Carlos Alberto Reutemann, nicknamed "Lole", is an Argentine former racing driver who raced in Formula One from 1972 through 1982, became a politician in his native province of Santa Fe, for the Justicialist Party, governor of Santa Fe in Argentina. As a racing driver, Reutemann was among Formula One's leading protagonists between 1972 and 1982, he scored six pole positions. In 1981 while driving for Williams he finished second in the World Drivers' Championship by one point, having been overtaken in the last race of the season. Reutemann finished in third overall three times for three separate teams, 1975 for Brabham, 1978 for Ferrari and 1980 for Williams. To date he is the latest Argentine driver. In terms of race wins, his final Ferrari season in 1978 was his most successful with four wins, but he fell short to the consistency of the Lotus team with Mario Andretti and the late Ronnie Peterson and was not in championship contention to the final race, he finished third, just behind Peterson.
In 1981, Reutemann instead relied on consistency, but narrowly lost out to Nelson Piquet for the title. He became the second Formula One driver after Leo Kinnunen to be at the podium of a World Rally Championship event, when he finished third in the 1980 and 1985 editions of Rally Argentina, he was for three decades the only Formula One driver to score drivers' championship points in both F1 and WRC, until Kimi Räikkönen's eighth place at the 2010 Jordan Rally. As a popular governor and a senator, he has been considered by some, on several occasions, to be a worthy candidate for President, but while he considered running for president in the 2011 Argentine general election he declined to do so. Descended from a Swiss-German grandfather, an Argentine father and an Italian mother, Reutemann was the first successful Argentine Formula One driver since the retirement of five-time World Champion Juan Manuel Fangio in 1958, he first raced in 1965 in a Fiat saloon car. After racing touring cars and Formula 2 in Argentina, he moved to Europe in 1970 to drive a Brabham for the Automobile Club of Argentina Team in the European Formula 2 series.
He received attention when he took out Austrian Formula One driver Jochen Rindt on the first lap of his first race at Hockenheim, but carried on to finish fourth. The next season, he finished a close second in the series to Sweden's Ronnie Peterson. Brabham F1 team boss Bernie Ecclestone signed Reutemann to drive alongside veteran and two-time World Champion Graham Hill for the 1972 season. At the first race, in front of his home crowd at Buenos Aires for his first Grand Prix, Reutemann qualified his Brabham BT34 on pole position; this was a feat performed only by Mario Andretti, since matched only by Jacques Villeneuve. He finished the race in seventh after having to pit to replace his soft tyres, the main highlight for the rest of the year was his win in the non-Championship Interlagos Grand Prix. Teamed with Brazilian Wilson Fittipaldi Júnior for the 1973 season, Reutemann scored two podium finishes and seventh in the Drivers' Championship. For 1974, the Gordon Murray-designed Brabham BT44 was a vast improvement and the team finished a close fifth in the Constructors' Championship.
Reutemann took the first three victories of his F1 career at South Africa and the United States. He might have won the first race of the year in Argentina, but the Brabham team failed to properly fuel his car and he ran out of fuel with less than two laps to go while safely in the lead. Though he matched Drivers' Champion Emerson Fittipaldi's win total, inconsistent performances in the other races left Reutemann sixth in the season standings. Five podium finishes in 1975, including a win in Germany at the old Nürburgring, allowed Reutemann to place third in that year's Championship; the Brabham team switched to the Alfa Romeo flat-12 engine for 1976 and suffered from serious reliability problems. After seven retirements and only one finish in the points in the first twelve races, Reutemann negotiated a release from his Brabham contract to sign with Ferrari, looking for a temporary replacement for the injured Niki Lauda. Lauda's unexpected speedy recovery resulted in Reutemann racing only once for the team, in a third car at Monza, sitting out for the final three races.
For the 1977 Ferrari opted to keep the now recovered Lauda and have Reutemann replacing Clay Regazzoni, who moved on to the Ensign team. In the first two races, Reutemann finished third in Argentina and won in Brazil, outdriving Lauda in both events, taking the Championship lead. Over the course of the season, Lauda reaffirmed his position as team leader. Lauda won his second Championship; when Lauda moved to Brabham in 1978, Reutemann became the senior member of the Ferrari team, joined by the young Canadian Gilles Villeneuve. Reutemann used the Ferrari 312T2 to win in Brazil, a 312T3 to win in Britain and twice in the United States. However, the Lotus team was dominant once their new model 79 was introduced at Monaco, Reutemann finished a close third in the points standings behind Andretti and Peterson. With an opening at Lotus in 1979 after the death of Ronnie Peterson, Reutemann decided to move from Ferrari to Lotus; the first few races went well for him – highlights being forceful second places in Argentina and Spain, plus third places at Brazil and Monaco – but, as the season wore on, the team struggled while Jody Scheckter won the title for Ferrari.
