Graceland is a mansion on a 13.8-acre estate in Memphis, United States, once owned by the singer and actor Elvis Presley. His daughter, Lisa Marie Presley, has been the owner of Graceland since the passing of her father, it is located at 3764 Elvis Presley Boulevard in the vast Whitehaven community, about 9 miles from Downtown and less than 4 miles north of the Mississippi border. It was opened to the public as a museum on June 7, 1982; the site was listed in the National Register of Historic Places on November 7, 1991 in fact becoming the first site related to rock and roll to be entered therein, declared a National Historic Landmark on March 27, 2006 a first for a rock singer. Graceland is the second most-visited house in the U. S. after the White House, with over 650,000 visitors a year. Graceland Farms was owned by Stephen C. Toof, founder of S. C. Toof & Co. the oldest commercial printing firm in Memphis, the pressroom foreman of the Memphis newspaper, the Memphis Daily Appeal. The "grounds" was named after Grace.

She inherited the farm/grounds from her father in 1894. After her death, the property was passed down to her niece Ruth Moore, a Memphis socialite, who together with her husband, Thomas Moore, built a 10,266-square-foot Colonial Revival style mansion in 1939; the house was designed by architects Ehrman. After Elvis Presley began his musical career, he purchased a $40,000 home for himself and his family at 1034 Audubon Drive in Memphis, TN; as his fame grew after his appearances on television, the number of fans that would congregate outside the house multiplied. Presley's neighbors, most of whom were happy to have a celebrity living nearby, soon came to find the constant gathering of fans and journalists a nuisance. In early 1957, Presley gave his parents and Gladys Presley, a budget of $100,000 and asked them to find a "farmhouse"-like property to purchase. At the time, Graceland was located several miles beyond Memphis' main urban area. In years, Memphis would expand with housing, resulting in Graceland being surrounded by other properties.

Presley purchased Graceland on March 19, 1957 for the amount of $102,500. That year, Presley invited Richard Williams and singer Buzz Cason to the house. Cason said: "We proceeded to clown around on the front porch, striking our best rock'n' roll poses and snapping pictures with the little camera. We peeked in the not-yet-curtained windows and got a kick out of the pastel colored walls in the front rooms with shades of bright reds and purples that Elvis most had picked out." Elvis was fond of claiming that the US government had mooted a visit to Graceland by Nikita Khrushchev, "to see how in America a fellow can start out with nothing and, you know, make good."After Gladys died in 1958 aged 46, Vernon remarried to Dee Stanley in 1960, the couple lived at Graceland for a time. There was some discord between Elvis and his stepmother Dee at Graceland and Elaine Dundy said "that Vernon had settled down with Dee where Gladys had once reigned, while Dee herself – when Elvis was away – had taken over the role of mistress of Graceland so as to rearrange the furniture and replace the curtains that Gladys had approved of."

This was too much for the singer. One afternoon, "a van arrived... and all Dee's household's goods, clothes,'improvements,' and her own menagerie of pets, were loaded on... while Vernon and her three children went by car to a nearby house on Hermitage until they settled into a house on Dolan Drive which ran alongside Elvis' estate."According to Mark Crispin Miller, Graceland became for Presley "the home of the organization, himself, was tended by a large vague clan of Presleys and deputy Presleys, each squandering the vast gratuities which Elvis used to keep his whole world smiling." The author adds that Presley's father Vernon "had a swimming pool in his bedroom", that there "was a jukebox next to the swimming pool, containing Elvis' favorite records" and that the singer himself "would spend hours in his bedroom, watching his property on a closed-circuit television." According to the singer's cousin, Billy Smith, Presley spent the night at Graceland with Smith and his wife Jo many times: "we were all three there talking for hours about everything in the world!

Sometimes he would have a bad dream and come looking for me to talk to, he would fall asleep in our bed with us." Priscilla Beaulieu lived at Graceland for five years before she and Elvis wed in Las Vegas, Nevada, on May 1, 1967. Their daughter Lisa Marie Presley was born on February 1, 1968, spent the first years of her life on the estate until her parents divorced in 1972, she moved to California with her mother; every year around Christmas, Lisa Marie Presley and all her family would go to Graceland to celebrate Christmas together. Lisa Marie goes back to Graceland for visits; when he would tour, staying in hotels, "the rooms would be remodeled in advance of his arrival, so as to make the same configurations of space as he had at home – the Graceland mansion. His furniture would arrive, he could unwind after his performances in surroundings which were familiar and comforting," the room in question,'The Jungle Room' being "an example of lurid kitsch." On August 16, 1977, Presley died aged 42 in the bathroom at Graceland.

The official cause of death was cardiac arrhythmia, although toxicology reports suggested that polypharmacy was the primary cause of death. Elvis Presley lay in state in

Crasna, S─âlaj

Crasna or Kraszna is a commune in Sălaj County, northwestern Romania. It lies 11 km southeast of Șimleu Silvaniei, on the Crasna River, it is composed of four villages: Crasna, Huseni and Ratin. Its name originates from the Slavic word krasna, meaning "beautiful"; the village was first mentioned as Karasna. It had a castle, still inhabited in the 17th century, it was the county seat of the historical Kraszna county of the Kingdom of Hungary until 1876. It belonged to the Kraszna district of Szilágy County until the Treaty of Trianon, which gave it to Romania. In 1910 it had 3884 residents, with a significant Hungarian majority. In 2002, the commune had 6373 inhabitants: 28 % Romanians and 8.1 % Roma. 53.1% were Reformed, 30% Romanian Orthodox, 9.4% Baptist, 2.1% each Seventh-day Adventist and Greek-Catholic and 1.7% Roman Catholic. In 2002 it had 6,373 inhabitants. Reformed church, built in the late 14th century. Reformed Church in Ratin Orthodox Church in Crasna Greek Catholic Church in Marin Lake Vârșolț This article is based on a translation of the equivalent article from the Hungarian Wikipedia on 22 February 2007

Vladimir Barykin

Vladimir Aleksandrovich Barykin was a Russian microbiologist and epidemiologist. Vladimir Aleksandrovich Barykin was born on 22 November 1879 in Oryol Governorate. In 1900 he graduated from the Kazan Imperial University. In the years 1901—1904, he worked as a doctor in Kazan Governorate. In 1904—1905, during the Russo-Japanese War, he served in Manchuria as a physician-therapist in the Siberian military-sanitary train of Princess Zinaida Yusupova. In 1905—1908 Barykin was the head of Staro-Harbinskaya bacteriological laboratory at Chinese Eastern Railway and fought with outbreaks of plague. From 1908 to 1915 he worked at Kazan University. In 1912 he trained at Nesterov Institute under the guidance of Jules Bordet. In 1915—1922 he was a professor of microbiology at Rostov University. In 1921, he became its head. At the same time he was the head of the Department of Microbiology of the First Moscow Medical University, he held these positions until 1931. From 1932 to 1933 he was the scientific guide of Kiev Bacteriological Institute and the head of the Department of microbiology of Kiev Medical Institute.

From 1933 to 1938 he held the post of scientific guide of the Central Institute of Epidemiology and was the head of the Department of Epidemiology of the Central Institute for Advanced Training of Physicians. He was arrested in 1938 on the charges of espionage. On 14 April 1939 he was sentenced to capital punishment, was executed next day