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Gowanus Canal

The Gowanus Canal is a 1.8-mile-long canal in the New York City borough of Brooklyn, on the westernmost portion of Long Island. Once a vital cargo transportation hub, the canal has seen decreasing use since the mid-20th century, parallel with the decline of domestic waterborne shipping, it continues to be used for occasional movement of goods and daily navigation of small boats and barges. Connected to Gowanus Bay in Upper New York Bay, the Gowanus Canal borders the neighborhoods of Red Hook, Carroll Gardens, Gowanus, all within South Brooklyn, to the west. Seven bridges cross the canal, carrying Union Street, Carroll Street, Third Street, the New York City Subway's Culver Viaduct, Ninth Street, Hamilton Avenue, the Gowanus Expressway from north to south; the canal arose in the mid-19th century from local tidal wetlands and freshwater streams. By the end of the 19th century, heavy industrial use had caused large amounts of pollutants to drain into the Gowanus Canal. Various attempts to remove the pollution or dilute the canal's water have failed.

Though most industrial tenants stopped using the Gowanus Canal in the middle of the 20th century, the pollution was never remedied. By the 1990s, it was recognized as one of the most polluted bodies of water in the United States. Owing to pollution with high ratios of fecal coliforms, deadly proportions of pathogens, a low concentration of oxygen, it is seen as incompatible with marine life. A variety of extremophiles have been observed in the Gowanus Canal as well. Despite the canal's heavy pollution, its proximity to Manhattan and upper-class Brooklyn neighborhoods is attracting concerted waterfront redevelopment; this has restarted calls for environmental cleanup, prompted concerns that adjacent waterfront economic development would be incompatible with environmental restoration and environmental risks. It was designated a Superfund site in 2009, work to clean up the canal began in 2013; the Gowanus Canal begins at Butler Street in the neighborhood of Boerum Hill, in the northwestern part of Brooklyn.

The wastewater pumping station at 201-234 Butler Street, a terracotta structure dating to 1911, is located north of the canal's head. The canal runs in a south-southwest alignment parallel to the local street grid, its course is located mid-block between Bond Street to Nevins Street to the east. Along the way it passes bridges at Union Street, Carroll Street, Third Street from south to north. While the Union Street and Third Street Bridges are movable bascule bridges, the Carroll Street Bridge is a retractable bridge that can be rolled diagonally to let ships through; the western bank of the Gowanus Canal hosts a boat launch at Second Street. The Second Street boat launch is located adjacent to a "Sponge Park", which absorbs pollutants from the western bank before they can go into the canal. At Fourth Street, the Fourth Street Basin splits off to the east, while the Gowanus Canal proper turns west. A walkway with seating, built as part of the construction of a Whole Foods Market, is located on the north bank of the 4th Street Basin.

At Hoyt Street, two blocks west of Bond Street, the canal turns south with two extra tributaries at the east: one 480-foot-long tributary at Seventh Street, another 700-foot-long near Sixth Street. Shortly afterward, it crosses under the Ninth Street Bridge, a vertical-lift bridge opened in 1999; the New York City Subway's Culver Viaduct, a 90-foot-tall fixed-span viaduct, crosses above the Ninth Street Bridge. The viaduct contains the Smith–Ninth Streets station, located above the canal and is served by the F, <F>, ​G trains. There is a short tributary to the east, about 185 feet long, connecting to a Lowe's home-improvement store on that side. At this point, a walkway leads from Lowe's north to Ninth Street along the northern bank of the tributary and the eastern bank of the canal. Owing to its hidden location, the waterfront promenade has seen little use. At 14th Street along the eastern bank, Hamilton Avenue and the Gowanus Expressway cross the canal at a diagonal from southeast to northwest, connecting to Lorraine Street on the western bank.