After four podiums and six points finishes in the first seve
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María Eugenia Vidal
María Eugenia Vidal is the current Governor of the province of Buenos Aires, being the first woman and the first non-Peronist since 1987 to be voted into office. She is affiliated with the Republican Proposal party. In 2008 she was appointed Minister of Social Development in the City of Buenos Aires by Mayor Mauricio Macri, who in 2011 appointed her to Deputy Mayor of the city of Buenos Aires. Vidal was born in Buenos Aires, she was raised in the Flores ward and enrolled in the Pontifical Catholic University of Argentina, earning a degree in Political Science. She met Ramiro Tagliaferro, a classmate at the university, they married in 1998, she began her career in Grupo Sophia, a think tank founded by Horacio Rodríguez Larreta. She was named director of the group's social policy desk in 2000, as well as of Fundación Creer y Crecer, a think tank organized by Commitment to Change, a conservative political party led by mayoral candidate Mauricio Macri, she is a member of Washington D. C. based think The Inter-American Dialogue.
Vidal was elected to the Buenos Aires City Legislature in 2003, was appointed Chair of the Committee on Women and Youth. She served in the Human Resources Department at PAMI, as adviser to ANSES, as well as the nation's Ministries of Social Development and Foreign Relations. Vidal was fielded in the Republican Proposal party list as a candidate for a seat in the Argentine Chamber of Deputies for Buenos Aires Province in 2005, though unsuccessfully; the election of PRO leader Mauricio Macri as Mayor of Buenos Aires in 2007 led to Vidal's nomination as the city's Minister of Social Development. She requested maternity leave from the post ahead of her scheduled December 10 swearing-in for the birth of her third child, took office on May 27, 2008. Vidal's profile rose following the 2009 election of Deputy Mayor Gabriela Michetti to a seat in the Chamber of Deputies, she became Mayor Macri's most visible female adviser. Following Macri's decision to forfeit a PRO candidacy for the 2011 presidential election, instead seek a second term as mayor, he nominated Vidal as his running mate.
The duo were reelected by a landslide on July 31, 2011, receiving over 64% of the vote with sociologist Daniel Filmus coming in 2nd place. Macri selected Vidal as the candidate of his party to run for governor of the Buenos Aires Province in the 2015 elections; the Radical Civic Union, allied with PRO in the coalition Cambiemos, proposed to replace her with Ángel Posse, but Macri kept Vidal. In another negotiation it was proposed that Sergio Massa resigned as candidate to the presidency and ran for governor in Macri's ticket, but Macri kept Vidal as candidate again, she will be the first female governor of the province, it is the first time in 28 years that a non-Peronist candidate has won the election in the country's most populous province. Vidal announced her cabinet on December 4, it is composed by politicians from the Republican Proposal, the Radical Civic Union and former members of Scioli's cabinet. Federico Salvai, Minister of the Government Roberto Gigante, Minister of Coordination and Control Hernán Lacunza, Minister of Economy Cristian Ritondo, Minister of Security Edgardo Cenzón, Minister of Planification and Infrastructure Alejandro Finocchiaro, Minister of Education Alberto Mahiques, Minister of Justice Leonardo Sarquis, Minister of Agrarian Affairs Santiago López Medrano, Minister of Social Development Zulma Ortíz, Minister of Health Jorge Elustondo, Minister of Production Marcelo Villegas, Minister of LaborDuring his government, the Progresar scholarships were extended and Learning, the student ticket and the "Secondary 2030" project were promoted.
