of the Year by Columbia Magazine 1990: Howie Award for outstanding contributions to the Arts in Howard County 1996: Helen Hayes Award nomination for Outstanding Director of a Musical 1996: Business Volunteer of the Year, Howard County 1996-99: Voted Best of Baltimore by Baltimore Magazine for Toby's Dinner Theatre 1998: Outstanding Women by the Maryland State Department of Education for creativity and enriching the lives of people in Maryland 1997: AIDS Alliance Community Recognition Award for 10 years of service and guidance 2001: Featured in the book: Lives in Arts: Sixteen Women Who Changed Theatre in Baltimore 2001: Selected Honorary Chair for Howard County Arts Gala 2002: Named to Howard County Women's Hall of Fame 2003: Helen Hayes Award for Outstanding Direction of a Musical, Jekyll & Hyde.

Munsey for Outstanding Director of a Musical, Ragtime, Th