Separate movable bascule bridges built in 1942 carry both directions of Hamilton Avenue's traffic, while the Gowanus Expressway rises on a viaduct far above the canal. The Gowanus Canal's mouth is at the Gowanus Bay, a portion of Upper New York Bay bordering western Brooklyn; the mouth is located near 19th Street on Bryant Street on the western bank. The canal takes a north-northeasterly course from this point. An asphalt plant and marine transfer station are located on the canal's eastern bank, as well as a Home Depot and a FedEx Shipping Center; the Gowanus neighborhood surrounded Gowanus Creek. It consisted of a tidal inlet of navigable creeks in original saltwater marshland and meadows that contained wildlife; the Dutch government issued the first land patents within Breukelen, including the land of the Gowanus, from 1630 to 1664. In 1636, the leaders of New Netherland bought the area around the Gowanus Bay. In 1639, the inhabitants swapped land claims with each other to build a tobacco plantation.

The area's early settlers named the waterway "Gowanes Creek" after Gouwane, sachem of the local Lenape tribe called the Canarsee, who farmed on the shores. Adam Brouwer, a soldier in the service of the Dutch West India Company and operated the first tide-water gristmill patented in New York at Gowanus; the mill was located on land, deeded on July 8, 1645, to Jan Evertse Bout. It was the fir

David Hull (actor)

David Hull is an American actor and singer, best known for playing White Josh in The CW comedy-drama series Crazy Ex-Girlfriend. Hull was raised in Ohio just outside of Cincinnati; when he was younger he was interested in politics and was a member of the Junior Statesmen of America. At the age of sixteen, he discovered his love of music when he performed pop & country revues at local theme park Kings Island, he attended the University of Michigan. Hull had a number of Broadway credits before being cast in recurring role as White Josh on Crazy Ex-Girlfriend in 2015. In April 2017, it was announced, he had a recurring role as Travis Moore in the HBO comedy series Insecure. He played Logan on The Middle. Hull appeared in the 2017 film The Dark Tapes. David Hull on IMDb

Texas Juvenile Justice Department

The Texas Juvenile Justice Department is a state agency in Texas, headquartered in the Braker H Complex in Austin. It was created on December 1, 2011, replacing the Texas Youth Commission and the Texas Juvenile Probation Commission; the implemented changes occurred after the 82nd Texas Legislature abolished the Texas Youth Commission due to the scandals surrounding this agency, responsible from 1957 to 2011. The Texas Juvenile Justice Department was established by the legislature to manage and oversee the agencies that were abolished. There is a board that includes 11 members that are responsible for overseeing juvenile justice services from entry to the discharge of the youth. Texas Juvenile Justice Department focuses on the rehabilitation of the detained youth. TJJD seeks to provide a safe environment to juvenile offenders; the purpose of this entity is to assist juveniles to obtain rehabilitative services in order to become good citizens. TJJD strives to educate youth about ethics and guide troubled youth to becoming productive individuals, in addition to disciplining all youth entering registered TJJD facilities.

Juvenile offenders are court ordered to reside in Texas Juvenile Justice Department facilities. The detained individuals must be at least 10 years of age and no older than the age of 17. Most juvenile records are sealed as this will allow the youth to gain a second opportunity, but there are exceptions to sealing records as those individuals that commit serious crimes may be required to complete their sentence in an adult system, therefore unable to get their records sealed; as well as being focused on the treatment and rehabilitation of the detained youth TJJD has a vision to provide safety to the citizens of Texas through partnerships with communities by being able to deliver the continued programs that help the betterment of their lives. Teaching them the value of not only their lives but the importance of the community by showing them accountability of their actions and planning for a more successful future in the long run. Texas Juvenile Justice Department halfway houses statewide. Several of the juvenile detention centers are public and operated facilities.

Texas Juvenile Justice Department maintains records and registry of the registered facilities in operation. Detained young offenders can only be placed in detention centers that are registered by the Texas Juvenile Justice Department, under the Texas Family Code. Registered facilities house, educate and rehabilitate young offenders, the treatment and programs are based on the needs of the individual within the facility; the Texas Juvenile Justice Department includes high and low security facilities. A high security facility is fenced and the majority of juvenile offenders that are placed in a high security facility tend to complete their sentence in a correctional institution; the medium to low facilities are not fenced and consist of houses that the Texas Juvenile Justice Department operates or contracts with outside organizations to provide low to medium treatment for the juvenile offender. According to the Texas Juvenile Justice Department report of 2011, the total amount of secure facilities registered include "34 post-adjudication, 31 public and 3 operated.