Until 2015, it was not known how many schools there were in their state. In three years more than AR $21,000 million were invested; the execution of works per year was multiplied: between 2010 and 2015, 350 works were completed, while between 2016 and August 2018, a total of 886 were completed. It is improving the infrastructure of families and districts ignored for years, to give them a real chance to plan their lives with dignity. In PBA there are more than 420 Water and Sewer works completed, 160 km of new pipe have been installed and another 300 km were renewed. Hundreds of neighborhoods and settlements throughout the country are being improved and urbanized with access to basic services. In the province of Buenos Aires, 2.8 million will be added to the potable water service and 2.4 million to the sewage system Official site
Estanislao López was a caudillo and governor of the province of Santa Fe, between 1818 and 1838, one of the foremost proponents of provincial federalism, an associate of Juan Manuel de Rosas during the Argentine Civil War. He is considered an iconic figure in Santa Fe and one of the most influential political actors in the Argentine conflicts of the 1820s and 1830s. López was born in Santa Fe. An illegitimate child, he was baptized with his mother's last name at the request of his father, Juan Manuel Roldán. Roldán sent the youth away to fight against Malón raids in the Gran Chaco region at age 15, he fought in the retake of Buenos Aires from the British invasion of 1806, in the Argentine War of Independence under the command of Manuel Belgrano. In 1816 he led his men in an uprising against Buenos Aires, where the Buenos Aires army under General Juan José Viamonte was forced to surrender. Along with José Gervasio Artigas, he became a hero of this campaign. After this, in 1818, López assumed the government of Santa Fe, deposing governor Mariano Vera, separating the province from Buenos Aires control, ruling by popular consensus for 20 years.
He was formally elected governor on 1 July 1818 and indefinitely reelected. López rejected a draft for a provincial constitution for Santa Fe, wrote another one, where he incorporated the idea of popular election of the governor by direct vote, approved on 26 August 1819, he married the former María Josefa del Pilar Rodríguez del Fresno on 17 December, they had seven children. López allied with Artigas and with Francisco Ramírez, caudillo of Entre Ríos, amassing large armies against Buenos Aires, at the time ruled by Supreme Director Juan Martín de Pueyrredón. General José de San Martín, Liberator and hero of the Independence Wars, wrote separate letters to López and Artigas urging them to cease hostilities and join the national cause. San Martín refused Pueyrredón's request to divert troops from the independentist conflict toward the defense of the national government. After Pueyrredón's forced resignation, López went to war again, together with Ramírez, former Supreme Director Carlos María de Alvear and José Miguel Carrera.
The three allies defeated the forces of Buenos Aires led by José Rondeau in the Battle of Cepeda on 1 February 1820, which marked the end of the Supreme Directorship and the victory of provincial federalism. Peace was ratified by the Governor Manuel de Sarratea of Buenos Aires, as well as López and Ramírez, through the Treaty of Pilar. In 1821 an incident broke his alliance with Francisco Ramírez, killed near Coronda by a group of López's soldiers when he was crossing Santa Fe's territory to attack Córdoba. López exhibited Ramírez's head publicly in the Cabildo of Santa Fe, he thus became the indisputed leader of the littoral provinces, on 7 April 1822 he signed the Quadrilateral Treaty with Entre Ríos, Corrientes and Buenos Aires, calling for national unity and convening on the call to a Constitutional Assembly in Santa Fe. López protected Juan Manuel de Rosas when he had to flee after the defeat of Manuel Dorrego's army by Juan Lavalle in Navarro, he joined forces with Rosas to defeat Lavalle in Puente de Márquez on 26 April 1829.
After Rosas made peace with Lavalle without López's consent, the relationship between the allies was strained. In 1831, with Rosas being the governor of Buenos Aires and the littoral provinces threatened by the centralist Unitarian League, led by José María Paz, the Federal Pact was subscribed on January 4 by the four provinces, forging a military alliance and establishing the basis of a federal organization of the country. After Paz was captured, the civil war ended for a time, Rosas was free to rule on the national level. López ruled Santa Fe until his death on 15 June 1838, he was succeeded by Domingo Cullen. The Estadio Brigadier General Estanislao López and the Brigadier Estanislao López Highway are named after him. In Spanish unless otherwise noted. Todo-Argentina.net - Biography. WebFe - History of Santa Fe. José de San Martín, el Libertador - Biography of General San Martín. ArgentinaWorld - History of Santa Fe. Treaty of Pilar, 23 Feb 1820. Santa Fe - History of the city of Santa Fe. Constitución de la Provincia de Santa Fe
Governor of Formosa Province
The Governor of Formosa is a citizen of the Formosa Province, in Argentina, holding the office of governor for the corresponding period. The governor is elected alongside a vice-governor; the governor of Jujuy is Gildo Insfrán. Floro Eleuterio Bogado Vicente Bienvenido Joga Gildo Insfrán
Governor of Corrientes Province
The Governor of Corrientes is a citizen of the Corrientes Province, in Argentina, holding the office of governor for the corresponding period. The governor is elected alongside a vice-governor; the governor of Corrientes is Ricardo Colombi. José Antonio Romero Feris Ricardo Guillermo Leconte Hugo Mancini Francisco de Durañona y Vedia Claudia Bello Ideler Tonelli Raúl Rolando Romero Feris Pedro Braillard Poccard Hugo Perié Ramón Mestre Oscar Aguad Ricardo Colombi Arturo Colombi Ricardo Colombi
Argentina the Argentine Republic, is a country located in the southern half of South America. Sharing the bulk of the Southern Cone with Chile to the west, the country is bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, Brazil to the northeast and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east, the Drake Passage to the south. With a mainland area of 2,780,400 km2, Argentina is the eighth-largest country in the world, the fourth largest in the Americas, the largest Spanish-speaking nation; the sovereign state is subdivided into twenty-three provinces and one autonomous city, Buenos Aires, the federal capital of the nation as decided by Congress. The provinces and the capital exist under a federal system. Argentina claims sovereignty over part of Antarctica, the Falkland Islands, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands; the earliest recorded human presence in modern-day Argentina dates back to the Paleolithic period. The Inca Empire expanded to the northwest of the country in Pre-Columbian times; the country has its roots in Spanish colonization of the region during the 16th century.