Institutions: Evins Regional Juvenile Center - unincorporated Hidalgo County Gainesville State School - unincorporated Cooke County Giddings State School - unincorporated Lee County Ron Jackson State Juvenile Correctional Complex - Formerly Brownwood State School - Brownwood Serves as the admissions and orientation center for the TJJD inmates. All girls in secure residential care remain at Ron Jackson. In addition boys who are younger are in the Ron Jackson young offenders program. Most male students stay at Ron Jackson for orientation for about four to six weeks. A public road separates Units I and the former Ron Jackson Unit II, which operated independently from Unit I under the Texas Youth Commission; the facility is named after former TYC director Ron Jackson. Unit I houses the gateway program for females entering the TYC system. Most females in TYC remain at Ron Jackson SJCC I; some girls may be placed in the WINGS mother-child and pregnant girl program and contract facilities. Unit I has been a female-only complex since it opened in September 1970.

McLennan County State Juvenile Correctional Facility - unincorporated McLennan County, near MartAs of 2011 units I and II were combined into one facility. The TYC governing board's original agenda had plans to close both McLennan County units, but the board changed its plans; the units are about 20 miles south of Waco. It housed admissions and orientation for male TJJD inmates. Halfway houses: Ayres House - San Antonio Brownwood Halfway House - Brownwood Cottrell House - Dallas McFadden Ranch - Roanoke Schaeffer House - El Paso Edna Tamayo House - Harlingen Willoughby House - Fort Worth York House - Corpus ChristiFormer facilities: Corsicana Residential Treatment Center - Corsicana The center was for youth with mental illnesses or severe emotional disturbances - Closed in 2013 Beto House - McAllen Turman Halfway House - Austin CoNEXTions "CoNEXTions is an integrated, system-wide rehabilitative program offering various therapeutic techniques and tools that are used to help individual TJJD youth.

The name, CoNEXTions, stems from the basic goal of the program – to prepare youth to take the NEXT step, to connect youth to healthy, law-abiding relationships with their peers and communities". CoNEXTions was created under the idea that "intense and system-wide implementation of constructive

Curriehill railway station

Curriehill railway station is located in Currie, a southwestern suburb of the city of Edinburgh, not far from the main campus of Heriot-Watt University. It lies on the Shotts Line; the station has two platforms, connected by a stairway footbridge, is equipped with CCTV. It is managed by Abellio ScotRail. Curriehill is a reopened station; the original Curriehill opened on 15 February 1848, was closed by British Railways on 31 March 1951. The present station opened on 5 October 1987. Curriehill is served on Mondays to Saturdays by an hourly Abellio ScotRail service in each direction, to Edinburgh and Glasgow Central. There is one train per day to one to Ayr via Carstairs. Two trains per day run to Motherwell, whilst one starts back from there. On Sundays the service is more limited, with two-hourly departures each way after midday; the staple passenger traction calling at this station is the Class 156 "Super Sprinter", though Class 380 Desiro EMUs are used on the Ayr and North Berwick trains. Train times and station information for Curriehill railway station from National Rail Video footage of Curriehill station

Jabar Abbas

Jabar Abbas is a Pakistani singer-songwriter and musician. Started his career in 1997 as child artist, Abbas rose to prominence during his presidential tenure of Nazir Ahmed Musical Society at Government College University, Lahore from 2003–2007, he appeared in the political satire show Hum Sub Umeed Se Hain where he recorded more than three hundred parody songs. In 2012, he released his first single "Chan Mahi". In 2013, he recorded songs for Main Hoon Shahid Afridi. In 2016, Abbas marked his Coke Studio debut as a featured artist in season 9, as a part team Sheraz Uppal. Abbas was born on October 1983 to assistant music director Shaukat Ali in Lahore. In 2003, Jabar attended Government College University, where he completed his Bachelor of Arts, obtained his MA in Political Science in 2007. Jabar started his career on February 1997 in the film, Shamim Ara. Between 2001 and 2007 Jabar received his education and ventures into domestic level competitions and programs. After his graduation in 2007 he was offered a role of parody singer in political satire show Hum Sub Umeed Se Hain on Geo TV.