Argentina rose as the successor state of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, a Spanish overseas viceroyalty founded in 1776. The declaration and fight for independence was followed by an extended civil war that lasted until 1861, culminating in the country's reorganization as a federation of provinces with Buenos Aires as its capital city; the country thereafter enjoyed relative peace and stability, with several waves of European immigration radically reshaping its cultural and demographic outlook. The almost-unparalleled increase in prosperity led to Argentina becoming the seventh wealthiest nation in the world by the early 20th century. Following the Great Depression in the 1930s, Argentina descended into political instability and economic decline that pushed it back into underdevelopment, though it remained among the fifteen richest countries for several decades. Following the death of President Juan Perón in 1974, his widow, Isabel Martínez de Perón, ascended to the presidency, she was overthrown in 1976 by a U.
S.-backed coup which installed a right-wing military dictatorship. The military government persecuted and murdered numerous political critics and leftists in the Dirty War, a period of state terrorism that lasted until the election of Raúl Alfonsín as President in 1983. Several of the junta's leaders were convicted of their crimes and sentenced to imprisonment. Argentina is a prominent regional power in the Southern Cone and Latin America, retains its historic status as a middle power in international affairs. Argentina has the second largest economy in South America, the third-largest in Latin America, membership in the G-15 and G-20 major economies, it is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, World Trade Organization, Union of South American Nations, Community of Latin American and Caribbean States and the Organization of Ibero-American States. Despite its history of economic instability, it ranks second highest in the Human Development Index in Latin America; the description of the country by the word Argentina has been found on a Venetian map in 1536.
In English the name "Argentina" comes from the Spanish language, however the naming itself is not Spanish, but Italian. Argentina means in Italian " of silver, silver coloured" borrowed from the Old French adjective argentine " of silver" > "silver coloured" mentioned in the 12th century. The French word argentine is the feminine form of argentin and derives from argent "silver" with the suffix -in; the Italian naming "Argentina" for the country implies Terra Argentina "land of silver" or Costa Argentina "coast of silver". In Italian, the adjective or the proper noun is used in an autonomous way as a substantive and replaces it and it is said l'Argentina; the name Argentina was first given by the Venetian and Genoese navigators, such as Giovanni Caboto. In Spanish and Portuguese, the words for "silver" are plata and prata and " of silver" is said plateado and prateado. Argentina was first associated with the silver mountains legend, widespread among the first European explorers of the La Plata Basin.
The first written use of the name in Spanish can be traced to La Argentina, a 1602 poem by Martín del Barco Centenera describing the region. Although "Argentina" was in common usage by the 18th century, the country was formally named "Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata" by the Spanish Empire, "United Provinces of the Río de la Plata" after independence; the 1826 constitution included the first use of the name "Argentine Republic" in legal documents. The name "Argentine Confederation" was commonly used and was formalized in the Argentine Constitution of 1853. In 1860 a presidential decree settled the country's name as "Argentine Republic", that year's constitutional amendment ruled all the names since 1810 as valid. In the English language the country was traditionally called "the Argentine", mimicking the typical Spanish usage la Argentina and resulting from a mistaken shortening of the fuller name'Argentine Republic'.'The Argentine' fell out of fashion during the mid-to-late 20th century, now the country is referred to as "Argentina".
In the Spanish language "Argentina" is feminine, taking the feminine article "La" as the i