Where he recorded more than 350 songs, including parodies of hit bollywood songs "Hawle Hawle" and "Siasat Ka Jalwa". The song "Hawle Hawle" was a massive success and was named "Song of the Year" award by Bus Kar Awards on Geo TV. Jabar was awarded the certificate of appreciation by American Consulate for his ravishing performance in 2007. Jabar received the best composition award for his song "Pehle Nazar Ka Ishara" in a reality show Jazz Icon. Jabar paid tribute to two legendary figures of music namely A. R Rehman and Reshma on Hum TV in 2009, which further add acclaim to his singing style. Jabar taught music at Aitchison College, Beaconhouse School System Lahore Grammar School and The City School for many years and has been associated with many music concerts. Which explored his musical potentialities, he is teaching Physics at The City School Paragon Campus. In 2012, he recorded his first single "Chan Mahi" for his debut album, was met with positive response. In 2013 he recorded songs for films Zinda Bhaag and Main Hoon Shahid Afridi that ad further acclaim in his career.

In 2016, he marked his Coke Studio debut as a featured artist in season 9, under team supervision of Sheraz Uppal. "Chan Mahi" "SubhanAllah Tutarian Zinda Bhaag Main Hoon Shahid Afridi Lahore Se Aagey 3 bahadur: The Revenge Of Baba Balaam Punjab nahi Jaun gi Na maloom Afraad 2 Azaadi Parwaz hai janoon Chhalawa Lal kabootar Hum Sub Umeed Se Hain Coke Studio: Season 9 Coke Studio: Season 10 Jabar Abbas on Facebook Jabar Abbas at Nazir Ahmed Musical Society Jabar Abbas at Coke Studio

Sara Mandiano

Sara Mandiano, is a French singer and songwriter. She is known for her hit "J'ai des doutes". In ten year career, she released three albums as songwriter and singer, she signed her first records under the name of Sarah Mandiano until 1988 Sara Mandiano for the rest of her career. She appeared in many French TV shows in 1991, in which she performed "J'ai des doutes" or "Défense d'y voir". In 1992, she was nominated in the category Popular music female revelation of the year at the Victoires de la Musique, but Jil Caplan won the price. In 1993, L'Affaire Louis Trio and she covered Serge Gainsbourg's song La Javanaise in Taratata, recorded on September 7 and broadcast on September 11, 1993, on France 2. Today voice teacher, she has worked on the musical Dracula or composed jingles for TV channel Gulli or TEVA for example, she is now part of a group called Shaaks as a singer and composed out several titles listening on the net. In 2005 and 2007, she participated in vocals on Banco des Têtes Raides.

She is manager of the Studios of the Seine, one of the largest sets of studio professional recordings. Ombre chinoise"Ombre chinoise" - "Une Nuit de cuir" - "En sursis" - "J'aime sa façon d'être un garçon" - "Porte des chambres" - "L'Anneau d'or" - "Shangai" - "Sans dessus dessous" - "Fin de l'hiver" - "Amour maléfique" - "Tu pleures tout ce que je bois" Point d'interrogation"Les Serments" - "J’ai des doutes" - "Pirate et Coquillages" - "Soi disant" - "Ton Amour à la gomme" - "Défense d’y voir" - "Baby pop" - "Daddy" - "Je ne suis pas comme il faut" - "Nos Mots d’adieu" Saison des pluies"Saison des pluies" - "Night and Day" - "Cool" - "Où sont mes guides" - "Le Cortège" - "Tombé du soleil" - "Play" - "Vertige céleste" - "Susurre-moi des mots" - "Mille et une raisons" Other songs:"Pour toi moi je" - "Louxor" - "La Dame de Shangai" - "Venus et l'aquarium" - "Bandit" - "Ombre immobile" - "L'Avion en polyester" - "La Luna" - "Mensonge en Somalie" Sara Mandiano, on Bide et musique Shaaks, on Myspace